Search results: Found 441

Listing 1 - 10 of 441 << page
of 45
>>
Sort by
Forensic Genetics in the Governance of Crime

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811524295 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-2429-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book uses a critical sociological perspective to explore contemporary ways of reformulating the governance of crime through genetics. Through the lens of scientific knowledge and genetic technology, Machado and Granja offer a unique perspective on current trends in crime governance. They explore the place and role of genetics in criminal justice systems, and show how classical and contemporary social theory can help address challenges posed by social processes and interactions generated by the uses, meanings, and expectations attributed to genetics in the governance of crime. Cutting-edge methods and research techniques are also integrated to address crucial aspects of this social reality. Finally, the authors examine new challenges emerging from recent paradigm shifts within forensic genetics, moving away from the construction of evidence as presented in court to the production of intelligence guiding criminal investigations.

Framing in Sustainability Science

Authors: ---
Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISBN: 9789811390616 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-9061-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book offers both conceptual and empirical descriptions of how to “frame” sustainability challenges. It defines “framing” in the context of sustainability science as the process of identifying subjects, setting boundaries, and defining problems. The chapters are grouped into two sections: a conceptual section and a case section. The conceptual section introduces readers to theories and concepts that can be used to achieve multiple understandings of sustainability; in turn, the case section highlights different ways of comprehending sustainability for researchers, practitioners, and other stakeholders. The book offers diverse illustrations of what sustainability concepts entail, both conceptually and empirically, and will help readers become aware of the implicit framings in sustainability-related discourses. In the extant literature, sustainability challenges such as climate change, sustainable development, and rapid urbanization have largely been treated as “pre-set,” fixed topics, while possible solutions have been discussed intensively. In contrast, this book examines the framings applied to the sustainability challenges themselves, and illustrates the road that led us to the current sustainability discourse.

Responsible Innovation

Author:
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Research and Innovation Governance ISBN: 9789402417203 Year: Pages: 97 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-024-1720-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Political Science --- Philosophy --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This Open Access book, Responsible innovation provides benefits for society, for instance more sustainable products, more engagement with consumers and less anxiety about emerging technologies. As a governance tool it is mostly driven by research funders, including the European Commission, under the term “responsible research and innovation” (RRI). To achieve uptake in private industry is a challenge. This book provides successful case studies for the implementation of responsible innovation in businesses. The importance of social innovations is emphasized as a link between benefits for society and profits for businesses, especially SMEs. For corporate industry it is shown how responsible innovation can offer a competitive advantage to adopters. The book is based on the latest insights from theory and practice and combines conceptual work with first-hand experience. It is of interest to innovation managers, entrepreneurs and academics. For academics, the book will provide a combination of analysis and discussion, and present recent learnings from first-hand interaction with entrepreneurs. For innovation managers and entrepreneurs, it will provide inspiration and better ideas about what responsible innovation can look like in practice, why others have “done it” and what the potential benefits might be. The book will thus serve the purposes of spreading the word about the responsible innovation concept among different audiences whilst making it more accessible to innovation managers and entrepreneurs.

Kommunikation und Bildverarbeitung in der Automation

Authors: ---
Book Series: Technologien für die intelligente Automation ISBN: 9783662598955 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-59895-5 Language: English|German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In diesem Open-Access-Tagungsband sind die besten Beiträge des 9. Jahreskolloquiums "Kommunikation in der Automation" (KommA 2018) und des 6. Jahreskolloquiums "Bildverarbeitung in der Automation" (BVAu 2018) enthalten. Die Kolloquien fanden am 20. und 21. November 2018 in der SmartFactoryOWL, einer gemeinsamen Einrichtung des Fraunhofer IOSB-INA und der Technischen Hochschule Ostwestfalen-Lippe statt. Die vorgestellten neuesten Forschungsergebnisse auf den Gebieten der industriellen Kommunikationstechnik und Bildverarbeitung erweitern den aktuellen Stand der Forschung und Technik. Die in den Beiträgen enthaltenen anschaulichen Beispiele aus dem Bereich der Automation setzen die Ergebnisse in den direkten Anwendungsbezug.

Flexitranstore

Authors: ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering ISBN: 9783030378189 Year: Pages: 115 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37818-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book comprises 10 high-level papers on research and innovation within the Flexitranstore Project that were presented at the FLEXITRANSTORE special session organized as part of the 21st International Symposium on High Voltage Engineering. FLEXITRANSTORE (An Integrated Platform for Increased FLEXIbility in smart TRANSmission grids with STORage Entities and large penetration of Renewable Energy Sources) aims to contribute to the development of a pan-European transmission network with high flexibility and high interconnection levels. This will facilitate the transformation of the current energy production mix by hosting an increasing share of renewable energy sources. Novel smart grid technologies, control and storage methods, and new market approaches will be developed, installed, demonstrated, and tested introducing flexibility to the European power system. FLEXITRANSTORE is developing a next-generation Flexible Energy Grid (FEG) that will be integrated into the European Internal Energy Market (IEM) through the valorization of flexibility services. This FEG addresses the capabilities of a power system to maintain continuous service in the face of rapid and large swings in supply or demand. As such, a wholesale market infrastructure and new business models within this integrated FEG must be upgraded for network players, and offer incentives for new ones to join, while at the same time demonstrating new business perspectives for cross-border resource management and energy trading.

