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La costruzione della verità giudiziaria

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Book Series: Clio: Saggi di scienze storiche, archeologiche e storico-artistiche ISSN: 25324608 ISBN: 8888904018 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 251 DOI: 10.6093/88-88904-01-8 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-05 23:39:28
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Legal processes have often been at the core of the public debates. In the West, keeping in mind the political and social chaos between the 18th century and the contemporary world, it is possible to see how circles of opinion often were pervaded and tangled by tales carried out in the courtrooms. The reconstruction of the events as well as of the dynamics that, through these paths, entered into the costume and the society of the time requires the historian to a close analysis of sources as well as of procedures connected to the judicial activity. The essays published in this book aim at providing some elements of reflection about the judicial truth, considering it as a sort of “building” with its epistemological knots and different interpretations, crossing experiences deriving from sociological, historical-juridical, historical-political and politico-logical analysis.

Design and Engineering of Microreactor and Smart-Scaled Flow Processes

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ISBN: 9783038420385 9783038420392 Year: Pages: 252 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-039-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2015-10-22 07:00:06
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Microreactors are small devices with sub-millimeter internals which have superb mass and heat transfer. Initially, they were used for reactions with very high demands on the latter, e.g. very exothermic reactions, gas-liquid reactions with interfacial transport issues, reactions with very fast kinetics which demands even faster mixing, and more. In this way, the processing window was opened widely and, also due to the minute volumes only present in the reaction zone, safe processing under otherwise hazardous conditions was enabled. This includes processing of reactions which are prone to thermal runaway and in the explosive regime. Scale-up of promising reactions and products which was hindered with conventional technology is now possible using the new equipment. This has widened the process development possibilities in chemical industry.In the last years, micro process technology was not only used for the very problematic synthetic issues which formerly had a dead-end position in industry’s process development. Rather, the scope of chemical reactions to be processed in microreactors was considerably widened by exploring new process conditions with regard to temperature, pressure, concentration, solvents, and more. This is commonly referred to as flow chemistry. This allowed to reduce the processing time-scale for many reactions to the minute range or even below which fits well to the residence times of microreactors. In addition, the process integration of several reactions in one flow to a multi-step synthesis has opened a new door in molecular diversity as well as system and process complexity. The same holds for the combination of reactions and separations in micro-flow. To achieve throughputs relevant for industrial production, smart scale-out to milli-flow units has established and supplemented the num­bering-up concept (parallelization of microchannels/-reactors operated under equal conditions).New innovations and enabling technologies need anyhow evaluation and benchmarking with conventional technology on the full-system level. Yet, microreactor technology has in the last years deepened so much into process intensification on a holistic scale that the focus increasingly is given towards the process dimension—to process design and automation, real-case applications, cost analysis, life-cycle assessment, and more. The impact on cost competitiveness and sustainability becomes well assessed.Facing this very recent scientific achievement, the special issue “Design and Engineering of Microreactor and Smart-Scaled Flow Processes” of the journal Processes aims to cover recent advances in the development of microreactor and smart-scaled flow processes towards the process level — in the sense as given above.

Dynamics of decision making: from evidence to preference and belief

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192700 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-270-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Neurology --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-03 13:02:24
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At the core of the many debates throughout cognitive science concerning how decisions are made are the processes governing the time course of preference formation and decision. From perceptual choices, such as whether the signal on a radar screen indicates an enemy missile or a spot on a CT scan indicates a tumor, to cognitive value-based decisions, such as selecting an agreeable flatmate or deciding the guilt of a defendant, significant and everyday decisions are dynamic over time. Phenomena such as decoy effects, preference reversals and order effects are still puzzling researchers. For example, in a legal context, jurors receive discrete pieces of evidence in sequence, and must integrate these pieces together to reach a singular verdict. From a standard Bayesian viewpoint the order in which people receive the evidence should not influence their final decision, and yet order effects seem a robust empirical phenomena in many decision contexts. Current research on how decisions unfold, especially in a dynamic environment, is advancing our theoretical understanding of decision making. This Research Topic aims to review and further explore the time course of a decision - from how prior beliefs are formed to how those beliefs are used and updated over time, towards the formation of preferences and choices and post-decision processes and effects. Research literatures encompassing varied approaches to the time-scale of decisions will be brought into scope: a) Speeded decisions (and post-decision processes) that require the accumulation of noisy and possibly non-stationary perceptual evidence (e.g., randomly moving dots stimuli), within a few seconds, with or without temporal uncertainty. b) Temporally-extended, value-based decisions that integrate feedback values (e.g., gambling machines) and internally-generated decision criteria (e.g., when one switches attention, selectively, between the various aspects of several choice alternatives). c) Temporally extended, belief-based decisions that build on the integration of evidence, which interacts with the decision maker's belief system, towards the updating of the beliefs and the formation of judgments and preferences (as in the legal context). Research that emphasizes theoretical concerns (including optimality analysis) and mechanisms underlying the decision process, both neural and cognitive, is presented, as well as research that combines experimental and computational levels of analysis.

