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Becoming Citizens in a Changing World: IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016 International Report

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ISBN: 9783319739625 9783319739632 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73963-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA)
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 15:42:04
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This open access book presents the results from the second cycle of the IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS 2016). Using data from 24 countries in Asia, Europe and Latin America, the study investigates the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens in a range of countries in the second decade of the 21st century. It also responds to the enduring and emerging challenges of educating young people in a world where contexts of democracy and civic participation continue to change. New developments of this kind include the increase in the use of social media by young people as a tool for civic engagement, growing concerns about global threats and sustainable development, as well as the role of schools in fostering peaceful ways of interaction between young people. Besides enabling the evaluation of a wide range of aspects of civic and citizenship education, including those related to recent developments in a number of countries, the inclusion of test and questionnaire material from the first cycle of the study in 2009 allows the results from ICCS 2016 to be used to examine changes in civic knowledge, attitudes and engagement over seven years.

Evolution, Monitoring and Predicting Models of Rockburst: Precursor Information for Rock Failure

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ISBN: 9789811075476 9789811075483 Year: Pages: 188 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7548-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: National Natural Science Foundation of China
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-26 16:34:23
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This open access book focuses on investigating predicting precursor information and key points of rockburst in mining engineering through laboratory experiment, theoretical analysis, numerical simulation and case studies. Understanding the evolution patterns for the microstructure instability of rock is a prerequisite for rockburst prediction. The book provides a guide for readers seeking to understand the evolution patterns for the microstrucure of rock failure, the predicting key point of rock failure and the rockburst predicting model. It will be an essential reference to understand mechanism of rockburst and sheds new light on dynamic disasters prediction. Chapters are carefully developed to cover (1) The evolution patterns for the microstructure instability of rock; (2) Rockburst hazard monitoring and predicting criterion and predicting models. The book addresses the issue with a holistic and systematic approach that investigates the occurrence mechanism of rockburst based on the evolution patterns for the microstructure of rock failure and establishes the predicting model of rockburst.This book will be of interest to researchers of mining engineering, rock mechanics engineering and safety engineering.

Retirement Home? Ageing Migrant Workers in France and the Question of Return

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087 ISBN: 9783319649757 9783319649764 Year: Pages: 211 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64976-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: IMISCOE
Subject: Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 15:56:33
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This open access book offers new insights into the ageing-migration nexus and the nature of home. Documenting the hidden world of France’s migrant worker hostels, it explores why older North and West African men continue to live past retirement age in this sub-standard housing. Conventional wisdom holds that at retirement labour migrants ought to instead return to their families in home countries, where their French pensions would have far greater purchasing power.This paradox is the point of departure for a book which transports readers from the banlieues of Paris to the banks of the Senegal River and the villages of the Anti-Atlas. In intimate ethnographic detail, the author brings to life the experiences of these older labour migrants by sharing in the life of the hostels as a resident, by observing at close quarters the men's family life on the other side of the Mediterranean as a guest in their homes, and even by accompanying them in their travels by bus, sea, and air.The monograph evaluates several theories of migration against rich qualitative data gathered from multiple methods: biographical narrative and semi-structured interviews, participant observation, and archival research. In the process, it offers a thoughtful contribution to broader debates on what it means for migrants to belong and achieve inclusion in society.

Teaching Tolerance in a Globalized World

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Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISSN: 2366-1631 ISBN: 9783319786919 9783319786926 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 138 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-78692-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA)
Subject: Political Science --- Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 15:07:49
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This open access thematic report identifies factors and conditions that can help schools and education systems promote tolerance in a globalized world. The IEA’s International Civic and Citizenship Study (ICCS) is a comparative research program designed to investigate the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens, and provides a wealth of data permitting not only comparison between countries but also comparisons between schools within countries, and students within countries. Advanced analytical methods provide insights into relationships between students’ attitudes towards cultural diversity and the characteristics of the students themselves, their families, their teachers and school principals. The rich diversity of educational and cultural contexts in the 38 countries who participated in ICCS 2009 are also acknowledged and addressed. Readers interested in civic education and adolescents’ attitudes towards cultural diversity will find the theoretical perspectives explored engaging. For readers interested in methodology, the advanced analytical methods employed present textbook examples of how to address cross-cultural comparability of measurement instruments and multilevel data structures in international large-scale assessments (ILSA). Meanwhile, those interested in educational policy should find the identification and comparison of malleable factors across education systems that contribute to positive student attitudes towards cultural diversity a useful and thought-provoking resource.

The Globalization of Science Curricula

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Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISSN: 2366-1631 ISBN: 9783319715315 9783319715322 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 100 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71532-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA)
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 15:21:31
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Globalization is a powerful force with far reaching impacts on education and education policy. The growth of large scale international surveys of student achievement and the increasing role played by intergovernmental agencies in education means that the influence that globalization exerts on education is likely to increase even further in the future.This open access book provides a significant and timely investigation into the impacts that globalization has exerted on science curricula in a diverse range of countries using extensive data sets collected by the IEA between 1995 and 2015. Using a combination of quantitative and qualitative methods, this book considers the extent to which there have been changes to the intended and implemented science curricula in different countries over the last 20 years. Consideration is then given as to whether science curricula are becoming increasingly similar across countries over time. Finally the issue of whether the basis of an international core curriculum can be identified is addressed. Readers will gain a unique insight into the extent to which globalization and large scale international assessments have influenced science curricula in the last 20 years within both the primary and secondary phases.

