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Der Rahmen der Rechtsgewohnheiten

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ISBN: 9783205782919 Year: Pages: 602 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437176 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4032
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:14
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"The Frame of Legal Customs" ("Der Rahmen der Rechtsgewohnheiten") attempts to interchange results from two scientific disciplines, legal theory and legal history for the middle ages. The first part describes the present and in the sphere of legal theory not unypical view of law as a system of norms as introduced by theorists like Hans Kelsen ore H.L.A. Hart. Main target of criticism is the concept of law as provided by legal positivism, pointing out the problems of the logic of norms and the speech-act-theoretical background of this concept. The second part shows the inadequacy of the modern concept of law – which faces law as system of norms – for the situation of the early middle ages, when law was practiced in judicial assemblies in a strict oral manner without the common use of written texts. Results of German legal history which assume a more differentiated structure of legal thinking (based on incompatible categories of law: "recht", "Gebot", "Willkür") instead of one comprehensive notion of law, are discussed. The third part is dedicated to the close examination of the concept of law of three of the most important legal historians in Germany (Karl Kroeschell, Gerhard Dilcher, Jürgen Weitzel). The fourth and last part offers an alternative approach to the problem, how legal thinking and legal practice can be understood in premodern societies. It starts at the fundamental criticism of legal positivism, which can be found in the work of Ronald Dworkin ("law as integrity") and earlier at Carl Schmitts concept of concrete order ("Konkretes Ordnungsdenken"). The correlation between the role of legal rules, decisions and orders is discussed within the proposed theoretical frame. Finally the notion of order-configurations ("Ordnungskonfigurationen"), which has been brought into discussion by Stefan Weinfurter, is compared to the concept of law as a form of concrete order as developed in the text. A text of Adalbero of Laon and the letters of pope Gregory VII are interpreted as an illustrating example (and implicit criticism on Weinfurter's specific use of sociological functionalism) using the proposed alternative categories

Nationalsozialistisches Strafrecht

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Book Series: Grundlagen des Strafrechts ISBN: 9783845297149 Year: Volume: 6 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5771/9783845297149 Language: German
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-05 11:26:27
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This innovative study regards National Socialist criminal law—in accordance with the theories of continuity and radicalisation—as the racist (anti-Semitic), nationalistic (Germanic) and totalitarian updating of the authoritarian and anti-liberal tendencies found in German criminal law at the turn of the 20th century and during the Weimar Republic. The author proves this thesis through systematic analysis of the works of relevant authors, focusing primarily on the texts, which speak for themselves, rather than on morally judging the people who wrote them. In doing so, he also examines the reception of German (National Socialist) criminal law in Latin America. The aforementioned continuity did not only exist from a past perspective (post-Weimar), but also from a forward-looking perspective (‘the Bonn Republic’ 1949–1990). In short, neither did National Socialist criminal law appear from nowhere, nor did it completely disappear after 1945, which has seamlessly led to the modern-day attempt to reconstruct the identity of this Germanic myth through the so-called ‘neue Rechte’ or ‘New Right’ political movement.

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