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Informed Play

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ISBN: 9788202590444 9788202590444 Year: Pages: 225 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.38 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing) Grant: University of Agder
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-30 11:01:01
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Informed Play presents a conceptual understanding of tone production based on extensive historical research on primary sources, modern literature and handbook reviews, physical and psychological perspectives as well as on technology. As the first volume in English to discuss and contextualise the topic of tone production on Early Modern lute instruments from a broad, interdisciplinary approach, it represents a unique and significant contribution to research on Early Music performance, particularly performance on lute instruments. At a lute-centred level, this book challenges many preconceptions about tone production by addressing the motivations behind certain choices made in and embraced by the Early Music community. It is therefore an essential ‘desk reference’ for both researchers and performers. At a meta-level, Informed Play offers a general perspective of how self-expressive acts, physical and social causes and effects can be perceived biologically to better understand historical music performance as a social practice and phenomenon.&#xD;

Fengslende sosiologi

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ISBN: 9788202584900 Year: Pages: 293 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.41 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-06 11:01:03
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"Prison has always been an attractive object for study in the field of sociology. Few other areas of modern society demonstrate social reality’s fundamental ideas so clearly and obviously than prison. Social deviance and stigma, ostracism and integration, control and discipline, power and inequality are all examples of key sociological concepts that are crystalized in daily life in a prison environment.&#xD;&#xD;Fengslende sosiologi. Makt, straff og identitet i Trondheims fengsler (Captivating Sociology. Power, Punishment and Identity in Trondheim’s Prisons) presents twelve scholarly, peer-reviewed chapters that explore various aspects of prison as a social phenomenon, both as a part of and an expression of society.&#xD;&#xD;The majority of the contributions build on empirical studies at maximum and minimum-security prisons in Trondheim, but the analyses have a broader relevance – both empirically and theoretically – for our understanding of power, punishment and identity in Norwegian penal institutions. Most of the contributors are associated with the Department of Sociology and Political Science at NTNU, the Norwegian University of Science and Technology, and the department’s project ‘Fengslende sosiologi’ (‘Captivating Sociology’). Several of the texts are by former master’s students in sociology and present further analyses based on their master’s projects.&#xD;&#xD;This anthology will be of interest to scholars and practitioners in the field as well as students and others interested in prison as a social institution and penal institutions in general."&#xD;

Keywords

prison --- sociology --- punishment --- Trondheim --- fengsel --- sosiologi --- straff

Fra kollektiv til konnektiv handling?

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ISBN: 9788202590420 Year: Pages: 301 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.45 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:02
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"Volunteering and political activism are two key forms of civic engagement. There is a broad consensus that civic engagement, which often involves participation in various forms of collective action, is a cornerstone of a well-functioning democracy. Civic engagement and participation in collective action have traditionally been linked to social movements and voluntary organizations. Collective action is, however, changing as a result of societal- level processes of change, such as digitalization, the emergence of social media, individualization and globalization.&#xD;&#xD;This book investigates how these social changes have affected the ways individuals participate in different forms of collective action. What consequences does digitalization have for civic engagement in Norway? Is the distinction between volunteering and political activism about being wiped out? Are new organizational forms arising as a result of digitalization and individualization? Has globalization led to new forms of transnational networks? And more generally, are the traditional forms of collective action, rooted in civil society organizations, replaced by a new form of ""connective action""? Based on a variety of data sources, including survey data, case studies and in-depth interviews, the authors paint a broad picture of how different forms of collective action and civic engagement in Norway are influenced by processes of social change.&#xD;&#xD;The analyzes in this book are based on a five-year research project within the Center for Research on Civil Society and Voluntary Sector, funded by the Ministry of Culture. The book presents the project's main findings in an edited volume with contributions from an interdisciplinary team of authors."&#xD;

Dealing with Expectations and Traditions in Research

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ISBN: 9788202400897 Year: Pages: 153 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.42 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12
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"When considering societal expectations and traditions in research, assumptions are often an integral aspect – particularly in the disciplines pertaining to organization studies. The objective of this anthology is to analyze, clarify and demystify assumptions about research and the way that organizations work.&#xD;&#xD;The book is interdisciplinary in its form and content. The chapters are in part theoretical and analytical, yet draw on various empirical illustrations. In doing so, the book touches on the research process, basic assumptions in research, possibilities as well as pitfalls that both novice researchers as well as more experienced ones ought to keep in mind.&#xD;&#xD;The individual chapters address research and publication through a range of areas and topics including: accounting and management control, examination of the term ‘organization’ itself, and exploration of behavioral and social processes that lead to change in organizations and society as a whole. All of the chapters illuminate different roles in the research process in organization studies.&#xD;&#xD;Dealing with Expectations and Traditions in Research will be of interest to researchers on all levels, including PhD students and master’s students writing term papers and their theses, as well as in methodological courses and discussions."&#xD;

