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Zoonotic Diseases and One Health

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ISBN: 9783039280100 / 9783039280117 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-011-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Humans are part of an ecosystem, and understanding our relationship with the environment and with other organisms is a prerequisite to living together sustainably. Zoonotic diseases, which are spread between animals and humans, are an important issue as they reflect our relationship with other animals in a common environment. Zoonoses are still presented with high occurrence rates, especially in rural communities, with direct and indirect consequences for people. In several cases, zoonosis could cause severe clinical manifestations and is difficult to control and treat. Moreover, the persistent use of drugs for infection control enhances the potential of drug resistance and impacts on ecosystem balance and food production. This book demonstrates the importance of understanding zoonosis in terms of how it allows ecosystems to transform, adapt, and evolve. Ecohealth/One Health approaches recognize the interconnections among people, other organisms, and their shared developing environment. Moreover, these holistic approaches encourage stakeholders of various disciplines to collaborate in order to solve problems related to zoonosis. The reality of climate change necessitates considering new variables in studying diseases, particularly to predict how these changes in the ecosystems can affect human health and how to recognize the boundaries between medicine, veterinary care, and environmental and social changes towards healthy and sustainable development.

Energy Efficiency in Buildings: Both New and Rehabilitated

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ISBN: 9783039287024 / 9783039287031 Year: Pages: 412 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-703-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general --- Architecture
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Buildings are one of the main causes of the emission of greenhouse gases in the world. Europe alone is responsible for more than 30% of emissions, or about 900 million tons of CO2 per year. Heating and air conditioning are the main cause of greenhouse gas emissions in buildings. Most buildings currently in use were built with poor energy efficiency criteria or, depending on the country and the date of construction, none at all. Therefore, regardless of whether construction regulations are becoming stricter, the real challenge nowadays is the energy rehabilitation of existing buildings. It is currently a priority to reduce (or, ideally, eliminate) the waste of energy in buildings and, at the same time, supply the necessary energy through renewable sources. The first can be achieved by improving the architectural design, construction methods, and materials used, as well as the efficiency of the facilities and systems; the second can be achieved through the integration of renewable energy (wind, solar, geothermal, etc.) in buildings. In any case, regardless of whether the energy used is renewable or not, the efficiency must always be taken into account. The most profitable and clean energy is that which is not consumed.

Keywords

greenhouse --- floor envelope design --- ground heat transfer --- thermal insulation --- energy modeling --- life cycle cost analysis --- nearly zero energy building --- artificial neural network --- performance parameter design --- energy saving ratio --- dynamic simulation --- urban modelling --- co-simulation --- simulation engines --- building stock energy demand --- building --- energy --- heat load --- sensitivity --- glazing --- surface cooling --- three-phase unbalance minimization --- model predictive control --- home energy management system --- perturbation and observation --- adjustable step size --- low power loss --- maximum power point tracking --- HVAC demand --- prediction --- energy efficiency --- residential buildings --- Ipomoea batatas --- lightweight expanded clay aggregate (LECA), thermal performance --- extensive green roof --- subtropical climate --- artificial neural network --- big data --- energy-performance gap --- building energy prediction --- building user activity --- single-person household --- Korean household energy consumption --- analytical hierarchy process --- energy efficiency promotion --- influencing factors --- residential buildings --- policy design --- building energy --- passive architecture --- test method --- energy performance standard --- zero energy building --- technology package --- renovation --- energy renovation --- demolition --- new construction --- energy use --- energy performance --- life cycle cost --- optimization --- OPERA-MILP --- multi-family buildings --- Arab region --- building sector --- energy efficiency --- energy productivity --- GCC --- Maghreb --- Mashreq --- space heating --- domestic hot water (DHW) --- air, ground and water source heat pump (ASHP, GSHP and WSHP) --- coefficient of performance (COP) --- seasonal performance factor (SPF) --- energy pile --- energy tunnel --- Level(s) --- green building rating systems --- Building Research Establishment Assessment Method (BREEAM) --- Deutsche Gesellschaft für Nachhaltiges Bauen (DGNB) --- Haute Qualité Environnementale (HQE) --- Leadership in Energy &amp --- Environmental Design (LEED) --- energy efficiency --- subtropical climate building --- Minimum-Energy Building (MEB) --- building refurbishment --- building rehabilitation --- building renovation --- envelope airtightness --- envelope thermography --- envelope transmittance

Sustainable Use of Soils and Water: The Role of Environmental Land Use Conflicts

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ISBN: 9783039286447 / 9783039286454 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-645-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
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This book on the sustainable use of soils and water addressed a variety of issues related to the utopian desire for environmental sustainability and the deviations from this scene observed in the real world. Competing interests for land are frequently a factor in land degradation, especially where the adopted land uses do not conform with the land capability (the natural use of soil). The concerns of researchers about these matters are presented in the articles comprising this Special Issue book. Various approaches were used to assess the (im)balance between economic profit and environmental conservation in various regions, in addition to potential routes to bring landscapes back to a sustainable status being disclosed.

