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Comprendre et maîtriser la littérature scientifique

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ISBN: 9782870161371 Year: Pages: 150 Language: French
Publisher: Presses agronomiques de Gembloux (Liege University)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-28 18:40:20
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Il est essentiel pour l'étudiant universitaire ou d'école supérieure d'être capable de repérer rapidement, de manière autonome et critique, des informations valides et de qualité.Basé sur plus de vingt ans d'expérience, ce manuel remplace le manuel "Lire et écrire la littérature scientifique" (Pochet, 2012) qui avait lui-même été construit par la fusion et la mise à jour des livres "Méthodologie documentaire. Rechercher, consulter, rédiger à l'heure d'Internet ?" (Pochet, 2005) et "La rédaction d'un article scientifique. Petit guide pratique adapté aux sciences appliquées et sciences de la vie à l'heure du libre accès" (Pochet, 2009).Les précédents manuels mettaient l'accent sur l'article scientifique, sur le double rôle, de lecteur et d'auteur, des utilisateurs de la littérature scientifique ainsi que sur la nécessité d'une recherche d'information méthodique.Ce manuel ajoute une dimension supplémentaire. Il se focalise sur une bonne compréhension des différents processus en jeux dans la diffusion de l'information scientifique.Les objectifs de cet ouvrage sont d'amener le lecteur, d'une part, à bien comprendre le fonctionnement de la littérature scientifique et ses processus et, d'autre part, maîtriser les méthodes de recherche d'information, de veille informationnelle, de tri, de sélection et d'organisation de l'information ainsi que les méthodes de production d'information scientifique, de citations et de rédaction.

Communicating safely & effectively using plant names (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788192624303 Year: Pages: 15 Language: English
Publisher: Maven Publishers Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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This paper describes a new initiative to provide information services in support of professionals, including legislators, that work in health, pharmacovigilance, the herbal and pharmaceutical industries or that undertake pharmaceutical research. The services are being designed to help these audiences to use plant names appropriately and navigate safely the rich information sources that already exist for medicinal plants. Input from the user community is sought to ensure that the services built meet practical needs and are sustainable.

Democracy and Power : The Delhi Lectures

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ISBN: 9782821876286 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Noam Chomsky visited India in 1996 and 2001 and spoke on a wide range of subjects, from democracy and corporate propaganda to the nature of the world order and the role of intellectuals in society. He captivated audiences with his lucid challenge to dominant political analyses, the engaging style of his talks and his commitment to social equality as well as individual freedom. Chomsky's early insights into the workings of power in the modern world remain timely and compelling. Published for the first time, this series of lectures also provides the reader with an invaluable introduction to the essential ideas of one of the leading thinkers of our time.

Keywords

military --- democracy --- information

European Handbook of Crowdsourced Geographic Information

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781909188792 9781909188808 9781909188815 9781909188822 Year: Pages: 474 DOI: 10.5334/bax Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Geography --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-10 11:01:33
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"This book focuses on the study of the remarkable new source of geographic information that has become available in the form of user-generated content accessible over the Internet through mobile and Web applications. The exploitation, integration and application of these sources, termed volunteered geographic information (VGI) or crowdsourced geographic information (CGI), offer scientists an unprecedented opportunity to conduct research on a variety of topics at multiple scales and for diversified objectives. The Handbook is organized in five parts, addressing the fundamental questions: What motivates citizens to provide such information in the public domain, and what factors govern/predict its validity?What methods might be used to validate such information? Can VGI be framed within the larger domain of sensor networks, in which inert and static sensors are replaced or combined by intelligent and mobile humans equipped with sensing devices? What limitations are imposed on VGI by differential access to broadband Internet, mobile phones, and other communication technologies, and by concerns over privacy? How do VGI and crowdsourcing enable innovation applications to benefit human society?&#xD;Chapters examine how crowdsourcing techniques and methods, and the VGI phenomenon, have motivated a multidisciplinary research community to identify both fields of applications and quality criteria depending on the use of VGI. Besides harvesting tools and storage of these data, research has paid remarkable attention to these information resources, in an age when information and participation is one of the most important drivers of development.&#xD;The collection opens questions and points to new research directions in addition to the findings that each of the authors demonstrates. Despite rapid progress in VGI research, this Handbook also shows that there are technical, social, political and methodological challenges that require further studies and research."

Mapping and the Citizen Sensor

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781911529194 9781911529163 9781911529170 9781911529187 Year: Pages: 398 DOI: 10.5334/bbf Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Geography --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-11 11:01:48
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Maps are a fundamental resource in a diverse array of applications ranging from everyday activities, such as route planning through the legal demarcation of space to scientific studies, such as those seeking to understand biodiversity and inform the design of nature reserves for species conservation. For a map to have value, it should provide an accurate and timely representation of the phenomenon depicted and this can be a challenge in a dynamic world. Fortunately, mapping activities have benefitted greatly from recent advances in geoinformation technologies. Satellite remote sensing, for example, now offers unparalleled data acquisition and authoritative mapping agencies have developed systems for the routine production of maps in accordance with strict standards. Until recently, much mapping activity was in the exclusive realm of authoritative agencies but technological development has also allowed the rise of the amateur mapping community. The proliferation of inexpensive and highly mobile and location aware devices together with Web 2.0 technology have fostered the emergence of the citizen as a source of data. Mapping presently benefits from vast amounts of spatial data as well as people able to provide observations of geographic phenomena, which can inform map production, revision and evaluation. The great potential of these developments is, however, often limited by concerns. The latter span issues from the nature of the citizens through the way data are collected and shared to the quality and trustworthiness of the data. This book reports on some of the key issues connected with the use of citizen sensors in mapping. It arises from a European Co-operation in Science and Technology (COST) Action, which explored issues linked to topics ranging from citizen motivation, data acquisition, data quality and the use of citizen derived data in the production of maps that rival, and sometimes surpass, maps arising from authoritative agencies.