Døden i livet

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788202589349 Year: Pages: 233 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.40 Language: Norwegian
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Religion --- Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:03
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"There is a widely held notion that death is not particularly visible in our culture; death is something we do not talk about. The premise for Døden i livet has been to challenge this preconception from a variety of perspectives and disciplines.&#xD;&#xD;The authors argue that death is present in our lives in many ways. We see it and experience it in our physical surroundings, for example in the various arrangements we make to remind ourselves of the dead. We hear or read about it in speeches, poems, music lyrics, psalms, obituaries, biographies, picture books, novels and newspapers. We talk about death in conversations with each other, in characterizing the dead and in clinical language about illness and death. We reveal our understanding of death through visual forms such as newspaper images, illustrations in books and in the imagery and metaphors we employ when we describe it.&#xD;&#xD;Døden i livet is a mult-disciplinary, scientific anthology consisting of 12 peer-reviewed chapters geared towards scholars and students interested in broader appreciation of how death is present in our culture. The chapters are written by researchers working in such diverse fields as health, pedagogics, idea history, religion, literature studies, linguistics and rhetoric."&#xD;

28 Basic Structures for a New Theory of Samhandling Under Risk (SUR) (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 22 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch28 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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"This final chapter aggregates experiences and findings from the other&#xD;chapters of the book. The book’s overall research question is as follows: What are&#xD;the basic structures of the concept of samhandling under risk and how can samhandling&#xD;be created when the conditions are unpredictable? A number of SUR (Samhandling&#xD;Under Risk) structures are derived based on semantic theory construction,&#xD;and these are described in an overall definition and visualized in a model, which&#xD;in turn can form the basis of a SUR theory. These are organized under educational,&#xD;organizational and operational structures, as three superior competencies needed&#xD;to facilitate effective SUR. The essence is that there is a different basis for this type&#xD;of assessment than with traditional risk analysis, in order to achieve good samhandling&#xD;under risk and unforeseen conditions. This is concerned with what is needed&#xD;when little or nothing goes according to plan. It is then necessary to emphasize&#xD;on such matters more in depth and addition address other factors to achieve SUR&#xD;through samhandling where the conditions are predictable - where completed plans&#xD;and clear objectives work. For the learning level, valuation of inaccurate knowledge&#xD;and qualities is required to extract information from the disorder. For the&#xD;organizational level, it is important to create and/or maintain shared leadership&#xD;and at the operative level, improvisation is essential. When working with a SUR&#xD;paradigm, one must be able to accept unclear goals, be prepared to lose control&#xD;and create room for surprises. Leaders with SUR skills will be required to prepare organizations for this. Training and SUR should be incorporated into strategic&#xD;plans, management training and leadership development. An expansion of established&#xD;pedagogical models is also needed to achieve this aim. Invisible learning is&#xD;one approach. Samhandling does not simply happen in a vacuum, and the chapter&#xD;encourages further SUR research in a global perspective, where different languages&#xD;and cultures can contribute to enhanced understanding of SUR issues. As a starting&#xD;point for such an approach, we explore how the term is expressed in the Japanese&#xD;language. A more global approach to SUR structures can contribute to a deeper&#xD;understanding of what is needed, to avoid unwanted misunderstandings and crises,&#xD;learn from each other and solve complex and unforeseen situations through&#xD;samhandling."&#xD;

27 Samhandling, Preparedness and Supply Chains (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch27 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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"Supply-chain preparedness means to design inter-organisational structures,&#xD;to organise supply-chain resources, and to plan and train to ensure efficient&#xD;response if this is called for. Acknowledging that supply chains are made up of&#xD;two or more organisations, and that interaction describes relations between two or&#xD;more actors, the purpose of this research is to explore whether the introduction of&#xD;the concept of interaction (samhandling) to supply-chain thinking adds to our understanding&#xD;of efficiency and the effectiveness of logistics preparedness.&#xD;We position our work along three dimensions: a profit – non-profit classification,&#xD;a descriptive – normative dichotomy, and a micro – macro continuum. Information&#xD;was retrieved both through semi-structured interviews and by studying secondary&#xD;sources. Interaction and preparedness is assessed through an empirical case: the&#xD;operation Atalanta. By applying interactional indicators, enablers and barriers to&#xD;relationship success can be studied at both micro, meso, and macro levels. Without&#xD;understanding the mechanisms leading to interactional competence, success (or&#xD;the lack thereof) in supply-chain preparedness is difficult to address properly. Thus,&#xD;managers need to assess the interactional constructs at all levels when planning and&#xD;training for preparedness."&#xD;

