Search results: Found 68

Listing 1 - 10 of 68 << page
of 7
>>
Sort by
Reality Lost: Markets of Attention, Misinformation and Manipulation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030008123 9783030008130 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00813-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Carlsberg Foundation; University of Copenhagen
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 16:38:15
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book looks at how a democracy can devolve into a post-factual state.The media is being flooded by populist narratives, fake news, conspiracy theories and make-believe. Misinformation is turning into a challenge for all of us, whether politicians, journalists, or citizens. In the age of information, attention is a prime asset and may be converted into money, power, and influence – sometimes at the cost of facts. The point is to obtain exposure on the air and in print media, and to generate traffic on social media platforms. With information in abundance and attention scarce, the competition is ever fiercer with truth all too often becoming the first victim.Reality Lost: Markets of Attention, Misinformation and Manipulation is an analysis by philosophers Vincent F. Hendricks and Mads Vestergaard of the nuts and bolts of the information market, the attention economy and media eco-system which may pave way to postfactual democracy. Here misleading narratives become the basis for political opinion formation, debate, and legislation. To curb this development and the threat it poses to democratic deliberation, political self-determination and freedom, it is necessary that we first grasp the mechanisms and structural conditions that cause it.

Debating European Citizenship

Author:
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087/2364-4095 ISBN: 9783319899046/9783319899053 Year: Pages: 331 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-89905-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-24 12:39:28
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book raises crucial questions about the citizenship of the European Union. Is it a new citizenship beyond the nation-state although it is derived from Member State nationality? Who should get it? What rights and duties does it entail? Should EU citizens living in other Member States be able to vote there in national elections? If there are tensions between free movement and social rights, which should take priority? And should the European Court of Justice determine what European citizenship is about or the legislative institutions of the EU or national parliaments? This book collects a wide range of answers to these questions from legal scholars, political scientists, and political practitioners. It is structured as a series of three conversations in which authors respond to each other. This exchange of arguments provides unique depth to the debate.

Compartment Syndrome

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030223311 / 9783030223304 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-22331-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-01 11:36:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Compartment syndrome is a complex physiologic process with significant potential harm, and though an important clinical problem, the basic science and research surrounding this entity remains poorly understood. This unique open access book fills the gap in the knowledge of compartment syndrome, re-evaluating the current state of the art on this condition. The current clinical diagnostic criteria are presented, as well as the multiple dilemmas facing the surgeon. Pathophysiology, ischemic thresholds and pressure management techniques and limitations are discussed in detail. The main surgical management strategy, fasciotomy, is then described for both the upper and lower extremities, along with wound care. Compartment syndrome due to patient positioning, in children and polytrauma patients, and unusual presentations are likewise covered. Novel diagnosis and prevention strategies, as well as common misconceptions and legal ramifications stemming from compartment syndrome, round out the presentation.Unique and timely, Compartment Syndrome: A Guide to Diagnosis and Management will be indispensable for orthopedic and trauma surgeons confronted with this common yet challenging medical condition.

Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030187576 / 9783030187569 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-18757-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ophthalmology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 12:31:33
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Designed as an easy-to-use, practical guide to tumors of the eye, lids, and orbit, this open access book comprehensively addresses surgical treatment and management of diseases related to ophthalmic oncology. Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology: A Collaborative Open Access Reference is an ideal reference for general ophthalmologists, surgeons, fellows and trainees around the world who encounter these diseases in the care of their patients. Notably, this book includes considerations for those ophthalmologists offering subspecialty care in environments with limited access to advanced technology and instrumentation. Individual chapters address diagnostic indications, pre-operative and post-operative concerns, and provide detailed explanations of surgical techniques required to manage various eye cancer ailments with help of ample illustrations. High-quality videos included throughout the book provide readers with the opportunity to review surgical steps in real-time as a learning tool. Chapters thoroughly cover tumors of eyelid, cornea and conjunctiva, orbit as well as intraocular tumors, while later chapters discuss ophthalmic radiation therapy. The book concludes with a section on ophthalmic pathology which details essential guidelines on relevant aspects from specimen collection and transport, to interpretation of the pathology report.Surgical Ophthalmic Oncology: A Collaborative Open Access Reference is a unique and necessary valuable resource for ophthalmologists, trainees, and related medical professionals working in underserved areas in providing quality care for patients suffering from ocular cancers.

A Demographic Perspective on Gender, Family and Health in Europe

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319723556 9783319723563 Year: Pages: 303 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72356-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 10:50:58
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book examines the triangle between family, gender, and health in Europe from a demographic perspective. It helps to understand patterns and trends in each of the three components separately, as well as their interdependencies. It overcomes the widely observable specialization in demographic research, which usually involves researchers studying either family or fertility processes or focusing on health and mortality.