Scaling a Software Business: The Digitalization Journey

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ISBN: 9783319531151 9783319531168 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-53116-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 15:53:19
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Software has changed the rules of the game. The world talks about the digitalization in industry and society – how the focus has shifted from producing tangible things towards software and services. This trend started many years ago, but is now affecting every company, whether it’s a software company or not. There are many companies that have already made a digitalization journey – and many are about to embark on this journey – like you.How do you transform your organization when software is becoming a critical part of your business?This book presents the Scaling Management Framework, a model based on collected experiences from companies that have already made the journey to give software a central role within the organization. The model is unique because it suggests a holistic method to analyze and plan your journey. It simply means that you can’t just focus solely on your products or services. You also have to look closely at your processes and your organization, the way you make decisions and get things done. Inevitably, these will have to change.This book comes with a map, a compass, and suggested journeys along with selected travel stories comprising best practices and lessons learned from past digitalization journeys. Use the map to find your way in the digitalization landscape, and use the compass to find the direction of your journey.

Professionelles Schreiben in mehreren Sprachen: Strategien, Routinen und Sprachen im Schreibprozess

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ISBN: 9783631810552 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b16495 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund (FWF) - V 342
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:29:08
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How do professional writers adapt their strategies, routines and use of language resources to different writing situations? 17 case studies explore patterns and interrelations in writing processes of multilingual writers: 13 students and 4 researchers have recorded their writing processes with screen-capturing software and additionally, provided information about their language- and writing biographies. Based on the cross case analysis of these 17 case studies, the PROSIMS writing process model conceptualizes influence factors and dynamic interrelations in writing processes.

Grammaticalization in the North: Noun phrase morphosyntax in Scandinavian vernaculars

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783944675558 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_559871 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-05 11:01:13
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This book looks at some phenomena within the grammar of the noun phrase in a group of traditional North Germanic varieties mainly spoken in Sweden and Finland, usually seen as Swedish dialects, although the differences between them and Standard Swedish are often larger than between the latter and the other standard Mainland Scandinavian languages. In addition to being conservative in many respects – e.g. in preserving nominal cases and subject-verb agreement – these varieties also display many innovative features. These include extended uses of definite articles, incorporation of attributive adjectives, and a variety of possessive constructions. Although considerable attention has been given to these phenomena in earlier literature, this book is the first to put them in the perspective of typology and grammaticalization processes. It also looks for a plausible account of the historical origin of the changes involved, arguing that many of them spread from central Sweden, where they were later reverted due to the influence from prestige varieties coming from southern Scandinavia.

Evidence in Civil Law - Denmark

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Book Series: Law & Society ISBN: 9789616842464 Year: Pages: 31 DOI: 10.4335/978-961-6842-46-4 Language: English
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-09 10:57:16
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Danish civil procedure is based on a number of procedural law principles that affect the taking of evidence, including the principle of party presentation, the principle of disposition, and the principle of free assessment of evidence. The nature of Danish procedural law tends towards the adversarial model rather than the inquisitorial model. Evidence is taken during the hearing and the principle of directness applies to the procedure. Danish civil procedure is governed by the 1916 Administration of Justice Act, which was originally strongly influenced by German law. The role of the judge is to lead the process and also to intervene in proceedings when uncertainty exists, rather than just to facilitate the process by ensuring the parties abide by the laws of civil procedure.

Evidence in Civil Law - Finland

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Book Series: Law & Society ISBN: 9789616842471 Year: Pages: 46 DOI: 10.4335/978-961-6842-47-1 Language: English
Publisher: Institute for Local Self-Government and Public Procurement Maribor
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-09 20:25:35
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Finnish civil procedure has a close connection with other Scandinavian legal systems and co-operation between the States is active. In addition, the legislation, case-law and scholarly doctrine are more and more influenced by European co-operation through the EU and Council of Europe. The principles of free disposition, free assessment of evidence, audiatur altera pars, and burden of proof form the basis for an oral and direct public hearing. It follows from these due process principles that no methods of proof are forbidden but their relevance depends on the court’s assessment. The procedural doctrine in Finland is well established and has roots in the Swedish code of civil procedure of 1734, although it has gone through extensive reforms. On February 10, 2015 the Parliament of Finland passed the reform of chapter 17 of code of civil procedure, which contains the legislation on law of evidence. The extensive reform systematically updates and streamlines the previous legislation on evidence in addition to introducing new regulation e.g. on anonymous witnesses and banning invocation of evidence, which has been obtained by illegal means. The reform of chapter 17 concludes the systematic reform.

