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White Paper on Joint Replacement: Status of Hip and Knee Arthroplasty Care in Germany

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ISBN: 9783662559178 9783662559185 Year: Pages: 135 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-662-55918-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 17:07:42
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This White Paper details the status of hip and knee arthroplasty care in Germany. Hip and knee replacements are amongst the most frequently performed procedures and usually become necessarily due to age-related wear of the joint, osteoarthritis and fractures of the femoral neck. In light of demographic change, demands with regard to standards of care and the procedures are likely to rise.This book addresses people involved in shaping and representing the healthcare system from a variety of fields including medical professions, health insurances and health sciences as well as journalists and patient representatives.

26 Interaction in Aerial Warfare (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 20 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch26 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:08
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"This chapter explores the leadership practices of Mission Commanders. The major focus is on key features in leadership practices that contribute to effective samhandling in the execution of Composite Air Operations and handling of unexpected events. “Aerial warfare” is the term used to describe the use of military aircraft and other aeronautical equipment in warfare. Air power has become the preferred instrument for politicians and commanders to achieve strategic and operational objectives across a spectrum of conflicts, ranging from humanitarian aid to combat action. Air campaigns like OD/UP and MINUSMA are conducted through a series of parallel and sequential Composite Air Operations (COMAO). COMAO is the term used when dissimilar types of aircraft interact in coordinated actions to achieve defined military objectives within a given time and geographical area. The study indicates that joint practice and a joint process for learning and leadership play vital roles in the successful conduct of COMAO in war. Joint practice during exercises like RED FLAG provides the opportunity to develop the interactional skills that are needed in modern aerial warfare. Important principles in joint practice are that you train as you fight, you experience a progression in challenge and that all participants participate in the exchange of ideas and lessons learned."

Industrial Efficiency and State Intervention

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ISBN: 9780203991121 9780415088107 9781134881277 9781134881260 9781134881222 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203991121 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:22
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Nick Tiratsoo and Jim Tomlinson describe and assess the Labour Party's development of a policy of improving industrial efficiency. They concentrate on the debates and initiatives of the wartime period and subsequent implementation of policy under Attlee. The book modifies existing historiography in two ways - it shows that the Labour Party of 1945-51 was concerned mainly with industrial modernization, not with creating the Welfare State, and it tackles the consequently necessary re-evaluation of wider theories about Britain's economic decline.

Reaching to Grasp Cognition: Analyzing Motor Behavior to Investigate Social Interactions

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456000 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-600-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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How humans plan and execute their actions has always been a fascinating topic for neuroscience and psychology. In particular, kinematics studies have contributed to shed light on how very basic actions (e.g. reaching-grasping) are affected by manipulating target properties, visually or linguistically presented stimuli, absence or presence of contextual information. Interestingly, recent studies have also shown how the social context in which actions take place and their relevance for human interactions can also affect the execution of very simple actions. This research topic aims to bring together researchers from psychology and neuroscience with a special focus on the use of kinematics analysis for the study of socially relevant aspects of cognition (e.g. action observation, competition/cooperation, complementary actions, coordination, shared emotions and so on).

Agency Theory: Methodology, Analysis

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631529737 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.3726/b13920 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:25
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Designing a contract is often more of an economic than a legal problem. A good contract protects parties against opportunistic behavior while providing motivation to cooperate. This is where economics and, especially contract theory, may prove helpful by enhancing our understanding of incentive issues. The purpose of this book is to provide specific tools which will help to write better contracts in real world environments. Concentrating on moral hazard literature, this book derives a tentative checklist for drafting contracts. As an economic contribution to a field traditionally considered an art rather than a science, this treatment also gives much attention to methodological issues.

Joint Pricing and Inventory Control under Reference Price Effects

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Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631589137 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3726/b13901 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:26
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In this work, we address the problem of simultaneously determining a pricing and inventory replenishment strategy under reference price effects. This reference price effect models the fact that consumers not only react sensitively to the current price, but also to deviations from a reference price formed on the basis of past purchases. Immediate effects of price reductions on profits have to be weighted against the resulting losses in future periods. By providing an analytical analysis and numerical simulations we study how the additional dynamics of the consumers’ willingness to pay affect an optimal pricing and inventory control model and whether a simple policy such as a base-stock-list-price policy holds in such a setting.

