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Spanish Economic Growth, 1850–2015

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Economic History ISBN: 9783319580418 9783319580425 Year: Pages: 383 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58042-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:43:20
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This text offers a comprehensive and nuanced view of the economic development of Spain since 1850. It provides a new set of historical GDP estimates for Spain from the demand and supply sides, and presents a reconstruction of production and expenditure series for the century prior to the introduction of modern national accounts. The author splices available national accounts sets over the period 1958–2015 through interpolation, as an alternative to conventional retropolation. The resulting national accounts series are linked to the historical estimates providing yearly series for GDP and its components since 1850. On the basis of new population estimates, the author derives GDP per head, decomposed into labour productivity and the amount of work per person, and placed into international perspective.With theoretical reasoning and historiographical implications, Prados de la Escosura provides a useful methodological reference work for anyone interested in national accounting.

Keywords

economics --- productivity --- consumption --- value --- income --- expenditure

Chapter: 'A Value Model for MOOCs' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_76 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 15:55:09
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Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) are changing the educational field, challenging traditional institutional strategies and recognition schemes and opening up new opportunities for learners and educators both from within and outside formal education. However, while the potential benefits and risks of the MOOCs have been discussed by scientists and policy makers, the corresponding empirical data is scarce. What’s more, the evidence that is available is usually restricted to a single course or single provider.MOOCKnowledge (http://moocknowledge.eu/), funded by the European Commission’s Institute for Prospective Technological Studies (IPTS), aims to facilitate a shared understanding of the value and efficacy of MOOCs by developing a set of analysis tools and applying them to a wide range of MOOCs.The most powerful outcome of the project would be the possibility to correlate different dimensions of MOOC production, execution, and learners experience. For example, identifying links between financial investment, learning design, and learner outcomes. To do this, we must first develop a conceptual model of the factors which determine or contribute to the value of a MOOC.

Keywords

MOOCs --- learning design --- evaluation --- cost --- value

Values of Happiness

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780986132575 Year: Language: English
Publisher: HAU Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101667
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-20 11:02:36
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How people conceive of happiness reveals much about who they are and the values they hold dear. Drawing on ethnographic insights from diverse field sites around the world, this book offers a unique window onto the ways in which people grapple with fundamental questions about how to live and what it means to be human. Developing a distinctly anthropological approach concerned less with gauging how happy people are than with how happiness figures as an idea, mood, and motive in everyday life, the book explores how people strive to live well within challenging or even hostile circumstances. The contributors explore how happiness intersects with dominant social values as well as an array of aims and aspirations that are potentially conflicting, demonstrating that not every kind of happiness is seen as a worthwhile aim or evaluated in positive moral terms.

Keywords

Anthropology --- Happiness --- Well-Being --- Value --- Prosperity --- Emotion

«Value-Added Services» als Profilierungsinstrument im Wettbewerb

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Book Series: Schriften zu Marketing und Management ISBN: 9783631496800 Year: Pages: 351 DOI: 10.3726/b13651 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:38
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Die von der Mehrzahl der Unternehmen angestrebte Profilierung im Wettbewerbsumfeld scheint gegenwärtig kaum noch ausschließlich im Bereich der jeweils angestammten Primärleistung möglich zu sein. Daher versuchen viele Unternehmen, eine solche Profilierung durch das Angebot von zusätzlichen Dienstleistungen, die im Rahmen dieser Arbeit unter dem Begriff Value-Added Services zusammengefaßt werden, zu erreichen. Hinsichtlich dieser Aktivitäten ist jedoch vielfach eine als intuitiv zu bezeichnende Vorgehensweise zu konstatieren. Dabei kann eine zentrale Fragestellung dieser Unternehmen identifiziert werden: «Welche Value-Added Services welchen Konsumentengruppen zu welchen Konditionen angeboten werden?» Diese Arbeit verfolgt die Zielsetzung, eine sinnvolle methodische Vorgehensweise zur Lösung der Fragestellung aufzuzeigen. Zu diesem Zweck wird die Eignung verschiedener Verfahren am Beispiel der Automobilbranche sowie des Flugdienstleistungsbereiches überprüft, wobei der Schwerpunkt auf umfangreiche Conjoint-Analysen gelegt wird. Darüber hinaus werden marketingpolitische Implikationen abgeleitet.

Value and Reward Based Learning in Neurobots

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194315 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-431-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Organisms are equipped with value systems that signal the salience of environmental cues to their nervous system, causing a change in the nervous system that results in modification of their behavior. These systems are necessary for an organism to adapt its behavior when an important environmental event occurs. A value system constitutes a basic assumption of what is good and bad for an agent. These value systems have been effectively used in robotic systems to shape behavior. For example, many robots have used models of the dopaminergic system to reinforce behavior that leads to rewards. Other modulatory systems that shape behavior are acetylcholine’s effect on attention, norepinephrine’s effect on vigilance, and serotonin’s effect on impulsiveness, mood, and risk. Moreover, hormonal systems such as oxytocin and its effect on trust constitute as a value system. This book presents current research involving neurobiologically inspired robots whose behavior is: 1) Shaped by value and reward learning, 2) adapted through interaction with the environment, and 3) shaped by extracting value from the environment.

