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Brexit and Beyond – Rethinking the Futures of Europe

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ISBN: 9781787352759 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.14324/ 111.9781787352759 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: European Research Council (ERC) - 2011-AdG-295486
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-24 11:01:45
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Brexit will have significant consequences for the country, for Europe, and for global order. And yet much discussion of Brexit in the UK has focused on the causes of the vote and on its consequences for the future of British politics. This volume examines the consequences of Brexit for the future of Europe and the European Union, adopting an explicitly regional and future-oriented perspective missing from many existing analyses. Drawing on the expertise of 28 leading scholars from a range of disciplines, Brexit and Beyond offers various different perspectives on the future of Europe, charting the likely effects of Brexit across a range of areas, including institutional relations, political economy, law and justice, foreign affairs, democratic governance, and the idea of Europe itself. Whilst the contributors offer divergent predictions for the future of Europe after Brexit, they share the same conviction that careful scholarly analysis is in need – now more than ever – if we are to understand what lies ahead for the EU.

Audiovisual Speech Recognition: Correspondence between Brain and Behavior

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192519 Year: Pages: 101 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-251-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-16 15:44:59
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Perceptual processes mediating recognition, including the recognition of objects and spoken words, is inherently multisensory. This is true in spite of the fact that sensory inputs are segregated in early stages of neuro-sensory encoding. In face-to-face communication, for example, auditory information is processed in the cochlea, encoded in auditory sensory nerve, and processed in lower cortical areas. Eventually, these "sounds" are processed in higher cortical pathways such as the auditory cortex where it is perceived as speech. Likewise, visual information obtained from observing a talker’s articulators is encoded in lower visual pathways. Subsequently, this information undergoes processing in the visual cortex prior to the extraction of articulatory gestures in higher cortical areas associated with speech and language. As language perception unfolds, information garnered from visual articulators interacts with language processing in multiple brain regions. This occurs via visual projections to auditory, language, and multisensory brain regions. The association of auditory and visual speech signals makes the speech signal a highly "configural" percept. An important direction for the field is thus to provide ways to measure the extent to which visual speech information influences auditory processing, and likewise, assess how the unisensory components of the signal combine to form a configural/integrated percept. Numerous behavioral measures such as accuracy (e.g., percent correct, susceptibility to the “McGurk Effect”) and reaction time (RT) have been employed to assess multisensory integration ability in speech perception. On the other hand, neural based measures such as fMRI, EEG and MEG have been employed to examine the locus and or time-course of integration. The purpose of this Research Topic is to find converging behavioral and neural based assessments of audiovisual integration in speech perception. A further aim is to investigate speech recognition ability in normal hearing, hearing-impaired, and aging populations. As such, the purpose is to obtain neural measures from EEG as well as fMRI that shed light on the neural bases of multisensory processes, while connecting them to model based measures of reaction time and accuracy in the behavioral domain. In doing so, we endeavor to gain a more thorough description of the neural bases and mechanisms underlying integration in higher order processes such as speech and language recognition.

Body, space and pain

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889192915 Year: Pages: 127 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-291-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-10 11:59:07
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There is growing interest in understanding how the perception of pain (and touch) is influenced by the way we represent our body and the space surrounding it. Recent views argue that pain can only be understood in a larger framework of body perception and action. This attention is driven by accumulating research in experimental and clinical domains, indicating that pain perception depends largely on cognitive factors and multisensory integration. The interest is also boosted by studies on chronic pain conditions suggesting a tight link between body perception and the maintenance of pain. Many aspects remain yet to be elucidated. We welcomed submissions from researchers in cognitive neuroscience and pain to increase our understanding of the interplay among body, space, pain, touch and movement. We aimed to gather insights from different theoretical frameworks and encouraged investigators using a broad range of methods including (but not limited to) behavioural and neuropsychological approaches, imaging techniques, electrophysiology, psychophysiology and TMS to present their results in this Research Topic. In the attempt to go from bench- to bedside we also strongly encouraged submissions from clinicians and physiotherapist whose contribution may help rising some future key questions. Qualitative and phenomenological approaches were also welcome.