Collaboration in Designing a Pedagogical Approach in Information Literacy

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Springer Texts in Education ISBN: 9783030342586 Year: Pages: 161 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-34258-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:07
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

​This Open Access book combines expertise in information literacy with expertise in education and teaching to share tips and tricks for the development of good information literacy teaching and training in universities and libraries. It draws on research, knowledge and pedagogical practice from academia, to teach students how to sift through information to be able to distinguish the important and correct from the unusable. It discusses basic concepts and models of information literacy, as well as strategies for accessing, locating and retrieving information and methods suitable for the assessment and management of information. The book explains many concepts connected to information literacy and discusses pedagogical issues with a view to supporting the practitioner. Each chapter examines one aspect of information literacy, discusses the pedagogical challenges involved and provides suggestions for best practice.

Introduction to Permanent Plug and Abandonment of Wells

Authors: ---
Book Series: Ocean Engineering & Oceanography ISBN: 9783030399702 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-39970-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book offers a timely guide to challenges and current practices to permanently plug and abandon hydrocarbon wells. With a focus on offshore North Sea, it analyzes the process of plug and abandonment of hydrocarbon wells through the establishment of permanent well barriers. It provides the reader with extensive knowledge on the type of barriers, their functioning and verification. It then discusses plug and abandonment methodologies, analyzing different types of permanent plugging materials. Last, it describes some tests for verifying the integrity and functionality of installed permanent barriers. The book offers a comprehensive reference guide to well plugging and abandonment (P&A) and well integrity testing. The book also presents new technologies that have been proposed to be used in plugging and abandoning of wells, which might be game-changing technologies, but they are still in laboratory or testing level. Given its scope, it addresses students and researchers in both academia and industry. It also provides information for engineers who work in petroleum industry and should be familiarized with P&A of hydrocarbon wells to reduce the time of P&A by considering it during well planning and construction.

Multiple-Aspect Analysis of Semantic Trajectories

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISBN: 9783030380816 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38081-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book constitutes the refereed post-conference proceedings of the First International Workshop on Multiple-Aspect Analysis of Semantic Trajectories, MASTER 2019, held in conjunction with the 19th European Conference on Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases, ECML PKDD 2019, in Würzburg, Germany, in September 2019. The 8 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 12 submissions. They represent an interesting mix of techniques to solve recurrent as well as new problems in the semantic trajectory domain, such as data representation models, data management systems, machine learning approaches for anomaly detection, and common pathways identification.

Planar Maps, Random Walks and Circle Packing

Author:
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Mathematics ISBN: 9783030279684 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-27968-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:10
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book focuses on the interplay between random walks on planar maps and Koebe’s circle packing theorem. Further topics covered include electric networks, the He–Schramm theorem on infinite circle packings, uniform spanning trees of planar maps, local limits of finite planar maps and the almost sure recurrence of simple random walks on these limits. One of its main goals is to present a self-contained proof that the uniform infinite planar triangulation (UIPT) is almost surely recurrent. Full proofs of all statements are provided. A planar map is a graph that can be drawn in the plane without crossing edges, together with a specification of the cyclic ordering of the edges incident to each vertex. One widely applicable method of drawing planar graphs is given by Koebe’s circle packing theorem (1936). Various geometric properties of these drawings, such as existence of accumulation points and bounds on the radii, encode important probabilistic information, such as the recurrence/transience of simple random walks and connectivity of the uniform spanning forest. This deep connection is especially fruitful to the study of random planar maps. The book is aimed at researchers and graduate students in mathematics and is suitable for a single-semester course; only a basic knowledge of graduate level probability theory is assumed.

Statistical Population Genomics

Author:
Book Series: Methods in Molecular Biology ISBN: 9781071601990 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.1007/978-1-0716-0199-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access volume presents state-of-the-art inference methods in population genomics, focusing on data analysis based on rigorous statistical techniques. After introducing general concepts related to the biology of genomes and their evolution, the book covers state-of-the-art methods for the analysis of genomes in populations, including demography inference, population structure analysis and detection of selection, using both model-based inference and simulation procedures. Last but not least, it offers an overview of the current knowledge acquired by applying such methods to a large variety of eukaryotic organisms. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, pointers to the relevant literature, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and cutting-edge, Statistical Population Genomics aims to promote and ensure successful applications of population genomic methods to an increasing number of model systems and biological questions.

Listing 1 - 10 of 441 << page
of 45
>>
Sort by
-->