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Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

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Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_478052 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:11
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

The Invention of the “Stressed Animalâ€&#157; and the Development of a Science of Animal Welfare, 1947–86 (Book chapter)

Book title: Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

Evaluating the Role of Hans Selye in the Modern History of Stress (Book chapter)

Book title: Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

Biografien bedeutender österreichischer Wissenschafterinnen

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ISBN: 9783205205883 Year: Pages: 994 DOI: 10.7767/9783205205883 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103507
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-24 11:01:02
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This volume follows the results of the dictionary  "Wissenschafterinnen in und aus Österreich. Leben – Werk – Wirken" from 2002, in which the field of activities of the first generation of female scientists at austrian universities and in non-university workplaces were researched among other things. The present collection is now mostly focused on woman-specific acting of female scientists after 1945 (years of birth between 1930 and 1950, including an addition of earlier years). The emphasis in terms of time furthermore includes theoretical and personnel effects of the second feminist movement, developed in universities in the 1970s out of woman-specific problems in the fields of science.

Keywords

History --- History of Science --- PDX

Der Hamburger Professorinnen- und Professorenkatalog (HPK). Reden der Zentralen Veranstaltung der Universität Hamburg am 26. Januar 2017 anlässlich der Freischaltung des HPK

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Book Series: Hamburger Universitätsreden Neue Folge ISBN: 9783943423495 Year: DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HURNF.25.182 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:19
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This volume documents speeches of the University's central event on the occasion of the release of the Hamburg catalogue of professors, supplemented by an epilogue.

Die böhmischen Länder in den Wiener Zeitschriften und Almanachen des Vormärz (1805–1848)

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ISBN: 9783700178712 Year: Pages: 621 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611243 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 208
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 11:01:46
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The present volume contains a critical suvey of entries collected from periodicals – learned journals and entertaining weeklies which were published in Vienna during the 1st half of the 19th century concerning the field of investigation which is the historical region of present day Czech Republic back then part of the Habsburg Empire with Vienna as the capital. The material collected in the present volume does cover the fields “Religion”, “Law”, “Area studies”, “Political economy”, “Natural sciences and mathematics” thus completing the study with three parts already in print: part I (2011) “Literature and literary history”; part II (2013) “Linguistics”, “Philosophy, esthetics, rethorics”,“Historiography”, “Education”; part III (2014) “The Arts”. An index will be available online once the book is released, a general index in a print version will be provided in time.

Science as Social Existence: Heidegger and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge

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ISBN: 9781783744121 9781783744107 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 444 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0129 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy --- Science (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-18 15:38:12
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In this bold and original study, Jeff Kochan constructively combines the sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) with Martin Heidegger’s early existential conception of science. Kochan shows convincingly that these apparently quite different approaches to science are, in fact, largely compatible, even mutually reinforcing. By combining Heidegger with SSK, Kochan argues, we can explicate, elaborate, and empirically ground Heidegger’s philosophy of science in a way that makes it more accessible and useful for social scientists and historians of science. Likewise, incorporating Heideggerian phenomenology into SSK renders SKK a more robust and attractive methodology for use by scholars in the interdisciplinary field of Science and Technology Studies (STS). Kochan’s ground-breaking reinterpretation of Heidegger also enables STS scholars to sustain a principled analytical focus on scientific subjectivity, without running afoul of the orthodox subject-object distinction they often reject.Science as Social Existence is the first book of its kind, unfurling its argument through a range of topics relevant to contemporary STS research. These include the epistemology and metaphysics of scientific practice, as well as the methods of explanation appropriate to social scientific and historical studies of science. Science as Social Existence puts concentrated emphasis on the compatibility of Heidegger’s existential conception of science with the historical sociology of scientific knowledge, pursuing this combination at both macro- and micro-historical levels.Beautifully written and accessible, Science as Social Existence puts new and powerful tools into the hands of sociologists and historians of science, cultural theorists of science, Heidegger scholars, and pluralist philosophers of science.

Biografien bedeutender österreichischer Wissenschafterinnen

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205202387 Year: Pages: 994 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 347
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-13 11:01:51
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Based on the lexicon "Wissenschafterinnen in und aus Österreich. Leben Werk Wirken" (ed. Brigitta Keintzel / Ilse Korotin), published in 2002, the publication focuses mainly on the women-specific activity in the Austrian history of science after 1945. A general objective of the research project was to clarify the situation of women in the sciences and to close existing gaps in the historiography of science.

Der Briefwechsel zwischen August Sauer und Bernhard Seuffert 1880 bis 1926

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ISBN: 9783205232797 Year: Pages: 842 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 587
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-20 11:21:02
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With more than 1200 letters the correspondence between August Sauer (1855–1926) and Bernhard Seuffert (1853–1938) is one of the most comprehensive scholarly correspondences of the late 19th and the early 20th century. Their work had a huge impact on the development of the subject ”Neuere deutsche Literaturgeschichte“. The main goal of the project is the presentation of a selection of letters, combined with rich annotations as well as registers for persons and works.

Experimentieren

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783839446386 9783837646382 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.14361/9783839446386 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 11:21:03
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The volume offers an inventory of contemporary experimental cultures in the conflicting area between science and design and outlines a praxeology of the experiment.&#xD;

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