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Theorizing transformative innovations: the role of agency in real critical junctures (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781789902570 9781789902587 Year: Pages: 23 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-29 10:32:33
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Increased emphasis on the links between regional diversity and regional knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurship highlights the need for a focus on the spatial aspects of these multifaceted, dynamic relationships in order to improve our understanding. By means of a conceptual approach, this timely book illustrates the links between innovation and economic development through the role of space. This thought-provoking book addresses the questions regarding diversity, innovation and clusters that require further investigation and analysis.

Agent-Based Modelling and Landscape Change

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ISBN: 9783038422808 9783038422815 Year: Pages: XII, 314 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-281-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-13 14:09:44
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The use of agent-based models (ABMs) and modelling for understanding landscape change and dynamics continues to grow. One reason for the popularity of ABMs is that they provide a framework to represent multiple, discrete, multi-faceted, heterogeneous actors (human or otherwise) and their relationships and interactions between one another and their environment, through time and across space. This collection showcases innovative uses of ABMs for investigating and explaining landscape change and dynamics and to explore and identify how researchers in different disciplines can learn from one another to further innovate. The diverse range of processes and landscapes that ABMs are currently used to examine is clearly demonstrated, including: land-use decision making in agricultural landscapes; soil erosion in semi-arid environments; forest change in mountainous landscapes; trade in 1st Century BC southern France; social adaptations of herders in northern Mongolia; and malaria epidemiology in Kenya. A range of agent-based representation is used from the implied presence of agents, through comparing heterogeneous vs. aggregated representation of human activity, to alternative means of parameterizing individual agent behaviour. The collection will be of interest to all interested in innovative agent-based modelling for understanding landscape change, its causes and consequences for sustainability in the Anthropocene.

Using Brainpower in the Classroom

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ISBN: 9780203087138 9780415343824 9780415343831 9781134288656 9781134288649 9781134288601 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203087138 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:04
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This book offers a realistic, practical and accessible model to allow teachers to incorporate the best of recent brain-based research into their teaching. The five steps involve: making learning multi-sensory ensuring activities match the dominant intelligence of the learner matching types of learning to the gender of pupils using the lesson structure to fit the natural attention span of the brain managing the classroom environment to make it brain-friendly and active in supporting learning. Illustrated throughout with classroom examples from a wide range of subject areas, the book is highly practical in its focus and the ideas it contains can easily be adapted to work with all age ranges and types of school.

Keywords

dominant --- intelligence --- multiple --- spatial --- finger --- puppet --- myers --- briggs --- type --- indicator

The Transformation of Urban Space in Post-Soviet Russia

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: BASEES/Routledge Series on Russian and East European Studies ISBN: 9780203969694 9780415397391 9780415545846 9781134152858 9781134152841 9781134152803 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203969694 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History --- Science (General) --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:06
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In the years since 1989, the societies of Russia and Eastern Europe have undergone a remarkable transformation from socialism to democracy and free market capitalism. Making an important contribution to the theoretical literature of urbanism and post-communist transition, this significant book considers the change in the spatial structure of post-Soviet urban spaces since the period of transition began. It argues that the era of transformation can be considered as largely complete, and that this has given way to a new stage of development as part of the global urban and economic system: post-transformation. The authors examine the modern trends in the urban development of western and post-socialist countries, and explore the theories of the transformation and post-transformation of urban space. Providing a wealth of detailed qualitative research on the Russian city of St. Petersburg, the study examines the changing structure of its retail trade and services sector. Overall, this book is an important step forward in the study of the spatial dynamics of urban transformation in the former communist world.

Keywords

spatial --- saturation --- retail --- trade --- trading --- st. --- petersburg --- metro --- station --- business

The European Dimension of British Planning

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780203996225 9780415231817 9780415234054 9781134574391 9781134574384 9781134574346 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203996225 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:09
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The UK government of Tony Blair is committed to fostering a European dimension of planning practice. Significant developments in relation to planning within Europe are occurring. The creation of the European Spatial Development Perspective, the reform of the Structural Funds, and the implementation of programmes to foster trans-national co-operation between governments, will all impact on UK government, and on planning system in particular. Even within the UK, devolution and regionalisation will bring new pressures for overall co-ordination on the issue of European spatial planning. Issues concerning the revisions of the Structural Funds in 2000 and 2006, and funding opportunities for local authorities, are closely connected with the theme of this book. More importantly, it is expected that the link between funding and spatial policy within British planning will become more clearly defined during this period. The European dimension of British planning, as a consequence, may grow significantly over the next few years. The authors tackle four key issues in their discussion of this topic: * British political attitudes to Europeanisation issues * The changing relationships between different arms of the state * The often complex interdependencies between tiers of governance * The rapidly changing definition of British urban and regional planning

