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Offshore Wind Farms

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ISBN: 9783039285624 / 9783039285631 Year: Pages: 266 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-563-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
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The coastal zone is the host to many human activities, which have significantly increased in the last decades. However, sea level rise and more frequent storm events severely affect beaches and coastal structures, with negative consequences and dramatic impacts on coastal communities. These aspects add to typical coastal problems, like flooding and beach erosion, which already leading to large economic losses and human fatalities. Modeling is thus fundamental for an exhaustive understanding of the nearshore region in the present and future environment. Innovative tools and technologies may help to better understand coastal processes in terms of hydrodynamics, sediment transport, bed morphology, and their interaction with coastal structures. This book collects several contributions focusing on nearshore dynamics, and span among several time and spatial scales using both physical and numerical approaches. The aim is to describe the most recent advances in coastal dynamics.

Keywords

offshore wind --- tension leg platforms --- loads and response --- model testing --- support structures --- gravity-based structures --- GBS --- GBF --- floating offshore wind turbine (FOWT) --- mooring system --- coupled dynamic response --- broken mooring line --- safety factor --- renewable energies --- ocean energy --- offshore wind --- wave --- tidal --- marine currents --- ocean thermal --- Lebanon --- offshore wind energy --- wind power density --- aiRthermo --- air density --- ERA5 --- wind energy --- optimal selection factors --- onshore-offshore wind power plant --- offshore wind energy --- HVAC --- HVDC --- P2X --- hydrogen storage --- CAES --- offshore wind farm --- vacuum circuit breaker --- reignition characteristics --- switching overvoltage --- ice force --- design response spectrum --- crushing failure --- bending failure --- monopile --- horizontal vibration --- combined static and dynamic loads --- different loading directions --- frequency response functions --- scour phenomenon --- weight --- size --- nominal diameter --- armour --- monitoring --- offshore wind farm --- support structure --- monopile --- jacket --- GBS --- tripod --- floating --- offshore wind turbine --- trailing-edge flap --- load mitigation --- free vortex wake --- offshore wind farm --- marine energy --- foundations --- wind resource --- wind turbine generators --- electrical connection --- numerical models --- physical models --- development --- design and construction --- operation and maintenance

Cutting-Edge Technologies for Renewable Energy Production and Storage

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ISBN: 9783039360000 / 9783039360017 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03936-001-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
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Anthropogenic greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are dramatically influencing the environment, and research is strongly committed to proposing alternatives, mainly based on renewable energy sources. Low GHG electricity production from renewables is well established but issues of grid balancing are limiting their application. Energy storage is a key topic for the further deployment of renewable energy production. Besides batteries and other types of electrical storage, electrofuels and bioderived fuels may offer suitable alternatives in some specific scenarios. This Special Issue includes contributions on the energy conversion technologies and use, energy storage, technologies integration, e-fuels, and pilot and large-scale applications.

Landscapes in the Eastern Mediterranean between the Future and the Past

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039217748 / 9783039217755 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-775-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geography
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Landscapes have long been viewed as ‘multifunctional’, integrating ecological, economic, sociocultural, historical, and aesthetic dimensions. Landscape science and public awareness in Europe have been progressing in leaps and bounds. The challenges involved in landscape-related issues and fields, however, are multiple and refer to landscape stewardship and protection, as well as to the development of comprehensive theoretical and methodological approaches, in tandem with public sensitization and participatory governance and in coordination with appropriate top-down planning and policy instruments. Landscape-scale approaches are fundamental to the understanding of past and present cultural evolution, and are now considered to be an appropriate spatial framework for the analysis of sustainability. Methods and tools of landscape analysis and intervention have also gone a long way since their early development in Europe and the United States. Although significant progress has been made, there remain many issues which are understudied or not investigated at all—at least in a Mediterranean context. This Special Issue addresses the application of landscape theory and practice in the Eastern Mediterranean and mainly, but not exclusively, reports on the outcomes of an international conference held in Jordan, in December 2015, with the title “Landscapes of Eastern Mediterranean: Challenges, Opportunities, Prospects and Accomplishments”. The focus of this Special Issue, landscapes of the Eastern Mediterranean region, thus constitutes a timely area of research interest, not only because these landscapes have so far been understudied, but also as a rich site of strikingly variegated, long-standing multicultural human–environmental interactions. These interactions, resting on and taking shape through millennia of continuity in tradition, have been striving to adapt to technological advances, while currently juggling with manifold and multilayered socioeconomic and climate–environmental crises.