Reward- and aversion-related processing in the brain: translational evidence for separate and shared circuits

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198368 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-836-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Affective brain circuits underpin our moods and emotions. Appetitive and aversive stimuli from our exteroceptive and interoceptive worlds play a key role in the activity of these circuits, but we still do not know precisely how to characterize these so-called reward-related and aversion-related systems. Moreover, we do we yet understand how they interact anatomically or functionally. The aim of the current project was to gather some translational evidence to help clarify the role of such circuits. A multi-dimensional problem in its own right, the book contains 14 works from authors exploring these questions at many levels, from the cellular to the cognitive-behavioral, and from both experimental and conceptual viewpoints. The editorial which introduces the book provides brief summaries of each perspective (Hayes, Northoff, Greenshaw, 2015). While questions of how to accurately define affect- and emotion-related concepts at the psychological level are far from answered, here we have attempted to provide some insight into the brain-based underpinnings of such processes. The near future will undoubtedly involve making new inroads and will require the joint efforts of behavioral, brain-based, and philosophical perspectives to do so.

Doing the Right Thing

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ISBN: 9781909188921 9781909188938 9781909188945 9781909188952 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.5334/bbb Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:02:03
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"This book is for all those who are seeking a human perspective on economic and organizational processes. It lays the foundations for a value based approach to the economy. The key questions are: “What is important to you or your organization?” “What is this action or that organization good for?” The book is directed at the prevalence of instrumentalist thinking in the current economy and responds to the calls for another economy. Another economy demands another economics. The value based approach is another economics; it focuses on values and on the most important goods such as families, homes, communities, knowledge, and art. It places economic processes in their cultural context. What does it take to do the right thing, as a person, as an organization, as a society? What is the good to strive for? This book gives directions for the answers. The value based approach restores the ancient idea that quality of life and of society is what the economy is all about. It advocates shifting the focus from quantities (“how much?”) to qualities (“what is important?”).

Optimizing the Delivery of Multiple Ecosystem Goods and Services in Agricultural Systems

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452965 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-296-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Ecology --- Environmental Sciences --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Agricultural land is subjected to a variety of societal pressures, as demands for food, animal feed, and biomass production increase, with an added requirement to simultaneously maintain natural areas and mitigate climatic and environmental impacts. The biotic elements of agricultural systems interact with the abiotic environment to generate a number of ecosystem functions that offer services benefiting humans across many scales of time and space. The intensification of agriculture generally reduces biodiversity including that within soil, and impacts negatively upon a number of regulating and supporting ecosystem services. There is a global need toward achieving sustainable agricultural systems, as also highlighted in the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals. There is hence a need for management regimes that enhance both agricultural production and the associated provision of multiple ecosystem services. The articles of this Research Topic enhance our knowledge of how management practices applied to agricultural systems affect the delivery of multiple ecosystem services and how trade-offs between provisioning, regulating, and supporting services can be handled both above- and below-ground. They also show the diversity of topics that need to be considered within the framework of ecosystem services delivered by agricultural systems, from knowledge on basic concepts and newly-proposed frameworks, to a focus on specific ecosystem types such as grasslands and high nature-value farmlands, pollinator habitats, and soil habitats. This diversity of topics indicates the need for broader-scope research, integrated with targeted scientific research to promote sustainable agricultural practices and to ensure food security.

Quality of Horticultural Crops: A Recurrent/New Challenge for Plant Scientists in a Changing World

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455973 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-597-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Besides increasing crop yield to feed the growing population, improving crop quality is a challenging and key issue. Indeed, quality determines consumer acceptability and increases the attractivity of fresh and processed products. In this respect, fruit and vegetables, which represent a main source of vitamins and other health compounds, play a major role in human diet. This is the case in developing countries where populations are prone to nutritional deficiencies, but this is also a pending issue worldwide, where the growing middle class is increasingly aware and in search of healthy food. So a future challenge for the global horticultural industry will be to answer the demand for better quality food in a changing environment, where many resources will be limited. This e-collection collates state-of-the-art research on the quality of horticultural crops, covering the underlying physiological processes, the genetic and environmental controls during plant and organ development and the postharvest evolution of quality during storage and processing.

Designing Sustainable Technologies, Products and Policies

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319669809 9783319669816 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 520 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-66981-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-10 16:32:12
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This open access book provides insight into the implementation of Life Cycle approaches along the entire business value chain, supporting environmental, social and economic sustainability related to the development of industrial technologies, products, services and policies; and the development and management of smart agricultural systems, smart mobility systems, urban infrastructures and energy for the built environment. The book is based on papers presented at the 8th International Life Cycle Management Conference that took place from September 3-6, 2017 in Luxembourg, and which was organized by the Luxembourg Institute of Science and Technology (LIST) and the University of Luxembourg in the framework of the LCM Conference Series.

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