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Nigeria during the Abacha Years (1993-1998)

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ISBN: 9789788025009 9791092312089 Year: Language: English
Publisher: IFRA-Nigeria
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-14 11:31:46
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The autocratic regime of Sani Abacha (1993-1998) stands out as a watershed in the history of independent Nigeria. Nigeria’s darkest years since the civil war resulted from his unrestrained personal rule; very close to the features associated with warlordism. Nepotism, corruption, violation of human rights, procrastination over the implementation of a democratic transition, and the exploitation of ethnic, cultural or religious identities, also resulted in the accumulation of harshly repressed ...

Integrative Research on Organic Matter Cycling Across Aquatic Gradients

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889452125 Year: Pages: 201 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-212-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Oceanography --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-13 14:57:01
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The goal of this research topic was to motivate innovative research that blurs traditional disciplinary and geographical boundaries. As the scientific community continues to gain momentum and knowledge about how the natural world functions, it is increasingly important that we recognize the interconnected nature of earth systems and embrace the complexities of ecosystem transitions. We are pleased to present this body of work, which embodies the spirit of research spanning across the terrestrial-aquatic continuum, from mountains to the sea. Sincerely, The Editors

China’s Gas Development Strategies

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Book Series: Advances in Oil and Gas Exploration & Production ISSN: 2509-372X / 2509-3738 ISBN: 9783319597331 9783319597348 Year: Pages: 477 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59734-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 17:31:31
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This book examines how China can increase the share of natural gas in its energy system. China’s energy strategy has global ramifications and impact, and central to this strategy is the country’s transition from coal to gas. The book presents the culmination of a two-year collaboration between the Development Research Center of the State Council (DRC) and Shell. With the Chinese government’s strategic aim to increase the share of gas in the energy mix from 5.8% in 2014 to 10% and 15% in 2020 and 2030 respectively, the book outlines how China can achieve its gas targets. Providing both quantifiable metrics and policy measures for the transition, it is a much needed addition to the literature on Chinese energy policy. The research and the resulting recommendations of this study have fed directly into the Chinese government’s 13th Five-Year Plan, and provide unique insights into the Chinese government and policy-making.Due to its global impact, the book is a valuable resource for policy makers in both China and the rest of the world.

Modernisation in Russia since 1900

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Historica ISBN: 9789518580211 9789517468541 9789518580211 9789518580204 Year: Pages: 341 DOI: 10.21435/sfh.12 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Political Science --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:41
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"Modernisation has been a constant theme in Russian history at least since Peter the Great launched a series of initiatives aimed at closing the economic, technical and cultural gap between Russia and the more ‘advanced’ countries of Europe. All of the leaders of the Soviet Union and post-Soviet Russia have been intensely aware of this gap, and have pursued a number of strategies, some more successful than others, in order to modernise the country. But it would be wrong to view modernisation as a unilinear process which was the exclusive preserve of the state. Modernisation has had profound effects on Russian society, and the attitudes of different social groups have been crucial to the success and failure of modernisation. This volume examines the broad theme of modernisation in late imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet Russia both through general overviews of particular topics, and specific case studies of modernisation projects and their impact. Modernisation is seen not just as an economic policy, but as a cultural and social phenomenon reflected through such diverse themes as ideology, welfare, education, gender relations, transport, political reform, and the Internet. The result is the most up to date and comprehensive survey of modernisation in Russia available, which highlights both one of the perennial problems and the challenges and prospects for contemporary Russia."

DDR and SSR in War-to-Peace Transition

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Book Series: SSR Papers ISBN: 9781911529415 Year: Pages: 84 DOI: 10.5334/bby Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-05 11:21:04
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While disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) and security sector reform (SSR) have become integral statebuilding tools in post-conflict states, the existing empirical literature examining their relationship has focused on supply-side considerations related to the programming of both processes. In practice, though, DDR and SSR are implemented in the wider context of war-to-peace transitions where the state is attempting to establish a monopoly over the use of force and legitimize itself in the eyes of domestic and international communities. This paper therefore assumes that to identify opportunities and constraints for establishing closer practical linkages between DDR and SSR it is important to take the local politics into consideration. It examines two past externally driven peacebuilding interventions in West Africa, namely Liberia and Sierra Leone, featuring cases in which the central state had essentially fragmented or collapsed. Through this comparative analysis, the paper aims to provide a stepping-stone for future studies examining demand-side considerations of DDR and SSR in post-conflict contexts.

