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Interactions between Group Theory, Symmetry and Cryptology

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ISBN: 9783039288021 / 9783039288038 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-803-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

Cryptography lies at the heart of most technologies deployed today for secure communications. At the same time, mathematics lies at the heart of cryptography, as cryptographic constructions are based on algebraic scenarios ruled by group or number theoretical laws. Understanding the involved algebraic structures is, thus, essential to design robust cryptographic schemes. This Special Issue is concerned with the interplay between group theory, symmetry and cryptography. The book highlights four exciting areas of research in which these fields intertwine: post-quantum cryptography, coding theory, computational group theory and symmetric cryptography. The articles presented demonstrate the relevance of rigorously analyzing the computational hardness of the mathematical problems used as a base for cryptographic constructions. For instance, decoding problems related to algebraic codes and rewriting problems in non-abelian groups are explored with cryptographic applications in mind. New results on the algebraic properties or symmetric cryptographic tools are also presented, moving ahead in the understanding of their security properties. In addition, post-quantum constructions for digital signatures and key exchange are explored in this Special Issue, exemplifying how (and how not) group theory may be used for developing robust cryptographic tools to withstand quantum attacks.

Synthesis and Applications of Nanomaterials for Photocatalysis and Electrocatalysis

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ISBN: 9783039288311 / 9783039288328 Year: Pages: 213 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-832-8 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General)
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Heterogeneous catalysis, exploiting photo- and electrochemical reactions, has expanded rapidly in recent decades, having undergone various developments, especially from both energetic and environmental points of view. Photocatalysis plays a pivotal role in such applications as water splitting and air/water remediation. Electrocatalysis can be found in a large array of research fields, including the development of electroanalytical sensors, wastewater treatment, and energy conversion devices (e.g., batteries, fuel and solar cells, etc.). Therefore, the fine control of the synthetic procedures, together with extensive physicochemical characterisations of the tailor-made catalytic nanomaterials, are of fundamental importance to achieving the desired results. The present book will include recent enhancements in oxide/metal nanoparticles for photocatalytic and electrocatalytic applications, especially in the fields of pollutants abatement and energy conversion.

Molecular Genetics, Genomics and Biotechnology of Crop Plants Breeding

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ISBN: 9783039288779 / 9783039288786 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-878-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Plant Sciences
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This Special Issue on molecular genetics, genomics, and biotechnology in crop plant breeding seeks to encourage the use of the tools currently available. It features nine research papers that address quality traits, grain yield, and mutations by exploring cytoplasmic male sterility, the delicate control of flowering in rice, the removal of anti-nutritional factors, the use and development of new technologies for non-model species marker technology, site-directed mutagenesis and GMO regulation, genomics selection and genome-wide association studies, how to cope with abiotic stress, and an exploration of fruit trees adapted to harsh environments for breeding purposes. A further four papers review the genetics of pre-harvest spouting, readiness for climate-smart crop development, genomic selection in the breeding of cereal crops, and the large numbers of mutants in straw lignin biosynthesis and deposition.

Keywords

phloem metabolites --- electrospray ionisation --- mass spectrometry --- cultivar --- quality groups --- nitrogen --- faba bean --- zt-1 --- linkage map --- SSR --- ISSR --- Brassica napus --- GmDof4 --- GmDof11 --- oleic acid --- fatty acid composition --- differentially expressed genes --- drought --- RNA-seq --- RNA editing --- wheat --- climate change --- mapping populations --- genetic resources --- mutation breeding --- genome editing --- new plant breeding techniques --- “omics” data --- bioinformatics --- rice --- CRISPR/Cas9 --- Wx --- TGW6 --- mutations --- maintainer --- cytoplasmic male sterile --- amylose content --- anther --- protein --- cytoplasmic male sterility --- fertility restoration --- sunflower --- Rf1 gene --- GWAS --- Pentatricopeptide Repeats --- PPR genes --- association mapping --- candidate genes --- gene mapping --- lodicule --- non-open hull 1(noh1) --- rice --- crops --- quantitative genetics --- estimated breeding value --- genomic prediction --- plant breeding --- breeding scheme --- pedigree --- genetic value --- wheat --- pre-harvest sprouting --- seed dormancy --- abscisic acid --- gibberellin --- QTL/genes --- brown midrib --- cell wall --- gold hull and internode --- grass family --- lignin --- monolignol pathway --- mutational breeding --- orange lemma --- transgenic cereals --- SNP --- SSR --- next generation sequencing --- genotyping by sequencing --- Japanese plum --- SSR --- diversity --- genetic structure --- candidate genes --- genomic selection --- mutants --- ddRAD sequencing --- genotyping-by-sequencing --- CRISPR/Cas9 site directed mutagenesis --- genome-wide association scan --- genetic modification --- F1 hybrids --- QTL

Nutrition, Choice and Health-Related Claims

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ISBN: 9783039286485 / 9783039286492 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-649-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General)
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This book presents different articles focused on the role of nutritional properties and/or health-related claims on choice preferences, choice behavior, healthy eating/healthy diet, and the willingness to pay for certain foods.

Keywords

consumer research --- carrier foods --- functional ingredients --- loglinear analysis --- qualified health claim --- older adult --- green tea --- cancer --- purchase intentions --- emotional eating --- food choices --- nutritional claims --- nutrition claims --- health claims --- portion size --- perceptions --- health halo --- food labelling --- consumer --- nudging --- qualitative --- focus groups --- trans-fatty acids --- ultra-processed food products --- food labels --- consumer --- non-communicable disease --- quantile regression --- experimental auction --- lycopene --- information --- consumer --- yoghurt --- label --- a discrete choice-based experiment --- Food Neophobia Scale (FNS) --- food neophobia --- consumer choice --- choice experiment --- allergen --- menu --- packaging --- exposure time --- plant extract --- visual appraisal --- consumer home-test --- nutritional claims --- health claims --- cluster analysis --- food choices --- functional food --- health information --- environmental information --- choice experiment --- sustainability --- consumer preferences --- nutritional labels --- biscuits --- pastries --- Aragón --- nutrition claim --- health claim --- functional food --- WTP --- segmentation --- organic consumer choices --- organic dried strawberries --- nutrient labels --- health attitudes --- consumer heterogeneity --- cross-cultural comparison --- claims --- labeling --- nutrition --- consumer behavior --- policy --- choice architecture --- dining environment --- campus --- college students --- cereal grains --- dietary fiber --- vitamins --- claim --- information --- health claims --- new product development --- nutrition claims --- market success --- food choice --- changes in quality --- changes in prices --- nutrition --- United Kingdom --- Brexit --- consumer research --- willingness to purchase --- non-communicable diseases --- binary logistic regression --- random forest --- food choices --- health consciousness --- red wine --- choice experiment --- clean labels --- alcohol content --- nutritional knowledge --- health --- local --- organic --- greenhouse gas emissions --- consumer --- choice experiment --- willingness to pay --- trade-offs --- n/a

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (4)


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CC by-nc-nd (4)


Language

eng (4)


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2020 (4)