Personalized Hip and Knee Joint Replacement

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030242435 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-24243-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:45
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This open access book describes and illustrates the surgical techniques, implants, and technologies used for the purpose of personalized implantation of hip and knee components. This new and flourishing treatment philosophy offers important benefits over conventional systematic techniques, including component positioning appropriate to individual anatomy, improved surgical reproducibility and prosthetic performance, and a reduction in complications. The techniques described in the book aim to reproduce patients’ native anatomy and physiological joint laxity, thereby improving the prosthetic hip/knee kinematics and functional outcomes in the quest of the forgotten joint. They include kinematically aligned total knee/total hip arthroplasty, partial knee replacement, and hip resurfacing. The relevance of available and emerging technological tools for these personalized approaches is also explained, with coverage of, for example, robotics, computer-assisted surgery, and augmented reality. Contributions from surgeons who are considered world leaders in diverse fields of this novel surgical philosophy make this open access book will invaluable to a wide readership, from trainees at all levels to consultants practicing lower limb surgery

In Memory of Mary Ellen Avery

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889193639 Year: Pages: 24 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-363-9 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Pediatrics --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-19 16:29:12
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Mary Ellen Avery was the driving force behind the discipline of Neonatology. She fought against convention when she published her ground-breaking paper in 1959 showing that Hyaline Membrane Disease was caused by lung surfactant deficiency. Up until then it was thought to be an due to amniotic fluid aspiration, as suggested by Hoccheim in 1903. She encouraged her students to think out of the box, as long as we were studying ‘something that you couldn’t live without’. In addition to being a great clinician-researcher she was a mentor. The article is by her former students writing about their personal experiences under the tutelage of Mel Avery.

Joint Modules and Internationalisation in Higher Education

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Book Series: Studien zur Paedagogik, Andragogik und Gerontagogik / Studies in Pedagogy, Andragogy, and Gerontagogy ISBN: 9783631736425 9783631736432 9783631736258 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3726/b12110 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Political Science --- Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:53
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This volume places the development of the Joint Module «Comparative Studies in Adult Education and Lifelong Learning» (COMPALL) in the context of international development in higher education and adult education. Based on this framework, the authors discuss the development of the joint module in terms of its institutional and didactical structure as well as participants’ motivation and diversity. The book is divided into three parts: (1) Internationalisation in Higher Education, (2) Internationalisation of Higher Education: The Case of Adult Education, and (3) Internationalisation of Higher Education: The Example of COMPALL.

Dissimilar Metal Welding

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ISBN: 9783039219544 9783039219551 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-955-1 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 09:08:26
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The combination of distinct materials is a key issue in modern industry, whereas the driving concept is to design parts with the right material in the right place. In this framework, a great deal of attention is directed towards dissimilar welding and joining technologies. In the automotive sector, for instance, the concept of “tailored blanks”, introduced in the last decade, has further highlighted the necessity to weld dissimilar materials. As far as the aeronautic field is concerned, most structures are built combining very different materials and alloys, in order to match lightweight and structural performance requirements. In this framework, the application of fusion welding techniques, namely, tungsten inert gas or laser welding, is quite challenging due to the difference in physical properties, in particular the melting point, between adjoining materials. On the other hand, solid-state welding methods, such as the friction stir welding as well as linear friction welding processes, have already proved to be capable of manufacturing sound Al-Cu, Al-Ti, Al-SS, and Al-Mg joints, to cite but a few. Recently, promising results have also been obtained using hybrid methods. Considering the novelty of the topic, many relevant issues are still open, and many research groups are continuously publishing valuable results. The aim of this book is to finalize the latest contributions on this topic.

Keywords

dissimilar joints --- friction stir welding --- microstructure --- mechanical properties --- local strength mismatch --- dissimilar metal welded joint --- fracture resistance --- crack growth path --- optimal design --- laser beam welding --- spatial beam oscillation --- dissimilar metals --- aluminum --- copper --- friction stir welding --- aluminum --- copper --- cross-section adjustment --- mechanical properties --- electrical properties --- dissimilar weld --- ageing --- tensile properties --- hardness --- failure mode --- dissimilar metal welding --- Inconel 625 --- AISI 316L --- microstructure --- filler metals --- friction stir spot welding --- friction stir spot brazing --- joining area --- fracture load --- Al/steel dissimilar materials --- friction stir welding --- interface --- intermetallic compounds --- dual-beam laser welding --- steel/Al joint --- side-by-side configuration --- tensile resistance --- EBSD phase mapping --- pulsed Nd:YAG laser beam welding --- interfacial crack initiation --- dissimilar Ti6Al4V/AA6060 lap joint --- phase potential --- laser welding --- pulsed Nd:YAG laser --- DP1000 steel --- 1050 aluminum alloy --- dissimilar materials welding --- steel/aluminum joint --- Ag-Cu-Zn --- Rare earth --- aging treatment --- microstructure --- mechanical properties --- aluminum --- dissimilar --- friction stir welding --- FSW --- hardness --- microstructure --- tensile --- magnetic pulse welding --- dissimilar metal welding --- solid state welding --- welding window --- cloud of particles --- jet --- surface activation --- welding-brazing --- arc assisted laser method --- aluminum-steel butt joint --- mechanical properties --- DeltaSpot welding --- spooling process tape --- aluminum alloy --- dissimilar metal welding --- lobe curve --- electromagnetic pulse welding --- tubular joints --- internal supports --- n/a

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