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Chapter 3: 'The Gibbet in the Landscape: Locating the Criminal Corpse in Mid-Eighteenth-Century England' from book: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781137444011 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/9781137444011_4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 16:57:22
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This is a chapter from A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse edited by Richard Ward. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. In this chapter, Zoe Dyndor uses data compiled for the Wellcome Trust funded project, Harnessing the Power of the Criminal Corpse, to investigate the logic and rationale behind selecting gibbet locations in eighteenth-century England. She suggests that while gibbets were generally located near to the scene of the crime, there were a number of other factors that led to the selection of particular sites for cases of hanging in chains. Through a case study of smugglers hung in chains in the 1740s, Dyndor demonstrates that, in certain cases, gibbet locations were specifically selected to reflect the nature of the offence, the background of the offender or the circumstances of the crime.

Normstabilisierung und Schuldvorwurf

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Book Series: sui generis ISBN: 9783941159181 Year: Pages: 530 DOI: 10.24921/2018.94115919 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-17 11:01:55
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This work examines the nature of criminal responsibility, and thereby the very heart of criminal law theory. The analysis exposes the relevance of criminal law and punishment for the stabilization of norms within society. This allows to determine the function of placing blame and of the principle of culpability. Thus, this thesis offers in-depth insights into the mechanism and elements of the attribution of individual responsibility. The main finding is that only culpability and the consideration of its elements, which are defined in this work, are capable of functionally determining punishment (i.e., in accordance with the necessity of punishment for the stabilization of norms).

Keywords

law --- criminal law --- recht

Der Strafkläger im Strafbefehls- und im abgekürzten Verfahren

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Book Series: sui generis ISBN: 9783941159334 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.24921/2018.94115933 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-11 11:21:02
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The present work provides an overview of the role that victims play as prosecutors, irrespective of material compensation interests in criminal proceedings. The party rights of the criminal prosecutor are treated in the same way as his position in the efficient penal and abbreviated procedures. In doing so, inconsistencies in the law are discussed, the previous case law on the criminal prosecutor critically questioned and the conflicting goals between injured party participation and procedural efficiency examined. The role of the criminal prosecutor in Swiss jurisprudence has so far only been examined selectively and always with regard to specific issues. For the first time, the author attempts to broach the issue of the criminal prosecutor as a litigant and to put it into context with the idea of ​​efficiency that characterizes criminal procedural law.

Chapter 5: 'Target Suitability and the Crime Drop' from book: The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory

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ISBN: 9781137391322 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1057/9781137391322_5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 17:12:36
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This chapter is open access under a CC BY license. It is from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory, edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. The full volume provides a unique collection of essays in honour of the work of Marcus Felson and his notable contribution to routine activity theory, environmental criminology and the discipline more broadly.

Clero criminale: L’onore della Chiesa e i delitti degli ecclesiastici nell’Italia della Controriforma. Volume 1. I documenti: il Cinquecento

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Book Series: Fuori Collana ISBN: 9788868870003 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-000-3 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 12:46:19
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With this rich anthology of sources, most of which are made available here for the first time, Michele Mancino and Giovanni Romeo add another element to the research project that began with their recent book (Clero criminale. L’onore della Chiesa e i delitti degli ecclesiastici nell’Italia della Controriforma, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 2013, 4th ed.). The two parts document from a range of perspectives the way in which the Tridentine project of combating the common crimes of the clergy was undone before the end of the sixteenth century. Instead, the Roman curia was mainly concerned with enforcing the right of delinquent priests to be judged only by ecclesiastical tribunals, a strategy intended to defend the honor of the clergy that was followed persistently over the long term. The material presented here describes a previously unknown historical precedent for the recent revelations about the treatment of pedophile priests.

Do Exclusionary Rules Ensure a Fair Trial?