Information und Nutzen der medizinischen Diagnostik

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Book Series: Allokation im marktwirtschaftlichen System ISBN: 9783631451991 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.3726/b14076 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:17
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Im Mittelpunkt der vorliegenden Arbeit steht die theoretische Analyse des Wohlfahrtseffekts, den der Einsatz der medizinischen Diagnostik beim Patienten auslösen kann. Die Abbildung dieses Nutzeneffekts erfolgt in einem entscheidungstheoretischen Ansatz, der es zugleich gestattet, die Bedeutung wichtiger Einflußgrößen wie z.B. der medizinischen Ausgangslage oder der diagnostischen Information zu diskutieren. Darüber hinaus möchte die Arbeit einen Beitrag zur Kosten-Nutzen-Analyse diagnostischer Maßnahmen leisten, indem der Nutzen für den Patienten mit Hilfe eines speziellen Zahlungsbereitschaftskonzepts dargestellt und eingehend untersucht wird.

Keywords

Diagnostik --- Information --- medizinischen --- Nutzen --- Ried

Issues in Open Research Data

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ISBN: 9781909188303 9781909188310 9781909188327 9781909188419 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5334/ban Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-19 12:02:13
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In 2010 the Panton Principles for Open Data in Science were published. These principles were founded upon the idea that 'Science is based on building on, reusing and openly criticising the published body of scientific knowledge’ (http://pantonprinciples.org) and they provide a succinct list of the fundamentals to observe when making your data open. Intended for a broad audience of academics, publishers and librarians, Issues in Research Data explores the implications of the Panton Principles through a number of perspectives on open research data in the sciences and beyond. The book features chapters by open data experts in a range of academic disciplines, covering practical information on licensing, ethics, and advice for data curators, alongside more theoretical issues surrounding the adoption of open data. As the book is open access, each chapter can stand alone from the main volume so that communities can host, distribute, build upon and remix the content that is relevant to them. Readers can access the online version via the QR code or DOI link at the front of the book.&#xD;(DOI: http://dx.doi.org//10.5334/ban)

Error-Correction Coding and Decoding: Bounds, Codes, Decoders, Analysis and Applications

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Signals and Communication Technology ISSN: 1860-4862 / 1860-4870 ISBN: 9783319511023 9783319511030 Year: Pages: 522 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-51103-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 15:07:50
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This book discusses both the theory and practical applications of self-correcting data, commonly known as error-correcting codes. The applications included demonstrate the importance of these codes in a wide range of everyday technologies, from smartphones to secure communications and transactions. Written in a readily understandable style, the book presents the authors’ twenty-five years of research organized into five parts:Part I is concerned with the theoretical performance attainable by using error correcting codes to achieve communications efficiency in digital communications systems.Part II explores the construction of error-correcting codes and explains the different families of codes and how they are designed. Techniques are described for producing the very best codes.Part III addresses the analysis of low-density parity-check (LDPC) codes, primarily to calculate their stopping sets and low-weight codeword spectrum which determines the performance of these codes.Part IV deals with decoders designed to realize optimum performance.Part V describes applications which include combined error correction and detection, public key cryptography using Goppa codes, correcting errors in passwords and watermarking.This book is a valuable resource for anyone interested in error-correcting codes and their applications, ranging from non-experts to professionals at the forefront of research in their field.

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming – Workshops

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISBN: 9783030301262 Year: Pages: 159 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-30126-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:14
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This open access book constitutes the research workshops, doctoral symposium and panel summaries presented at the 20th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2019, held in Montreal, QC, Canada, in May 2019. XP is the premier agile software development conference combining research and practice. It is a hybrid forum where agile researchers, academics, practitioners, thought leaders, coaches, and trainers get together to present and discuss their most recent innovations, research results, experiences, concerns, challenges, and trends. Following this history, for both researchers and seasoned practitioners XP 2019 provided an informal environment to network, share, and discover trends in Agile for the next 20 years. Research papers and talks submissions were invited for the three XP 2019 research workshops, namely, agile transformation, autonomous teams, and large scale agile. This book includes 15 related papers. In addition, a summary for each of the four panels at XP 2019 is included. The panels were on security and privacy; the impact of the agile manifesto on culture, education, and software practices; business agility – agile’s next frontier; and Agile – the next 20 years.

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISBN: 9783030190347 Year: Pages: 261 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19034-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:14
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This open access book constitutes the proceedings of the 20th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2019, held in Montreal, QC, Canada, in May 2019. XP is the premier agile software development conference combining research and practice. It is a hybrid forum where agile researchers, academics, practitioners, thought leaders, coaches, and trainers get together to present and discuss their most recent innovations, research results, experiences, concerns, challenges, and trends. Following this history, for both researchers and seasoned practitioners XP 2019 provided an informal environment to network, share, and discover trends in Agile for the next 20 years The 15 full papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 45 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: agile adoption, agile practices; large-scale agile; agility beyond IT, and the future of agile. ;

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