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White Paper on Joint Replacement: Status of Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Care in Germany

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ISBN: 9783662559178 9783662559185 Year: Pages: 135 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-55918-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 17:07:42
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This White Paper details the status of hip and knee arthroplasty care in Germany. Hip and knee replacements are amongst the most frequently performed procedures and usually become necessarily due to age-related wear of the joint, osteoarthritis and fractures of the femoral neck. In light of demographic change, demands with regard to standards of care and the procedures are likely to rise.This book addresses people involved in shaping and representing the healthcare system from a variety of fields including medical professions, health insurances and health sciences as well as journalists and patient representatives.

Hybrides Management in sino-oesterreichischen Joint Ventures in China aus oesterreichischer Perspektive

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631592588 Year: Pages: 410 DOI: 10.3726/b13936 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:24
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Ausgehend von der Überlegung, dass die in Österreich und China gängigen Managementstile in einem sino-österreichischen Joint Venture aufeinander treffen, ist das Ziel dieser Arbeit die Erforschung und Beschreibung eines hybriden Managementstils. Als Methodik wurden narrative Interviews verwendet; insgesamt wurden von den 37 sino-österreichischen Joint Ventures 46 qualitative Interviews mit 50 Personen durchgeführt. Das Ergebnis beinhaltet Erkenntnisse in Themenbereichen wie z. B. das Zustandekommen und die Motive der Joint Venture-Gründung, der Verlauf der Kooperation und auftretende Probleme, die Aufgaben der Joint Venture-Manager, kulturtypische Merkmale des Managementstils, der hybride Managementstil und seine Ausprägungen und die Erfolgsfaktoren in sino-österreichischen Joint Ventures.

Reaching to Grasp Cognition: Analyzing Motor Behavior to Investigate Social Interactions

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456000 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-600-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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How humans plan and execute their actions has always been a fascinating topic for neuroscience and psychology. In particular, kinematics studies have contributed to shed light on how very basic actions (e.g. reaching-grasping) are affected by manipulating target properties, visually or linguistically presented stimuli, absence or presence of contextual information. Interestingly, recent studies have also shown how the social context in which actions take place and their relevance for human interactions can also affect the execution of very simple actions. This research topic aims to bring together researchers from psychology and neuroscience with a special focus on the use of kinematics analysis for the study of socially relevant aspects of cognition (e.g. action observation, competition/cooperation, complementary actions, coordination, shared emotions and so on).

Agency Theory: Methodology, Analysis

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631529737 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.3726/b13920 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:25
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Designing a contract is often more of an economic than a legal problem. A good contract protects parties against opportunistic behavior while providing motivation to cooperate. This is where economics and, especially contract theory, may prove helpful by enhancing our understanding of incentive issues. The purpose of this book is to provide specific tools which will help to write better contracts in real world environments. Concentrating on moral hazard literature, this book derives a tentative checklist for drafting contracts. As an economic contribution to a field traditionally considered an art rather than a science, this treatment also gives much attention to methodological issues.

Joint Pricing and Inventory Control under Reference Price Effects

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631589137 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3726/b13901 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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In this work, we address the problem of simultaneously determining a pricing and inventory replenishment strategy under reference price effects. This reference price effect models the fact that consumers not only react sensitively to the current price, but also to deviations from a reference price formed on the basis of past purchases. Immediate effects of price reductions on profits have to be weighted against the resulting losses in future periods. By providing an analytical analysis and numerical simulations we study how the additional dynamics of the consumers’ willingness to pay affect an optimal pricing and inventory control model and whether a simple policy such as a base-stock-list-price policy holds in such a setting.

Personalized Hip and Knee Joint Replacement

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ISBN: 9783030242435 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-24243-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:45
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This open access book describes and illustrates the surgical techniques, implants, and technologies used for the purpose of personalized implantation of hip and knee components. This new and flourishing treatment philosophy offers important benefits over conventional systematic techniques, including component positioning appropriate to individual anatomy, improved surgical reproducibility and prosthetic performance, and a reduction in complications. The techniques described in the book aim to reproduce patients’ native anatomy and physiological joint laxity, thereby improving the prosthetic hip/knee kinematics and functional outcomes in the quest of the forgotten joint. They include kinematically aligned total knee/total hip arthroplasty, partial knee replacement, and hip resurfacing. The relevance of available and emerging technological tools for these personalized approaches is also explained, with coverage of, for example, robotics, computer-assisted surgery, and augmented reality. Contributions from surgeons who are considered world leaders in diverse fields of this novel surgical philosophy make this open access book will invaluable to a wide readership, from trainees at all levels to consultants practicing lower limb surgery

In Memory of Mary Ellen Avery

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193639 Year: Pages: 24 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-363-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Pediatrics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-19 16:29:12
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Mary Ellen Avery was the driving force behind the discipline of Neonatology. She fought against convention when she published her ground-breaking paper in 1959 showing that Hyaline Membrane Disease was caused by lung surfactant deficiency. Up until then it was thought to be an due to amniotic fluid aspiration, as suggested by Hoccheim in 1903. She encouraged her students to think out of the box, as long as we were studying ‘something that you couldn’t live without’. In addition to being a great clinician-researcher she was a mentor. The article is by her former students writing about their personal experiences under the tutelage of Mel Avery.

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