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Reflections on the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Accident: Toward Social-Scientific Literacy and Engineering Resilience

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ISBN: 9783319120898 9783319120904 Year: Pages: 454 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-12090-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Nuclear Physics --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- General and Civil Engineering --- Construction --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 12:59:17
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This book focuses on nuclear engineering education in the post-Fukushima era. It was edited by the organizers of the summer school held in August 2011 in University of California, Berkeley, as part of a collaborative program between the University of Tokyo and UC Berkeley. Motivated by the particular relevance and importance of social-scientific approaches to various crucial aspects of nuclear technology, special emphasis was placed on integrating nuclear science and engineering with social science. The book consists of the lectures given in 2011 summer school and additional chapters that cover developments in the past three years since the accident. It provides an arena for discussions to find and create a renewed platform for engineering practices, and thus nuclear engineering education, which are essential in the post-Fukushima era for nurturing nuclear engineers who need to be both technically competent and trusted in society.

Finite Difference Computing with Exponential Decay Models

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering ISSN: 1439-7358 ISBN: 9783319294384 9783319294391 Year: Volume: 110 Pages: 200 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-29439-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 17:39:00
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This text provides a very simple, initial introduction to the complete scientific computing pipeline: models, discretization, algorithms, programming, verification, and visualization. The pedagogical strategy is to use one case study – an ordinary differential equation describing exponential decay processes – to illustrate fundamental concepts in mathematics and computer science. The book is easy to read and only requires a command of one-variable calculus and some very basic knowledge about computer programming. Contrary to similar texts on numerical methods and programming, this text has a much stronger focus on implementation and teaches testing and software engineering in particular.

Perspectives on European Earthquake Engineering and Seismology: Volume 2

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Book Series: Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering ISSN: 1573-6059 ISBN: 9783319169637 9783319169644 Year: Volume: 39 Pages: 455 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16964-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 10:58:53
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This book collects 4 keynote and 15 theme lectures presented at the 2nd European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (2ECEES), held in Istanbul, Turkey, from August 24 to 29, 2014. The conference was organized by the Turkish Earthquake Foundation - Earthquake Engineering Committee and Prime Ministry, Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency under the auspices of the European Association for Earthquake Engineering (EAEE) and European Seismological Commission (ESC).The book’s nineteen state-of-the-art chapters were written by the most prominent researchers in Europe and address a comprehensive collection of topics on earthquake engineering, as well as interdisciplinary subjects such as engineering seismology and seismic risk assessment and management. Further topics include engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, seismic performance of buildings, earthquake-resistant engineering structures, new techniques and technologies, and managing risk in seismic regions. The book also presents the First Professor Inge Lehmann Distinguished Award Lecture given by Prof. Shamita Das in honor of Prof. Dr. Inge Lehmann.The aim of this work is to present the state-of-the art and latest practices in the fields of earthquake engineering and seismology, with Europe’s most respected researchers addressing recent and ongoing developments while also proposing innovative avenues for future research and development. Given its cutting-edge content and broad spectrum of topics, the book offers a unique reference guide for researchers in these fields.Audience: This book is of interest to civil engineers in the fields of geotechnical and structural earthquake engineering; scientists and researchers in the fields of seismology, geology and geophysics. Not only scientists, engineers and students, but also those interested in earthquake hazard assessment and mitigation will find in this book the most recent advances.

Demystifying Climate Models: A Users Guide to Earth System Models

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Book Series: Earth Systems Data and Models ISSN: 2364-5830 ISBN: 9783662489574 9783662489598 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 274 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-48959-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Meteorology and Climatology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:27:33
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This book demystifies the models we use to simulate present and future climates, allowing readers to better understand how to use climate model results. In order to predict the future trajectory of the Earth’s climate, climate-system simulation models are necessary. When and how do we trust climate model predictions? The book offers a framework for answering this question. It provides readers with a basic primer on climate and climate change, and offers non-technical explanations for how climate models are constructed, why they are uncertain, and what level of confidence we should place in them. It presents current results and the key uncertainties concerning them. Uncertainty is not a weakness but understanding uncertainty is a strength and a key part of using any model, including climate models. Case studies of how climate model output has been used and how it might be used in the future are provided. The ultimate goal of this book is to promote a better understanding of the structure and uncertainties of climate models among users, including scientists, engineers and policymakers.