Handbook of Ocean Wave Energy

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Book Series: Ocean Engineering & Oceanography ISSN: 2194-6396 ISBN: 9783319398884 9783319398891 Year: Volume: 7 Pages: 287 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39889-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Chemical Technology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 13:11:32
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC 2.5 license.This book offers a concise, practice-oriented reference-guide to the field of ocean wave energy. The ten chapters highlight the key rules of thumb, address all the main technical engineering aspects and describe in detail all the key aspects to be considered in the techno-economic assessment of wave energy converters. Written in an easy-to-understand style, the book answers questions relevant to readers of different backgrounds, from developers, private and public investors, to students and researchers. It is thereby a valuable resource for both newcomers and experienced practitioners in the wave energy sector.

South-North Migration of EU Citizens in Times of Crisis

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087 ISBN: 9783319397610 9783319397634 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39763-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Zoology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 13:20:19
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This open access book looks at the migration of Southern European EU citizens (from Portugal, Spain, Italy, Greece) who move to Northern European Member States (Belgium, France, Germany, United Kingdom) in response to the global economic crisis.Its objective is twofold. First, it identifies the scale and nature of this new Southern European emigration and examines these migrants’ socio-economic integration in Northern European destination countries. This is achieved through an analysis of the most recent data on flows and profiles of this new labour force using sending-country and receiving-country databases. Second, it looks at the politics and policies of immigration, both from the perspective of the sending- and receiving-countries. Analysing the policies and debates about these new flows in the home and host countries’ this book shows how contentious the issue of intra-EU mobility has recently become in the context of the crisis when the right for EU citizens to move within the EU had previously not been questioned for decades.Overall, the strength of this edited volume is that it compiles in a systematic way quantitative and qualitative analysis of these renewed Southern European migration flows and draws the lessons from this changing climate on EU migration.

Inter-group Relations and Migrant Integration in European Cities: Changing Neighbourhoods

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319230955 9783319230962 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-23096-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Ecology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:04:48
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This open access book presents a comparative analysis of intergroup relations and migrant integration at the neighbourhood level in Europe. Featuring a unique collection of portraits of urban relations between the majority population and immigrant minorities, it examines how relations are structured and evolve in different and increasingly diverse local societies. Inside, readers will find a coordinated set of ethnographic studies conducted in eleven neighbourhoods of five European cities: London, Barcelona, Budapest, Nuremberg, and Turin. The wide-ranging coverage encompasses post-industrial districts struggling to counter decline, vibrant super-diverse areas, and everything in between. Featuring highly contextualised, cross-disciplinary explorations presented within a solid comparative framework, this book considers such questions as: Why does the native-immigrant split become a tense boundary in some neighbourhoods of some European cities but not in others? To what extent are ethnically framed conflicts driven by site-specific factors or instead by broader, exogenous ones? How much does the structure of urban spaces count in fuelling inter-ethnic tensions and what can local policy communities do to prevent this? The answers it provides are based on a multi-layer approach which combines in-depth analysis of intergroup relations with a strong attention towards everyday categorization processes, media representations, and narratives on which local policies are based. Even though the relations between the majority and migrant minorities are a central topic, the volume also offers readers a broader perspective of social and urban transformation in contemporary urban settings. It provides insightful research on migration and urban studies as well as social dynamics that scholars and students around the world will find relevant. In addition, policy makers will find evidence-based and practically relevant lessons for the governance of increasingly diverse and mobile societies.

Integration Processes and Policies in Europe: Contexts, Levels and Actors

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319216737 9783319216744 Year: Pages: 206 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-21674-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:14:55
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In this open access book, experts on integration processes, integration policies, transnationalism, and the migration and development framework provide an academic assessment of the 2011 European Agenda for the Integration of Third-Country Nationals, which calls for integration policies in the EU to involve not only immigrants and their society of settlement, but also actors in their country of origin. Moreover, a heuristic model is developed for the non-normative, analytical study of integration processes and policies based on conceptual, demographic, and historical accounts.The volume addresses three interconnected issues: What does research have to say on (the study of) integration processes in general and on the relevance of actors in origin countries in particular? What is the state of the art of the study of integration policies in Europe and the use of the concept of integration in policy formulation and practice? Does the proposal to include actors in origin countries as important players in integration policies find legitimation in empirical research?A few general conclusions are drawn. First, integration policies have developed at many levels of government: nationally, locally, regionally, and at the supra-national level of the EU. Second, a multitude of stakeholders has become involved in integration as policy designers and implementers. Finally, a logic of policymaking—and not an evidence-based scientific argument—can be said to underlie the European Commission’s redefinition of integration as a three-way process.This book will appeal to academics and policymakers at international, European, national, regional, and local levels. It will also be of interest to graduate and master-level students of political science, sociology, social anthropology, international relations, criminology, geography, and history.

Contested Childhoods: Growing up in Migrancy

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319446080 9783319446103 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44610-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:21:06
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This open access book explores specific migration, governance, and identity processes currently involving children and ideas of childhood. Migrancy as a social space allows majority populations to question the capabilities of migrants, and is a space in which an increasing number of children are growing up. In this space, families, nation-states, civil society, as well as children themselves are central actors engaged in contesting the meaning of childhood. Childhood is a field of conceptual, moral and political contestation, where the ‘battles’ may range from minor tensions and everyday negotiations of symbolic or practical importance involving a limited number of people, to open conflicts involving violence and law enforcement. The chapters demonstrate the importance of how we understand phenomena involving children: when children are trafficked, seeking refuge, taken into custody, active in gangs or in youth organisations, and struggling with identity work. This book examines countries representing very different engagements and policies regarding migrancy and children. As a result, readers are presented with a comprehensive volume ideal for both the classroom and for policy-makers and practitioners. The chapters are written by experts in social anthropology, human geography, political science, sociology, and psychology.

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