Search results: Found 71

Listing 1 - 10 of 71 << page
of 8
>>
Sort by
Human Rights and Democracy - The Precarious Triumph of Ideals

Author:
ISBN: 9781849663458 9781849663465 9781849663472 9781849664868 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-15 11:41:54
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Combines an overview of the key theoretical models of democracy and human rights with a state-of-the-art survey which reports on trade-offs between achievements, set-backs and challenges in some of the world's 'hotspots'. The 20th century has been described as the bloodiest in human history, but it was also the century in which people around the world embraced ideas of democracy and human rights as never before, constructing social, political and legal institutions seeking to contain human behaviour. Todd Landman offers an optimistic, yet cautionary tale of these developments, drawing on the literature, from politics, international relations and international law. He celebrates the global turn from tyranny and violence towards democracy and rights but also warns of the precariousness of these achievements in the face of democratic setbacks and the undermining of rights commitments by many countries during the so-called ‘War on Terror'. &#xD;&#xD;This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Keywords

politics --- human rights

Dog Days

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760462925 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.22459/MIC.04.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:02
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

According to the Chinese zodiac, 2018 was the year of the ‘earthly dog’. In the middle of the long, hot, and feverish dog days of the summer of 2018, some workers at Shenzhen Jasic Technology took their chances and attempted to form an independent union. While this action was met by the harshest repression, it also led to extraordinary demonstrations of solidarity from small groups of radical students from all over the country, which in turn were immediately and severely suppressed. China’s year of the dog was also imbued with the spirit of another canine, Cerberus—the three-headed hound of Hades—with the ravenous advance of the surveillance state and the increasing securitisation of Chinese society, starting from the northwestern region of Xinjiang. This Yearbook traces these latest developments in Chinese society through a collection of 50 original essays on labour, civil society, and human rights in China and beyond, penned by leading scholars and practitioners from around the world.&#xD;

Keywords

Demonstration --- China --- Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights in the 21st Century : A Living Document in a Changing World

Author:
ISBN: 9782821881679 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The Global Citizenship Commission was convened, under the leadership of former British Prime Minister Gordon Brown and the auspices of NYU’s Global Institute for Advanced Study, to re-examine the spirit and stirring words of The Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The result – this volume – offers a 21st-century commentary on the original document, furthering the work of human rights and illuminati ng the ideal of global citizenship. What does it mean for each of us to be members of a global community? Since 1948, the Declaration has stood as a beacon and a standard for a better world. Yet the work of making its ideals real is far from over. Hideous and systemic human rights abuses continue to be perpetrated at an alarming rate around the world. Too many people, particularly those in power, are hostile to human rights or indifferent to their claims. Meanwhile, our global interdependence deepens. Bringing together world leaders and thinkers in the fields of philosophy, law, ethics, politics, and philanthropy, the Commission set out to develop a common understanding of the meaning of global citizenship – one that arises from basic human rights and empowers every individual in the world. This landmark report affirms the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and seeks to renew the 1948 enterprise, and the very ideal of the human family, for our day and generation.

Keywords

Human Rights --- declaration --- law

Gender Violence & Human Rights: Seeking Justice in Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460709 Year: DOI: 10.22459/GVHR.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:34
License: ANU Press

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The postcolonial states of Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu operate today in a global arena in which human rights are widely accepted. As ratifiers of UN treaties such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, these Pacific Island countries have committed to promoting women’s and girls’ rights, including the right to a life free of violence. Yet local, national and regional gender values are not always consistent with the principles of gender equality and women’s rights that undergird these globalising conventions. This volume critically interrogates the relation between gender violence and human rights as these three countries and their communities and citizens engage with, appropriate, modify and at times resist human rights principles and their implications for gender violence. Grounded in extensive anthropological, historical and legal research, the volume should prove a crucial resource for the many scholars, policymakers and activists who are concerned about the urgent and ubiquitous problem of gender violence in the western Pacific.

Human Rights in Business

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138284180 9781315269467 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: European Commission
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:22
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The capacity to abuse, or in general affect the enjoyment of human, labour and environmental rights has risen with the increased social and economic power&#xD;that multinational companies wield in the global economy. At the same time,&#xD;it appears that it is difficult to regulate the activities of multinational companies&#xD;in such a way that they conform to international human, labour and environmental&#xD;rights standards. This has partially to do with the organization of companies&#xD;into groups of separate legal persons, incorporated in different states, as&#xD;well as with the complexity of the corporate supply chain. Absent a business&#xD;and human rights treaty, a more coherent legal and policy approach is required.&#xD;Faced with the challenge of how to effectively access the right to remedy in&#xD;the European Union for human rights abuses committed by EU companies in&#xD;non-EU states, a diverse research consortium of academic and legal institutions&#xD;was formed. The consortium, coordinated by the Globernance Institute for&#xD;Democratic Governance, became the recipient of a 2013 Civil Justice Action&#xD;Grant from the European Commission Directorate General for Justice. A mandate&#xD;was thus issued for research, training and dissemination so as to bring&#xD;visibility to the challenge posed and moreover, to provide some solutions for&#xD;the removal of barriers to judicial and non-judicial remedy for victims of business related&#xD;human rights abuses in non-EU states. The project commenced in&#xD;September 2014 and over the course of two years the consortium conducted&#xD;research along four specific lines in parallel with various training sessions across&#xD;EU Member States.&#xD;The research conducted focused primarily on judicial remedies, both jurisdictional&#xD;barriers and applicable law barriers; non-judicial remedies, both to company based grievance. The results of this research endeavour make up the content of&#xD;this report whose aim is to provide a scholarly foundation for policy proposals&#xD;by identifying specific challenges relevant to access to justice in the European&#xD;Union and to provide recommendations on how to remove legal and practical&#xD;barriers so as to provide access to remedy for victims of business-related human&#xD;rights abuses in non-EU states.