Interferometry and Synthesis in Radio Astronomy

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Astronomy and Astrophysics Library ISSN: 0941-7834 ISBN: 9783319444291 9783319444314 Year: Pages: 872 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44431-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Astronomy (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 12:00:19
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The third edition of this indispensable book in radio interferometry provides extensive updates to the second edition, including results and technical advances from the past decade; discussion of arrays that now span the full range of the radio part of the electromagnetic spectrum observable from the ground, 10 MHz to 1 THz; an analysis of factors that affect array speed; and an expanded discussion of digital signal-processing techniques and of scintillation phenomena and the effects of atmospheric water vapor on image distortion, among many other topics.With its comprehensiveness and detailed exposition of all aspects of the theory and practice of radio interferometry and synthesis imaging, this book has established itself as a standard reference in the field. It begins with an overview of the basic principles of radio astronomy, a short history of the development of radio interferometry, and an elementary discussion of the operation of an interferometer. From this foundation, it delves into the underlying relationships of interferometry, sets forth the coordinate systems and parameters to describe synthesis imaging, and examines configurations of antennas for multielement synthesis arrays. Various aspects of the design and response of receiving systems are discussed, as well as the special requirements of very-long-baseline interferometry (VLBI), image reconstruction, and recent developments in image enhancement techniques and astrometric observations. Also discussed are propagation effects in the media between the source and the observer, and radio interference, factors that limit performance. Related techniques are introduced, including intensity interferometry, optical interferometry, lunar occultations, tracking of satellites in Earth orbit, interferometry for remote Earth sensing, and holographic measurements of antenna surfaces. This book will benefit anyone who is interested in radio interferometry techniques for astronomy, astrometry, geodesy, or electrical engineering.

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astronomy --- physics --- communications --- radio --- engineering

Solving the Powertrain Puzzle: 10th Schaeffler Symposium April 3/4, 2014

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ISBN: 9783658061944 9783658064303 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-06430-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Transportation --- Chemical Engineering --- Biotechnology --- Computer Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-15 15:03:38
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Every four years, Schaeffler provides an insight into its latest developments and technologies from the engine, transmission and chassis as well as hybridization and electric mobility sectors. In 2014 the Schaeffler Symposium with the motto “Solving the Powertrain Puzzle” took place from 3th to 4th of April in Baden-Baden. Mobility for tomorrow is the central theme of this proceeding. The authors are discussing the different requirements, which are placed on mobility in different regions of the world. In addition to the company's work in research and development, a comprehensive in-house mobility study also provides a reliable basis for the discussion. The authors are convinced that there will be a paradigm shift in the automotive industry. Issues such as increasing efficiency and advancing electrification of the powertrain, automatic and semi-automatic driving, as well as integration in information networks will define the automotive future. In addition, the variety of solutions available worldwide will become increasingly more complex and mobility patterns will also change rapidly. However, this does not mean that cars will drive virtually in the future. Powertrains based on internal combustion engines will still dominate for a very long time and demonstrate new strengths in combination with hybrid drives. Transmissions will also gain in importance as the link between the internal combustion engine and electric motor. The proceeding “Solving the Powertrain Puzzle” contains 34 technical papers from renowned experts and researchers in the field of automotive engineering.