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Book Series: Ius Gentium: Comparative Perspectives on Law and Justice ISBN: 9783030125202 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-12520-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:14
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This open access publication discusses exclusionary rules in different criminal justice systems. It is based on the findings of a research project in comparative law with a focus on the question of whether or not a fair trial can be secured through evidence exclusion. Part I explains the legal framework in which exclusionary rules function in six legal systems: Germany, Switzerland, People’s Republic of China, Taiwan, Singapore, and the United States. Part II is dedicated to selected issues identified as crucial for the assessment of exclusionary rules. These chapters highlight the delicate balance of interests required in the exclusion of potentially relevant information from a criminal trial and discusses possible approaches to alleviate the legal hurdles involved. ;

Criminalità e sicurezza a Napoli: Primo Rapporto

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Book Series: Studi e Ricerche in Scienze Criminologiche, Giuridiche e Sociali ISBN: 9788868870041 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 393 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-004-1 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-12 13:52:23
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This report on crime and security in Naples is a first contribution in a series of works that will systematically address the quantitative dimension related to the outcome of crime as well as the critical issues underlying the security questions faced by citizens who live in Naples; the causes and characteristics of victimization; the initiatives, interventions, activities that can provide answers in a coordinated manner to the questions of prevention, contrast and social rehabilitation of the deviant and criminal behaviors, by addressing critical issues concerning the programming and integration of local social services, government offices, private social institutions, and the criminal justice system.Beside a section in which some features of the criminal phenomenon in Naples are illustrated, comparatively to other territories, in the report there are two further sections, one devoted to the seizure of illicit assets and another in which the phenomenon of extortion in Campania is analyzed.

Criminalità e sicurezza a Napoli: Secondo rapporto

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Book Series: Studi e Ricerche in Scienze Criminologiche, Giuridiche e Sociali ISBN: 9788868870287 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 344 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-028-7 Language: Italian
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-12 15:18:04
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In this second report on crime and security in Naples are addressed questions such as the determinants of a high propensity to illegal behavior although crime appears very risky, the appearance of youth-gangs and their peculiarities with respect to similar experiences in other countries, the correlation between social and economic vulnerability and the diffusion of an illegal credit market, the relationship between households’ overindebtedness and their consumption behavior, the diffusion of an usury market where criminal organizations rise huge profits.Many changes have occurred in the deviant and criminal behaviors, and an appropriate response to all of them ask for a radical innovation in the policies to prevent, control and contrast crime. In our region, what might be perceived as a social damnation is actually the result of different factors that produce a sort of crime trap, such that the diffusion of illegal behaviors reduce legal opportunities making a criminal career more convenient.

Waffengleichheit im Vorverfahren

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Book Series: sui generis ISBN: 9783941159341 Year: Pages: 365 DOI: 10.24921/2019.94115935 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:04
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The concept of equality of arms is often used in the context of criminal proceedings but is rarely defined clearly. The present work is preparing to give the term an outline. It highlights the historical roots of this important structural principle and shows the goals of equality of arms. The work pays particular attention to the case law of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). In the decisive evidence procedure, this requires a procedural balance between the accused person on the one hand and law enforcement authorities on the other. To what extent does Swiss procedural reality - with its postponement of crucial procedural steps in the pre-litigation - meet this demand? Based on empirical data, it is shown that the institutional superiority of law enforcement agencies in the underregulated preliminary proceedings has the potential to objectively restrict the defendant's rights of defense. The author discusses how this problem can be dealt with in a holistic view of the Swiss criminal trial using various variants.  

Steuergeldwäscherei in Bezug auf direkte Steuern

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ISBN: 9783941159075 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.24921/2016.94115907 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-05 11:02:12
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The present analysis focuses on the interpretation of art. 305bis of the Swiss Criminal Code. The author, Gabriel Bourquin, treats the problem of tax crimes as predicate offenses to money laundering. Where necessary, in particular in relation to the punishment of money laundering by omission, the analysis will deal with the special duties of due diligence (art. 6) and the duty to report (art. 9) of the Anti-Money Laundering Act.

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