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Medical Innovation: Science, technology and practice

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Book Series: Routledge International Studies in Health Economics ISBN: 9781138860346 Year: Pages: 186 pages | 26 B/W I Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097665
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-10 11:01:16
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This book brings together a collection of empirical case studies featuring a wide spectrum of medical innovation. While there is no unique pathway to successful medical innovation, recurring and distinctive features can be observed across different areas of clinical practice. This book examines why medical practice develops so unevenly across and within areas of disease, and how this relates to the underlying conditions of innovation across areas of practice. The contributions contained in this volume adopt a dynamic perspective on medical innovation based on the notion that scientific understanding, technology and clinical practice co-evolve along the co-ordinated search for solutions to medical problems. The chapters follow an historical approach to emphasise that the advancement of medical know-how is a contested, nuanced process, and that it involves a variety of knowledge bases whose evolutionary paths are rooted in the contexts in which they emerge.&#xD;&#xD;This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners concerned with medical innovation, management studies and the economics of innovation.&#xD;&#xD;Chapter 5 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at www.tandfebooks.com/openaccess. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

Australian Clinical Legal Education: Designing and operating a best practice clinical program in an Australian law school

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781760461034 Year: DOI: 10.22459/ACLE.02.2017 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-06 11:01:26
License: ANU Press

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Clinical legal education (CLE) is potentially the major disruptor of traditional law schools’ core functions. Good CLE challenges many central clichés of conventional learning in law—everything from case book method to the 50-minute lecture. And it can challenge a contemporary overemphasis on screen-based learning, particularly when those screens only provide information and require no interaction. Australian Clinical Legal Education comes out of a thorough research program and offers the essential guidebook for anyone seeking to design and redesign accountable legal education; that is, education that does not just transform the learner, but also inculcates in future lawyers a compassion for and service of those whom the law ought to serve. Established law teachers will come to grips with the power of clinical method. Law students struggling with overly dry conceptual content will experience the connections between skills, the law and real life. Regulators will look again at law curricula and ask law deans ‘when’?

Technological Accretion in Diagnostics (Book chapter)

Book title: Medical Innovation: Science, technology and practice

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Routledge International Studies in Health Economics ISBN: 9781138860346 Year: Pages: 186 pages | 26 B/W I Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097665
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02
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This book brings together a collection of empirical case studies featuring a wide spectrum of medical innovation. While there is no unique pathway to successful medical innovation, recurring and distinctive features can be observed across different areas of clinical practice. This book examines why medical practice develops so unevenly across and within areas of disease, and how this relates to the underlying conditions of innovation across areas of practice. The contributions contained in this volume adopt a dynamic perspective on medical innovation based on the notion that scientific understanding, technology and clinical practice co-evolve along the co-ordinated search for solutions to medical problems. The chapters follow an historical approach to emphasise that the advancement of medical know-how is a contested, nuanced process, and that it involves a variety of knowledge bases whose evolutionary paths are rooted in the contexts in which they emerge. This book will be of interest to researchers and practitioners concerned with medical innovation, management studies and the economics of innovation. Chapter 5 of this book is freely available as a downloadable Open Access PDF at www.tandfebooks.com/openaccess. It has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license.

Plant Medicines for Clinical Trial

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ISBN: 9783038970231 9783038970248 Year: Pages: X, 124 Language: english
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-09 10:40:08
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Plant medicines are the original medicines that humans have always used. Many people continue to use plant medicines today including teas, coffee, chocolate, ginger, and other medicines. Traditional medicine is based on plant medicines and is the primary form of medicine for many people throughout the world. The current volume discusses traditional medicines and presents various plant medicines that could be tested in clinical trials. Modern medicine continues to use many drugs that are derived from plants. The current work has much to teach modern medicine about the treatment of several diseases. Traditional healers have used plant medicines to treat psychiatric and other conditions that modern medicine struggles with. Safety issues are always a concern with plant medicines, especially allergies to plant medicines. Clinical trials must be conducted with plant medicines to help bring these traditional treatments into use by modern medicine.

Biomarker

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ISBN: 9789535105770 9789535142966 Year: Pages: 404 DOI: 10.5772/2376 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Pathology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Clinicians, scientists, and health care professionals use biomarkers or biological markers as a measure of a person’s present health condition or response to interventions. An ideal -biomarker should have the following criteria: (I) ability to detect fundamental features of the disease, (II) ability to differentiate from other closely related diseases, (III) ability to detect early stages and stages of progression, (IV) the method should be highly reliable, easy to perform and inexpensive, and (V) sample sources should be easily accessible from body. Most of the chapters in this book follow the basic principle of biomarkers.

Advances in Research on Down Syndrome

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ISBN: 9789535137627 9789535137634 9789535140412 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68260 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Genetics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book provides a concise yet comprehensive source of current information on Down syndrome. It focuses on exciting areas of research on chromosome editing, neurogenomics and diseases associated with Down syndrome. Research workers, scientists, medical graduates and physicians will find this book as an excellent source for consultation and references. Key features of this book are chromosome engineering in Down syndrome, mental retardation and cognitive disability, prenatal diagnosis and diseases associated with Down syndrome. Although aimed primarily for research workers on Down syndrome, we hope that the appeal of this book will extend beyond the narrow confines of academic interest and be exciting to wider audience, especially parents, relatives and health care providers who work with infants and children with Down syndrome.

