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Making room: Facilitating the testimony of child witnesses and victims

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ISBN: 978192038347 Year: Pages: 70 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:15:32
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About the publicationCourt rooms are frightening places for anyone testifying. Even adults are fearful about giving evidence in front of magistrates and judges, and about being questioned by prosecutors and defence lawyers. Imagine how much more scary that must be for a child. Even worse, in sexual offences children have to talk about embarrassing things, for which they do not even have an adequate or accurate vocabulary. South African law has excellent provisions which allow children to testify via intermediaries and in separate rooms, so that they need not encounter the offender. But this is only as good as the provisioning allows. In the 2009 case of Director of Public Prosecutions v the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Development, the Court laid emphasis on these special arrangements, and at the time directed the Minister of Justice to place a report before the Constitutional Court on the readiness of the courts to provide the specialised services. Five years on, this report looks at the statistical evidence that is currently available, coupled with empirical evidence gathered from visits to sexual offences court, to determine how much progress has been made towards the goal of children being able to testify in a safe, child-friendly environment.About the authors:The Centre for Child Law was established in 1998 and is based in the Faculty of Law at the University of Pretoria. The Director of the Centre is Prof Ann Skelton.The Centre contributes towards the establishment and promotion of the best interests of children in South Africa through litigation, advocacy, research and education.Table of ContentsFOREWORDACKNOWLEDGMENTSIntroductionBackgroundQuantifying compliance: Where we were compared to where we are3.1 Intermediaries3.2 Separate child witness testifying rooms3.3 CCTV systems3.4 One-way mirrorsReported experiences: A qualitative view of court services for child victims and witnesses4.1 Eastern Cape4.1.1 Lusikisiki Court4.1.2 Engcobo Court4.1.3 Qumbu Court4.1.4 Ngqeleni Court4.1.5 Mthatha Court4.1.6 Concluding reflections on the Eastern Cape4.2 Free State4.2.1 Welkom Court4.2.2 Odendaalsrus Court4.2.3 Bothaville Court4.2.4 Concluding reflections on the Free State4.3 Gauteng4.3.1 Cullinan Court4.3.2 Bronkhorstspruit Court4.3.3 Krugersdorp Court4.3.4 Palm Ridge Court4.3.5 Pretoria North Court4.3.6 Concluding reflections on Gauteng4.4 KwaZulu-Natal4.4.1 Durban Court4.4.2 Camperdown Court4.4.3 Pinetown Court4.4.4 Verulam Court4.4.5 Pietermaritzburg Court4.4.6 Concluding reflections on KwaZulu-Natal4.5 Limpopo4.5.1 Sibasa Court4.5.2 Giyani Court4.5.3 Louis Trichardt Court4.5.4 Concluding reflections on Limpopo4.6 Mpumalanga4.6.1 Middelburg Court4.6.2 Ermelo Court4.6.3 Nelspruit Court4.6.4 Mhala Court4.6.5 Concluding reflections on Mpumalanga4.7 North West4.7.1 Brits Court4.7.2 Mmabatho Court4.7.3 Lehurutshe Court4.7.4 Zeerust Court4.7.5 Lichtenburg Court4.7.6 Concluding reflections on the North West4.8 Northern Cape4.8.1 Barkly West Court4.8.2 Warrenton Court4.8.3 Hartswater Court4.8.4 Douglas Court4.8.5 Kimberley Court4.8.6 Concluding reflections on the Northern Cape4.9 Western Cape4.9.1 Atlantis Court4.9.2 Parow Court4.9.3 Wynberg Court4.9.4 Paarl Court4.9.5 Cape Town Court4.9.6 Concluding reflections on the Western CapeSurvey results: Observations and some recommendations5.1 Lack of accommodation5.2 Intermediaries5.2.1 Skills and competency5.2.2 Debriefing of intermediaries5.2.3 Evaluation of intermediaries’ performance5.2.4 Appointment of intermediaries – Contract5.3 Awareness of the needs of child victims and witnesses5.4 Lack of toys and other means to keep children busy5.5 Lack of refreshments for child victims and witnessesConcluding recommendations

