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Federalism and democratisation in Russia

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ISBN: 9780719058691 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Abstract

The collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe has encouraged political scientists to re-examine the comparative literature on democratisation. A vast literature has now been produced comparing transitions from authoritarianism and democratisation in different parts of the world. However, there are two major omissions in the transition literature. First, the focus of research has primarily been on national level politics, and second, the relationship between federalism and democracy has largely been overlooked. This study seeks to redress this imbalance by moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratisation at the local level and to the study of federalism and democratisation in Russia. Federal states are much more difficult to set up than unitary ones, and forging a new federal system at the same time as privatising the economy and trying to radically overhaul the political system has clearly made Russia's transition triply difficult. This book builds on Cameron Ross' earlier work, 'Regional Politics in Russia', by combining theoretical perspectives with empirical work to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions and to assess the impact of theses different institutional arrangements on democratisation and federalism. Overall, this study argues that Russia's weak and asymmetrical form of federalism has played a major role in thwarting the consolidation of democracy. Federalism and democratisation in Russia exist in contradiction rather than harmony. In a vicious circle authoritarianism at the centre has been nourished by authoritarianism in the regions and vice versa. 'Elective dictatorships' and 'delegative democracies' are now well entrenched in many republics and authoritarian regimes are firmly established in a majority of the regions. This book will be vital reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of Russian politics and democratisation.

Keywords

politics --- russia, soviet --- communism

Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719063862 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This exciting book is the first systematic study of how international environmental agreements are transformed into political action in Russia. Using three illuminating case studies on the implementation process in the fields of fisheries management, nuclear safety and air pollution control, this book fills an important gap in existing literature. While the focus in current social science debate on international environmental regimes is accumulating knowledge on 'implementing activities' at both national and international level, this book goes one step further and examines implementation at national and regional level. This topic is of great theoretical relevance to the study of environmental politics since some of the main sources of environmental degradation in Europe are to be found in the Russian Federation. It is also of relevance to the more general debate on contemporary Russian politics and offers valuable new material on regional politics in Russia. With its emphasis on the politics of environmental and resource management, it continues the description and discussion of political processes where most accounts of Russian politics tend to stop. This book will be invaluable for undergraduates, postgraduates and academics studying environmental politics and Russian politics at regional and national level.

Keywords

russia --- pollution --- russian --- environmental

Russian Policy in the Orthodox East. Patriarchate of Constantinople (1878-1914)

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ISBN: 9788376560328 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560328 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 10:01:11
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The book is the first attempt to make a systematic analysis of the Russian ecclesiastical policy in the diocese of the Patriarchate of Constantinople in the period of 1878-1914. It is based mainly on unedited materials from the archives of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Sofia, Athens, Belgrade and Istanbul. Using the existing publications on the political aspects of the Eastern question, the author presents a new understanding of the role of Russia in the East Mediterranean region at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries.

Trust and Mistrust in the Economies of the China-Russia Borderlands

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ISBN: 9789089649829 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089649829 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-14 11:01:52
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This book focuses on northeast Sino-Russian border economies and how trans-border economies function in practice, often across great distances, despite widespread mistrust.

Keywords

russia --- borderlands --- trade --- china

Chapter 20 OPEC and Russia (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367195656 Year: Pages: 11 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Sociology --- Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:44:03
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Russia has long been a potential dream partner for the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Russia could greatly enhance the cartel’s market power and has several allies among the OPEC member states. During the 2010s, it seemed that the potential of the OPEC–Russia relationship was finally being realized as they grew closer. However, in this chapter we argue that the strengthened dialogue has little impact on physical oil output and the level of mutual commitment remains low. What they do share is an interest in the semblance of cooperation to push oil prices upward through impacting market psychology. This strategy is in line with the postmodern turn in Russian foreign policy, as proclaimed by Vladislav Surkov and others. It also has some important foreign policy side benefits for Russia, such as weakening its international isolation after the conflict in Ukraine and making it possible to simultaneously befriend various Middle Eastern countries that are at odds with each other. The OPEC–Russia dalliance is also convenient for a third party – the USA. Although the USA is still a net oil importer and its consumers dislike high oil prices, they benefit American oil companies and their employees and investors, especially in the shale oil sector. Arrangements between OPEC and Russia are thus not only a happy pro forma marriage, but also a successful ménage à trois.

Keywords

OPEC --- Russia --- co-operation

Da Odessa a New York : Una Grande Aquila, un re dello shund e altre stelle vagabonde

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ISBN: 9788899982003 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.5706 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:27
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A Odessa fu Jacob Adler, giovane campione di boxe e di ballo, a dare vita al primo teatro yiddish russo. Negli Stati Uniti Boris Thomashefsky, giovanissimo immigrato senza alcuna formazione specifica, fondò la prima compagnia yiddish professionale. Adler diventò un attore-mito con il soprannome di Grande Aquila, Thomashefsky fu il re dello shund, l’amato e disprezzato teatro- spazzatura. Per oltre un ventennio l’amicizia e la concorrenza tra i due diedero l’impulso più rilevante a un genere spettacolare al tempo stesso popolare e innovatore, capace di proporre in scena episodi biblici e scabrosi fatti di cronaca, controversie filosofiche e battaglie politiche. Le donne che i due incontrarono e che li affiancarono come attrici e compagne di vita furono altrettanto fondamentali nel determinare la fisionomia del teatro yiddish nella transizione dalla vecchia Europa a quella Amerike nella quale le più diverse etnie e culture cercavano di costruirsi un futuro di benessere e felicità. Sempre mescolando divertimento e commozione, risate e lacrime, il teatro yiddish realizzato durante pochi decenni tra il xix e il xx secolo da alcune centinaia di artisti straordinari non fu soltanto il principale elemento identitario di una comunità ma anche un incredibile laboratorio senza il quale il teatro contemporaneo sarebbe molto più povero.