Keywords

land eco-security --- multi-dimension --- cloud model --- set pair theory --- evaluation --- sustainable development --- water resources --- Contemporary Yellow River Delta --- groundwater depth --- temporal stability --- debris flow waste-shoal land --- land use and transformation --- driving forces analysis --- territorial development --- marginal land resources --- groundwater flow field --- scale effects --- discrete wavelet transform --- time series analysis --- multiple stresses --- land use conflicts --- encounters of interests --- landscape as geosystem --- integrative landscape management --- Trnava district --- nitrogen --- agriculture --- Nitrate Vulnerable Zones --- macromodel DNS/SWAT --- rural households’ behaviors --- arable soil --- heavy metal pollution assessment --- Lankao county --- Managed Aquifer --- Recharge --- Groundwater --- Institutions --- Ghana --- comprehensive land carrying capacity --- multi-criterion comprehensive evaluation --- analytic hierarchy process --- standard deviation --- weight --- spatial variation --- Green GDP --- Ecosystem service value --- Gross Domestic Product --- Land Use --- CA-Markov --- Land use change --- temporal-spatial variations --- environmental and economic changes --- arid region --- central Asia --- land use/cover change --- SWAT --- hydrological processes --- sustainable agriculture --- MicroLEIS DSS --- land-use planning --- soil reclamation --- groundwater recharge --- recharge zones --- river basin --- spatialization --- relief --- geology --- forest --- urbanization --- water resource management --- land use policy --- water footprint --- agricultural and livestock products --- Penman–Monteith equation --- evapotranspiration --- climate conditions --- withdrawal of agricultural land --- contributions --- developmental factors --- territorial factors --- legislative factors --- hydrologic modeling --- ungauged catchment --- stream flow downscaling --- karst aquifer --- urban area --- conjunctive water resources management --- recharge --- overexploitation --- geo hazards --- water resources --- soil --- land use change --- conflicts --- environmental degradation --- sustainability

Mineralogy of Noble Metals and “Invisible” Speciations of These Elements in Natural Systems

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ISBN: 9783039286348 / 9783039286355 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-635-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
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This Special Issue covers a broad range of topics related to the mineralogy of noble metals (Au, Ag, Pt, Pd, Rh, and Ru) and the occurrence, formation, and distribution of these elements in natural ore-forming systems. This collection of eleven research articles discusses various problems related to these topics. I hope this Special Issue will contribute to a better understanding of the genesis of gold, silver, and other noble metal deposits as well as the behavior of these elements in endogenic and supergene environments, and suggest ways forward to solving the problem of their full extraction from ores.

Keywords

gold selenide --- gold sulfoselenide --- colloids --- nanoparticles --- nucleation --- liquid intermediates --- deposition --- XPS --- sulfide minerals --- platinum --- deposition --- valleriite --- chloride complexes --- zircon U–Pb age --- in situ sulfur isotopes --- gold source --- ore genesis --- Chaoyangzhai gold deposit --- Southeast Guizhou --- mineralization age --- Nibao gold deposit --- ore-forming fluid --- Rb–Sr isotopic composition --- Yunnan–Guizhou–Guangxi “Golden Triangle” region --- Gaching ore deposit --- mustard gold --- calaverite --- maletoyvayamite --- Fe-Sb(Te,As,Se,S)-oxides --- Au-Sb(Te,Se,S,As)-oxides --- Cu-Fe-Ni-S system --- platinum-group elements --- Au --- Ag --- metalloid elements --- fractional crystallization --- drop-shaped inclusions --- noble metals --- invisible species --- distribution --- pyrite --- arsenopyrite --- structural and surficial modes --- arsenopyrite --- crystal lattice --- ligand surroundings --- non-equal positions --- Mössbauer Effect --- gold --- “invisible” gold --- gold ore deposits --- Kagan ultramafic massif --- Southern Urals --- antigorite serpentinites --- magnetite veins --- gold mineralization --- native gold --- thermodynamic modeling --- fluid regime --- Fennoscandian Shield --- Kolmozero–Voronya belt --- Oleninskoe deposit --- mustard gold --- dyscrasite --- chlorargyrite --- gold ore field --- karst cavities --- monolithic and porous gold --- Tl oxides (avicennite) --- Tl carbonates --- Tl tellurates and antimonates --- n/a

Intelligent Electronic Devices

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039289738 / 9783039289745 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-974-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
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In a modern technological society, electronic engineering and design innovations are both academic and practical engineering fields that involve systematic technological materialization through scientific principles and engineering designs. Engineers and designers must work together with a variety of other professionals in their quest to find systems solutions to complex problems. Rapid advances in science and technology have broadened the horizons of engineering while simultaneously creating a multitude of challenging problems in every aspect of modern life. Current research is interdisciplinary in nature, reflecting a combination of concepts and methods that often span several areas of mechanics, mathematics, electrical engineering, control engineering, and other scientific disciplines. In addition, the 2nd IEEE International Conference on Knowledge Innovation and Invention 2019 (IEEE ICKII 2019) was held in Seoul, South Korea, on 12–15 July, 2019. This book, “Intelligent Electronic Devices”, includes 13 excellent papers form 260 papers presented in this conference about intelligent electronic devices. The main goals of this book were to encourage scientists to publish their experimental and theoretical results in as much detail as possible and to provide new scientific knowledge relevant to the topics of electronics.

