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The Origin and the Evolution of Firms

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ISBN: 9781607509561 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_413210 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Biology --- Heat --- Astronomy (General) --- Science (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-21 00:00:00
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The firms and markets of today's complex socio-economic system developed in a spontaneous process termed evolution, in just the same way as the universe, the solar system, the Earth and all that lives upon it. Darwin's theory of evolution clearly demonstrated that evolution involved increasing organization. As we began to explore the molecular basis of life and its evolution, it became equally clear that it depended on the processing and communication of information. This book develops a consistent theory of evolution in its wider sense, examining the information based laws and forces that drive it. Exploring subjects as diverse as economics and the theories of thermodynamics, the author revisits the paradox of the apparent conflict between the laws of thermodynamics and evolution to arrive at a systems theory, tracing a continuous line of evolving information sets that connect the Big-Bang to the firms and markets of our current socio-economic system.

Promoting Social Dialogue in European Organizations: Human Resources Management and Constructive Conflict Management

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Industrial Relations & Conflict Management ISSN: 21994544 ISBN: 9783319086040 9783319086057 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-08605-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 13:18:48
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This volume focuses on describing the social dialogue system in organizations from an Human Resources Management perspective. Based on the NEIRE model for industrial relations, key factors are determined contributing to creative social dialogue in European organizations. Actual data from surveys and interviews from more than 700 CEO and HR managers in eleven European countries give insights in the experiences with and expectations of employers of social dialogue. The volume offers a comprehensive introduction to the historical context and current situation in social dialogue in these countries. This context helps to understand the current major challenges in each country when it comes to a vital social dialogue. Using good practices from many organizations, this book offers an agenda for innovative and cooperative social dialogue in organizations.

Le renouveau du spectacle musical en France

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ISBN: 9782111399204 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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Née en France à la fin du XIXe siècle avec l’opérette, la comédie musicale a fait le bonheur du public anglo-saxon, au point d’incarner l’identité de certains quartiers de Londres (West End) et de New York (Broadway), tandis que le genre subissait un certain désamour auprès du public français. Les succès de Starmania en 1979 puis de Notre-Dame de Paris en 1998 ont relancé l’intérêt des créateurs, des programmateurs et du public français pour le spectacle musical qui, à la fin des années 2000, tient de nouveau le haut de l’affiche et remplit les salles. Trois types de spectacles musicaux peuvent être caractérisés, qui répondent à des exigences artistiques différentes et auxquels correspondent des logiques financières et des modèles économiques bien distincts : la comédie musicale à la française, proche du spectacle de variétés, le théâtre musical dont le modèle économique est similaire à celui du spectacle vivant subventionné, et la comédie musicale à l’anglo-saxonne, représentée en France par le théâtre Mogador, où prédomine une logique industrielle du spectacle. Le genre est désormais investi par certains théâtres qui en ont fait leur marque et le spectacle musical connaît de beaux succès populaires. Pour autant, l’activité française reste modeste au niveau national (moins de 10 % de la fréquentation totale des représentations payantes) et en comparaison de l’activité aux États-Unis, au Royaume-Uni ou même en Allemagne.

Les activités marchandes de spectacle vivant en 2010

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ISBN: 9782111398627 Language: French
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Business and Management --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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En 2010, les entreprises marchandes qui exercent leurs activités dans les secteurs des arts du spectacle vivant, dans le soutien au spectacle vivant et dans la gestion des salles de spectacles réalisent un chiffre d’affaires de 4,4 milliards d’euros et dégagent une valeur ajoutée de près de 1,5 milliard d’euros. L’intégration nouvelle de ces secteurs du spectacle vivant dans le dispositif des statistiques structurelles d’entreprises de l’Insee permet de les situer dans l’économie marchande française : ainsi les entreprises du spectacle vivant, hors unités majoritairement subventionnées qui sont non marchandes et associations non-employeuses, contribuent à 11 % du nombre des unités des secteurs culturels marchands, à 5 % de leur valeur ajoutée et à 3 % de leur excédent brut d’exploitation. La rentabilité comptable des secteurs du spectacle vivant est positive en 2010, alors que leurs charges d’exploitation sont élevées et leur taux de marge relativement inférieur à la moyenne des secteurs culturels marchands. Les secteurs du spectacle vivant marchand sont composés d’un tissu important de petites entreprises principalement installées en Île-de-France : 96 % des entreprises de moins de 10 salariés réalisent 56 % du chiffre d’affaires total par l’exercice de leur activité principale de création, production, diffusion et soutien au spectacle vivant.

Nuclear Back-end and Transmutation Technology for Waste Disposal: Beyond the Fukushima Accident

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ISBN: 9784431551102 9784431551119 Year: Pages: 341 DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-55111-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-12 12:10:32
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This book covers essential aspects of transmutation technologies, highlighting especially the advances in Japan. The accident at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) has caused us to focus attention on a large amount of spent nuclear fuels stored in NPPs. In addition, public anxiety regarding the treatment and disposal of high-level radioactive wastes that require long-term control is growing. The Japanese policy on the back-end of the nuclear fuel cycle is still unpredictable in the aftermath of the accident. Therefore, research and development for enhancing the safety of various processes involved in nuclear energy production are being actively pursued worldwide. In particular, nuclear transmutation technology has been drawing significant attention after the accident.This publication is timely with the following highlights: 1) Development of accelerator-driven systems (ADSs), which is a brand-new reactor concept for transmutation of highly radioactive wastes; 2) Nuclear reactor systems from the point of view of the nuclear fuel cycle. How to reduce nuclear wastes or how to treat them including the debris from TEPCO’s Fukushima nuclear power stations is discussed; and 3) Environmental radioactivity, radioactive waste treatment and geological disposal policy.State-of-the-art technologies for overall back-end issues of the nuclear fuel cycle as well as the technologies of transmutation are presented here. The chapter authors are actively involved in the development of ADSs and transmutation-related technologies. The future of the back-end issues in Japan is very uncertain after the accident at the Fukushima Daiichi NPP and this book provides an opportunity for readers to consider the future direction of those issues.

One Hundred Years of Chemical Warfare: Research, Deployment, Consequences

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319516639 9783319516646 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-51664-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Max-Planck-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der Wissenschaften e. V.
Subject: Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 14:31:06
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On April 22, 1915, the German military released 150 tons of chlorine gas at Ypres, Belgium. Carried by a long-awaited wind, the chlorine cloud passed within a few minutes through the British and French trenches, leaving behind at least 1,000 dead and 4,000 injured. This chemical attack, which amounted to the first use of a weapon of mass destruction, marks a turning point in world history. The preparation as well as the execution of the gas attack was orchestrated by Fritz Haber, the director of the Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry in Berlin-Dahlem. During World War I, Haber transformed his research institute into a center for the development of chemical weapons (and of the means of protection against them).Bretislav Friedrich and Martin Wolf (Fritz Haber Institute of the Max Planck Society, the successor institution of Haber’s institute) together with Dieter Hoffmann, Jürgen Renn, and Florian Schmaltz (Max Planck Institute for the History of Science) organized an international symposium to commemorate the centenary of the infamous chemical attack. The symposium examined crucial facets of chemical warfare from the first research on and deployment of chemical weapons in WWI to the development and use of chemical warfare during the century hence. The focus was on scientific, ethical, legal, and political issues of chemical weapons research and deployment — including the issue of dual use — as well as the ongoing effort to control the possession of chemical weapons and to ultimately achieve their elimination.The volume consists of papers presented at the symposium and supplemented by additional articles that together cover key aspects of chemical warfare from 22 April 1915 until the summer of 2015.

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