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Europäische Wissenschaftskulturen und politische Ordnungen in der Moderne (1890-1970)

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Book Series: Schriften des Historischen Kollegs ISSN: 2190-1392 ISBN: 9783110446784 Year: Volume: 87 Pages: 326,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110446784 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38

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At the beginning of the 20th century, two revolutionary processes intersected in European industrialized societies. The sciences became a central force for interpreting the world, and the democratization of modern life became a key determinant of the political and cultural order. These processes turned Europe into a laboratory for very different interconnections between scientific self-observation and ideas about polity.

Kerne, Kooperation und Konkurrenz

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ISBN: 9783205795124 Year: Pages: 378 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_470590 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - P 19557
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-29 09:14:24
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At the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century, a new sub-field of physics and chemistry emerged centering on radioactivity. Its disciplinary structures were slow to crystallize. The early phase of this field was characterized by substantial international exchange between the European centers in Vienna, Paris, Berlin and Cambridge and a concomitant high degree of transdisciplinarity. Research on radioactivity was also marked by an unusual openness in respect to gender and gender politics. The volatile political and social context of nuclear research, which abruptly changed several times, acted to further, impede or block these initiatives to transcend diverse boundaries in science, politics, and society. The two central questions of the present project are: How did the agendas and foci of Austrian nuclear research, and the styles of work of the scientists, change within the framework of international cooperation and competition? How were these developments dynamically linked with the political, social and cultural shifts in European history in the 20th century? The historical analysis starts with the founding of the Vienna Institute for Radium Research (IRR), including the institutes for physics at the University of Vienna that worked in close cooperation with the IRR. The period under investigation extends from the late years of the Austrian-Hungarian Empire to World War I, the era of "Red Vienna," the "state of estates" (Ständestaat) and the Nazi dictatorship, down to the full restoration of Austrian sovereignty in 1955. The study will include systematic transnational comparisons with the other centers of European nuclear research, based in part on existing literature from the history of science, as well as exact reconstructions of the bilateral and multilateral cooperative links and relations with the international scientific community. In this way, the proposed project is expected to go beyond the historical reconstruction of nuclear research in Austria and shed light on the importance of nationality and internationality, both for framing politics and as mental and cultural points of reference for the behavior and actions of the scientific actors and the production of scientific knowledge under shifting constellations of war and peace, democracy and dictatorship.

Visualisierungen von Kult

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ISBN: 9783205795162 Year: Pages: 450 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_477716 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 105
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:17
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“Visualizations of cult“ deals with the strategies of visual representations of cult as well as with concretisations of its visualization, in the perspective of historical and cultural studies. Cult is understood in a broad sense, describing modes of collective veneration and auratization, in religious, quasi-religious or trivial-profane connections. Cult practice and experience and their manifestations are treated under five aspects: (1) objects: staging of cult, (2) subjects: experiences of cult, (3) cult of persons, (4) spaces of cult, (5) manifestations of cult practice.

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