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Fritz Saxl - Eine Biografie

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ISBN: 9783205788638 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_459331 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4321
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-15 20:22:07
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Aby Warburg (1866-1929), the celebrated Hamburg art historian, who broke new ground with his research into Renaissance art history, found in Fritz Saxl (1890-1948), art historian, head librarian and finally his successor as director of Warburg's library and later the Warburg Institute, a scholar who contributed to the shaping of a pluridisciplinary understanding of research. Through Saxl's research of problems of Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages he gave important impulses to the scholarly understanding of intellectual history. Saxl, who extended the library system of the "good neighbourliness" of books, demonstrated his organizational thinking and strategies, which anticipated the use of hyperlinks - albeit without today's electronic technology. It was Saxl who turned Warburg's library from a private library into the centre of an international network for scholars. He spoke of himself as the wanderer through the museums and libraries of Europe, an agricultural worker who worked the piece of ground between history of art, literature, science and religion. Saxl's own research agenda was multifarious, the history of astrology, of mythology, in particular the research into illuminated astrological and mythological manuscripts of the Middle Ages, gleaned from archives all over Europe and published in three comprehensive Verzeichnisse. He further worked on religions of classical antiquity, the transition from pagan to Christian traditions, Mithras as well as art historical topics, Bellini, Titian. His life-long great admiration for Rembrandt found expession in a number of publications. 17th century art history, English medieval sculpture and his last great interest, seals, completed his scholarly output. But next to these research topics his achievements in the fields of organization were the area in which Saxl truly excelled. Warburg, although he spoke of him as the "junior partner", admired his scholarly honesty and thoroughness, but ultimately underestimated his achievements in administration and organization; these alone made it possible that the private library of Warburg could be consolidated into a internationally approved institute of teaching and research in Germany, and then in Great Britain. As Warburg's successor Saxl both kept as close as possible to Warburg's method as well as break fresh ground. Saxl was a truly original thinker, a congenial teacher, very demanding to his students and colleagues, but also fiercely supportive, for instance, to Roger Hinks, when he lost his post at the British Museum in the course of the affair of the cleaning of the Elgin Marbles. He employed Anthony Blunt as editor of the Warburg Institute publications, he brought Ernst H. Gombrich from Vienna to London in 1936. He was a great example to the young art historian John Pope-Hennessy, later Director of the Victoria and Albert Museum and the British Museum. Today, the Warburg Institute is a post-graduate research institute specializing in researching cultural and intellectual history, a forum for scholars and students. The fact that teaching and research could be kept up in Hamburg until 1933 and resumed in London from 1934 onward, speaks for the personal commitment of the employees and above all for Saxl;s intellectual courage and sense for practical solutions. His unstinting effort and dedication were certainly reasons for Saxl's early death at 58 years of age.

Schönheit ― Der Körper als Kunstprodukt

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ISBN: 9783496015932 Year: Pages: 374 DOI: https://doi.org/10.11588/arthistoricum.425 Language: German
Publisher: Reimer Verlag
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 10:01:31
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[English version below]
Seit der Antike wurden immer neue Kunstgriffe ersonnen, um den menschlichen Körper an sich und in seiner künstlerischen Darstellung zu perfektionieren. Der Band versammelt Texte, die dieses Streben nach Schönheit bezeugen, von dessen Anfängen bis zum Ende des 18. Jahrhunderts. Spätestens seit der antiken Erzählung von der schönen Helena gilt körperliche Schönheit als ein Kunstprodukt: Für sein Bildnis der Helena soll der griechische Maler Zeuxis die fünf hervorragendsten Jungfrauen ausgewählt und von jedem Modell den jeweils schönsten Körperteil gemalt haben. Nach dieser Vorstellung ist vollkommene Schönheit erst durch einen künstlichen Eingriff zu erzielen. Kunst und Körperpflege stehen damit in einem spannungsvollen Wechselverhältnis. Denn die Grundlagen und Mittel zur Erzeugung und Steigerung von körperlicher Schönheit, die in beiden Bereichen zur Verfügung stehen, überschneiden, ergänzen und beeinflussen sich. Das Buch beleuchtet dieses Wechselverhältnis anhand ausgewählter Grundlagentexte, allesamt in deutscher Übersetzung, ergänzt um fundierte Kommentare zum historischen Kontext.

For many centuries, new tricks have been devised to perfect the human body itself and in its artistic representation. The volume brings together texts that testify to this striving for beauty, from its beginnings to the end of the 18th century.
For his portrait of Helena, believed to be the most beautiful woman in the Ancient world, the Greek painter Zeuxis is said to have selected the five most outstanding virgins and to have painted the most beautiful body part of each model. According to this idea, transmitted by Ovid, perfect beauty can only be achieved through an artificial intervention. Art and personal hygiene are thus in an exciting interrelation. Because the basics and means of creating and enhancing physical beauty, which are available in both areas, overlap, complement and influence each other. The book illuminates this interrelation using selected basic texts, all in German translation, supplemented by well-founded comments on the historical context.

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