Thyroid Disorders

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ISBN: 9781789857856 9781789857863 Year: Pages: 80 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72980 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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This is a small book containing various aspects of thyroid gland disorders. Congenital hypothyroidism chapter emphasizes early diagnosis in prevention of irreparable damage to growth and brain of infants. Role of nuclear medicine in diagnosis and treatment is outlined. Last few chapters deal with congenital hypothyroidism, thyroid carcinoma, its diagnosis, treatment and preservation of posterior parathyroid gland during thyroid surgery. The purpose of the book is to disseminate knowledge on thyroid diseases. It will be a good reference book both for students of medicine and general practitioners.

AVATAR Therapy for Refractory Auditory Hallucinations (Book chapter)

Book title: Brief Interventions for Psychosis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319305196 Year: Pages: 13 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30521-9_4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 098272
Subject: Psychiatry --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-17 11:26:14
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AVATAR therapy is part of a new and exciting wave of therapies which adopt an explicitly&#xD;relational and dialogic approach to working with the distressing voices. To understand&#xD;the AVATAR approach, it is important to consider its position in the evolution&#xD;of psychological interventions for distressing voices.

Brief Interventions for Psychosis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319305196 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30521-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 098272
Subject: Psychiatry --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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This book offers a clinical guide that brings together a broad range of brief interventions and their applications in treating psychosis. It describes two core approaches that can narrow the current, substantial gap between the need for psychotherapeutic interventions for all individuals suffering from psychosis, and the limited mental health resources available. The first approach involves utilizing the standard therapeutic modalities in the context of routine clinical interactions after adapting them into brief and effective formats. To that end, the book brings in experts on various psychotherapeutic modalities, who discuss how their particular modality could be adapted to more effectively fit into the existing system of care delivery.&#xD;The second approach, addressed in detail, is to extend the availability of these brief interventions by utilizing the circle of providers as well as the social circle of the clients so that these interventions can be provided in a coordinated and complementary manner by psychiatrists, psychologists, clinical social workers, case managers, peer support specialists and other providers on the one hand, and by family members, friends, social and religious institutions on the other.

Third-Generation Neuroimaging: Translating Research into Clinical Utility

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450442 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-044-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:44
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Psychiatric imaging needs to move away from simple investigations of the neurobiology underling the early phases of psychiatric diseases to translate imaging findings in the clinical field targeting clinical outcomes including transition, remission and response to preventative interventions. This research topic aims to bring psychiatric neuroimaging studies towards translational impacts in clinical practice, suggesting that brain abnormalities may be of potential use for detecting clinical outcomes as treatment response. First-generation psychiatric neuroimaging focused on simple structural brain alterations associated with the neurobiology of the illness. These early studies adopted imaging methods mainly including computerized tomography (CT) to investigate brain size. Second-generation psychiatric neuroimaging studies benefited from more sophisticated techniques which included structural methods (sMRI) coupled with whole-brain automated methods (voxel based morphometry, VBM), white-matter methods (diffusion tensor imaging, DTI and tractography), functional methods (functional magnetic resonance imaging, fMRI) and advanced neurochemical imaging (PET techniques addressing receptor bindings and pre/post synaptic functions, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, MRS) and sophisticated meta-analytical imaging methods. However, no consistent or reliable anatomical or functional brain alterations have been univocally associated with any psychiatric disorder and no clinical applications have been developed in psychiatric neuroimaging. There is thus urgent need of psychiatric imaging to move towards third-generation paradigms. In this research topic, these novel neuroimaging studies here requested to move away from simple investigations of the neurobiology to translate imaging findings in the clinical field targeting longitudinal outcomes including transition, remission and response to preventative interventions. With respect to methods, the most recent neuroimaging approaches (e.g. structural and functional MRI, EEG, DTI, spectroscopy, PET) are welcome. Third generation psychiatric imaging studies including multimodal approaches, multi-center analyses, mega-analyses, effective connectivity, dynamic causal modelling, support vector machines, structural equation modelling, or graph theory analysis are highly appreciated. Furthermore, these third-generation imaging studies may benefit from the incorporation of new sources of neurobiological information such as whole genome sequencing, proteomic, lipidomic and expression profiles and cellular models derived from recent induced pluripotent stem cells research. We collect Original Research, Reviews, Mini-Reviews, Book Review, Clinical Case Study, Clinical Trial, Editorial, General Commentary, Hypothesis & Theory, Methods, Mini Opinion, Perspective, and Technology Report from international researcher and clinicians in this field. The purpose of this research topic is intended to provide the field with current third-generation neuroimaging approaches in translational psychiatry that is hoped to improve and create therapeutic options for psychiatric diseases.

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