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Cost Efficiency of Municipalities in Service Delivery: Does Ethnic Fragmentation Matter?

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Book Series: Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations ISBN: 9789616842167 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.4335/978.961.6842.16.7(2013) Language: English
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-06 17:46:28
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Driven by the Ohrid Framework Agreement (OFA), decentralisation in Macedonia is a policy choice for spurring national cohesion rather than an economic instrument for the more efficient delivery of services. The OFA resulted in a new Macedonian Constitution with policies related to the decentralisation process and equitable representation of communities. This book aims first to estimate the spending efficiency of Macedonian municipalities in service delivery from their own resources and, second, to ascertain the determinants of that efficiency. The ethnic fragmentation of municipalities is taken into account as a possible determinant of efficiency, which represents a novelty in such types of studies. We employ the DEA-VRS, Kernel and SFA estimation techniques to control for the robustness of our estimates. Our findings show that on average Macedonian municipalities exhibit low efficiency in service delivery, although there are significant variations among municipalities. The ethnic fragmentation of municipalities together with the population density, own tax revenues and political affiliation of the mayor with the leading political coalition at the state level explain differences in their efficiencies. More fragmented municipalities tend to be less efficient when providing services to citizens.

Promoting Active Citizenship: Markets and Choice in Scandinavian Welfare

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319553801 9783319553818 Year: Pages: 325 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55381-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:35:10
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This book analyses the considerable variation in the shares of private provision for core services in education, health and social services, in the Scandinavian countries.The chapters compare countries, service areas, and the for-profit, non-profit and public sectors. Each focuses on different levels of change: the mix of welfare providers, national laws and regulations, governance in municipalities, nursing homes and schools, and finally, the consequences experienced by the users of the services. The authors ask which combinations of governance structures, service sector providers, and user choice give the best results for active citizenship. Promoting Active Citizenship will be of interest to students and scholars across a range of disciplines, including Public Administration and Management, Non-Profit Management, Social Policy, Innovation in Public Service, Social Care and Education and School Research.

Models, Methods and Tools for Product Service Design

Authors: ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783319958491 Year: Pages: 143 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95849-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Agriculture (General) --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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This open access book summarizes research being pursued within the Manutelligence project, the goal of which is to help enterprises develop smart, social and flexible products with high value added services. Manutelligence has improved Product and Service Design by developing suitable models and methods, and connecting them through a modular, collaborative and secure ICT Platform. The use of real data collected in real time by Internet of Things (IoT) technologies underpins the design of product-service systems and makes it possible to monitor them throughout their life cycle. Available data allows costs and sustainability issues to be more accurately measured and simulated in the form of Life Cycle Cost (LCC) and Life Cycle Assessment (LCA). Analysing data from IoT systems and sharing LCC and LCA information via the ICT Platform can help to accelerate the design of product-service systems, reduce costs and better understand customer needs. Industrial partners involved in Manutelligence provide a clear overview of the project’s outcomes, and demonstrate how its technological solutions can be used to improve the design of product-service systems and the management of product-service life cycles.

Designing Sustainable Energy for All: Sustainable Product-Service System Design Applied to Distributed Renewable Energy

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Green Energy and Technology ISSN: 1865-3529 ISBN: 9783319702223 9783319702230 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70223-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Politecnico di Milano
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 17:14:41
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This open access book addresses the issue of diffusing sustainable energy access in low- and middle-income contexts.Access to energy is one of the greatest challenges for many people living in low-income and developing contexts, as around 1.4 billion people lack access to electricity.Distributed Renewable Energy systems (DRE) are considered a promising approach to address this challenge and provide energy access to all. However, even if promising, the implementation of DRE systems is not always straightforward.The book analyses, discusses and classifies the promising Sustainable Product-Service System (S.PSS) business models to deliver Distributed Renewable Energy systems in an effective, efficient and sustainable way. Its message is supported with cases studies and examples, discussing the economic, environmental and socioethical benefits as well as its limitations and barriers to its implementation. An innovative design approach is proposed and a set of design tools are supplied, enabling readers to create and develop Sustainable Product-Service System (S.PSS) solutions to deliver Distributed Renewable Energy systems.Practical applications of the book’s design approach and tools by companies and practitioners are discussed and the book will be of interest to readers in design, industry, governmental institutions, NGOs as well as researchers.