Auslaendische Direktinvestitionen und regionale Integration – das Beispiel Irland

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Book Series: cege-Schriften ISBN: 9783631590782 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3726/b14156 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:14
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In der EU hat Irland aufgrund seines wirtschaftlichen Aufschwungs und der hohen Direktinvestitionen auf sich aufmerksam gemacht. Die Autorin untersucht, welche internen (Standortfaktoren) und externen Rahmenbedingungen (europäische Integration) eine erfolgreiche Anwerbung von Direktinvestitionen ermöglicht haben. Von besonderem Interesse ist, inwieweit andere Mitgliedsländer der EU die Strategie Irlands übernehmen können. Nach der Ermittlung eines theoretischen Analyserahmens wird dieser auf Irland angewendet. Dabei sind die Direktinvestitionszuflüsse durch die regionale Integration zu erklären, jedoch nur in Kombination mit den irischen Besonderheiten. Insbesondere die langfristige Ausrichtung der wirtschaftspolitischen Maßnahmen auf die MNU haben dazu beigetragen.

Rethinking Interdisciplinarity across the Social Sciences and Neurosciences

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781137407955 Year: Pages: 157 DOI: 10.1057/9781137407962 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Wellcome Trust - 103817
Subject: Neurology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:24:30
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This book offers a provocative account of interdisciplinary research across the neurosciences, social sciences and humanities. Setting itself against standard accounts of interdisciplinary 'integration,' and rooting itself in the authors' own experiences, the book establishes a radical agenda for collaboration across these disciplines. Rethinking Interdisciplinarity does not merely advocate interdisciplinary research, but attends to the hitherto tacit pragmatics, affects, power dynamics, and spatial logics in which that research is enfolded. Understanding the complex relationships between brains, minds, and environments requires a delicate, playful and genuinely experimental interdisciplinarity, and this book shows us how it can be done.

Dendritic spines: From shape to function

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197668 Year: Pages: 235 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-766-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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One fundamental requisite for a comprehensive view on brain function and cognition is the understanding of the neuronal network activity of the brain. Neurons are organized into complex networks, interconnected through synapses. The main sites for excitatory synapses in the brain are thin protrusions called dendritic spines that emerge from dendrites. Dendritic spines have a distinct morphology with a specific molecular organization. They are considered as subcellular compartments that constrain diffusion and influence signal processing by the neuron and, hence, spines are functional integrative units for which morphology and function are tightly coupled. The density of spines along the dendrite reflects the levels of connectivity within the neuronal network. Furthermore, the relevance of studying dendritic spines is emphasized by the observation that their morphology changes with synaptic plasticity and is altered in many psychiatric disorders. The present Research Topic deals with some of the most recent findings concerning dendritic spine structure and function, showing that, in order to understand how brain neuronal activity operates, these two factors should be regarded as being intrinsically linked.

Multi-omic Data Integration

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889196487 Year: Pages: 135 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-648-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Genetics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-16 10:34:25
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Stable, predictive biomarkers and interpretable disease signatures are seen as a significant step towards personalized medicine. In this perspective, integration of multi-omic data coming from genomics, transcriptomics, glycomics, proteomics, metabolomics is a powerful strategy to reconstruct and analyse complex multi-dimensional interactions, enabling deeper mechanistic and medical insight. At the same time, there is a rising concern that much of such different omic data –although often publicly and freely available- lie in databases and repositories underutilised or not used at all. Issues coming from lack of standardisation and shared biological identities are also well-known. From these considerations, a novel, pressing request arises from the life sciences to design methodologies and approaches that allow for these data to be interpreted as a whole, i.e. as intertwined molecular signatures containing genes, proteins, mRNAs and miRNAs, able to capture inter-layers connections and complexity. Papers discuss data integration approaches and methods of several types and extents, their application in understanding the pathogenesis of specific diseases or in identifying candidate biomarkers to exploit the full benefit of multi-omic datasets and their intrinsic information content. Topics of interest include, but are not limited to: • Methods for the integration of layered data, including, but not limited to, genomics, transcriptomics, glycomics, proteomics, metabolomics;• Application of multi-omic data integration approaches for diagnostic biomarker discovery in any field of the life sciences;• Innovative approaches for the analysis and the visualization of multi-omic datasets;• Methods and applications for systematic measurements from single/undivided samples (comprising genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, metabolomic measurements, among others);• Multi-scale approaches for integrated dynamic modelling and simulation;• Implementation of applications, computational resources and repositories devoted to data integration including, but not limited to, data warehousing, database federation, semantic integration, service-oriented and/or wiki integration;• Issues related to the definition and implementation of standards, shared identities and semantics, with particular focus on the integration problem. Research papers, reviews and short communications on all topics related to the above issues were welcomed.

