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Enter Culture, Exit Arts?

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781138740556 9781315183404 Year: Pages: 274 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-06 11:21:03
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Key debates of contemporary cultural sociology – the rise of the ‘cultural omnivore’, the fate of classical ‘highbrow’ culture, the popularization, commercialization and globalization of culture – deal with temporal changes. Yet, systematic research about these processes is scarce due to the lack of suitable longitudinal data. This book explores these questions through the lens of a crucial institution of cultural mediation – the culture sections in quality European newspapers – from 1960 to 2010. Starting from the framework of cultural stratification and employing systematic content analysis both quantitative and qualitative of more than 13,000 newspaper articles, Enter Culture, Exit Arts? presents a synthetic yet empirically rich and detailed account of cultural transformation in Europe over the last five decades. It shows how classifications and hierarchies of culture have changed in course of the process towards increased cultural heterogeneity. Furthermore, it conceptualizes the key trends of rising popular culture and declining highbrow arts as two simultaneous processes: the one of legitimization of popular culture and the other of popularization of traditional legitimate culture, both important for the loosening of the boundary between ‘highbrow’ and ‘popular’. Through careful comparative analysis and illustrative snapshots into the specific socio-historical contexts in which the newspapers and their representations of culture are embedded – in Finland, France, Spain, Sweden, Turkey and the UK – the book reveals the key patterns and diversity of European variations in the transformation of cultural hierarchies since the 1960s. The book is a collective endeavour of a large-scale international research project active between 2013 and 2018.

Keywords

Social Science

Vulnerability and Adaptation to Drought: The Canadian Prairies and South America

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781552388204 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 384 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Botany --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-28 17:53:13
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Although there is considerable historical literature describing the social and economic impact of drought on the prairies in the 1930s, little has been written about the challenges presented by drought in more contemporary times. The drought of 2001-02 was, for example, the most recent large-area, intense, and prolonged drought in Canada and one of Canada's most costly natural disasters in a century.Vulnerability and Adaptation to Drought describes the impacts of droughts and the adaptations made in prairie agriculture over recent decades. These adaptations have enhanced the capacity of rural communities to withstand drought. However, despite the high levels of technical adaptation that have occurred, and the existing human capital and vibrant social and information networks, agricultural producers in the prairie region remain vulnerable to severe droughts that last more than a couple of years. Research findings and projections suggest that droughts could become more frequent, more severe, and of longer duration in the region over the course of the 21st century. This book provides insights into the conditions generating these challenges and the measures required to reduce vulnerability of prairie communities to them. Developing greater understanding of the social forces and conditions that have contributed to enhanced resilience, as well as those which detract from successful adaptation, is a principal theme of the book. To that end, the book examines drought through an interdisciplinary lens encompassing climate science and the social sciences. Two of the chapters are based on the drought experiences of other countries in order to provide a comparative assessment.

The Good Cause

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783866496026 9783866492639 Year: Pages: 205 DOI: 10.3224/86649263 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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Money makes the world go round - corruption The book presents the state of the art in studying the causes of corruption from a comparative perspective. Leading scholars in the field of corruption analysis shed light on the issue of corruption from different theoretical perspectives. Understanding how different theories define, conceptualize, and eventually deduce policy recommendations will amplify our understanding of the complexity of this social phenomenon and illustrate the spectrum of possibilities to deal with it analytically as well as practically.

Keywords

corruption --- theory --- social science

Morality Made Visible

Author:
ISBN: 9780815347439 Year: Pages: 178 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-20 11:21:03
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While highly respected among evolutionary scholars, the sociologist, anthropologist and philosopher Edward Westermarck is now largely forgotten in the social sciences. This book is the first full study of his moral and social theory, focusing on the key elements of his theory of moral emotions as presented in The Origin and Development of the Moral Ideas and summarised in Ethical Relativity. Examining Westermarck’s evolutionary approach to the human mind, the author introduces important new themes to scholarship on Westermarck, including the pivotal role of emotions in human reciprocity, the evolutionary origins of human society, social solidarity, the emergence and maintenance of moral norms and moral responsibility. With attention to Westermarck’s debt to David Hume and Adam Smith, whose views on human nature, moral sentiments and sympathy Westermarck combined with Darwinian evolutionary thinking, Morality Made Visible highlights the importance of the theory of sympathy that lies at the heart of Westermarck’s work, which proves to be crucial to his understanding of morality and human social life. A rigorous examination of Westermarck’s moral and social theory in its intellectual context, this volume connects Westermarck’s work on morality to classical sociology, to the history of evolutionism in the social and behavioural sciences, and to the sociological study of morality and emotions, showing him to be the forerunner of modern evolutionary psychology and anthropology. In revealing the lasting value of his work in understanding and explaining a wide range of moral phenomena, it will appeal to scholars of sociology, anthropology and psychology with interests in social theory, morality and intellectual history.

