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Chapter Three Defining Difference (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580465946 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:12
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Ovariotomy provides a useful way of unpacking not just the process of&#xD;surgical innovation but also the usefulness of innovation as an analytical&#xD;category in the history of medicine. How might we pin down the meaning&#xD;of “innovation”—let alone “alternative innovation”—in surgery when these&#xD;innovations themselves are unstable, changing entities that are difficult to&#xD;define? Through the example of ovariotomy I show that alternative innovation&#xD;need not necessarily imply competition between diverse innovations,&#xD;but that such a framework might also be used to consider how different versions&#xD;of the “same” operation arise.

Neurovascular Surgery

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ISBN: 9789811089503 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-8950-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05
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This open access book presents the diagnosis, investigation and treatment of neurovascular diseases, and offers expert opinions and advice on avoiding complications in neurovascular surgery. It also covers complication management and post-operative follow-up care. The book is divided in to three parts; the first part discusses common approaches in neurovascular surgery, describing the steps, indications for and limitations of the approach, as well as the associated complications and how to avoid them. The second part addresses surgical treatment based on pathology, taking the different locations of lesions into consideration. The third part focuses on the technological developments that support neurovascular surgery, which may not be available everywhere, but have been included to help vascular surgeon understand the principles. This book is a guide for young neurosurgeons, neurosurgery residents and neurosurgery fellows, as well as for medical students and nurses who are interested in neurosurgery or are associated with this field in any way. It is also a useful teaching aid for senior neurosurgeons.

Surgical Infections

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454983 Year: Pages: 47 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-498-3 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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Surgical infections are caused by the breakdown of the equilibrium existing between organisms and the host. This may occur after a breach in a protective surface, as occurs after surgical trauma, changes in host resistance, or particular characteristics of the organism. The possible outcomes are abscess formation, local spread with/without tissue death, distant spread or resolution. A surgical infection is an infection requiring operative treatment (excision or drainage), and occupies an unvascularized space in tissue, or may occur in an operated site. Common examples of the former group are furuncles and carbuncles, hollow viscus inflammations, such as appendicitis, cholecystitis, and most abscesses. The latter group comprises all surgical site infections.This Research Topic provides comprehensive information on the biology, mechanisms, prevention and treatment of surgery-related infections.

Interface Oral Health Science 2016: Innovative Research on Biosis–Abiosis Intelligent Interface

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ISBN: 9789811015595 9789811015601 Year: Pages: 277 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-1560-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Manufactures --- Biotechnology --- Medicine (General) --- Dentistry --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 13:39:59
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This volume broadens understanding of dentistry and promotes interdisciplinary research across a wide range of related fields, based on the symposium entitled "Innovative Research for Biosis–Abiosis Intelligent Interface 2016". It aims to create highly functional and autonomic intelligent interface by combining highly functional interface science with the technology of an evaluation and a control at the interface, with the various topics of biomaterials, innovation for oral science and application, regenerative oral science, and medical engineering. Since 2002, the Tohoku University Graduate School of Dentistry has hosted “Interface Oral Health Science” several times as the main theme of dental research in the twenty-first century, and this is the sixth proceedings of the symposiums following the ones in 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, and 2014.This book benefits not only dental scientists but also other health scientists including medical physicians and pharmacologists, material scientists, engineers, and any scientist who is involved in variety of disciplines.

The EBMT Handbook

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ISBN: 9783030022785 Year: Pages: 702 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02278-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Surgery --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:17
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This Open Access edition of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation (EBMT) handbook addresses the latest developments and innovations in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and cellular therapy. Consisting of 93 chapters, it has been written by 175 leading experts in the field. Discussing all types of stem cell and bone marrow transplantation, including haplo-identical stem cell and cord blood transplantation, it also covers the indications for transplantation, the management of early and late complications as well as the new and rapidly evolving field of cellular therapies. This book provides an unparalleled description of current practices to enhance readers’ knowledge and practice skills.

Belly-Rippers, Surgical Innovation and the Ovariotomy Controversy

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Book Series: Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History ISBN: 9783319789347 Year: Pages: 267 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-78934-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Science (General) --- Surgery --- Medicine (General) --- Gender Studies --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:17
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This open access book looks at the dramatic history of ovariotomy, an operation to remove ovarian tumours first practiced in the early nineteenth century. Bold and daring, surgeons who performed it claimed to be initiating a new era of surgery by opening the abdomen. Ovariotomy soon occupied a complex position within medicine and society, as an operation which symbolised surgical progress, while also remaining at the boundaries of ethical acceptability. This book traces the operation’s innovation, from its roots in eighteenth-century pathology, through the denouncement of those who performed it as ‘belly-rippers’, to its rapid uptake in the 1880s, when ovariotomists were accused of over-operating. Throughout the century, the operation was never a hair’s breadth from controversy.

Animals and Medicine: The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease

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ISBN: 9781783741182 9781783741199 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0055 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-10 13:31:46
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Animals and Medicine: The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease offers a detailed, scholarly historical review of the critical role animal experiments have played in advancing medical knowledge. Laboratory animals have been essential to this progress, and the knowledge gained has saved countless lives—both human and animal. Unfortunately, those opposed to using animals in research have often employed doctored evidence to suggest that the practice has impeded medical progress. This volume presents the articles Jack Botting wrote for the Research Defence Society News from 1991 to 1996, papers which provided scientists with the information needed to rebut such claims. Collected, they can now reach a wider readership interested in understanding the part of animal experiments in the history of medicine—from the discovery of key vaccines to the advancement of research on a range of diseases, among them hypertension, kidney failure and cancer.This book is essential reading for anyone curious about the role of animal experimentation in the history of science from the nineteenth century to the present.

Obesity-induced inflammation and insulin resistance

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889194285 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-428-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Internal medicine --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Immune response and metabolic regulation are highly integrated and this interface maintains a central homeostatic system, dysfunction of which can cause obesity-associated metabolic disorder such as type 2 diabetes, fatty liver disease and cardiovascular disease. Insulin resistance is an underlying basis for the pathogenesis of these metabolic diseases. Overnutrition or obesity activates the innate immune system with subsequent recruitment of immune cells such as macrophages and T cells, which contributes to the development of insulin resistance. In particular, a significant advance in our understanding of obesity-associated inflammation and insulin resistance has been recognition of the critical role of adipose tissue macrophages (ATMs). ATMs are a prominent source of proinflammatory cytokines, such as TNF-a and IL-6, that can block insulin action in adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, and liver autocrine/paracrine signaling and cause systemic insulin resistance via endocrine signaling, providing a potential link between inflammation and insulin resistance. All articles in this topic highlight the interconnection between obesity, inflammation, and insulin resistance in all its diversity to the mechanisms of obesity-induced inflammation and role of immune system in the pathogenesis of insulin resistance and diabetes.

The Pathogenetic Mechanisms at the Basis of Aortopathy Associated with Bicuspid Aortic Valve: Insights from "Omics", Models of Disease and Emergent Technologies

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453955 Year: Pages: 170 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-395-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Physiology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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This forum of comprehensive reviews and research studies on distinct aspects of the pathophysiology of BAV aortopathy provides both the state of the art in the knowledge on this complex disease and novel insights into its causes and consequences. The present collection of focused papers also envisions and proposes new therapeutic strategies, novel biomarkers and original risk stratification criteria, for the improvement of patient management.

Controversies in the Local Management of Lung Cancer

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889455614 Year: Pages: 92 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-561-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Oncology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:42
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This special edition of Frontiers in Oncology reviews the current efficacy and limitations of surgical and radiotherapeutic management of lung cancer and provides insight into how local management options may change in the future.

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