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Knowledge and Institutions

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Book Series: Knowledge and Space ISBN: 9783319753287 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-75328-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Psychology --- Business and Management --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:14
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This open access book bridges the disciplinary boundaries within the social sciences to explore the role of social institutions in shaping geographical contexts, and in creating new knowledge. It includes theorizations as well as original empirical case studies on the emergence, maintenance and change of institutions as well as on their constraining and enabling effects on innovation, entrepreneurship, art and cultural heritage, often at regional scales across Europe and North America. Rooted in the disciplines of management and organization studies, sociology, geography, political science, and economics the contributors all take comprehensive approaches to carve out the specific contextuality of institutions as well as their impact on societal outcomes. Not only does this book offer detailed insights into current debates in institutional theory, it also provides background for scholars, students, and professionals at the intersection between regional development, policy-making, and regulation.

Safety Cultures, Safety Models

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783319951294 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95129-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Psychology --- Economics --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:12
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The objective of this book is to help at-risk organizations to decipher the “safety cloud”, and to position themselves in terms of operational decisions and improvement strategies in safety, considering the path already travelled, their context, objectives and constraints. What link can be established between safety culture and safety models in order to increase safety within companies carrying out dangerous activities? First, while the term “safety culture” is widely shared among the academic and industrial world, it leads to various interpretations and therefore different positioning when it comes to assess, improve or change it. Many safety theories, concepts, and models coexist today, being more or less appealing and/or directly useful to the industry. How, and based on which criteria, to choose from the available options? These are some of the questions addressed in this book, which benefits from the expertise of its worldwide famous authors in several industrial sectors.

Industrial Concentration and the Chicago School of Antitrust Analysis

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Book Series: Hohenheimer volkswirtschaftliche Schriften ISBN: 9783631408742 Year: Pages: 422 DOI: 10.3726/b13907 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Law --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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After roughly 15 years of merger control application in the Federal Republic of Germany a reassessment of the significance of this instrument of antitrust policy seems necessary. This is particularly so in view of the reorientation of merger control policy in the United States which has been - in its original version - the model for the German merger control system.
Concerning merger control, the reorientation is characterized by the notion that the structure-conduct-performance paradigm which has dominated U.S. antitrust for a quarter of a century is imprecise or even incorrect and «that bigness in business does not necessarily mean badness.»
This makes the fundamental question arise of whether the German merger control system is still up to date in terms of the underlying market theory and of whether the German Act Against Restraints of Competition needs a reorientation towards aspects of market conduct and performance instead of market structure by means of a Fifth Amendment.

IMPROVE - Innovative Modelling Approaches for Production Systems to Raise Validatable Efficiency

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Book Series: Technologien für die intelligente Automation ISBN: 9783662578056 Year: Pages: 129 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-57805-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:06
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This open access work presents selected results from the European research and innovation project IMPROVE which yielded novel data-based solutions to enhance machine reliability and efficiency in the fields of simulation and optimization, condition monitoring, alarm management, and quality prediction.

Risk Communication for the Future

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Applied Sciences and Technology ISBN: 9783319740980 Year: Pages: 175 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-74098-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Information theory --- Business and Management --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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The conventional approach to risk communication, based on a centralized and controlled model, has led to blatant failures in the management of recent safety related events. In parallel, several cases have proved that actors not thought of as risk governance or safety management contributors may play a positive role regarding safety. Building on these two observations and bridging the gap between risk communication and safety practices leads to a new, more societal perspective on risk communication, that allows for smart risk governance and safety management. This book is Open Access under a CC-BY licence.

