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Advances in Energy System Optimization

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Trends in Mathematics ISBN: 9783030321574 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-32157-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Business and Management --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:16
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Abstract

The papers presented in this open access book address diverse challenges in decarbonizing energy systems, ranging from operational to investment planning problems, from market economics to technical and environmental considerations, from distribution grids to transmission grids, and from theoretical considerations to data provision concerns and applied case studies. While most papers have a clear methodological focus, they address policy-relevant questions at the same time. The target audience therefore includes academics and experts in industry as well as policy makers, who are interested in state-of-the-art quantitative modelling of policy relevant problems in energy systems. The 2nd International Symposium on Energy System Optimization (ISESO 2018) was held at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) under the symposium theme “Bridging the Gap Between Mathematical Modelling and Policy Support” on October 10th and 11th 2018. ISESO 2018 was organized by the KIT, the Heidelberg Institute for Theoretical Studies (HITS), the Heidelberg University, the German Aerospace Center and the University of Stuttgart.

Current Challenges in Modeling Cellular Metabolism

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197545 Year: Pages: 115 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-754-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Biology --- Science (General) --- Biotechnology --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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Mathematical and computational models play an essential role in understanding the cellular metabolism. They are used as platforms to integrate current knowledge on a biological system and to systematically test and predict the effect of manipulations to such systems. The recent advances in genome sequencing techniques have facilitated the reconstruction of genome-scale metabolic networks for a wide variety of organisms from microbes to human cells. These models have been successfully used in multiple biotechnological applications. Despite these advancements, modeling cellular metabolism still presents many challenges. The aim of this Research Topic is not only to expose and consolidate the state-of-the-art in metabolic modeling approaches, but also to push this frontier beyond the current edge through the introduction of innovative solutions. The articles presented in this e-book address some of the main challenges in the field, including the integration of different modeling formalisms, the integration of heterogeneous data sources into metabolic models, explicit representation of other biological processes during phenotype simulation, and standardization efforts in the representation of metabolic models and simulation results.

Indonesia in a Reforming World Economy: Effects on Agriculture, Trade and the Environment

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9780980623871 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.1017/UPO9780980623871 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-14 08:42:51
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In the mid-1990s a joint research project was established between CASER (Bogor), CIES (Adelaide), CSIS ( Jakarta) and RSPAS (at ANU, Canberra) to examine interactions between agriculture, trade and the environment in Indonesia. Funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR Project No. 9449), the specific objective of the project was to assess the production, consumption, trade, income distributional, regional, environmental, and welfare eff ects in Indonesia of structural and policy changes at home and abroad. Particular attention was to be paid to those structural and policy changes that could aff ect Indonesia’s agricultural sector over the next 5-10 years. The implications of national and global economic growth, of regional and multilateral trade liberalisation initiatives, and of Indonesia’s ongoing unilateral policy reforms were the initial focus of the study. However, with the onslaught of the financial crisis that began in the latter part of 1997, the project leaders added that issue to the research agenda.

Family Iridoviridae Molecular and Ecological Studies of a Family Infecting Invertebrates and Ectothermic Vertebrates

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039215164 9783039215171 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-517-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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Abstract

Ranaviruses and other viruses within the family Iridoviridae, infect a wide range of ecologically and commercially important ectothermic vertebrates, i.e., bony fish, amphibians, and reptiles, and invertebrates, including agricultural and medical pests and cultured shrimp and crayfish, and are responsible for considerable morbidity and mortality. Understanding the impact of these various agents on diverse host species requires the combined efforts of ecologists, veterinarians, pathologists, comparative immunologists and molecular virologists. Unfortunately, investigators involved in these studies often work in discipline-specific silos that preclude interaction with others whose insights and approaches are required to comprehensively address problems related to ranavirus/iridovirus disease. Our intent here is to breakdown these silos and provide a forum where diverse researchers with a common interest in ranavirus/iridovirus biology can profitably interact. As a colleague once quipped, “Three people make a genius.” We are hoping to do something along those lines by presenting a collection of research articles dealing with issues of anti-viral immunity, identification of a potentially novel viral genus exemplified by erythrocytic necrosis virus, viral inhibition of innate immunity, identification of novel hosts for lymphocystivirus and invertebrate iridoviruses, and modelling studies of ranavirus transmission. Collectively these and others will exemplify the breadth of ongoing studies focused on this virus family.

Keywords

amphibians --- histopathology --- immunohistochemistry --- Mexico --- outbreak --- ranavirus --- risk assessment --- Iridoviridae --- frog virus 3 --- FV3 --- ranavirus --- immunofluorescence --- intracellular localization --- iridovirus --- ranavirus --- epidemiology --- antibody --- ELISA --- virus isolation --- prevalence --- native-fish conservation --- biosecurity --- endemic disease --- Unconventional T cell --- nonclassical MHC --- antiviral immunity --- interferon --- DIV1 --- SHIV --- CQIV --- Macrobrachium rosenbergii --- Macrobrachium nipponense --- Procambarus clarkii --- white head --- susceptible species --- viral load --- erythrocytic necrosis virus (ENV) --- viral erythrocytic necrosis (VEN) --- Pacific salmon --- Pacific herring --- British Columbia --- SHIV --- DIV1 --- Decapodiridovirus --- Exopalaemon carinicauda --- susceptibility --- host --- ISDL --- amphibian --- Ranavirus --- frog virus 3 --- mathematical models --- Bayesian inference --- viral immune evasion --- immunomodulators --- NF-?B --- Imd --- DNA virus --- host-pathogen interactions --- IIV-6 --- Rana grylio virus (RGV) --- iridovirus core proteins --- protein interaction --- aquatic animals --- cross-species transmission --- yeast two-hybrid (Y2H) --- co-immunoprecipitation (Co-IP) --- megalocytivirus --- iridovirus --- European chub --- Lymphocystis disease virus --- Artemia spp. --- viral infection --- Sparus aurata --- viral transmission --- eDNA --- Ranavirus --- Common frog --- Rana temporaria --- early detection --- virus surveillance --- n/a --- transmission modelling --- susceptible-infected (SI) models --- emerging infection --- ranavirosis --- Iridoviridae --- disease dynamics --- ranavirus --- virus binding --- heparan sulfate --- Andrias davidianus ranavirus --- Rana grylio virus --- envelope protein --- lizard --- bearded dragon --- Pogona vitticeps --- cricket --- Gryllus bimaculatus

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