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Das Volk sitzt zu Gericht

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ISBN: 103706541262 Year: Pages: 496 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3784
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:19

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From December 1944 until the end of March 1945, there existed a forced labour camp for Hungarian Jews in Engerau (today town district Petrzalka of the Slovakian capital Bratislava), which war part of the "Reich Defense Line" ("Wüdostwall"). There, more than 2000 Hungarian Jews had to work like slaves, digging up entrechments to "defend" the German Reich against the approaching soviet troops.Approximate 400 of the forced labourers died of exhaustion, deseases or were beaten to death by Viennese SA men.During the last days of WW II the camp was evacuated. A spezial detachment shot those were sic kor unfit to march, others were killed while the following footmarch to Bad Deutsch-Altenburg. Destination was the concentratio camp of Mauthausen.Those abominable crimes caused a series of legal proceedings in post war Austria against more than 70 accused - the so called "Engerau-trias". In five main trials between 1945 and 1954 against 21 defendants the Vienna "Peoples Court" - a spezial court with the task to punish nazi-crimes - imposed 9 death sentences and 1 life imprisonment.The publication analyzes the legal actions of this spezial court on the basis of the trial records located in the district court in Vienna, puts the proceedings in the lager context of the coping with the Nazi past by Austrian courts, but also in Austrian society, presents biographies of judges, attorneys and counsels of the trials, describes the coverage in the newspapers and gives attention to the gender-aspect and the reflection of the "Engerau-trials" in historiography.This is the first publication, which gives a systematic overview of the first ten years of the 2nd republic focussing post war judiciary in the soviet occupation zone and the archievements of Austrian judiciary in respect to punishing nazi-crimes on the basis of the most extensive Holocaust proceeding in Austria.

Kriegstagebuch einer jungen Nationalsozialistin. Die Aufzeichnungen Wolfhilde von Königs 1939-1946

Author:
Book Series: Schriftenreihe der Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 0506-9408 ISBN: 9783110405378 Year: Volume: 111 Pages: 265 DOI: 10.1515/9783110405378 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-18 15:12:41

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This book documents 6 years of war, the destruction of her home city of Munich, her worries about her father and brother, the defeat and the first post-war months. It offers an authentic view of the war experiences of an adolescent and young woman who regarded herself as a committed National Socialist, and whose self-perception, thinking, and daily life were shaped by membership in the female branch of the Hitler Youth, the Bund Deutscher Mädel.

Stalins Soldaten in Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205787006 Year: Pages: 874 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_453611 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4264
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:39
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As Soviet troops first set foot on Austrian territory on March 29, 1945 near Klostermarienberg, they found themselves in a hostile, perplexing and largely unknown world. The Austrians by no means greeted their Eastern "liberators from the fascist yoke" with open arms. Given the first encounters with the Austrian population a variety of stereotypes developed, supporting images of the enemy and the other. Soviet propaganda together with the war experiences anchored these ideas deep into the sub-conscious. However, also ideas of the West that had been aroused by film and literature were now confronted with reality.The Red Army's glorious and triumphant end of WWII was followed by their ten-year long occupation of Austria, where hundreds of thousands of Soviet soldiers and officers, their wives and children and also civil occupational personnel were linked to Austria for many months and sometimes even years. Moscow attempted (often in vain) to train their troops in line with a "higher political oversight," to boost their military discipline and to strengthen their "political and moral status." From the Soviet point of view, direct confrontation with the Austrian population, but also the Western occupying forces rescued them from the danger of being a "hostile takeover." Doubts about the superiority of the Communist system, breaches of regulations as well as offences, which were really "only" a matter of criminal law, were considered politically motivated and served as a sign of the ideological and political fickleness of the concerned party. Reprisals for the afore-mentioned infractions could be severe and sometimes meant the death penalty.The Austrian view of occupation, Austrian everyday life in the Soviet occupation zone or the most important Topoi from the Red Army is well documented and preserved. This research is owed largely to the individual experiences, impressions and responses of the occupying forces themselves.This work is focused on the EXPERIENCE of the soviet "lifeworld" in Austria, which includes among other things the occupation organization, the discipline and prosecution, the daily work, the everyday live in the barracks or the leisure activities; the PERCEPTION mirrored in written and oral testimonies and the institutionalized as well as private MEMORY in the former Soviet Union. The beginning depicts the macro-level structure and functioning of the Soviet occupational apparatus as well as the historical background. This meticulous retracing of history offers new insights into the question of the perception of the other and the development of specific Topoi.

Deeply Superficial

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Book Series: Image ISBN: 9783839431726 9783837631722 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.14361/9783839431726 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 11:01:48
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In place of the entanglement of person and work that so strongly marks the artistic work of Andy Warhol, and settles it in the usual Pop Art context, Mèlanie-Chantal Deiss locates it within the cultural context of America's post-war period. Viewed from this perspective, Warhol's work - which tends to be classified as superficial and ahistorical – exhibits unexpectedly serious engagements with concerns of the 1950s and 1960s. Throughout his image series, expressive, somewhat ambivalent narrative strands from America's post-war period unfurl, which transmit a concrete image, as a kind of written historical document. Warhol's visualized narration ultimately culminates in a cultural critique, which treats America not just as a stage of images, but also as site of contemplation of a cultural imaginary, in which art can critically and productively intervene.

Sozialraum Hochhaus

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Book Series: Urban Studies ISBN: 9783839442968 9783837642964 Year: Pages: 462 DOI: 10.14361/9783839442968 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:01
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Abstract

About living in high-rises built during the construction boom years, the potency of social marginalization and the resilience of neighborhoods.

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