Dynamic systems theory and embodiment in psychotherapy research. A new look at process and outcome

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197804 Year: Pages: 151 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-780-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 17:04:57
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In an attempt to cease from reducing the world and its phenomena to linear modeling and analytic dissection, Dynamic Systems Theories (DST) and Embodiment theories and methods aim to account for the complex, dynamic, and non-linear phenomena that we constantly deal with in psychology. For instance, a DST and Embodiment perspective can enrich psychology’s understanding of communicative processes both in clinical and non-clinical settings. In psychotherapy, research has shown that there are a number of common factors contributing to psychotherapy outcome, of which the therapeutic relationship is the most important one. These findings give communication a central role in the psychotherapy process. In the traditional view, the underlying model of understanding psychotherapy processes is that of a number of components summatively coming together enabling us to make a linear causal prediction. Yet, communication is inherently dynamic. A shift to viewing the communication process in psychotherapy as a field dynamic phenomenon helps us to take into account nonlinear phenomena, such as feedback processes within and between persons. We thus propose an embodied enactive dynamic systems view as a new theoretical and methodological perspective that can more realistically capture what happens among and between two persons in psychotherapy. This view is broader than that of most current models in psychotherapy research. DST and Embodied Enactive Approaches can offer solutions to the prevailing neglect of non-linear phenomena in Western science, to better account for the complex dynamics of reality, and to move to a more holistic level of analysis. DST and Embodied Enactive Approaches have developed not in a single discipline but in a joined movement based on various fields such as physics, biology, robotics, anthropology, philosophy, linguistics, neuroscience, and psychology, and have only recently entered clinical theorizing. The two new paradigms are presently triggering a rethinking of the therapeutic process by recognizing the embodied nature of psychological and communicative phenomena. Their integration opens up a promising scenario in the field of psychotherapy research, developing new, profoundly transdisciplinary, theoretical concepts, methodologies, and standards of knowledge. The notion of field dynamics enables us to account for the role of the communicational context in the regulation of intra-psychological processes, while at the same time avoiding the pitfalls of an ontologization of the hierarchy of systemic organization. Moreover, the new approach implements methodological strategies that can transcend the conventional opposition between idiographic and nomothetic sciences.

Kundennutzen durch digitale Transformation: Business-Process-Management-Studie – Status quo und Erfolgsmuster

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ISBN: 9783662557068 9783662557075 Year: Pages: 153 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-55707-5 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Zurich University of Applied Sciences
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 11:44:00
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„Kundennutzen durch digitale Transformation?“ Das Fragezeichen steht für eine Vielzahl offener Fragen und Zweifel, die sich bei der Realisierung dieses Versprechens auf Kunden- und Unternehmensseite früher oder später einstellen. Die Vision des Endzustands klingt verlockend: Kunden profitieren von innovativen Produkten und Dienstleistungen, die nicht nur effizienter erbracht werden, sondern eine neue Dimension von Kundenerlebnissen eröffnen. Unternehmen stehen vor der Aufgabe, die Voraussetzungen für diese digitale Erlebniswelt zu schaffen, das heißt nicht nur ihr traditionelles Geschäftsmodell, ihre Strategien und Kultur zu hinterfragen und anzupassen, sondern auch ihre betrieblichen Strukturen, Abläufe und Systeme so weit zu entwickeln, dass sie eine radikale Öffnung in Richtung ihrer Kunden zulassen. Gestaltungsfelder sind also vorhanden. Doch wo und wie wirkt das Prozessmanagement?Dieses Buch präsentiert die Ergebnisse einer qualitativen und quantitativen Studie, die das Institut für Wirtschaftsinformatik in Kooperation mit dem Institut für Marketingmanagement der ZHAW School of Management and Law 2016 durchgeführt hat. Ziel der Business-Process-Management-Studie, mit der seit 2011 regelmäßig Status quo und Best Practices im deutschsprachigen Raum erhoben werden, war es, die Rolle des Prozessmanagements als Gestaltungshebel der digitalen Transformation zu beleuchten.

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