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Updates on Myopia

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ISBN: 9789811384912 Year: Pages: 305 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-8491-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:23
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This open access book discusses basic clinical concepts of myopia, prevention of progression and surgical treatments for myopia and pathological myopia. It also summarises the latest evidence and best practices for managing myopia, high myopia and its complications. Written by leading experts, the book addresses clinical diagnosis and interpretation of imaging modalities, and various complications of myopia such as glaucoma, choroidal neovascularization, retinal degeneration and cataracts. It is a valuable comprehensive resource for general and sub-specialist ophthalmologists as well as residents and ophthalmologists in training. ;

Keywords

Medicine --- Ophthalmology

Primary Angioplasty

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789811311147 Year: Pages: 338 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1114-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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Medicine; Cardiology

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Medicine --- Cardiology

Sepsis Management in Resource-limited Settings

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030031435 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03143-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Surgery --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:12
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This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. It constitutes a unique source of knowledge and guidance for all healthcare workers who care for patients with sepsis and septic shock in resource-limited settings. More than eighty percent of the worldwide deaths related to sepsis occur in resource-limited settings in low and middle-income countries. Current international sepsis guidelines cannot be implemented without adaptations towards these settings, mainly because of the difference in local resources and a different spectrum of infectious diseases causing sepsis. This prompted members of the Global Intensive Care working group of the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine (ESICM) and the Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit (MORU, Bangkok, Thailand) - among which the Editors – to develop with an international group of experts a comprehensive set of recommendations for the management of sepsis in resource-limited settings. Recommendations are based on both current scientific evidence and clinical experience of clinicians working in resource-limited settings. The book includes an overview chapter outlining the current challenges and future directions of sepsis management as well as general recommendations on the structure and organization of intensive care services in resource-limited settings. Specific recommendations on the recognition and management of patients with sepsis and septic shock in these settings are grouped into seven chapters. The book provides evidence-based practical guidance for doctors in low and middle income countries treating patients with sepsis, and highlights areas for further research and discussion.

Personalized Medicine and Neurosurgery

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453368 Year: Pages: 133 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-336-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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The Precision Medicine Initiative, which was instituted by President Barack Obama on January 20, 2015, highlighted the importance that advances in genomics and related “-omic” approaches have made to science and medicine, and it set the stage for their federally funded and mandated integration into the delivery of health care. Whether these advances comprise large-scale approaches, such as The Cancer Genome Atlas, which provides a modern classification of cancers based on molecular profiles, or genealogy initiatives, which seek to trace the movement of our early ancestors out of Africa, genomic technology has taken us closer to developing targeted therapies and a refined understanding of our evolutionary journey. It is against this backdrop that we summarized some of the recent advances in the field of precision medicine, or personalized medicine, as they pertain to neurosurgery. In this e-Book collection provided by Frontiers in Surgery: Neurosurgery, we present a collection of articles by leaders in the field of neurosurgery that highlight domains using a personalized approach for the treatment of patients or avenues when personalization is possible and when it will likely alter the care of patients with neurological diseases.

Vessel Health and Preservation: The Right Approach for Vascular Access

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ISBN: 9783030031497 Year: Pages: 303 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03149-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:12
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This Open access book offers updated and revised information on vessel health and preservation (VHP), a model concept first published in poster form in 2008 and in JVA in 2012, which has received a great deal of attention, especially in the US, UK and Australia. The book presents a model and a new way of thinking applied to vascular access and administration of intravenous treatment, and shows how establishing and maintaining a route of access to the bloodstream is essential for patients in acute care today. Until now, little thought has been given to an intentional process to guide selection, insertion and management of vascular access devices (VADs) and by default actions are based on crisis management when a quickly selected VAD fails. The book details how VHP establishes a framework or pathway model for each step of the patient experience, intentionally guiding, improving and eliminating risk when possible. The evidence points to the fact that reducing fragmentation, establishing a pathway, and teaching the process to all stakeholders reduces complications with intravenous therapy, improves efficiency and diminishes cost. As such this book appeals to bedside nurses, physicians and other health professionals.

Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_478052 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:11
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

The Invention of the “Stressed Animalâ€&#157; and the Development of a Science of Animal Welfare, 1947–86 (Book chapter)

Book title: Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

Evaluating the Role of Hans Selye in the Modern History of Stress (Book chapter)

Book title: Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

Animals and the Shaping of Modern Medicine

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Medicine and Biomedical Sciences in Modern History ISBN: 9783319643366 9783319643373 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-64337-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This book breaks new ground by situating animals and their diseases at the very heart of modern medicine. In demonstrating their historical significance as subjects and shapers of medicine, it offers important insights into past animal lives, and reveals that what we think of as ‘human’ medicine was in fact deeply zoological. Each chapter analyses an important episode in which animals changed and were changed by medicine. Ranging across the animal inhabitants of Britain’s zoos, sick sheep on Scottish farms, unproductive livestock in developing countries, and the tapeworms of California and Beirut, they illuminate the multi-species dimensions of modern medicine and its rich historical connections with biology, zoology, agriculture and veterinary medicine. The modern movement for One Health – whose history is also analyzed – is therefore revealed as just the latest attempt to improve health by working across species and disciplines. This book will appeal to historians of animals, science and medicine, to those involved in the promotion and practice of One Health today.&#xD;&#xD;

Keywords

Animals --- diseases --- medicine --- history

Neurovascular Surgery

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811089503 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-8950-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:05
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This open access book presents the diagnosis, investigation and treatment of neurovascular diseases, and offers expert opinions and advice on avoiding complications in neurovascular surgery. It also covers complication management and post-operative follow-up care. The book is divided in to three parts; the first part discusses common approaches in neurovascular surgery, describing the steps, indications for and limitations of the approach, as well as the associated complications and how to avoid them. The second part addresses surgical treatment based on pathology, taking the different locations of lesions into consideration. The third part focuses on the technological developments that support neurovascular surgery, which may not be available everywhere, but have been included to help vascular surgeon understand the principles. This book is a guide for young neurosurgeons, neurosurgery residents and neurosurgery fellows, as well as for medical students and nurses who are interested in neurosurgery or are associated with this field in any way. It is also a useful teaching aid for senior neurosurgeons.

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