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Alpenverein

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ISBN: 9783205776680 Year: Pages: 445 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437147 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3917
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:45
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The Deutsche und Österreichische Alpenverein resulted from a merger of the Österreichischer Alpenverein founded in 1862 with the Deutsche Alpenverein in 1873. Both clubs had been initiated by urban circles in Vienna, Munich and other major cities in Germany and Austria. The Alpenverei soon became very popular and on the eve of World War I had more than 100.000 members. In the beginning, the Alpenverein concentrated its activities on the scientific exploration of the Alps, which was regularly reported upon in its periodicals. Subsequently, the Alpenverein established a regular service of well educated mountain guides as well as a net of thousands of kilometres of mountain routes and mountain huts to serve the needs of the growing number of Alpine tourists. Routes and huts were established by the numerous sections founded over the decades between the North Sea in the north and the Adriatic Sea in the south, between Strassbourg in the west and Königsberg in the east. Besides such practical goals, the Alpenverein also cherished ideal motives such as the intention of providing city dwellers by way of compensation with the chance of enjoying nature and finding physical recreation, which at the same were to foster qualities of character such as determination, daring and presence of mind. The sections - besides giving information on the Alps - also cherished the social life among their members, especially during the annual general meetings, which were organized alternately by various sections and which were to rank among the highlights of urban social life. The exploration and visits of the Alps were often related with a kind of colonial though well intended attempts to influence the alpine population, since the Alpenverein also considered itself a "provider of culture". The alpine population, however, had - at least in the beginning and with but few exceptions - only little understanding for the activities of the alpine tourists, although in the end and as a consequence of the emerging alpine tourism, which was strongly promoted by the Alpenverein, the benefits prevailed. After many years of peaceful development characterized by cooperation not only between the German and the Austrian sections of the club, but also between the Alpenverein and similar clubs in the neighbouring alpine countries, the political conflicts before and during World War I resulted in more radical attitudes within the Alpenverein, especially vis-a-vis the Italian side. Thanks to its knowledge and infrastructure in the Alps, the Alpenverein was able to support the Austrian army in its war in the mountains. All in all, however, it may be said without exaggeration that the Deutsche und Österreichische Alpenverein contributed a great deal and substantially to the exploration, the knowledge and - by making them more easily accessible - the popularity of the Alps, to the expansion of the members horizons and perceptions as well as, finally, to the material and in many cases spiritual improvement of the alpine regions themselves.

Wien im Jahre 1703

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ISBN: 9783205205371 Year: Pages: 217 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 457
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-25 11:02:36
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Bernhard Georg Andermüller (1644-1717), envoy of Dessau, and Michel Herstal de la Tache drew fascinating maps/plans of early modern Vienna. We see on the one hand the working environments of an early modern envoy on these plan but also the fortification of the town and the suburbs around 1700 can still be clearly felt.

Wirtschaftserfolg zwischen Zufall und Innovativität

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ISBN: 9783515118033 9783515118040 Year: DOI: 10.25162/9783515118040 Language: German
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104870
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-27 11:22:59
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Wie erklärt sich Wirtschaftserfolg? Dieser Frage geht Beat Fumasoli mit Blick auf die gewerbliche Exportwirtschaft von oberdeutschen Städten im Spätmittelalter nach. Der oberdeutsche Wirtschaftsraum gewann besonders ab dem 14. Jahrhundert stark an Bedeutung – seine zentrale Lage in der Mitte Europas ermöglichte einen weit ausgreifenden Exporthandel in alle Himmelsrichtungen. Mit Augsburg, Basel, Freiburg im Üechtland, Nördlingen, Nürnberg, Passau, Ravensburg, Regensburg, Schwäbisch Gmünd, Speyer, St. Gallen und Wangen im Allgäu betrachtet Fumasoli gut ein Fünftel der oberdeutschen Städte mit Exportgewerbe und unterzieht sie einem systematischen Vergleich. Dieser erstreckt sich auf alle potenziell relevanten Einflussfaktoren des exportgewerblichen Wirtschaftserfolgs: von den Rahmenbedingungen für Produktion und Handel bis hin zu den Organisations- und Absatzstrategien der Wirtschaftsakteure und ihrer Kooperation in einem hochgradig arbeitsteiligen Gesamtsystem.