Managing diabetes, managing medicine

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Book Series: Social Histories of Medicine ISBN: 9781526113092 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 100601/Z/12/Z
Subject: History --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 09:10:41
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Through a study of diabetes care in post-war Britain, this book is the first historical monograph to explore the emergence of managed medicine within the National Health Service. Much of the extant literature has cast the development of systems for structuring and reviewing clinical care as either a political imposition in pursuit of cost control or a professional reaction to state pressure. By contrast, Managing Diabetes, Managing Medicine argues that managerial medicine was a co-constructed venture between profession and state. Despite possessing diverse motives – and though clearly influenced by post-war Britain’s rapid political, technological, economic, and cultural changes – general practitioners (GPs), hospital specialists, national professional and patient bodies, a range of British government agencies, and influential international organisations were all integral to the creation of managerial systems in Britain. By focusing on changes within the management of a single disease at the forefront of broader developments, this book ties together innovations across varied sites at different scales of change, from the very local programmes of single towns to the debates of specialists and professional leaders in international fora. Drawing on a broad range of archival materials, published journals, and medical textbooks, as well as newspapers and oral histories, Managing Diabetes, Managing Medicine not only develops fresh insights into the history of managed healthcare, but also contributes to histories of the NHS, medical professionalism, and post-war government more broadly.

Information and Empire: Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1854

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ISBN: 9781783743735 9781783743759 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 444 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0122 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-21 12:37:10
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From the mid-sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century Russia was transformed from a moderate-sized, land-locked principality into the largest empire on earth. How did systems of information and communication shape and reflect this extraordinary change?Information and Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1850 brings together a range of contributions to shed some light on this complex question. Communication networks such as the postal service and the gathering and circulation of news are examined alongside the growth of a bureaucratic apparatus that informed the government about its country and its people. The inscription of space is considered from the point of view of mapping and the changing public ‘graphosphere’ of signs and monuments. More than a series of institutional histories, this book is concerned with the way Russia discovered itself, envisioned itself and represented itself to its people.Innovative and scholarly, this collection breaks new ground in its approach to communication and information as a field of study in Russia. More broadly, it is an accessible contribution to pre-modern information studies, taking as its basis a country whose history often serves to challenge habitual Western models of development. It is important reading not only for specialists in Russian Studies, but also for students and non-Russianists who are interested in the history of information and communications.

Human Rights in Child Protection

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319948003 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-94800-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Social Sciences --- Political Science --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:14
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This open access book critically explores what child protection policy and professional practice would mean if practice was grounded in human rights standards. This book inspires a new direction in child protection research – one that critically assesses child protection policy and professional practice with regard to human rights in general, and the rights of the child in particular. Each chapter author seeks to approach the rights of the child from their own academic field of interest and through a comparative lens, making the research relevant across nation-state practices. The book is split into five parts to focus on the most important aspects of child protection. The first part explains the origins, aim, and scope of the book; the second part explores aspects of professionalism and organization through law and policy; and the third part discusses several key issues in child protection and professional practice in depth. The fourth part discusses selected areas of importance to child protection practices (low-impact in-house measures, public care in residential care and foster care respectively) and the fifth part provides an analytical summary of the book. Overall, it contributes to the present need for a more comprehensive academic debate regarding the rights of the child, and the supranational perspective this brings to child protection policy and practice across and within nation-states.

Measuring the Business Value of Cloud Computing

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Digital Business & Enabling Technologies ISBN: 9783030431983 Year: Pages: 125 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-43198-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:02:40
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The importance of demonstrating the value achieved from IT investments is long established in the Computer Science (CS) and Information Systems (IS) literature. However, emerging technologies such as the ever-changing complex area of cloud computing present new challenges and opportunities for demonstrating how IT investments lead to business value. Recent reviews of extant literature highlights the need for multi-disciplinary research. This research should explore and further develops the conceptualization of value in cloud computing research. In addition, there is a need for research which investigates how IT value manifests itself across the chain of service provision and in inter-organizational scenarios. This open access book will review the state of the art from an IS, Computer Science and Accounting perspective, will introduce and discuss the main techniques for measuring business value for cloud computing in a variety of scenarios, and illustrate these with mini-case studies.

Service Design Capabilities

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Springer Series in Design and Innovation ISBN: 9783030562823 Year: Pages: 89 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-56282-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:06:36
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This open access book discusses service design capabilities in innovation processes, and provides a framework that guides design students, practitioners and researchers towards a better understanding of operational aspects of service design processes. More specifically, it revisits service designers’ capabilities in light of the new roles that have opened up in innovation processes on different scales. After years of being inadequately defined, the professional profile of service designers is now taking shape. Today private and public institutions recognize service designers as essential contributors to their innovation and development processes. What are the capabilities that characterize a service designer? These essential capabilities are what service designers should acquire in their education and can sell when looking for a job.

Computer and Information Sciences: 31st International Symposium, ISCIS 2016, Kraków, Poland, October 27–28, 2016, Proceedings

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Communications in Computer and Information Science ISSN: 1865-0929 ISBN: 9783319472164 9783319472171 Year: Volume: 659 Pages: 278 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-47217-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Transportation --- Manufactures --- Biotechnology --- Therapeutics --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 12:46:55
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 31st International Symposium on Computer and Information Sciences, ISCIS 2016, held in Krakow, Poland, in October 2016.The 29 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 65 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on smart algorithms; data classification and processing; stochastic modelling; performance evaluation; queuing systems; wireless networks and security; image processing and computer vision.

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