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Klinische Prüfungen mit Arzneimitteln in der Schwangerschaft

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ISBN: 9783863952334 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2015-885 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:28
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The clinical trial on medicinal products stands in the area of conflict between important scientific progress in favour of future patients on the one hand and the necessary protection of human subjects on the other hand. This conflict grows more acute when vulnerable persons – like pregnant women – are included in medical research. Whereas there are specific regulations for minors or incapacitated persons in the German Medicinal Products Act, legal regulations for the inclusion of pregnant women are missing. Based on this uncertain legal situation solutions are developed, which will show a way out of the dilemma. Insofar as the applicable law does not provide a handle for this problem, a need for reform is shown.

Strafrecht und Medien

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ISBN: 9783863952631 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2016-957 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:56
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Criminal trials often attract great public interest. This interest, again, is essential to criminal justice as such, for in democratic states under the rule of law criminal law and its application need to be asserted and accepted within the public discourse. However, most people do not follow criminal trials as spectators in the courtroom, but by means of public media, such as newspapers, television and – increasingly – the internet. Thus, media outlets gain influence on the public opinion and are able to paint the picture of criminal trials according to their own perception. The media tends to overdraw criminal cases rather than to report the unbiased facts. This leads to tensions between possibly diverging interests of the public, of the judiciary and of the media. This volume addresses these tensions from the perspectives of academics and practitioners, who discussed this issue during an interdisciplinary conference held at the Institute for Criminal Law at the Georg-August-University Göttingen.

Das Volk sitzt zu Gericht

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ISBN: 103706541262 Year: Pages: 496 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3784
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:19

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From December 1944 until the end of March 1945, there existed a forced labour camp for Hungarian Jews in Engerau (today town district Petrzalka of the Slovakian capital Bratislava), which war part of the "Reich Defense Line" ("Wüdostwall"). There, more than 2000 Hungarian Jews had to work like slaves, digging up entrechments to "defend" the German Reich against the approaching soviet troops. Approximate 400 of the forced labourers died of exhaustion, deseases or were beaten to death by Viennese SA men. During the last days of WW II the camp was evacuated. A spezial detachment shot those were sic kor unfit to march, others were killed while the following footmarch to Bad Deutsch-Altenburg. Destination was the concentratio camp of Mauthausen. Those abominable crimes caused a series of legal proceedings in post war Austria against more than 70 accused - the so called "Engerau-trias". In five main trials between 1945 and 1954 against 21 defendants the Vienna "Peoples Court" - a spezial court with the task to punish nazi-crimes - imposed 9 death sentences and 1 life imprisonment. The publication analyzes the legal actions of this spezial court on the basis of the trial records located in the district court in Vienna, puts the proceedings in the lager context of the coping with the Nazi past by Austrian courts, but also in Austrian society, presents biographies of judges, attorneys and counsels of the trials, describes the coverage in the newspapers and gives attention to the gender-aspect and the reflection of the "Engerau-trials" in historiography. This is the first publication, which gives a systematic overview of the first ten years of the 2nd republic focussing post war judiciary in the soviet occupation zone and the archievements of Austrian judiciary in respect to punishing nazi-crimes on the basis of the most extensive Holocaust proceeding in Austria.

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