Inszenierte Moderne. Populäres Theater in Berlin und London, 1880-1930

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Book Series: Veröffentlichungen des Deutschen Historischen Instituts London/ Publications of the German Historical Institute London ISSN: 2192-0257 ISBN: 9783110353716 Year: Volume: 74 Pages: 512 DOI: 10.1524/9783110353716 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-18 15:12:41
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Modern popular culture came to the world from the stage. Even before film and radio had established themselves, popular theater had developed into a commercial and boundary-crossing entertainment industry that reached a mass audience. Tobias Becker compares the theater landscapes of London and Berlin and points out the cultural exchanges that took place between these metropolises during the long turn of the century (1880�).

Spital als Lebensform, Band 2

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ISBN: 9783205796398 Year: Pages: 720 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574672 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 257
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-07 11:01:20
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The voluminous publication edits 203 such items covering all of the Austrian territories from the Late Middle Ages to the 19th century. Hospital rules, instructions for hospital staff, job descriptions, special rules as, for example, prayer orders and dietaries, but also inventories were meant to channel the way of life of inmates and staff. Each of the edited sources is accompanied by a survey on the history of the hospital and a comment contextualising the contents, which necessitated pioneering archival research in many cases where no serious scholarly treatment of the hospitals’ history was available.First volume: http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:799

Die synchronisierte Stadt

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ISBN: 9783902868534 Year: Pages: 240 Seiten DOI: 10.15661/mono/geschichtel/synchro-stadt Language: German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 286
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-07 11:01:32
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The work at hand explores the successive chronometrisation of public space using the example of Viennas public clocks from the middle of the 19th century until today.The need for knowing the exact time steadily increased since the middle of the 19th century. As two centuries ago the clocks had only hour hands, the minute hands soon became essential. Industrialisation, urbanisation, but primarily the rapid development of the railroading promoted the trend towards the modern time management of the society. Schedules demanded a higher precision of time specification; circulations of goods and persons had to be adjusted to each other; professional and private activities became standardised, tacted and adjusted to the abstract rhythm of the clocks. The knowledge about the social and economic value of time became a central criterion for the level of western civilisation.
Especially the members of the middle-class got more and more used to a chronometer. It was a high goodness for them to use their time as efficient as possible. Pocket watches and wrist watches became familiar and also the number of public clocks continously increased. Especially the more and more complex organised cities became pioneers in the sphere of public timepiece.

The work at hand explores, for the first time in the German-speaking historical research, the successive chronometrisation of public space using the example of Vienna from the middle of the 19th century until today. On the one hand it deals with the “exterior chronometrisation“, that is the visible aggregation of the infrastructure of time and the construction of different kinds of clocks. Spatial, architectural and design related aspects were argued, contexts of technical history as the search for the ideal drive system and of the political and representative functions of public clocks were discussed. On the other hand it deals with the “interior chronometrisation“ which means social, psychological and cultural aspects of the perception of time and their contextualisation in phenomena of scaling and standardisation on a local basis to a world scale.
The actual trend of visualising public time to the split second marks the (temporary) end of the development which shows the speedup of all areas of life in a visible and sensible way.

Spital als Lebensform, Band 1

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ISBN: 9783205796398 Year: Pages: 430 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574659 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 257
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:02
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Abstract

The voluminous publication edits 203 such items covering all of the Austrian territories from the Late Middle Ages to the 19th century. Hospital rules, instructions for hospital staff, job descriptions, special rules as, for example, prayer orders and dietaries, but also inventories were meant to channel the way of life of inmates and staff. Each of the edited sources is accompanied by a survey on the history of the hospital and a comment contextualising the contents, which necessitated pioneering archival research in many cases where no serious scholarly treatment of the hospitals’ history was available.
Second volume: http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:800

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