Methodological Investigations in Agent-Based Modelling: With Applications for the Social Sciences

Author:
ISBN: 9783319724065 9783319724089 Year: Pages: 235 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72408-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 12:55:59
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book examines the methodological complications of using complexity science concepts within the social science domain. The opening chapters take the reader on a tour through the development of simulation methodologies in the fields of artificial life and population biology, then demonstrates the growing popularity and relevance of these methods in the social sciences. Following an in-depth analysis of the potential impact of these methods on social science and social theory, the text provides substantive examples of the application of agent-based models in the field of demography. This work offers a unique combination of applied simulation work and substantive, in-depth philosophical analysis, and as such has potential appeal for specialist social scientists, complex systems scientists, and philosophers of science interested in the methodology of simulation and the practice of interdisciplinary computing research.​

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 19th International Conference, XP 2018, Porto, Portugal, May 21–25, 2018, Proceedings

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISSN: 1865-1348 ISBN: 9783319916019 9783319916026 Year: Volume: 314 Pages: 309 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91602-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Agile Alliance
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-21 13:37:42
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book constitutes the proceedings of the 19th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2018, held in Porto, Portugal, in May 2018.XP is the premier agile software development conference combining research and practice, and XP 2018 provided a playful and informal environment to learn and trigger discussions around its main theme – make, inspect, adapt.The 21 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 62 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: agile requirements; agile testing; agile transformation; scaling agile; human-centric agile; and continuous experimentation.

Autonomous Control for a Reliable Internet of Services: Methods, Models, Approaches, Techniques, Algorithms, and Tools

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Computer Communication Networks and Telecommunications ISBN: 9783319904146 9783319904153 Year: Volume: 10768 Pages: 401 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-90415-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: European Commission; Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 15:36:56
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book was prepared as a Final Publication of the COST Action IC1304 “Autonomous Control for a Reliable Internet of Services (ACROSS)”. The book contains 14 chapters and constitutes a show-case of the main outcome of the Action in line with its scientific goals. It will serve as a valuable reference for undergraduate and post-graduate students, educators, faculty members, researchers, engineers, and research strategists working in this field.The explosive growth of the Internet has fundamentally changed the global society. The emergence of concepts like SOA, SaaS, PaaS, IaaS, NaaS, and Cloud Computing in general has catalyzed the migration from the information-oriented Internet into an Internet of Services (IoS). This has opened up virtually unbounded possibilities for the creation of new and innovative services that facilitate business processes and improve the quality of life. However, this also calls for new approaches to ensuring the quality and reliability of these services. The objective of this book is, by applying a systematic approach, to assess the state-of-the-art and consolidate the main research results achieved in this area.

Becoming Citizens in a Changing World: IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study 2016 International Report

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319739625 9783319739632 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73963-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement (IEA)
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 15:42:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book presents the results from the second cycle of the IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS 2016). Using data from 24 countries in Asia, Europe and Latin America, the study investigates the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens in a range of countries in the second decade of the 21st century. It also responds to the enduring and emerging challenges of educating young people in a world where contexts of democracy and civic participation continue to change. New developments of this kind include the increase in the use of social media by young people as a tool for civic engagement, growing concerns about global threats and sustainable development, as well as the role of schools in fostering peaceful ways of interaction between young people. Besides enabling the evaluation of a wide range of aspects of civic and citizenship education, including those related to recent developments in a number of countries, the inclusion of test and questionnaire material from the first cycle of the study in 2009 allows the results from ICCS 2016 to be used to examine changes in civic knowledge, attitudes and engagement over seven years.

Clinical Text Mining: Secondary Use of Electronic Patient Records

Author:
ISBN: 9783319785028 9783319785035 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-78503-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Riksbankens Jubileumsfond; Stockholm University
Subject: Medical technology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 15:52:54
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book describes the results of natural language processing and machine learning methods applied to clinical text from electronic patient records.It is divided into twelve chapters. Chapters 1-4 discuss the history and background of the original paper-based patient records, their purpose, and how they are written and structured. These initial chapters do not require any technical or medical background knowledge. The remaining eight chapters are more technical in nature and describe various medical classifications and terminologies such as ICD diagnosis codes, SNOMED CT, MeSH, UMLS, and ATC. Chapters 5-10 cover basic tools for natural language processing and information retrieval, and how to apply them to clinical text. The difference between rule-based and machine learning-based methods, as well as between supervised and unsupervised machine learning methods, are also explained. Next, ethical concerns regarding the use of sensitive patient records for research purposes are discussed, including methods for de-identifying electronic patient records and safely storing patient records. The book’s closing chapters present a number of applications in clinical text mining and summarise the lessons learned from the previous chapters.The book provides a comprehensive overview of technical issues arising in clinical text mining, and offers a valuable guide for advanced students in health informatics, computational linguistics, and information retrieval, and for researchers entering these fields.

Listing 1 - 10 of 68 << page
of 7
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Springer (68)


License

CC by (49)

CC by-nc (17)

CC BY IGO 3.0 (1)

Springer (1)


Language

english (68)


Year
From To Submit

2019 (4)

2018 (43)

2017 (8)

2016 (9)

2015 (3)

2011 (1)