Spectroscopic ellipsometry of interfacial phase transitions in fluid metallic systems: KxKCl1-x and Ga1-xBix [online]

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ISBN: 3937300082 Year: DOI: 10.5445/KSP/812004 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59

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The investigation of the interfacial phase transitions in fluid systems with short-range intermetallic interactions are of great interest. The phenomena were studied in two systems exhibiting a liquid-liquid miscibility gap: at the fluid/wall interface in fluid KxKCl1-x and at the fluid/vacuum interface of the Ga1 xBix alloys. To characterize the interfacial changes of the ultra thin films (composition, thickness and their evolution with time) the spectroscopic ellipsometry was performed over a wide spectral range. Whereas in the experiments on KxKCl1-x an existing ellipsometer could be used, a completely new UHV-apparatus including the in-situ phase modulation ellipsometer had to be developed for Ga1 xBix alloys. For the KxKCl1-x system new results on complete wetting at solid-liquid coexistence as well as in the homogenous liquid phase (prewetting) are presented. The spectra show the typical F center absorption which indicates that the film is a salt-rich phase. The thickness strongly increases approaching the monotectic from 30 to 440 nm, which is in agreement with the tetra point wetting scenario. For this interpretation a quantitative description of the excess Gibbs energy has been developed. For the Ga1 xBix system the results on complete wetting, surface freezing and oscillatory interfacial instabilities are presented. The high-precision spectra have been recorded approaching the liquid-liquid miscibility. These spectra have been modeled using a Ga-Bi effective medium approximation for the substrate covered by a film of liquid Bi. The measurements give evidence of tetra point wetting in the Ga-Bi system. First ellipsometric study of the surface freezing in Ga-Bi has been performed. Within the miscibility gap a very interesting effect of surface and bulk oscillatory instability was observed. The details of this process at present are not well understood, but a qualitative description is given.

Implementation and application of the explicitly correlated coupled-cluster method in Turbomole

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ISBN: 9783866443921 Year: Pages: 102 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000011987 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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In this thesis the implementation of the explicitly correlated coupled-cluster singles-and-doubles model is presented. This tool is capable of efficiently calculating CCSD energies at the basis set limit with relatively small orbital basis sets. The implementation supports RHF, UHF and ROHF reference wave functions. The usefulness of the developed tool is illustrated with selected chemical applications.

Tax Systems and Tax Reforms in New EU Member States

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in the Modern World Economy ISBN: 9780203023075 9780415349888 9780415654333 9781134270736 9781134270729 9781134270682 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203023075 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:10
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Building on the work carried out in the 2004 Routledge book, Tax Systems and Tax Reforms in Europe, an international team of contributors now turn their attention to the new EU member states. The book compares conditions in the new and potential EU Member states to those in the long-standing EU countries. Topics covered include: * A Comparative View of Taxation in the EU and in New Members * Tax Policy in EU New Members * Tax Policy in New Members under the Stability Pact * Tax Administration and the Black Economy. As well as investigating countries such as the Czech Republic, Estonia and the Baltics, Hungary, Poland and Slovenia, this outstanding book contains a foreword by Vito Tanzi and will be a valuable resource for postgraduates and professionals in the fields of economics, politics, finance and European studies.

Keywords

personal --- income --- social --- security --- contribution --- transition --- economies --- total --- fiscal --- revenue

Managing Development

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780203015292 9780415364102 9780415649872 9781134225583 9781134225576 9781134225538 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203015292 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:19
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Globalization in the 1990s provided both opportunities and challenges for developing and transition economies. Though for some, it offered the chance to achieve economic growth through active involvement in the integrated and liberalized world economy, it also increased their vulnerability to external shocks and volatility. As a consequence, stakeholders at every level of the development and transition process – international organizations, national governments and the private sector – had to review their strategies in order to adjust to the new world economic environment. As the Mexican peso crisis of 1994-1995 and the Asian financial crisis of 1997-1998 showed dramatically, the cost of maladjustment was not only very high but it also affected many more stakeholders than before, due to the contagious effects of crises. This revealing book analyzes the different methods employed to manage globalization and development. Bringing together an international team of contributors, including Barbara Stallings, Alicia Giron and J. C. Ferraz, it will prove to be a valuable resource for those involved in the fields of development economics and political economy.

Keywords

latin --- america --- transition --- economies --- east --- asian --- countries --- developing --- country --- world

Europes Population

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780203975411 9781857281781 9781857281798 9781135369484 9781135369477 9781135369439 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203975411 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Geography --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:25
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First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Keywords

total --- fertility --- rate --- southern --- skilled --- international --- migration --- demographic --- transition --- age

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