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Theoretical and Practical Advances in Computer-based Educational Measurement

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Book Series: Methodology of Educational Measurement and Assessment ISBN: 9783030184803 Year: Pages: 399 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-18480-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:16
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This open access book presents a large number of innovations in the world of operational testing. It brings together different but related areas and provides insight in their possibilities, their advantages and drawbacks. The book not only addresses improvements in the quality of educational measurement, innovations in (inter)national large scale assessments, but also several advances in psychometrics and improvements in computerized adaptive testing, and it also offers examples on the impact of new technology in assessment. Due to its nature, the book will appeal to a broad audience within the educational measurement community. It contributes to both theoretical knowledge and also pays attention to practical implementation of innovations in testing technology.

Agential Realism als Basis queer(end)er Experimentalpsychologie

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ISBN: 9783658226442 Year: Pages: 299 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-22644-2 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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Zentrale These des Open-Access-Buchs von Julia Scholz ist, dass eine queer(end)e Experimentalpsychologie mit der Herangehensweise des Agential Realism kein Widerspruch in sich ist, obwohl verbreitete Verständnisweisen von Queertheorien und von Experimentalpsychologie(n) dies berechtigterweise zunächst nahelegen. Die Autorin konfrontiert experimentalpsychologische Wissensproduktion mit queertheoretischen Kritiken und diskutiert Unvereinbarkeiten der epistemologischen und ontologischen Perspektiven queertheoretischer Kritik mit jenen aktueller akademischer Experimentalpsychologie des europäisch und US-amerikanisch geprägten Raums. Mit der Zugrundelegung von Barads Agential Realism schlägt sie eine wissenschaftstheoretische Position vor, die eine queerende Experimentalpsychologie erlaubt.

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease

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ISBN: 9783030118990 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11899-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 605994
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychiatry --- Psychology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:10
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This open access book is a systematic update of the philosophical and scientific foundations of the biopsychosocial model of health, disease and healthcare. First proposed by George Engel 40 years ago, the Biopsychosocial Model is much cited in healthcare settings worldwide, but has been increasingly criticised for being vague, lacking in content, and in need of reworking in the light of recent developments. The book confronts the rapid changes to psychological science, neuroscience, healthcare, and philosophy that have occurred since the model was first proposed and addresses key issues such as the model’s scientific basis, clinical utility, and philosophical coherence. The authors conceptualise biology and the psychosocial as in the same ontological space, interlinked by systems of communication-based regulatory control which constitute a new kind of causation. These are distinguished from physical and chemical laws, most clearly because they can break down, thus providing the basis for difference between health and disease. This work offers an urgent update to the model’s scientific and philosophical foundations, providing a new and coherent account of causal interactions between the biological, the psychological and social.

Understanding Willing Participants, Volume 2

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ISBN: 9783319979991 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-97999-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:14
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Horrified by the Holocaust, social psychologist Stanley Milgram wondered if he could recreate the Holocaust in the laboratory setting. Unabated for more than half a century, his (in)famous results have continued to intrigue scholars. Based on unpublished archival data from Milgram’s personal collection, volume one of this two-volume set introduces readers to a behind the scenes account showing how during Milgram’s unpublished pilot studies he step-by-step invented his official experimental procedure—how he gradually learnt to transform most ordinary people into willing inflictors of harm. The open access volume two then illustrates how certain innovators within the Nazi regime used the very same Milgram-like learning techniques that with increasing effectiveness gradually enabled them to also transform most ordinary people into increasingly capable executioners of other men, women, and children. Volume two effectively attempts to capture how step-by-step these Nazi innovators attempted to transform the Führer’s wish of a Jewish-free Europe into a frightening reality. By the books’ end the reader will gain an insight into how the seemingly undoable can become increasingly doable.

Meaning-Making for Living

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Psychology ISBN: 9783030199265 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19926-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:11
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This Open Access Brief analyzes the dynamics in which children’s selves emerge through their everyday activities of meaning construction, both in their relationships with family and within school education. It begins with a discussion of new psychological inquiries into children's selves and builds upon the innovative theoretical notion of the Presentational Self, developed by the author over the last decade. The book illustrates how the observation of children’s meaning construction in their everyday lives becomes a starting point for theoretical and empirical inquiries into child development and gives a framework that promotes new inquiries in this area. The book describes the Presentational Self Theory as a sense of how the notion of the Self is being worked upon in everyday life encounters. Chapters feature in-depth analyses of exchanges between adults and children in the Japanese cultural context. Meaning-Making for Living will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in the fields of cognitive, social, developmental, educational, and cultural psychology.

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