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The American Automobile Industry

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Book Series: Michigan Papers in Japanese Studies ISBN: 9780472902064 Year: Pages: 119 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.11903719 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: National Endowment for the Humanities||Andrew W. Mellon Foundation - [grantnumber unknown]||[grantnumber unknown]
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-25 00:09:10
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Amid the gloom, indeed the despair, that prevailed among auto industry spokesmen during early 1981, the University of Michigan held the first U.S.-Japan Auto Conference. With all the uncertainty that accompanies a march into new territory, the conference very much resembled a call to arms as industry, union, and government officials sought to comprehend and respond to the Japanese challenge. In the subsequent two conferences in 1982 and 1983, the concerned parties displayed an impressive willingness to roll up their sleeves and get on with creating the conditions for a renewal of the industry. Yet success seemed to elude their efforts, and frustrations mounted as the national recession lengthened and deepened. It was not until the March 1984 conference that definite change in tone became apparent. By this time, it was clear that the industry was beginning to reap the fruits of its efforts. As Paul McCracken notes in his remarks, the market for new cars was manifesting its traditional high-geared response to improved business conditions, and the voluntary trade restraints were contributing to the ability of the industry to take advantage of this renewed prosperity. In addition, those who know the industry well knew that the major improvements in quality and productivity had been made, and many of the changes responsible for these improvements seem unlikely to be reversed. All this was much on the minds of speakers and participants during the March conference. The various speakers presented an image of people who thought that they were pretty much on the way toward addressing successfully their internal problems of productivity, quality, and marketing. All that remained was to dispose of the external factors that prevented the, from competing on that well-known if elusive "level playing field." [ix]

The American and Japanese Auto Industries in Transition

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780472902057 Year: Pages: 251 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.18623 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: National Endowment for the Humanities||Andrew W. Mellon Foundation - [grantnumber unknown]||[grantnumber unknown]
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-25 00:09:17
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This report was prepared for the Policy Board by the U.S. and Japanese research staffs of the Joint U.S.–Japan Automotive Study under the general direction of Professors Paul W. McCracken and Keichi Oshima, with research operations organized and coordinated by Robert E. Cole on the U.S. side, in close communication with the Taizo Yakushiji on the Japanese side. [preface] In view of the importance of stable, long-term economic relationships between Japan and the United States, automotive issues have to be dealt with in ways consistent with the joint prosperity of both countries. Furthermore, the current economic friction has the potential to adversely affect future political relationships. Indeed, under conditions of economic stagnation, major economic issues inevitably become political issues. With these considerations in mind, the Joint U.S.–Japan Automotive Study project was started in September 1981 to determine the conditions that will allow for the prosperous coexistence of the respective automobile industries. During this two-year study, we have identified four driving forces that will play a major role in determining the future course of the automotive industry of both countries. These are: (1) consumers’ demands and aspirations vis-à-vis automobiles; (2) flexible manufacturing systems (FMS); (3) rapidly evolving technology; and (4) the internationalization of the automotive industry. [exec. summary]

Disability in the Industrial Revolution

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Book Series: Disability History ISBN: 9781526125774 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.9760/9781526125774 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095948/Z/11/Z
Subject: Social Sciences --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-25 11:02:10
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The Industrial Revolution produced injury, illness and disablement on a large scale and nowhere was this more visible than in coalmining. Disability in the Industrial Revolution sheds new light on the human cost of industrialisation by examining the lives and experiences of those disabled in a sector that was vital to Britain’s economic growth. Although it is often assumed that industrialisation led to increasing marginalisation of people with impairments, disabled mineworkers were expected to return to work wherever possible, and new medical services developed to assist in this endeavour. Using a rich and innovative mix of sources ranging from official reports to autobiographies, this book examines disability and its consequences in the coalfields of Scotland, north east England and south Wales. It explores how working conditions, the organisation of labour, and employer attitudes affected the ability of impaired miners to find employment, and charts the multifaceted responses to disablement, ranging from health and safety regulations to welfare programmes. Recognising that experiences of disability extended beyond the world of work, the book discusses the family, community and cultural lives of disabled mineworkers. It shows how disability played an important role in industrial relations and shaped class identity. In the process, it presents a new history of disability and the Industrial Revolution, one that shows how disabled people contributed to Britain’s industrial development, and demonstrates how concerns about disability shaped responses to industrialisation.

Energieeffizienz durch Planung betriebsübergreifender Prozessintegration mit der Pinch-Analyse

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ISBN: 9783866448834 Year: Pages: XIV, 379 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000028840 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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In der Arbeit wird ein Ansatz zur Planung und Bewertung der Weiternutzung von Prozesswärme über Betriebsgrenzen hinweg auf Basis der Pinch-Analyse entwickelt. Er besteht aus einer Minimierung der Gesamtkosten inklusive der Parameter Entfernungen und Ausfallrisiken, zusätzlich wird eine faire Aufteilung der Einsparungen diskutiert. Die Methodik wird auf ein Fallbeispiel angewendet, daneben werden die allgemeinen Rahmenbedingungen und Hemmnisse der außerbetrieblichen Abwärmenutzung untersucht.