Overcoming Data Scarcity in Earth Science

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039282104 / 9783039282111 Year: Pages: 94 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-211-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Environmental Engineering
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heavily Environmental mathematical models represent one of the key aids for scientists to forecast, create, and evaluate complex scenarios. These models rely on the data collected by direct field observations. However, assembly of a functional and comprehensive dataset for any environmental variable is difficult, mainly because of i) the high cost of the monitoring campaigns and ii) the low reliability of measurements (e.g., due to occurrences of equipment malfunctions and/or issues related to equipment location). The lack of a sufficient amount of Earth science data may induce an inadequate representation of the response’s complexity in any environmental system to any type of input/change, both natural and human-induced. In such a case, before undertaking expensive studies to gather and analyze additional data, it is reasonable to first understand what enhancement in estimates of system performance would result if all the available data could be well exploited. Missing data imputation is an important task in cases where it is crucial to use all available data and not discard records with missing values. Different approaches are available to deal with missing data. Traditional statistical data completion methods are used in different domains to deal with single and multiple imputation problems. More recently, machine learning techniques, such as clustering and classification, have been proposed to complete missing data. This book showcases the body of knowledge that is aimed at improving the capacity to exploit the available data to better represent, understand, predict, and manage the behavior of environmental systems at all practical scales.

Systems Analytics and Integration of Big Omics Data

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ISBN: 9783039287444 / 9783039287451 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-745-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
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A “genotype"" is essentially an organism's full hereditary information which is obtained from its parents. A ""phenotype"" is an organism's actual observed physical and behavioral properties. These may include traits such as morphology, size, height, eye color, metabolism, etc. One of the pressing challenges in computational and systems biology is genotype-to-phenotype prediction. This is challenging given the amount of data generated by modern Omics technologies. This “Big Data” is so large and complex that traditional data processing applications are not up to the task. Challenges arise in collection, analysis, mining, sharing, transfer, visualization, archiving, and integration of these data. In this Special Issue, there is a focus on the systems-level analysis of Omics data, recent developments in gene ontology annotation, and advances in biological pathways and network biology. The integration of Omics data with clinical and biomedical data using machine learning is explored. This Special Issue covers new methodologies in the context of gene–environment interactions, tissue-specific gene expression, and how external factors or host genetics impact the microbiome.

Keywords

tissue-specific expressed genes --- transcriptome --- tissue classification --- support vector machine --- feature selection --- bioinformatics pipelines --- algorithm development for network integration --- miRNA–gene expression networks --- multiomics integration --- network topology analysis --- candidate genes --- gene–environment interactions --- logic forest --- systemic lupus erythematosus --- Gene Ontology --- KEGG pathways --- enrichment analysis --- proteomic analysis --- plot visualization --- Alzheimer’s disease --- dementia --- cognitive impairment --- neurodegeneration --- Gene Ontology --- annotation --- biocuration --- amyloid-beta --- microtubule-associated protein tau --- artificial intelligence --- genotype --- phenotype --- deep phenotype --- data integration --- genomics --- phenomics --- precision medicine informatics --- epigenetics --- chromatin modification --- sequencing --- regulatory genomics --- disease variants --- machine learning --- multi-omics --- data integration --- curse of dimensionality --- heterogeneous data --- missing data --- class imbalance --- scalability --- genomics --- pharmacogenomics --- cell lines --- database --- drug sensitivity --- data integration --- omics data --- genomics --- RNA expression --- non-omics data --- clinical data --- epidemiological data --- challenges --- integrative analytics --- joint modeling --- multivariate analysis --- multivariate causal mediation --- distance correlation --- direct effect --- indirect effect --- causal inference --- n/a

Health and Wellbeing in Sexual Orientation and Gender Identity

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ISBN: 9783039283682 / 9783039283699 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-369-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
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This is a collection of published papers from a variety of authors from around the world on the topic of the health and wellbeing of minority sexual orientation and gender identity populations. Some of the included papers focused on health inequality and inequity and some focussed on healthcare delivery. Many showed how health inequities in LGBT+ groups of people were found across a wide variety of political environments and health and wellbeing topics and frequently inadequate healthcare delivery. The increasing interest in research in this area, which has been neglected in the past, shows its growing importance.

