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From Seascapes of Extinction to Seascapes of Confidence - Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries in Chile: El Quisco and Puerto Oscuro

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ISBN: 9789197707121 9789197707138 Language: English
Publisher: Co-Action Publishing
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-18 23:38:26
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An important contribution to our understanding of the multifaceted challenges underlying sustainable solutions to ecological fisheries, the book describes how, in Chile, indiscriminate harvest of the edible shellfish Concholepas concholepas (false abalone or Loco), has been threatening not only the living of small-scale artisan fishers but also the ecosystem. In an attempt to strengthen the fishers’ livelihoods and at the same time recuperate the fish, the Chilean government introduced the regulatory measure: Management and Exploitation Areas for Benthic Resources (MEABRs), locally known as Management Areas (MAs) and internationally as Territorial Use Rights in Fisheries (TURFs). The author uses a participatory approach to this interdisciplinary issue, examining how the MAs have impacted on two fishing organizations and localities that depend for their survival on benthic resources: El Quisco (Valparaíso Region) and Puerto Oscuro (Coquimbo Region).Placed in the larger context of the critical situation of fisheries in the world, the book not only offers an example to other communities but also an insight into the complex ways politics links to economics, the local links to the regional and the global, and nature to society.
Español: Una importante contribución para nuestra comprensión de los desafíos multifacéticos que subyacen bajo soluciones sustentables para una pesca ecológica es este libro que describe como en Chile, la extracción indiscriminada de la especie comestible Concholepas concholepas (abulón falso o Loco) llegó a amenazar no tan sólo la sobrevivencia de los pequeños pescadores artesanales, sino también el ecosistema.En un esfuerzo por fortalecer el sustento de los pescadores y al mismo tiempo por recuperar la especie, el gobierno chileno introdujo la medida regulatoria Áreas de Manejo y Explotación de Recursos Bentónicos (AMERBs), conocida localmente como Áreas de Manejo (AMs), e internacionalmente como Derechos Territoriales de Pesca (TURFs). La autora usa un enfoque participativo para este tema interdisciplinario, examinando como las AM han impactado en dos organizaciones y localidades pesqueras que dependen para su sobrevivencia de los recursos bentónicos como son El Quisco (Región de Valparaíso) y Puerto Oscuro (Región de Coquimbo).Puesto en un contexto mayor de la crítica situación de las pesquerías en el mundo, el libro no es solo un ejemplo para otras comunidades sino que ofrece también una mirada sobre las complejas maneras en las cuales la política se entrelaza con la economía, lo local con lo regional y global, y la naturaleza con la sociedad.

Ecological Risk Assessment for Chlorpyrifos in Terrestrial and Aquatic Systems in North America

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Book Series: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology ISSN: 21976554 ISBN: 9783319038643 9783319038650 Year: Volume: 231 Pages: 282 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-03865-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biotechnology --- Environmental Sciences --- Manufactures --- Pharmacy and materia medica
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-25 15:51:35
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This book attempts to provide concise, critical reviews of timely advances, philosophy and significant areas of accomplished or needed endeavor in the total field of xenobiotics, in any segment of the environment, as well as toxicological implications.

Ester Boserup’s Legacy on Sustainability

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ISBN: 9789401786775 Year: Pages: 282 Seiten DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8678-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 209
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-06 14:31:39
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Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and sustainability. The contents are organized in three sections reflecting important focal points of Boserup’s own work: Long-Term Socio-Ecological Change; Agriculture, Land Use, and Development; and Gender, Population, and Economy. The diversity of the contributions to this book highlights the continuing impact of Ester Boserup’s work on scientific research today, and its likely influence on research for years to come.

Understanding Society and Natural Resources: Forging New Strands of Integration Across the Social Sciences

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ISBN: 9789401789592 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8959-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 311819
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:22:42
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In this edited volume leading scholars from different disciplinary backgrounds wrestle with social science integration opportunities and challenges. This book explores the growing concern of how best to achieve effective integration of the social science disciplines as a means for furthering natural resource social science and environmental problem solving. The chapters provide an overview of the history, vision, advances, examples and methods that could lead to integration. The quest for integration among the social sciences is not new. Some argue that the social sciences have lagged in their advancements and contributions to society due to their inability to address integration related issues. Integration merits debate for a number of reasons. First, natural resource issues are complex and are affected by multiple proximate driving social factors. Single disciplinary studies focused at one level are unlikely to provide explanations that represent this complexity and are limited in their ability to inform policy recommendations. Complex problems are best explored across disciplines that examine social-ecological phenomenon from different scales. Second, multi-disciplinary initiatives such as those with physical and biological scientists are necessary to understand the scope of the social sciences. Too frequently there is a belief that one social scientist on a multi-disciplinary team provides adequate social science representation. Third, more complete models of human behavior will be achieved through a synthesis of diverse social science perspectives.

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