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Die amerikanische Verheissung Schweizer Aussenpolitik im Wirtschaftskrieg 1917/18

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ISBN: 9783034013697 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_625139 Language: German
Publisher: Chronos Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170305
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 11:01:20
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Abstract in English* The promise of America Swiss foreign policy amidst the economic warfare of 1917-18 The book tells the dramatic history of the final two years of World War I, during which Switzerland was in between the fronts of the world powers. The surrounding struggle for global domination caused serious difficulties for the small state. Cut off from important food imports, resulting from the indiscriminate German submarine warfare, it turned for help to the USA. The pleas of a high-ranking “Swiss Mission” sent across the Atlantic were heeded: The USA supplied the landlocked country with grain thus averting famine. While America thus boosted its reputation, the German empire became more of a threat. Agitation increased when German agents were convicted in spy scandals and trials of bombers in Zurich. Despite German propaganda, the German empire was unable to maintain its influence in Switzerland. German diplomats, as representatives of the unpopular old order, were expelled from Switzerland when the Central Powers collapsed in the fall of 1918. The USA under President Woodrow Wilson was, in contrast, enthusiastically celebrated. This study, just barely one hundred years later, enables a new view of one of the most animated periods in Swiss history, offering an opportunity to reflect on the relation of this small country to the rest of the world.

Keywords

usa --- world war i --- germany --- foreign policy

Engagement oder Rückzug? - Göttinger Naturwissenschaften im Ersten Weltkrieg

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ISBN: 9783940344205 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.17875/gup2008-497 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Science (General) --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:04:47
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Der Erste Weltkrieg wirkte auf vielen unterschiedlichen Ebenen auf die Institution Universität ein. Mit Beginn des Wintersemesters 1914/15 hatten sich in Göttingen wie an allen europäischen Hochschulen die Hörsäle geleert. Die wenigen Studierenden, die nicht als Kriegsfreiwillige angenommen worden waren, jagten nun gemeinsam mit der Bevölkerung Spione, wozu sie auch ihre ausländischen Kommilitonen zählten. Die Institute der aufstrebenden naturwissenschaftlichen Fächer mussten mit massiven wirtschaftlichen und personellen Schwierigkeiten kämpfen. Sie konnten keineswegs vom militärischen Interesse an naturwissenschaftlicher Forschung profitieren, da die Militärbehörden sich bewusst nur außeruniversitärer Forschungseinrichtungen, wie der Modellversuchsanstalt Ludwig Prandtls, bedienten. Göttinger Professoren nahmen am schnell aufflammenden internationalen Propagandakrieg teil. Zeitgleich kam es im Innern der Universität zu mit großem Ernst geführten Auseinandersetzungen. Angesichts dieser Rahmenbedingungen überrascht es, dass es den Professoren der Georgia Augusta weitgehend gelang, das Bild einer funktionierenden Universität zu wahren.

Die Hungerunruhen in Hamburg im Juni 1919 - eine zweite Revolution?

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Book Series: Beiträge zur Geschichte Hamburgs ISBN: 9783937816630 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.BGH.65.106 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:22

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With the end of the First World War, the defeat of the German Empire, was sealed in November 1918. Even after the end of the subsequent revolutionary phase, political conditions in Hamburg remain unstable. On the one hand, they were marked by militant clashes between radical groups; on the other hand, hunger and misery continued to dominate the everyday life of the population. This was the breeding ground for a short section of the history of the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg, which had not received much attention so far: the "Aspic Riots" or "Hunger Riots" (Sülze- oder Hungerunruhen) .They broke out in the city at the end of June 1919.The discovery of scandalous production and processing methods of a jelly manufacturer led to turmoil throughout the city. These civil war-like conditions, which lasted only a few days, were the reason for the invasion of the Reichswehr troops under General Paul von Lettow-Vorbeck. The background, process and effects of the "hunger riots" are examined and presented in this paper.

Graz 1914

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Book Series: Böhlaus Zeitgeschichtliche Bibliothek ISBN: 9783205208549 Year: DOI: 978-3-205-20854-9 ^ Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103506
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-24 11:01:01
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Bernhard Thonhofer researched street life in Graz at the beginning of World War I 1914 and how the Burgfrieden was shaped subsequently. By that a transformation process from a fragmented militarized society in times of peace to a society in times of war is portrayed, with its asynchrony and discrepancy, but also in its outlines. This "unity" on the streets was full of breaches and contradictions from the start. The people of Graz transformed not into a monolithic "war society" free of political, national, confessional or gender-specific conflicts. In fact the 4 years of "Volkskrieg" damaged coexistence in Graz.

Shimon An-Ski. Der Khurbn in Polen, Galizien und der Bukowina

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ISBN: 9783205207375 Year: Pages: 1 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 614
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:02

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Map: Shimon An-Ski. Der Khurbn in Polen, Galizien und der Bukowina: http://e-book.fwf.ac.at/o:1286.The Russian Jewish ethnographer and writer Shimon An-Ski travelled during World War I the war torn Austrian-Hungarian regions of Galicia, Bucovina, and Poland. He depicted in his Yiddish diary, which is now completely available in German, his impressions from this seminal catastrophe of the 20th century including reports from eyewitnesses. In this key text, he documented the devastation of the war and the destruction of the Jewish life worlds in those regions, which belong today to Poland and Ukraine, as well as the charity efforts of the Russian Jews to help their Austrian brethren, and accentuated aspects of testimony and international law.

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