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Ethnicity, Race and Inequality in the UK

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ISBN: 9781447351269 9781447351252 9781447336327 Year: Pages: 316 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:05
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. 50 years after the establishment of the Runnymede Trust and the Race Relations Act of 1968 which sought to end discrimination in public life, this accessible book provides commentary by some of the UK’s foremost scholars of race and ethnicity on data relating to a wide range of sectors of society, including employment, health, education, criminal justice, housing and representation in the arts and media.

To Advance Their Opportunities: Federal Policies Toward African American Workers from World War I to the Civil Rights Act of 1964

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ISBN: 0984644571 9780984644575 Year: Pages: xx, 298 DOI: 10.7290/V7PN93HC Language: English
Publisher: Newfound Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-06 20:11:32
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The triple bind of single-parent families

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ISBN: 9781447333654 Year: Pages: 504 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-09 11:01:46
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Epdf available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Single parents face a triple bind of inadequate resources, employment, and policies, which in combination further complicate their lives. This book - multi-disciplinary and comparative in design - shows evidence from over 40 countries, along with detailed case studies of Sweden, Iceland, Scotland, and the UK. It covers aspects of well-being that include poverty, good quality jobs, the middle class, wealth, health, children’s development and performance in school, and reflects on social justice. Leading international scholars challenge our current understanding of what works and draw policy lessons on how to improve the well-being of single parents and their children.

Employment in the cultural sector in 2005

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ISBN: 9782111398320 Language: English
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:50
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The annual National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques, or INSEE Employment Survey, which is carried out each year by the Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques (DEPS), allows the overall economic weight of jobs in the cultural sector to be measured, of which over half are now based in the cultural industries.

Youth and Jobs in Rural Africa

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ISBN: 9780198848059 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198848059.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-04 10:26:38
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Theories underlying the relationship between urbanization and transformation are being challenged by trends in Sub-Saharan African countries, since many have yet to observe their own “green” or industrial revolutions, despite moderate urbanization. Africa’s trajectory is very different than those of other developing regions, a main reason for which is the region’s significant “youth bulge” and the lack of a labor market outlet for this growing subpopulation. In many countries, the youth are driving the (albeit slow) movement out of agriculture, yet rather than migrating to urban areas, many are finding (usually informal) work in secondary cities, their peri-urban spaces, and the rural nonfarm economy. This book examines the overall trends in youth migration, policies, and political activism, then looks specifically at five African case studies to identify key trends and provide recommendations on encouraging youth to spur structural change. Conclusions reached in this book include that the rate of structural transformation varies among countries in Sub-Saharan Africa, but in most cases, it is the youth who are driving these changes. Education, access to financial services, and agricultural productivity contribute to this structural transformation and can act as pushes or pulls out of agriculture for the youth. However, when structural transformation policies are not pro-poor or inclusive, it can result in higher levels of youth under- and unemployment. Thus, the conclusions point to recommendations focusing on agricultural productivity, the rural nonfarm economy and informal sectors especially along agriculture value chains, access to finance and savings, infrastructure, and education.

The Economic Contribution of Culture

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ISBN: 9782111399235 Language: English
Publisher: Département des études, de la prospective et des statistiques
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
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In 2011, cultural industries had a total production of 85 billion euros with an added value of 40 billion euros. Cultural production is divided and shared between a merchantable amount of 69 billion euros from the sale of companies’ cultural goods and services, and a non-merchantable amount of 16 billion euros, which corresponds, by convention, to the production costs of departments, public institutions and associations in the cultural sector. The direct economic impact of culture, measured as the relationship between the added value of cultural industries and that of all industries, was 2.2% in 2011. It did not take into account the indirect or induced economic benefits resulting from culture (tourism, for example). Until 2003, the direct economic impact developing the value of culture has increased. However, it has been falling since 2004, which is mainly attributed to the marked decline in activity in certain cultural industries (publishing, the press, record). In 2011, the audio-visual industry (radio, cinema, television, video, record) contributed to one quarter of added cultural value. The performing arts and heritage, predominantly non-merchantable industries, contributed to 18% and 11% of added value respectively. The progress made during the last fifteen years in the share price in terms of value of the performing arts is mainly down to the rising prices in this industry. In contrast, books and the press only contributed to 15% of added cultural value in 2011, versus 26% in 1995. Other cultural industries (advertising agencies, architecture, the visual arts, cultural education) contributed, as a whole, to one third of added cultural value.

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