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Reading Together

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ISBN: 9781137545503 Year: Pages: 18 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-54550-3_3 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 670876
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-09 11:21:02
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Abstract

Every region of India is and has been multilingual, with speakers ofdifferent languages and speakers of multiple languages. But literary‘multilingual locals’ are often more fragmented than we think. Whilemultilingualism suggests interest, and proficiency, in more than one literarylanguage and tradition, very real barriers exist in terms of written vs. oralaccess, mutual interaction, and social and cultural hierarchies andexclusions. What does it mean to take multilingualism seriously when studyingliterature? One way, this essay suggests, is to consider works on a similartopic or milieu written in the different languages and compare both theirliterary sensibilities and their social imaginings. Rural Awadh offers anexcellent example, as the site of many intersecting processes anddiscourses—of shared Hindu-Muslim sociality and culture and Muslimseparatism, of nostalgia for a sophisticated culture and critique ofzamindari exploitation and socio-economic backwardness, as the home of Urduand of rustic Awadhi. This essay analyses three novels written at differenttimes about rural Awadh—one set before 1947 and the others in the wake ofthe Zamindari Abolition Act of 1950 and the migration of so many Muslimzamindars from Awadh, either to Pakistan or to Indian cities. The first isQazi Abdul Sattar’s Urdu novel Shab gazida (1962), the other two areShivaprasad Singh’s Alag alag vaitarani (1970) and the Awadh subplot inVikram Seth’s A Suitable Boy (1993). Without making them representatives oftheir respective languages, by comparing these three novels I am interestedin exploring how they frame and what they select of Awadh culture, how muchground and sensibility they share, and how they fit within broader traditionsof ‘village writing’ in Hindi, Urdu, and Indian English.

Keywords

Oral --- tradtion --- local dialect --- tenant --- farmer zamindar --- Urdu --- Hindi

Different Dispatches

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Book Series: Literary Criticism and Cultural Theory ISBN: 9780203959848 9780415976756 9781138833340 9781135506360 9781135506438 9781135506506 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203959848 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Media and communication --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:27
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In "Different Dispatches", David Humphries brings together in a new way a diverse group of well-known American writers of the inter-war period including: Willa Cather, Sherwood Anderson, Ernest Hemmingway, Zora Neale Hurston, James Agee and Robert Penn Warren. He demonstrates how these writers engage journalism in creating innovative texts that address mass culture as well as underlying cultural conditions. The book will be of interest to readers approaching these well-known authors for the first time or for scholars grappling with larger issues of cultural production and reception.

Keywords

praise --- famous --- men --- individual --- reporter --- willie --- stark --- kings --- tenant --- farmers

Chapter Reading together (Book chapter)

Book title: Reading Together

Author:
ISBN: 9781137545503 Year: Pages: 18 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-54550-3_3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 670876
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-29 00:10:55
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Abstract

Every region of India is and has been multilingual, with speakers of different languages and speakers of multiple languages. But literary ‘multilingual locals’ are often more fragmented than we think. While multilingualism suggests interest, and proficiency, in more than one literary language and tradition, very real barriers exist in terms of written vs. oral access, mutual interaction, and social and cultural hierarchies and exclusions. What does it mean to take multilingualism seriously when studying literature? One way, this essay suggests, is to consider works on a similar topic or milieu written in the different languages and compare both their literary sensibilities and their social imaginings. Rural Awadh offers an excellent example, as the site of many intersecting processes and discourses—of shared Hindu-Muslim sociality and culture and Muslim separatism, of nostalgia for a sophisticated culture and critique of zamindari exploitation and socio-economic backwardness, as the home of Urdu and of rustic Awadhi. This essay analyses three novels written at different times about rural Awadh—one set before 1947 and the others in the wake of the Zamindari Abolition Act of 1950 and the migration of so many Muslim zamindars from Awadh, either to Pakistan or to Indian cities. The first is Qazi Abdul Sattar’s Urdu novel Shab gazida (1962), the other two are Shivaprasad Singh’s Alag alag vaitarani (1970) and the Awadh subplot in Vikram Seth’s A Suitable Boy (1993). Without making them representatives of their respective languages, by comparing these three novels I am interested in exploring how they frame and what they select of Awadh culture, how much ground and sensibility they share, and how they fit within broader traditions of ‘village writing’ in Hindi, Urdu, and Indian English.

Keywords

Oral --- tradtion --- local dialect --- tenant --- farmer zamindar --- Urdu --- Hindi

Assessment and Governance of Sustainable Soil Management

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039214792 9783039214808 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-480-8 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The role of soils for achieving the Sustainable Development Goals is multifarious. Soils are the essential basis for food and biomass provision in support of food security (SDG 2) and energy security (SDG 7). Soil carbon sequestration is paramount for climate action (SDG 13). Soil-mediated water purification and retention, nutrient and matter cycling, and soils habitat functions are essential for maintaining ecosystem services and biodiversity (SDG 15). Healthy soils perform well in all these functions simultaneously. However, the globally increasing demand for food, fiber, and bio-based products poses massive challenges to soil health. Minimizing trade-offs between biomass production and soil health requires systemic approaches to assessment and governance of sustainable soil management in agriculture and food systems. It provides interdisciplinary insights into key questions: What are the impacts of agricultural management practices on sustainability targets in specific geophysical and socio-economic contexts? What are the opportunities and risks of future trends such as climate change, digitalization, and emerging technologies for soil management and soil health? How can institutions and governance instruments be improved to enable decision makers to take action on sustainable soil management? The book was initiated in the frame of the National German research program ‘BonaRes—Soil as a sustainable resource for the bioeconomy’, and it is meant to trigger interdisciplinary thinking.

Keywords

conservation agriculture --- crop–livestock interactions --- Syria --- soil health --- agricultural innovation --- arid oasis --- combination of modern and indigenous knowledge --- Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response sustainability framework --- bayesian network --- soil functions --- conservation agriculture --- conventional farming --- zero tillage --- environmental zones --- phosphorus --- legal comparison --- governance --- sustainable agriculture --- fertilization --- soil protection --- Germany --- Costa Rica --- Nicaragua --- crop rotation modelling --- spatially explicit --- dynamic programming --- gross income --- carob --- yield --- soils --- desertification --- coffee by-products --- nutrient composition --- N leaching --- production --- so-called organic fertilizer --- ecosystem services --- governance --- institutions --- land --- property rights --- soils --- sustainability --- landowner --- tenant --- rent price --- rent proportion --- yield potential --- sustainable soil management --- soil degradation --- soil functions --- soil framework directive --- soil policy --- soil threats --- contamination --- sealing --- soil compaction --- risk assessment --- soil functions --- soil management --- subsoil --- compaction --- agricultural yields --- soil functions --- societal acceptance --- farmer motivations --- subsoil loosening --- alfalfa --- sustainable soil management --- resource scarcity --- Germany --- ecosystem services --- soil food web --- earthworms --- monitoring --- water infiltration --- agricultural policy --- behavioural studies --- literature review --- soil functions --- soil pressures --- justifying soil protection --- sustainable soil management --- creation ethics --- Laudato si’ --- property rights --- German Constitutional Law --- soil --- ecosystem services --- land management --- soil remediation --- Europe --- soil functions --- agricultural practices --- sustainability assessment --- ecosystem services --- resource use efficiency --- soil policy --- soil governance

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