Chapter 4 Boundary crossing (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367182915 9780429060687 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-28 11:21:11
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Child safeguarding has come to the forefront of public debate in the UK in the aftermath of a series of highly publicised incidents of child sexual exploitation and abuse. These have exposed the inadequacies and failings of inter-organisational relations between police and key partners. While the discourse of policing partnerships is now accepted wisdom, progress has been distinctly hesitant. This paper contributes to understanding both the challenges and opportunities presented through working across organisational boundaries in the context of safeguarding children. It draws on a study of relations within one of the largest Safeguarding Children partnerships in England, developing insights from Etienne Wenger regarding the potential of ‘communities of practice’ that innovate on the basis of everyday learning through ‘boundary work’. We demonstrate how such networked approaches expose the differential power relations and sites of conflict between organisations but also provide possibilities to challenge introspective cultures and foster organisational learning. We argue that crucial in cultivating effective ‘communities of practice’ are: shared commitment and purpose; relations of trust; balanced exchange of information and resources; mutual respect for difference; and an open and mature dialogue over possible conflicts. Boundary crossing can open opportunities to foster increased reflexivity among policing professionals, prompting critical self-reflection on values, ongoing reassessment of assumptions and questioning of terminology. Yet, there is an inherent tension in that the learning and innovative potential afforded by emergent ‘communities of practice’ derives from the coexistence and interplay between both the depth of knowledge within practices and active boundaries across practices.

Experiences of Intervention Against Violence

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Book Series: Cultural Encounters in Intervention Against Violence ISBN: 9783847410256 9783847420439 Year: Pages: 356 DOI: 10.3224/84742043 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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The stories in this anthology emerged from interviews with women and young people about their experience of intervention when they were escaping a situation of abuse, neglect and/or sexual exploitation. They come from the research project “Cultural Encounters in Intervention Against Violence (CEINAV)” in four countries – England & Wales, Germany, Portugal and Slovenia. Through support services the women and young people were contacted; they came from a minority or migration background and had travelled through a history of violence and intervention, and were asked to tell who intervened, what had been helpful and what had not.

Contested Childhoods: Growing up in Migrancy

Authors: ---
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319446080 9783319446103 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44610-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Law --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 16:21:06
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This open access book explores specific migration, governance, and identity processes currently involving children and ideas of childhood. Migrancy as a social space allows majority populations to question the capabilities of migrants, and is a space in which an increasing number of children are growing up. In this space, families, nation-states, civil society, as well as children themselves are central actors engaged in contesting the meaning of childhood. Childhood is a field of conceptual, moral and political contestation, where the ‘battles’ may range from minor tensions and everyday negotiations of symbolic or practical importance involving a limited number of people, to open conflicts involving violence and law enforcement. The chapters demonstrate the importance of how we understand phenomena involving children: when children are trafficked, seeking refuge, taken into custody, active in gangs or in youth organisations, and struggling with identity work. This book examines countries representing very different engagements and policies regarding migrancy and children. As a result, readers are presented with a comprehensive volume ideal for both the classroom and for policy-makers and practitioners. The chapters are written by experts in social anthropology, human geography, political science, sociology, and psychology.

Theologies of Childhood and the Children of Africa

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ISBN: 9781928396109 Year: DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2016.tcca02 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: Knowledge Unlatched||North-West University - 100410
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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The purpose of this book is to combine perspectives of scholars from Africa on Child Theologies from a variety of theological sub-disciplines to provide some theological and ministerial perspectives on this topic. The book disseminates original research and new developments in this study field, especially as relevant to the African context. In the process it addresses also the global need to hear voices from Africa in this academic field. It wants to convey the importance of considering Africa’s children in theologising. The different chapters represent diverse methodologies but the central and common focus is to approach the subject from the viewpoint of Africa’s children. The individual authors’ varied theological sub-disciplinary dispositions contribute to the unique and distinct character of the book. Almost all chapters are theoretical orientated with less empirical research, although some of the chapters refer to empirical research which the authors have done in the past.

Contemporary Developments in Child Protection

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ISBN: 9783038421184 9783038420873 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-087-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-09 15:02:36
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Volume 1 "Policy Changes and Challenges" takes as its central theme the ongoing and challenging issues which child protection agencies have to address and the policy and practice initiatives that are developed to try and address these. The volume includes papers on: the relationship between the decline in the rate of ‘unnatural’ deaths and the growth of concern about child abuse in the USA between 1940 and 2005; mandatory reporting; the balance between providing urgent intervention and meeting chronic need; risk and the Public Law Outline in England; the nature and implications of ‘child centred’ policies; the impact of intimate partner and family violence; the intended and unintended consequences of high profile child abuse scandals; developing multi-disciplinary team work in a health setting; and the possibilities of technology-based innovations in prevention programmes.