Keywords

spatial --- development --- perspective --- single --- programme --- document --- regional --- fund --- local --- authorities

Islamic Area Studies with Geographical Information Systems

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Book Series: New Horizons in Islamic Studies ISBN: 9780203401422 9780415332507 9780415665872 9781138010246 9781134320431 9781134320424 9781134320387 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203401422 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:20
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In this volume the contributors use Geographical Information Systems (GIS) to reassess both historic and contemporary Asian countries and traditionally Islamic areas. This highly illustrated and comprehensive work highlights how GIS can be applied to the social sciences. With its description of how to process, construct and manage geographical data the book is ideal for the non-specialist looking for a new and refreshing way to approach Islamic area studies.

Keywords

space --- syntax --- spatial --- data --- objects --- axial --- lines --- map --- ferghana --- valley

Application of Artificial Neural Networks in Geoinformatics

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ISBN: 9783038427421 9783038427414 Year: Pages: VI, 222 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-27 16:05:32
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Recently, a need has arisen for prediction techniques that can address a variety of problems by combining methods from the rapidly developing field of machine learning with geoinformation technologies such as GIS, remote sensing, and GPS. As a result, over the last few decades, one particular machine learning technology, known as artificial neural networks, has been successfully applied to a wide range of fields in science and engineering. In addition, the development of computational and spatial technologies has led to the rapid growth of geoinformatics, which specializes in the analysis of spatial information. Thus, recently, artificial neural networks have been applied to geoinformatics and have produced valuable results in the fields of geoscience, environment, natural hazards, natural resources, and engineering. Hence, this Special Issue of the journal Applied Sciences, “Application of Artificial Neural Networks in Geoinformatics,” was successfully planned, and we here publish a collection of papers detailing novel contributions that are of relevance to these topics.

Spatial analysis and social spaces. Interdisciplinary approaches to the interpretation of prehistoric and historic built environments

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Topoi – Berlin Studies of the Ancient World/Topoi – Berliner Studien der Alten Welt ISSN: 2191-5806 ISBN: 9783110266436 9783110370324 Year: Volume: 18 Pages: viii, 320 DOI: 10.1515/9783110266436 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Arts in general --- Archaeology --- History --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-12 11:48:27
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In the past decade a range of formal spatial analysis methods has been developed for the study of human engagement, experience and socialisation within the built environment. Many, although not all, of these emanate from the fields of architectural and urban studies, and draw upon social theories of space that lay emphasis on the role of visibility, movement, and accessibility in the built environment. These approaches are now gaining in popularity among researchers of prehistoric and historic built spaces and are given increasingly more weight in the interpretation of past urban environments.Spatial Analysis and Social Spaces brings together contributions from specialists in archaeology, social theory, and urban planning who explore the theoretical and methodological frameworks associated with the application of new and established spatial analysis methods in past built environments. The focus is mainly on more recent computer-based approaches and on techniques such as access analysis, visibility graph analysis, isovist analysis, agent-based models of pedestrian movement, and 3D visibility approaches. The contributors to this volume examine the relationship between space and social life from many different perspectives, and provide illuminating examples from the archaeology of Greece, Italy and Cyprus, in which intra-site analysis offers valuable insights into the built spaces and societies under study.

Spatial Audio

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038425854 9783038425861 Year: Pages: VIII, 206 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-06 12:39:21
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This special issue compiles some of the latest state-of-the-art research works in the area of spatial audio and it serves as a good reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, and to researchers working in this exciting area of spatial audio.

Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies in Public Health

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ISBN: 9783038971726 9783038971733 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-173-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-21 11:22:29
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This book demonstrates the utilization of remote sensing and geospatial technologies for a wide range of public health studies.Although remote sensing and geospatial technologies have been successfully applied for more than 50 years, continuous advancements are essential to better understand the complex environment around us that impacts our health and well-being.Thankfully, the availability of spatial analytical tools and necessary data have enabled us to reveal multifaceted, obscured spatial relationships that would have been unexplored otherwise. Now, we are able to make more precise and effective public health-related decisions. However, without a proper understanding of the methodologies, applying these tools may result in inaccurate findings for decision-making.With 15 selected papers, this book covers diverse topics and discusses different methodologies that are fundamentals for spatial analysis in public health. Readers will have an opportunity to experience the advancements in spatial tools, data, and methodologies that are applicable to public health investigations.This book, Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies in Public Health, is expected to encourage academicians and professionals to further advance their knowledge in this sub-discipline.

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