Keywords

women’s health --- sexual identity --- chronic health conditions --- Chinese gay men --- interpersonal sensitivity --- loneliness --- influencing factors --- LGBT --- gay --- lesbian --- transgender --- undergraduate medical education --- decolonizing the curriculum --- medical education --- curriculum development --- sexually transmitted diseases --- risk factors --- sexual and gender minorities --- sexual minority women --- SMW --- lesbian --- bisexual --- trans --- health inequalities --- heterosexism --- adolescents --- romantic attraction --- same-gender attraction --- both-gender attraction --- sexual minority youth --- substance use --- alcohol consumption --- drunkenness --- tobacco --- cannabis --- HBSC --- age --- gender --- same-sex marriage --- sexual orientation --- suicidality --- diversity --- gender --- health care system --- homosexuality --- LGBTI --- gay men --- content analysis --- behavioral characteristics --- GSN apps --- Blued --- LGBT --- wellbeing --- Ottawa Charter --- recognition --- Theory of Recognition --- mental health --- social inclusion and sense of community --- social participation --- community participation --- social connectedness --- community connectedness --- bullying --- sexual minority --- sexual orientation --- gender role nonconformity --- family support --- lesbian --- bisexual --- gay --- transgender --- education --- systematic review --- assessment as learning --- medical student --- game-based teaching --- gender competency --- LGBT+ friendly healthcare

Modelling and Management of Irrigation System

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039287901 / 9783039287918 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-791-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering --- Hydraulic Engineering
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Irrigation is becoming an activity of precision, where combining information collected from various sources is necessary to optimally manage resources. New management strategies, such as big data techniques, sensors, artificial intelligence, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), and new technologies in general, are becoming more relevant every day. As such, modeling techniques, both at the water distribution network and the farm levels, will be essential to gather information from various sources and offer useful recommendations for decision-making processes. In this book, 10 high quality papers were selected that cover a wide range of issues that are relevant to the different aspects related to irrigation management: water source and distribution network, plot irrigation systems, and crop water management.

Novel Methods and Applications for Mineral Exploration

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ISBN: 9783039289431 / 9783039289448 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-944-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
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This special volume offers a snapshot of the latest developments in mineral exploration, in particular, geophysical, geochemical, and computational methods. It reflects the cutting-edge applications of geophysics and geochemistry, as well as novel technologies, such as in artificial intelligence and hyperspectral exploration, methods that have profoundly changed how exploration is conducted. This special volume is a representation of these cutting-edge and pioneering methods to consider and conduct exploration, and should serve both as a valuable compendium of the most innovative exploration methodologies available and as a foreshadowing of the form of future exploration. As such, this volume is of significant importance and would be useful to any exploration geologist and company

Artificial Intelligence for Smart and Sustainable Energy Systems and Applications

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ISBN: 9783039288892 / 9783039288908 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-890-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
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Energy has been a crucial element for human beings and sustainable development. The issues of global warming and non-green energy have yet to be resolved. This book is a collection of twelve articles that provide strong evidence for the success of artificial intelligence deployment in energy research, particularly research devoted to non-intrusive load monitoring, network, and grid, as well as other emerging topics. The presented artificial intelligence algorithms may provide insight into how to apply similar approaches, subject to fine-tuning and customization, to other unexplored energy research. The ultimate goal is to fully apply artificial intelligence to the energy sector. This book may serve as a guide for professionals, researchers, and data scientists—namely, how to share opinions and exchange ideas so as to facilitate a better fusion of energy, academic, and industry research, and improve in the quality of people's daily life activities.

Civil and Military Airworthiness: Recent Developments and Challenges

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ISBN: 9783039289158 / 9783039289165 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-916-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
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Airworthiness, as a field, encompasses the technical and non-technical activities required to design, certify, produce, maintain, and safely operate an aircraft throughout its lifespan. The evolving technology, science, and engineering methods and, most importantly, aviation regulation, offer new opportunities and create, new challenges for the aviation industry. This book assembles review and research articles across a variety of topics in the field of airworthiness: aircraft maintenance, safety management, human factors, cost analysis, structures, risk assessment, unmanned aerial vehicles and regulations. This selection of papers informs the industry practitioners and researchers on important issues.

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (16)


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CC by-nc-nd (16)


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eng (16)


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2020 (16)