Contemporary Developments in Child Protection

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ISBN: 9783038421207 9783038420897 Year: Volume: 3 Pages: 207 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-089-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-09 15:09:52
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Volume 3 "Broadening Challenges in Child Protection" takes a somewhat broader brief and reflects many of the changes over the past twenty five years in terms of the broadening of concerns from maltreatment within the family to maltreatment in a variety of extra-familial contexts, including: sport, the internet, various institutional settings and is much more concerned with sexual abuse and the challenges for criminal justice and public protection.

Maternal-child health - interdisciplinary aspects within the perspective of global health

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ISBN: 9783863950842 Year: Pages: 546 DOI: 10.17875/gup2013-389 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Biology --- Public Health --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-26 16:26:36
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Maternal-Child Health is one of the greatest challenges the world has to cope with today. Every year, thousands of women, newborns and children die unnecessarily, particularly in resource-poor settings. There is a great disparity caused by food insecurity and hunger, environmental health risks, sanitation challenges, cultural barriers and non-accessibility to diagnosis and treatment. "Maternal-Child Health: Interdisciplinary Aspects within the Perspective of Global Health" addresses these issues. The contributions of this book are based on the ONE HEALTH concept by focusing on infectious and non-communicable diseases and to present interdisciplinary views from more than 60 authors who come from 14 countries. The aim is to shape our understanding on Maternal-Child Health Solutions by looking at > agricultural and environmental > economic, social and theological > biomedical and nutritional > clinical human and veterinary as well as > epidemiology and > public health expertise. The Göttingen International Health Network is corresponding to a variety of different geographic regions and programs to improve global health perspective and health of the most vulnerable: mothers and their children.

Welcoming Africa's children

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ISBN: 9781928396079 Year: Pages: 308 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2016.waccs13 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: North-West University
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:31
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The purpose of this book is to combine perspectives of scholars from Africa on Child Theology from a variety of theological sub-disciplines to provide some theological and ministerial perspectives on this topic. The book disseminates original research and new developments in this study field, especially as relevant to the African context. In the process it addresses also the global need to hear voices from Africa in this academic field. It aims to convey the importance of considering Africa’s children in theologising. The different chapters represent diverse methodologies, but the central and common focus is to approach the subject from the viewpoint of Africa’s children. The individual authors’ varied theological sub-disciplinary dispositions contribute to the unique and distinct character of the book. Almost all chapters are theoretical orientated with less empirical but more qualitative research, although some of the chapters refer to empirical research that the authors have performed in the past. Most of the academic literature in the field of Child Theologies is from American or British-European origin. The African context is fairly absent in this discourse, although it is the youngest continent and presents unique and relevant challenges. This book was written by theological scholars from Africa, focussing on Africa’s children. It addresses not only theoretical challenges in this field but also provides theological perspectives for ministry with children and for important social change. Written from a variety of theological sub-disciplines, the book is aimed at scholars across theological sub-disciplines, especially those theological scholars interested in the intersections between theology, childhood studies and African cultural or social themes. It addresses themes and provides insights that are also relevant for specialist leaders and professionals in this field. No part of the book was plagiarised from another publication or published elsewhere.

Collaborating Against Child Abuse: Exploring the Nordic Barnahus Model

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ISBN: 9783319583877 9783319583884 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58388-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 17:40:40
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This edited collection explores the background and implementation of the Nordic Barnahus (or 'Children's House') model – recognised as one of the most important reforms related to children who are the victims of crime in the Nordic region. This book discusses both its potential to affect change and the challenges facing it. The model was introduced as a response to a growing recognition of the need for more integrated and child-centred services for children exposed to violence and sexual abuse. In the Barnahus structure, different professions work together to ensure that victimized children receive help and treatment and that their legal rights are met. This original study is organised into four broad themes: child-friendliness, support and treatment; the forensic child investigative interview; children’s rights perspectives; and interagency collaboration and professional autonomy. Each themed section includes in-depth chapters from different Nordic countries, outlining and analysing the practice and outcomes of the collaborative work engaged in by Barnahus from different perspectives. The introductory and concluding chapters offer a comparative lens useful for policy and practice implementation within the Nordic welfare state context and beyond, ensuring this book has global academic and practical appeal.

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