Keywords

Russia --- shund --- Yiddish theater

Solomon Michoels e Veniamin Zuskin : Vite parallele nell’arte e nella morte

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ISBN: 9788899200121 DOI: 10.4000/books.aaccademia.5811 Language: Italian
Publisher: Accademia University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:27
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Vite parallele, quelle dei due grandi attori Solomon Michoels e Veniamin Zuskin, immerse nella speranza suscitata da un regime che per la prima volta nella storia riconosceva parità di diritti agli ebrei. Lo stato sovietico attribuiva al lavoro culturale e artistico un ruolo fondamentale e gli ebrei progressisti contavano su questo presupposto anche per emanciparsi dal conservatorismo che caratterizzava gran parte della loro tradizione. Per quei giovani, moderni e formati in ambienti fortemente permeati dallo “spirito della musica”, l’arte e il teatro si incontravano con le istanze della Rivoluzione d’Ottobre. Purtroppo l’utopia defluì nel giro di pochi anni in una violenta reazione opposta, destinata a seppellire sotto la pesante cappa del realismo socialista il critico, gioioso e trascendente grottesco del teatro yiddish, nonché provocando uno scontro che volse in tragedia e si concluse con la morte, l’esilio e il silenzio di quasi tutti gli interpreti russi della cultura yiddish. I due protagonisti di questo libro avevano scelto il teatro come ricerca della verità e ne subirono le amare conseguenze.

Keywords

art --- death --- music --- Russia

Gli anni Sessanta a Leningrado

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Book Series: Biblioteca di Studi di Filologia Moderna ISBN: 9788884539618 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_341468 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This book offers a portrait of Leningrad in the 1960s, of its cultural life in those years permeated by a great hope for change. Leningrad, now St. Petersburg, is the heir and witness of the rise and fall of the 'Soviet hope' for an authentic change, its evolution and its inevitable decline. Through an analysis of the poems of Iosif Brodskij, Stefania Pavan maps out the process that led the intelligencija of Leningrad to disclose their claims, to give shape to the intellectual conscience of the city, and that subsequently constrained them to adopt the opposite approach, concealing – in a semi-visible space and in the myriad modes of the 'samizdat' – the values, names and images of the hope of change. Through an analysis of the linguistic peculiarities of The dregs , one of the 'classic' short stories of Boris Ivanov, Simonetta Signorini proposes a micro-history of the Russian language in the 60s, to which the study carried out by Ljudmila Zubova on the poems of Viktor Sosnora makes a useful contribution. The essay by Irina Dvizova highlights an aspect of the culture of Leningrad that can be considered extremely topical, in terms both of argument and as a method of reading literary history: the relation between the city and the Dostoevskij museum.

Keywords

literature --- russia --- letteratura --- poetry --- poesia

About Russia, Its Revolutions, Its Development and Its Present

Author:
Book Series: Prager Schriften zur Zeitgeschichte und zum Zeitgeschehen ISBN: 9783631695548 9783631695555 9783631671368 Year: Pages: 191 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:54
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The author analyzes modern Russian history from a new perspective. Due to the ideological heritage of the XIXth and XXth centuries, the social settings of the sociopolitical history of the USSR (1917–1945) have not been fully identified. Detailed examination of ideological and political concepts shows that the revolution of 1917 became not a middle class, proletarian movement, but rather a plebeian one. The misjudgment by the new power enabled growth but caused tremendous losses of human lives and material damages. Socialization of economy and strict centralization led to a new social structure and established terror as an instrument for social reorganization. WWII revealed the necessity of a correction of these developments, but the events of the Cold War circumvented any further considerations.

Keywords

Development --- Present --- Reiman --- Revolutions --- Russia

A People Passing Rude : British Responses to Russian Culture

Author:
ISBN: 9782821854048 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Described by the sixteenth-century English poet George Turbervile as "a people passing rude, to vices vile inclin'd", the Russians waited some three centuries before their subsequent cultural achievements - in music, art and particularly literature - achieved widespread recognition in Britain. The essays in this stimulating collection attest to the scope and variety of Russia's influence on British culture. They move from the early nineteenth century - when Byron sent his hero Don Juan to meet Catherine the Great, and an English critic sought to come to terms with the challenge of Pushkin - to a series of Russian-themed exhibitions at venues including the Crystal Palace and Earls Court. The collection looks at British encounters with Russian music, the fascination with Dostoevskii and Chekhov, and finishes by shedding light on Britain's engagement with Soviet film. Edited by Anthony Cross, one of the world's foremost authorities on Anglo-Russian relations, A People Passing Rude is essential reading for anyone with an interest in British and Russian cultures and their complex inter-relationship.

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