Competition Authorities in South Eastern Europe

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Book Series: Contributions to Economics ISBN: 9783319766447 Year: Pages: 217 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76644-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:15
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This open access book provides answers to key open questions concerning competition policy in emerging economies, with a focus on South Eastern Europe. The contributions address two major issues. One is the design of competition policy and the national competition authorities that enforce it, including the topics of competition advocacy and state aid control; the other is the use of economic methods in competition law enforcement, especially in the cases of relevant market definition and merger control. Many lessons learned in the countries of South Eastern Europe can be applied to the emerging markets of other regions. As such, the findings presented here will be highly relevant for officials and staff at national competition authorities, advisers to legislators shaping national competition policy, competition law professionals, and university students alike. ; Presents topical insights into the institutional design of national competition authorities Offers specific economic methods relevant for competition law enforcement Linked to a dedicated website providing information about ongoing competition law cases in SEE countries

Drones and the Creative Industry

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ISBN: 9783319952611 Year: Pages: 161 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95261-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Media and communication --- Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:14
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This open access, interdisciplinary book presents innovative strategies in the use of civil drones in the cultural and creative industry. Specially aimed at small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), the book offers valuable insights from the fields of marketing, engineering, arts and management. With contributions from experts representing varied interests throughout the creative industry, including academic researchers, software developers and engineers, it analyzes the needs of the creative industry when using civil drones both outdoors and indoors. The book also provides timely recommendations to the industry, as well as guidance for academics and policymakers.

Applying the Kaizen in Africa

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ISBN: 9783319914008 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-91400-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:15
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At present, how to develop industries is a burning issue in Africa, where population growth remains high and economic development has thus far failed to provide sufficient jobs for many, especially young people and women. The creation of productive jobs through industrial development ought to be a central issue in steering economic activity across the continent. The authors of this book, consisting of two development economists and five practitioners, argue that the adoption of Kaizen management practices, which originated in Japan and have become widely used by manufacturers in advanced and emerging economies, is decisively the most effective first step for industrial development in Africa. This open access book discusses what Kaizen management is, why it is applicable to Africa, and why it can provide Africa with a springboard for sustainable economic growth and employment generation.

Engineering a Better Future

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ISBN: 9783319911342 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-91134-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Education --- Business and Management --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:15
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This open access book examines how the social sciences can be integrated into the praxis of engineering and science, presenting unique perspectives on the interplay between engineering and social science. Motivated by the report by the Commission on Humanities and Social Sciences of the American Association of Arts and Sciences, which emphasizes the importance of social sciences and Humanities in technical fields, the essays and papers collected in this book were presented at the NSF-funded workshop ‘Engineering a Better Future: Interplay between Engineering, Social Sciences and Innovation’, which brought together a singular collection of people, topics and disciplines. The book is split into three parts: A. Meeting at the Middle: Challenges to educating at the boundaries covers experiments in combining engineering education and the social sciences; B. Engineers Shaping Human Affairs: Investigating the interaction between social sciences and engineering, including the cult of innovation, politics of engineering, engineering design and future of societies; and C. Engineering the Engineers: Investigates thinking about design with papers on the art and science of science and engineering practice.

Multi-dimensional Approaches Towards New Technology

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ISBN: 9789811312328 Year: Pages: 337 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1232-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This open access edited book captures the complexities and conflicts arising at the interface of intellectual property rights (IPR) and competition law. To do so, it discusses four specific themes: (a) policies governing functioning of standard setting organizations (SSOs), transparency and incentivising future innovation; (b) issue of royalties for standard essential patents (SEPs) and related disputes; (c) due process principles, procedural fairness and best practices in competition law; and (d) coherence of patent policies and consonance with competition law to support innovation in new technologies. Many countries have formulated policies and re-oriented their economies to foster technological innovation as it is seen as a major source of economic growth. At the same time, there have been tensions between patent laws and competition laws, despite the fact that both are intended to enhance consumer welfare. In this regard, licensing of SEPs has been debated extensively, although in most instances, innovators and implementers successfully negotiate licensing of SEPs. However, there have been instances where disagreements on royalty base and royalty rates, terms of licensing, bundling of patents in licenses, pooling of licenses have arisen, and this has resulted in a surge of litigation in various jurisdictions and also drawn the attention of competition/anti-trust regulators. Further, a lingering lack of consensus among scholars, industry experts and regulators regarding solutions and techniques that are apposite in these matters across jurisdictions has added to the confusion. This book looks at the processes adopted by the competition/anti-trust regulators to apply the principles of due process and procedural fairness in investigating abuse of dominance cases against innovators.

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2018 (11)