Keywords

Social science --- Sociology

The Well-Being of Children. Philosophical and Social Scientific Approaches

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783110450521 9783110450644 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.1515/9783110450521 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-06 16:33:34
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This volume explores the questions related to the theory, practice, and policy of the well-being and well-becoming of children. It does so in a truly interdisciplinary way with a focus on the social sciences and philosophy, giving therefore justice to the growing insight that studying and promoting the well-being of children has a strong ethical component. It is dependent on the questions of good life, its conditions and cannot be separated from the concept of social justice and moral entitlements of children and their families. In this book, philosophers and social scientists, in close dialogue, shed light on some of the most challenging matters involved.

Qualitative Research in Gambling

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138924550 9780415659383 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_610650 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 263443
Subject: Sports Science --- Anthropology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 11:01:08
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Gambling is both a multi-billion-dollar international industry and a ubiquitous social and cultural phenomenon. It is also undergoing significant change, with new products and technologies, regulatory models, changing public attitudes and the sheer scale of the gambling enterprise necessitating innovative and mixed methodologies that are flexible, responsive and ‘agile’. This book seeks to demonstrate that researchers should look beyond the existing disciplinary territory and the dominant paradigm of ‘problem gambling’ in order to follow those changes across territorial, political, technical, regulatory and conceptual boundaries. The book draws on cutting-edge qualitative work in disciplines including geography, organisational studies, sociology, East Asian studies and anthropology to explore the production and consumption of risk, risky places, risk technologies, the gambling industry and connections between gambling and other kinds of speculation such as financial derivatives. In doing so it addresses some of the most important issues in contemporary social science, including: the challenges of studying deterritorialised social phenomena; globalising technologies and local markets; regulation as it operates across local, regional and international scales; and the rise of games, virtual worlds and social media.

The German-Jewish Experience Revisited

Authors: ---
Book Series: Perspectives on Jewish Texts and Contexts ISBN: 9783110393323 Year: Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103581
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-21 08:31:15
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This volume includes both historical treatments of differing German-Jewish understandings of their experience – their relations to their Judaism, general culture and to other Jews – and contemporary reflections and competing interpretations as to how to understand the overall experience of German Jewry.

The Book of Job

Authors: ---
Book Series: Perspectives on Jewish Texts and Contexts ISBN: 9783110393989 Year: Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103578
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-21 08:31:15
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The Book of Job has held a central role in defining the project of modernity from the age of Enlightenment until today. Why has Job`s response to disaster become a touchstone for modern reflections on catastrophic events? This volume engages this question and offers new perspectives on the tragic bent of the Book of Job, on its dramatic irony, on Job`s position as mourner, and the unique representation of the Joban body in pain.

Die Sprache der Judenfeindschaft im 21. Jahrhundert

Authors: ---
Book Series: Europäisch-jüdische Studien – Beiträge ISBN: 9783110277739 Year: DOI: 10.1515/9783110277722 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103574
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-21 08:31:15
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Wie artikuliert sich im 21. Jahrhundert judenfeindliches Gedankengut? Und wann ist eine Äußerung antisemitisch? Mit diesen Fragen beschäftigen sich die Sprach- und Kognitionswissenschaftlerin Monika Schwarz-Friesel und der Historiker Jehuda Reinharz anhand einer datenreichen Untersuchung des aktuellen judenfeindlichen Sprachgebrauchs. Die detaillierte Analyse der diversen Manifestationsformen von direktem und indirektem Verbal-Antisemitismus zeigt, welche geistigen Konzepte und emotionalen Ressentiments judeophoben Einstellungen zugrundeliegen. Diese äußern sich in uralten Klischees und Verschwörungstheorien ebenso wie in neuen, israelbezogenen Stereotypen. Die Studie zeigt, wie Juden als Juden verbal ausgegrenzt und beleidigt, belehrt, ermahnt und bedroht werden, und dass judenfeindliche Äußerungen von vielen Menschen artikuliert werden, als hätte es den Holocaust und seine intensive Aufarbeitung nie gegeben.

Chapter 3 The “Shiba view of history” and Japan–Korea relations (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9780367024444 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:01
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"This book presents essays exploring the ways in which popular culture reflects and engenders ongoing changes in Japan–Korea relations. Through a broad temporal coverage from the colonial period to the contemporary, the book’s chapters analyse the often contradictory roles that popular culture has played in either promoting or impeding nationalisms, regional conflict and reconciliations between Japan and Korea. Its contributors link several key areas of interest in East Asian Studies, including conflicts over historical memories and cultural production, grassroot challenges to state ideology, and the consequences of digital technology in Japan and South Korea. Taking recent discourse on Japan and South Korea as popular cultural superpowers further, this book expands its focus from mainstream entertainment media to the lived experience of daily life, in which sentiments and perceptions of the ‘popular’ are formed. It will be useful to students and scholars of Japanese and Korean studies, as well as film studies, media studies and cultural studies more widely."

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