The Sustainability of Agro-Food and Natural Resource Systems in the Mediterranean Basin

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ISBN: 9783319163567 9783319163574 Year: Pages: 397 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16357-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Pharmacy and materia medica --- Nutrition and Food Sciences --- Agriculture (General) --- Manufactures --- Business and Management --- Biotechnology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 15:53:29
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This book is focused on the challenges to implement sustainability in diverse contexts such as agribusiness, natural resource systems and new technologies.The experiences made by the researchers of the School of Agricultural, Forestry, Food and Environmental Science (SAFE) of the University of Basilicata offer a wide and multidisciplinary approach to the identification and testing of different solutions tailored to the economic, social and environmental characteristics of the region and the surrounding areas.Basilicata’s productive system is mainly based on activities related to the agricultural sector and exploitation of natural resources but it has seen, in recent years, an industrial development driven by the discovery of oil fields. SAFE research took up the challenge posed by market competition to create value through the sustainable use of renewable and non-renewable resources of the territory. Moreover, due to its unique geographical position in the middle of the Mediterranean basin, Basilicata is an excellent “open sky” laboratory for testing sustainable solutions adaptable to other Mediterranean areas. This collection of multidisciplinary case studies and research experiences from SAFE researchers and their scientific partners is a stimulating contribution to the debate on the development of sustainable techniques, methods and applications for the Mediterranean regions.

Programming for Computations - MATLAB/Octave

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Book Series: Texts in Computational Science and Engineering ISSN: 1611-0994 ISBN: 9783319324517 9783319324524 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-32452-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:31:09
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This book presents computer programming as a key method for solving mathematical problems. There are two versions of the book, one for MATLAB and one for Python. The book was inspired by the Springer book TCSE 6: A Primer on Scientific Programming with Python (by Langtangen), but the style is more accessible and concise, in keeping with the needs of engineering students. The book outlines the shortest possible path from no previous experience with programming to a set of skills that allows the students to write simple programs for solving common mathematical problems with numerical methods in engineering and science courses. The emphasis is on generic algorithms, clean design of programs, use of functions, and automatic tests for verification.

Water Resource Systems Planning and Management: An Introduction to Methods, Models, and Applications

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ISBN: 9783319442327 9783319442341 Year: Pages: 624 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44234-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-11 12:26:06
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This revised, updated textbook presents a systems approach to the planning, management, and operation of water resources infrastructure in the environment. Previously published in 2005 by UNESCO and Deltares (Delft Hydraulics at the time), this new edition, written again with contributions from Jery R. Stedinger, Jozef P. M. Dijkman, and Monique T. Villars, is aimed equally at students and professionals. It introduces readers to the concept of viewing issues involving water resources as a system of multiple interacting components and scales. It offers guidelines for initiating and carrying out water resource system planning and management projects. It introduces alternative optimization, simulation, and statistical methods useful for project identification, design, siting, operation and evaluation and for studying post-planning issues. The authors cover both basin-wide and urban water issues and present ways of identifying and evaluating alternatives for addressing multiple-purpose and multi-objective water quantity and quality management challenges. Reinforced with cases studies, exercises, and media supplements throughout, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate and graduate courses in water resource planning and management as well as for practicing planners and engineers in the field.

Quality in Design and Execution of Engineering Practice

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Book Series: Research in Design Series ISSN: 15697258 18798233 ISBN: 9781614992516 9781614992523 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.3233/978-1-61499-252-3 Language: English
Publisher: IOS Press
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2013-10-11 13:10:48
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Quality in Design and Execution of Engineering Practice is about quality management focused at fitness for purpose, rather than compliance with specifications, rules and regulations. The focus on getting execution in line with fitness for purpose is supported by a classification of seven different categories of quality, defined by their relevance for purpose, compliance with specifications, and actual execution. This classification facilitates decision making on desirable exemptions from specifications in the interest of both buyer and supplier. The author offers guidelines for quality management in different types of business units: License Giver, License Taker, Jobber and Consultant. Real life examples illustrate the author’s approach, which concerns a mindset rather than a recipe for effective quality management. The book is of interest to any manager who is striving for superior quality of products and services for his customers.

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