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Strafzumessung = Sentencing

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ISBN: 9783863954611 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2020-1330 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-17 00:04:17
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In September 2018 the criminal law section of the 72nd Deutscher Juristentag (DJT, “German Assembly of Jurists”) debated the question “Sentencing Guidelines vs. Free Judicial Discretion – Is German Sentencing Law in Need of Reform?” Despite the expert opinion provided by Johannes Kaspar and the accompanying scholarly commentaries, ensuing proposals for fundamental reform met with rejection. The comparative perspective was limited to the US Federal sentencing guidelines. The intention of this volume is therefore, on the one hand, to draw a more nuanced picture of Anglo-American sentencing law focusing on three legal systems (England/Wales, USA and Canada) accompanied by commentaries from a German perspective; on the other hand, we want to make the German perspective (better) known within the Anglo-American legal world by reproducing important DJT documents in English language. To ensure the widest possible distribution we opted for a bilingual open access publication.

Straßenverkehrsdelinquenz in Deutschland - Eine empirische Untersuchung zu Deliktformen, Sanktionierung und Rückfälligkeit

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ISBN: 9783863952037 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2015-833 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:10
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Traffic violations represent by far the most significant number of misconducts punished by law. This is due to the fact that the majority of the population actively participates in road traffic. Despite the importance of this topic, only a limited number of empirical studies have been conducted about traffic offenses. The present study intends to reduce this deficit in the field of traffic infringements by analyzing nationwide data about sentences and cases of repeated offenses, differentiating by seriousness of the misdemeanors and their general and traffic specific penalties. For the first time, a complete data set from the "Bundeszentralregister" (Federal Central Criminal Register) is evaluated. This traffic violation data set contains records of 250,000 people. As a result, this research incorporates nearly all people convicted in a specific year in Germany. Under due consideration of criminal records, these data are classified into distinct categories depending on the seriousness of the offense and the type of punishment. Furthermore, this study appraises the correlation between traffic specific reconviction rates and the success of related punishments.

Strafrecht und Medien

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ISBN: 9783863952631 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2016-957 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:02:56
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Criminal trials often attract great public interest. This interest, again, is essential to criminal justice as such, for in democratic states under the rule of law criminal law and its application need to be asserted and accepted within the public discourse. However, most people do not follow criminal trials as spectators in the courtroom, but by means of public media, such as newspapers, television and – increasingly – the internet. Thus, media outlets gain influence on the public opinion and are able to paint the picture of criminal trials according to their own perception. The media tends to overdraw criminal cases rather than to report the unbiased facts. This leads to tensions between possibly diverging interests of the public, of the judiciary and of the media. This volume addresses these tensions from the perspectives of academics and practitioners, who discussed this issue during an interdisciplinary conference held at the Institute for Criminal Law at the Georg-August-University Göttingen.

Die Verwertbarkeit von nach §§ 154, 154a StPO ausgeschiedenem Prozessstoff bei der Beweiswürdigung und Strafzumessung im Strafverfahren - Eine Untersuchung aus rechtsstaatlicher und verfahrensrechtlicher Perspektive

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ISBN: 9783863952198 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1034 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-16 11:01:04
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Die jüngsten Entwicklungen im Strafverfahrensrecht sind durch die strafprozessuale Auslegungsdoktrin der Beschleunigung, Effektivierung und Verbilligung geprägt. Vor dem Hintergrund dieser Entwicklung werden die Vorschriften der §§ 154, 154a StPO als bedeutende Ausformung der verfahrensrechtlichen Beschleunigungsmaxime einer umfassenden rechtsstaatlichen und verfahrensrechtlichen Analyse unterzogen. Die Normen der §§ 154, 154a StPO begrenzen das strafprozessuale Legalitätsprinzip aufgrund von Opportunitätserwägungen und dienen der Konzentration des Verfahrensstoffes. Das öffentliche Interesse an einem prozessökonomischen und ressourcenschonenden Strafverfahren findet seine Grenze jedoch dort, wo das Beschleunigungsstreben zu einer Verletzung des Beschuldigten in seinen prozessordnungsgemäßen Rechten und der Rechtsstaatlichkeit führt. Es stellt sich daher die Frage, ob diese Praxis den rechtsstaatlichen und verfahrensrechtlichen Anforderungen an das Strafverfahren genügt oder gerade keine Berechtigung dafür besteht, dass – bildlich in den Worten von Peters (StV 1981, 411 (412)) gesprochen – „die Justiz zwar den guten Tropfen (Verfahrensbeschleunigung, Entlastung, möglicherweise, wenn auch sicherlich die Ausnahme: Umgehung eines Freispruchs) genießt, den bösen Tropfen (Unschuldsvermutung, Ausschaltung des ausgesonderten Teils bei der Restbeurteilung) jedoch nicht schlucken will“.

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