26 Interaction in Aerial Warfare (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch26 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"This chapter explores the leadership practices of Mission Commanders.&#xD;The major focus is on key features in leadership practices that contribute to effective&#xD;samhandling in the execution of Composite Air Operations and handling of&#xD;unexpected events. “Aerial warfare” is the term used to describe the use of military&#xD;aircraft and other aeronautical equipment in warfare. Air power has become the&#xD;preferred instrument for politicians and commanders to achieve strategic and operational&#xD;objectives across a spectrum of conflicts, ranging from humanitarian aid to&#xD;combat action. Air campaigns like OD/UP and MINUSMA are conducted through&#xD;a series of parallel and sequential Composite Air Operations (COMAO). COMAO&#xD;is the term used when dissimilar types of aircraft interact in coordinated actions to&#xD;achieve defined military objectives within a given time and geographical area. The&#xD;study indicates that joint practice and a joint process for learning and leadership play&#xD;vital roles in the successful conduct of COMAO in war. Joint practice during exercises&#xD;like RED FLAG provides the opportunity to develop the interactional skills&#xD;that are needed in modern aerial warfare. Important principles in joint practice are&#xD;that you train as you fight, you experience a progression in challenge and that all&#xD;participants participate in the exchange of ideas and lessons learned."&#xD;

25 Military Strategies for Samhandling in Unforeseen Situations (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 14 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch25 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"The purpose of this chapter is twofold. Firstly, a rather paradoxical situation&#xD;will be discussed. Even though most military practitioners seem to agree&#xD;on the characteristics of war, two almost diametrically-opposed norms for how to&#xD;samhandle have arisen: a centralized one and a decentralized one. We argue that the&#xD;decentralized approach, called Auftragstaktik, is the most effective. In the second&#xD;part of the chapter we discuss the pedagogical challenge of educating personnel to&#xD;thrive in a decentralized organization, which must operate effectively in unforeseen&#xD;and threatening environments. Based on the teachings of Moltke the Elder (1800–&#xD;1891) and the much more recent writings of Torgersen, Steiro and Saeverot (2015),&#xD;we argue that a crucial step in educating for the unforeseen is to give the students&#xD;the opportunity to solve new problems by themselves, gaining experience that is, as&#xD;far as possible, self-generated and thereby becoming more aware and confident in&#xD;dealing with new situations."&#xD;

24 Working Together in the Aftermath of an Unforeseen Event (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch24 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
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"The frame of this chapter is how clinicians and leaders employed in psychiatric&#xD;departments in hospitals experience and cope with patients who commit&#xD;suicide while undergoing treatment. The major focus is the phenomenon which in&#xD;the Bow-tie model is called “stabilization”. To explore this phenomenon in an empirical&#xD;analysis, two concepts of samhandling are introduced, these being coordination&#xD;and cooperation. These two concepts are used in an interpretation of what eight&#xD;leaders and clinicians report on how they handle working together after a patient&#xD;during treatment in a psychiatric hospital has unexpectedly committed suicide.&#xD;The findings are that leaders and clinicians have different views on what stabilization&#xD;is. Stabilization to the leaders seems to be something they can handle by using&#xD;mandatory organizational procedures of coordination. To the clinicians (psychologists&#xD;and psychiatrists) however, stabilization is less straightforward. Professional&#xD;stabilization is, to them, more important than organizational stabilization, and it&#xD;requires another form of interaction – namely, cooperation. Cooperation is, in its&#xD;simplest and purest form, a symmetrical way of working together, based on equality&#xD;in competence and an unforced relation between the parties. For the purpose of&#xD;professional stabilization, this is the form of interaction preferred by the clinicians.&#xD;However, these findings are tentative and more research is needed to elaborate why&#xD;leaders and clinicians respond as they do after a patient suicide."&#xD;

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