Human Rights and the Environment

Author:
Book Series: Queen Mary Studies in International Law ISBN: 9789004188648 9789004189935 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100649
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:19
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The book examines the genesis and development of environmental rights (or the Right to Environment) in international law and discusses their philosophical, theoretical and legal underpinnings in the context of sustainable development and the notion of solidarity rights.

Making Religion and Human Rights at the United Nations

Author:
Book Series: Religion and Society ISSN: 1437-5370 ISBN: 9783110478068 Year: Volume: 67 Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1515/9783110478068 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This volume examines the different and sometimes contradictory approaches of four UN human rights committees to the concept of religion. Drawing on critical perspectives from religious studies, the book combines a genealogical assessment of the role of religion in international law with a detailed textual study of the reporting practice of the committees monitoring racial discrimination, civil and political rights, women's rights, and children's rights. Årsheim argues that the role of religion within the rights traditions monitored by the committees varies to the extent that their recommendations risk contradicting one another, thereby undermining their credibility and potential to bring about real change on the ground: Where some committees view religion singularly as a core individual right, others see religion partly as an inherent threat to the realization of other rights, but also as a potent social force to be reckoned with. In order to remedy this situation, Årsheim proposes the publication of a joint general comment by all the committees, spelling out their approach to the role of religion in the implementation of human rights.

Becoming a Movement: Identity, Narrative and Memory in the European Global Justice Movement

Author:
Book Series: Radical Subjects in International Politics: Action and Activism ISBN: 9781786603791 Year: Pages: 164 Language: English
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield International Grant: DFG funded Cluster of Excellence “Normative Orders” at Goethe University Frankfurt am Main
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:51:11
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Social movement scholars have become increasingly interested in the role of stories in contentious politics. Stories may facilitate the mobilization of activists and strengthen the resonance of their claims within public discourse and institutional politics. This book explores the role of narratives in building collective identity – a vital element in activists’ continued commitment. While often claimed important, the connection between narratives and movement identity remains understudied. Drawing on a rich pool of original data, the book’s analysis focusses on the Global Justice Movement (GJM), a movement known for its diversity of political perspectives. Based on a comparison of different national constellations of the GJM in Europe, the book demonstrates the centrality of activists’ narratives in forming and maintaining movement identity and in making the GJM more enduring.

Security in a Small Nation : Scotland, Democracy, Politics

Author:
ISBN: 9782821884014 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The 2014 Referendum on Scottish independence sparked debate on every dimension of modern statehood. Levels of public interest and engagement were unprecedented, as demonstrated by record-breaking voter turnout. Yet aside from Trident, the issue of security was relatively neglected in the campaigns, and there remains a lack of literature on the topic. In this volume Andrew Neal has collated a variety of interdisciplinary perspectives on security and constitutional change in Scotland and the UK, including writing from experts in foreign policy analysis, intelligence studies, parliamentary studies, and journalism. Security in a Small Nation provides an illuminating analysis of the politics of security. Its authors reflect on a number of related issues including international comparisons, alliances, regional coopera on, terrorism, intelligence sharing, democratic oversight, and media coverage. It has a particular focus on what security means for small states and democratic politics. The book draws on current debates about the extent of intelligence powers and their implications for accountability, privacy, and human rights. It examines the foreign and security policy of other small states through the prism of Scottish independence, providing unique insight into the bureaucratic and political processes associated with multi-level security governance. These contributions provide a detailed picture of the changing landscape of security, including the role of diverse and decentralised agencies, and new security interdependencies within and between states. The analysis presented in this book will inform ongoing constitutional debates in the UK and the study of other secessionist movements around the world. Security in a Small Nation is essential reading for any follower of UK and Scottish politics, and those with an interest in security and nationhood on a global scale.

Keywords

democracy --- Scotland --- security --- politics --- human rights

The Culture of Capital Punishment in Japan

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Advances in Criminology and Criminal Justice in Asia ISBN: 9783030320867 Year: Pages: 125 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-32086-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:19

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book provides a comparative perspective on capital punishment in Japan and the United States. Alongside the US, Japan is one of only a few developed democracies in the world which retains capital punishment and continues to carry out executions on a regular basis. There are some similarities between the two systems of capital punishment but there are also many striking differences. These include differences in capital jurisprudence, execution method, the nature and extent of secrecy surrounding death penalty deliberations and executions, institutional capacities to prevent and discover wrongful convictions, orientations to lay participation and to victim participation, and orientations to “democracy” and governance. Johnson also explores several fundamental issues about the ultimate criminal penalty, such as the proper role of citizen preferences in governing a system of punishment and the relevance of the feelings of victims and survivors.;

Listing 1 - 10 of 71 << page
of 8
>>
Sort by