Precarious Claims: The Promise and Failure of Workplace Protections in the United States

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ISBN: 9780520288782 9780520963603 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.19 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-10 11:01:24
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Precarious Claims tells the human story behind the bureaucratic process of fighting for justice in the U.S. workplace. The global economy has fueled vast concentrations of wealth that have driven a demand for cheap and flexible labor. Workplace violations such as wage theft, unsafe work environments, and discrimination are widespread in low-wage industries such as restaurants, retail, hospitality, and domestic work, where jobs are often held by immigrants and other vulnerable workers. Despite the challenges they face, these workers do seek justice. Why and how do they come forward,and what happens once they do? Based on extensive fieldwork in Northern California, Shannon Gleeson investigates the array of gatekeepers with whom workers must negotiate in the labor standards enforcement bureaucracy and, ultimately, the limited reach of formal legal protections. Gleeson also tracks how workplace injustices—and the arduous process of contesting them—have long-term effects on their everyday lives. Workers sometimes win, but their chances are precarious at best.

The Wages Crisis in Australia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781925261769 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.20851/ilm-1 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
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This edited volume of chapters resulted from an international conference held at the University of Adelaide in July 2016 under the same title to explore the multifaceted concept of ʿilm in Islam — its agency and manifestations in the connected realms of science, religion, and the arts. The aim is to explore the Islamic civilisational responses to major shifts in the concept of ‘knowledge’ that took place in the post-mediaeval period, and especially within the context of the ‘early modern’. It asserts that the true value of knowledge lies in its cross-civilisational reach, as when the development of knowledge in pre-modern Islam exerted profound changes onto the Europeans, whose resurgence in the early modern period has in turn forced massive changes onto the Islamic worldview and its systems of knowledge. Now the landscape of knowledge has significantly changed, the Muslim mind, which has been historically calibrated to be particularly sensitive towards knowledge, can and should open to new horizons of knowing where science, religion, and art can meet again on freshly cultivated and intellectually fertile grounds.

The Changing Economic Geography of Globalization

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Global Competition ISBN: 9780203000403 9780415353984 9780415646482 9781134259328 9781134259311 9781134259274 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203000403 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:09
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The process of globalization has had profound, often destabilizing, effects on space, at all levels (i.e. local, regional, national, international). This revealing book analyzes, both theoretically and empirically, the effects of globalization over space. It considers, through a dialogue among different paradigms, the ways in which space has become more important in the global economy. Globalization has been advocated as a way of shrinking time and space which will lead to a homogenized global market; a suggestion challenged in differing ways and with a variety of approaches by all the contributors to this volume. Leading authorities from a range of disciplines are represented amongst this impressive list of contributors, including Eric Sheppard, Bjørn Asheim, Richard Walker and Peter Swann. The chapters demonstrate persuasively the continuing, and even increasing, role of space in the global economy, and throughout, the book covers viewpoints from the fields of: international political economy economic geography regional and local economics. This impressive volume, which contains a selection of the best in contemporary scholarship, will be of interest to the international arena of academicians, policy makers and professionals in these or related fields.

Policing Gender, Class And Family In Britain, 1800-1945

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Book Series: Women's and Gender History ISBN: 9780203993668 9781857281880 9781138978669 9781135369279 9781135369262 9781135369224 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203993668 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:15
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This book is intended for undergraduate courses on modern British history, women's history, courses on family, sexuality and childhood. Women's studies, history of education, sociology.

Keywords

industrial --- schools --- national --- vigilance --- association --- day --- residential --- school --- magdalene --- asylum

Partnership at Work

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Book Series: Routledge Research in Employment Relations ISBN: 9780203506370 9780415304344 9780415511124 9780415650694 9781134408429 9781134408412 9781134408375 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203506370 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:16
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The partnership established between the Irish Airports Authority and its trade unions in the mid-1990s was groundbreaking in promoting union and staff involvement in all aspects of company decision-making. This book charts the progress, achievements and obstacles faced by the partnership based on full access to the partners, documents, observations on how the partnership functioned and three surveys of the company's workforce.

Keywords

industrial --- relations --- duty --- free --- sales --- dublin --- airport --- shop --- stewards --- aer

Manufacturing Competitiveness in Asia

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Growth Economies of Asia ISBN: 9780203986660 9780415299220 9780415408660 9781134424313 9781134424306 9781134424269 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203986660 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:18
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There are competing theories to explain the reasons behind the international competitiveness of manufacturing in Asia. Analysing these different theories will bring important lessons, not just for Asia, but for developing economies the world over. This lucid book studies industries and firms in East Asia and examines the major determinants of their economic performance. With contributions from such leading thinkers as Ha-Joon Chang and Rajah Rasiah, the book covers such themes as: *industrial policy and East Asia *Taiwan's information technology industry *The role of the government in technological capability building Manufacturing Competitiveness in Asia touches on many important themes and issues and as such will be of great interest to students, academics and policy-makers involved in industrial economics, international trade and Asian studies.

Keywords

siam --- cement --- taiwans --- information --- technology --- industry --- jewellery --- eam --- study --- industrial

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