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Lane-Precise Localization with Production Vehicle Sensors and Application to Augmented Reality Navigation

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe / Institut für Mess- und Regelungstechnik, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ISSN: 16134214 ISBN: 9783731508540 Year: Volume: 042 Pages: XII, 165 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000086154 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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This works describes an approach to lane-precise localization on current digital maps. A particle filter fuses data from production vehicle sensors, such as GPS, radar, and camera. Performance evaluations on more than 200 km of data show that the proposed algorithm can reliably determine the current lane. Furthermore, a possible architecture for an intuitive route guidance system based on Augmented Reality is proposed together with a lane-change recommendation for unclear situations.

Spatial memory - a unique window into healthy and pathological ageing

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193868 Year: Pages: 122 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-386-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-03 13:02:24
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The global population aged over 60 is set to rise dramatically in the coming decades. In many countries, the older population now faces the prospect of spending a quarter of their lives aged over 65, and a significant proportion will have to cope with cognitive decline associated with normal ageing or with dementia disorders. Given that these fundamental demographic changes will pose a significant challenge to health care systems, a detailed understanding of age-related cognitive and neurobiological changes is essential in helping elderly populations maintain cognitive performance. In addition, developing sensitive biomarkers to identify those at risk of developing dementia is crucial for early and effective interventions. To make inferences about the ageing process from the animal model back to the human, rigorous behavioral paradigms must be used to ensure that the same function is being examined across species. Given that similar navigational paradigms can easily be applied to humans and animals, recent years have seen an expansion of studies attempting to bridge the gap between age-related changes in animal and human spatial cognition. These studies begin to suggest that disruptions in spatial computations are among the earliest indicators of impending cognitive decline. In addition, although many animal studies have identified pathological mechanisms with paradigms involving spatial navigation, these mechanisms support many nonspatial cognitive functions as well. As a consequence, a successful characterization of how spatial processing changes in the ageing brain could reveal fundamental effects of cognitive ageing that could inform about general mechanisms underlying decline in perception, mnemonic processing and multisensory integration.

Performance of new GNSS satellite clocks

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ISBN: 9783731501121 Year: Pages: XIV, 204 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000036610 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:57
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In Global Navigation Satellite Systems (GNSS), the on-board clocks are a key component from which timing and navigation signals are generated. This thesis reviews the performance of the first Passive Hydrogen Maser (PHM) launched by the Galileo system in 2008; and demonstrates how the new PHM can be consider as the best clock in space, pushing the physical clock error contribution below the noise floor of geodetic time transfer capabilities. Furthermore, overall GNSS clock peformance is reviewed

Human worker activity recognition in industrial environments

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ISBN: 9783866446434 Year: Pages: XII, 176 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000022235 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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In this work, an intelligent human-machine interface (HMI) for human worker activity recognition in industrial environments is presented. The interface consists of components for robust and accurate 3D position estimation in workspace environments, the recognition of task-related worker activities and human-computer interaction via gestures. All components of the presented HMI are flexible with respect to applications and can be transferred to other activity recognition problems, as well.

Robot Control

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ISBN: 9789535126843 9789535126850 9789535141709 Year: Pages: 148 DOI: 10.5772/61728 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book includes a selection of research papers in robot control applications. The description of projects using robotic systems in areas such as vision, navigation, path planning, trajectories, non-holonomic systems, mobile robotics, robot control with very specific structures, as well as artificial intelligence systems is pointed out. It also presents several tools and mathematical concepts that allow the development and operation of robotic systems. Additionally, the development of different ideas in control systems that are useful and hopefully enriching for the reader are also presented in this book.

Real-time Biomechanical Modeling for Intraoperative Soft Tissue Registration

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ISBN: 9783731503736 Year: Pages: 239 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000046886 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Computer assisted surgery systems intraoperatively support the surgeon by providing information on the location of hidden risk and target structures during surgery. However, soft tissue deformations make intraoperative registration (and thus intraoperative navigation) difficult. In this work, a novel, biomechanics based approach for real-time soft tissue registration from sparse intraoperative sensor data such as stereo endoscopic images is presented to overcome this problem.

Selected Papers from 2017 International Conference on Micro/Nanomachines

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ISBN: 9783038970811 9783038970828 Year: Pages: VIII, 170 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-082-8 Language: english
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-09 17:08:18
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The 2017 International Conference on Micro/Nanomachines (http://www.icmnm.org/) was held in Wuhan, China, 25–28 August, 2017. Micro/nanomotors (MNMs), which are defined as micro/nanodevices capable of converting energy into autonomous motion, can be used to pick up, transport, and release various cargoes within a liquid medium. They have important potential applications, for example, in drug delivery, biosensors, protein and cell separation, microsurgeries, and environment remediation. MNMs can be classified into two categories, according to their propulsion mechanism. In this respect, self-propelled MNMs are capable of moving autonomously without external intervention, but they either require toxic fuel or have a short lifespan. MNMs actuated by external fields, such as light, magnetic field, and acoustic waves, are not subject to these problems, do not require toxic fuels, nor give rise to by-products during the motion process. For both self-propelled and field-actuated MNMs, there is still a long way to go before we reach practical applications. The future development of MNMs should be focused on improving the energy conversion efficiency through structure optimization, exploring new propulsion mechanisms and endowing MNMs with environmental responses for self-navigation, detection, and specific operations. In this way, MNMs will approach their practical application in biomedicine, environment treatment, microengineering, etc.

Motion Tracking and Gesture Recognition

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ISBN: 9789535133773 9789535133780 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/65236 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Nowadays, the technological advances allow developing many applications on different fields. In this book Motion Tracking and Gesture Recognition, two important fields are shown. Motion tracking is observed by a hand-tracking system for surgical training, an approach based on detection of dangerous situation by the prediction of moving objects, an approach based on human motion detection results and preliminary environmental information to build a long-term context model to describe and predict human activities, and a review about multispeaker tracking on different modalities. On the other hand, gesture recognition is shown by a gait recognition approach using Kinect sensor, a study of different methodologies for studying gesture recognition on depth images, and a review about human action recognition and the details about a particular technique based on a sensor of visible range and with depth information.

Advances in Human and Machine Navigation Systems

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ISBN: 9781838805647 9781838805654 9781838807788 Year: Pages: 96 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75272 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Advances in Human and Machine Navigation Systems provides a platform for practicing researchers, academics, PhD students, and other scientists to design, analyze, evaluate, process, and implement diversiform issues of navigation systems, including life-improving advances in human navigation systems and advances improving machine navigation systems. The five chapters of the book demonstrate the capabilities of navigation systems to solve scientific and engineering problems with varying degrees of complexity.

Image Processing in Agriculture and Forestry

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ISBN: 9783038970972 9783038970989 Year: Pages: 222 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-098-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-27 09:15:10
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Image processing in agriculture and forestry represents a challenge towards the automation of tasks for better performances. Agronomists, computer and robotics engineers, and agricultural machinery industry manufacturers now have at their disposal a book containing a collection of methods, procedures, designs, and descriptions at the technological forefront, which serves as an important support and aid for the implementation and development of their own ideas.The book describes: (1) Applications (canopy on trees, aboveground biomass, phenotyping, chlorophyll, leaf area index, water and nutrient content, land cover change, soil properties, and secure autonomous navigation); (2) Imaging devices onboard robots, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), and satellites operating at different spectral ranges (visible, infrared, hyper-multispectral bands, and radar), as well as guidelines for selecting machine vision systems in outdoor environments; and (3) (Specific computer vision methods (generic and convolutional neural networks, machine learning, specific segmentation approaches, vegetation indices, and three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction).

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