Ordnungspolitische Perspektiven der europaeischen Integration im Spannungsfeld von Wettbewerbs- und Industriepolitik

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631332740 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.3726/b13994 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Law --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:21
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Im Rahmen der europäischen Integration hat die Wettbewerbsordnung immer eine bedeutende Rolle gespielt. Ausufernde industriepolitische Bestrebungen und Förderprogramme drohen jedoch die Wettbewerbsordnung der Gemeinschaft auszuhöhlen und führen zu einer weitreichenden Politisierung der Entscheidungsprozesse, wodurch die wettbewerblichen Elemente mehr und mehr zurückgedrängt werden. Das Spannungsverhältnis zwischen Wettbewerbs- und Industriepolitik ist dabei Ausdruck für den ordnungspolitischen Konflikt, zwischen der Integration durch einen Wettbewerb der Systeme und der Integration durch Harmonisierung. Während die Wettbewerbspolitik die dezentrale Integration betont, steht die Industriepolitik für die zentralisierte und damit weitgehend institutionelle Integration. In einer detaillierten Analyse werden sowohl die ökonomischen als auch rechtlichen Aspekte der Wettbewerbs- und Industriepolitik dargestellt und ihre Auswirkungen auf den Integrationsprozeß untersucht. Auf der Grundlage dieser Ergebnisse werden dann Bausteine für eine Wettbewerbsordnung des Systemwettbewerbs als ordnungspolitische Perspektive der europäischen Integration abgeleitet.

Die Deregulierungswirkungen der europaeischen Integration

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631349366 Year: Pages: 353 DOI: 10.3726/b13933 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:24
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Die europäische Integration unterlag immer dem Anspruch der Deregulierung. Inwieweit sie dem gerecht wird, ist nicht umfassend geklärt. In dieser Arbeit wird die Politik der EU in sechs Branchenanalysen untersucht: Verkehr-, Agrar-, Finanz- und Energieversorgungswirtschaft sowie Telekommunikations- und Entsorgungswirtschaft. Der erste Teil geht auf die theoretischen Grundlagen von optimalem Regulierungsgrad, Kompetenzverteilung und politischer Einflußnahme ein. Anschließend wird die tatsächliche Ausgestaltung dieser theoretischen Konstrukte anhand der europäischen Integrationspolitik im Bereich der Sondermärkte ausgeführt. Im letzten Teil werden die Ergebnisse zusammengeführt und die These geprüft, inwieweit institutioneller Wandel die Optimalität politischer und ökonomischer Entscheidungen gewährleisten kann.

Wirtschaftliche Integration und Kooperation im asiatisch-pazifischen Raum. Die APEC

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Book Series: Schriften zur Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik ISBN: 9783631345047 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.3726/b13571 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:42
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Der Asiatisch-Pazifischen Wirtschaftskooperation (APEC) gehört der überwiegende Teil der Pazifikanrainerstaaten an. Darunter die ostasiatischen Tigerländer, Japan, die ASEAN-Staaten, die NAFTA-Staaten, Australien und Neuseeland. Die Teilnehmer der APEC haben sich zum Ziel gesetzt, bis zum Jahr 2020 freien Handel und freie Investitionen innerhalb der APEC-Region zu erreichen. Vor dem Hintergrund der aktuellen Regionalisierungsdebatte wird untersucht, unter welchen Voraussetzungen dieses Vorhaben verwirklicht werden soll, welche Schwierigkeiten bestehen und welche Wirkungen resultieren können.

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