Keywords

test pattern generation --- built-in self-test --- broadcast circuit --- low cost --- negative differential resistance --- current-voltage characteristics --- multiple simple current mirror --- threshold voltage --- oscillator --- voltage-controlled oscillator --- ZnO-based nanowires --- hydrothermal method --- Eu3+ and In3+ ions --- photoluminescence properties --- mosquitoes --- Aedes aegypti --- Aedes albopictus --- secondary freeform lens device (SFLD) --- stearic --- dual-input converter --- high voltage gain --- leakage energy recycling --- galvanic isolation --- voltage clamping --- actuator --- lower limb exoskeleton --- wearable robot --- cone-beam computerized tomography (CBCT) --- as low as diagnostically acceptable (ALADA) --- selective anatomy analytic iteration reconstruction (SA2IR) --- low-dosed --- sparse projections --- diagnostic ability --- drift region --- electrostatic discharge (ESD) --- holding voltage (Vh) --- lateral diffusion MOS (LDMOS) --- transmission-line pulse system (TLP system) --- laser pointer --- electromagnetic lock --- sound recognition module --- regions with convolutional neural network (R-CNN) --- adaptive network-based fuzzy inference system (ANFIS) --- 6-DOF robot arm --- high-definition multimedia interface --- PCB layout --- electromagnetic interference --- radiation resistance --- multi-robots --- path programming --- tabu search --- action quality assessment --- human activity analysis --- skeletal feature representation --- electrical circuits and devices --- computer science and engineering --- communications and information processing --- electrostatic discharge (ESD) --- latchup (LU) --- n-channel lateral diffused MOSFET (nLDMOS) --- non-uniform conduction --- secondary breakdown current (It2) --- transmission-line pulse system (TLP system) --- brushless DC motor --- sensorless motor drive --- speed control --- 180-degree conduction

Deep Learning Applications with Practical Measured Results in Electronics Industries

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039288632 / 9783039288649 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-864-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
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This book collects 14 articles from the Special Issue entitled “Deep Learning Applications with Practical Measured Results in Electronics Industries” of Electronics. Topics covered in this Issue include four main parts: (1) environmental information analyses and predictions, (2) unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) and object tracking applications, (3) measurement and denoising techniques, and (4) recommendation systems and education systems. These authors used and improved deep learning techniques (e.g., ResNet (deep residual network), Faster-RCNN (faster regions with convolutional neural network), LSTM (long short term memory), ConvLSTM (convolutional LSTM), GAN (generative adversarial network), etc.) to analyze and denoise measured data in a variety of applications and services (e.g., wind speed prediction, air quality prediction, underground mine applications, neural audio caption, etc.). Several practical experiments were conducted, and the results indicate that the performance of the presented deep learning methods is improved compared with the performance of conventional machine learning methods.

Keywords

computational intelligence --- offshore wind --- forecasting --- machine learning --- neural networks --- neuro-fuzzy systems --- humidity sensor --- data fusion --- nonlinear optimization --- multiple linear regression --- GSA-BP --- geometric errors correction --- kinematic modelling --- lateral stage errors --- Imaging Confocal Microscope --- K-means clustering --- data partition --- Least Squares method --- deep learning --- multivariate time series forecasting --- multivariate temporal convolutional network --- CNN --- hyperspectral image classification --- information measure --- transfer learning --- neighborhood noise reduction --- visual tracking --- update occasion --- update mechanism --- background model --- network layer contribution --- saliency information --- geometric errors --- rigid body kinematics --- lateral stage errors --- imaging confocal microscope --- MCM uncertainty evaluation --- dot grid target --- smart grid --- foreign object --- binary classification --- convolutional network --- image inpainting --- content reconstruction --- instance segmentation --- underground mines --- intelligent surveillance --- residual networks --- compressed sensing --- image compression --- image restoration --- discrete wavelet transform --- intelligent tire manufacturing --- digital shearography --- faster region-based CNN --- tire bubble defects --- tire quality assessment --- unmanned aerial vehicle --- UAV --- trajectory planning --- GA --- A* --- multiple constraints --- recommender system --- human computer interaction --- eye-tracking device --- deep learning --- oral evaluation --- generative adversarial network --- neural audio caption --- gated recurrent unit --- long short-term memory --- deep learning --- machine learning --- supervised learning --- unsupervised learning --- reinforcement learning --- optimization techniques

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (6)


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CC by-nc-nd (6)


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eng (6)


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2020 (6)