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Bisociative Knowledge Discovery: An Introduction to Concept, Algorithms, Tools, and Applications

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 ISBN: 9783642318290 9783642318306 Year: Volume: 7250 Pages: 485 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-31830-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Manufactures --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Chemical Engineering --- Biotechnology --- Media and communication --- Computer Science --- Business and Management --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Information theory
Added to DOAB on : 2012-08-16 16:43:16
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Modern knowledge discovery methods enable users to discover complex patterns of various types in large information repositories. However, the underlying assumption has always been that the data to which the methods are applied to originates from one domain. The focus of this book, and the BISON project from which the contributions are originating, is a network based integration of various types of data repositories and the development of new ways to analyse and explore the resulting gigantic information networks. Instead of finding well defined global or local patterns they wanted to find domain bridging associations which are, by definition, not well defined since they will be especially interesting if they are sparse and have not been encountered before. The 32 contributions presented in this state-of-the-art volume together with a detailed introduction to the book are organized in topical sections on bisociation; representation and network creation; network analysis; exploration; and applications and evaluation.

Bayesian Methods in the Search for MH370

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Electrical and Computer Engineering ISSN: 2191-8112 ISBN: 9789811003783 9789811003790 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-10-0379-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Statistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:08:34
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This book demonstrates how nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian time series estimation methods were used to produce a probability distribution of potential MH370 flight paths. It provides details of how the probabilistic models of aircraft flight dynamics, satellite communication system measurements, environmental effects and radar data were constructed and calibrated. The probability distribution was used to define the search zone in the southern Indian Ocean. The book describes particle-filter based numerical calculation of the aircraft flight-path probability distribution and validates the method using data from several of the involved aircraft’s previous flights. Finally it is shown how the Reunion Island flaperon debris find affects the search probability distribution.

Messung von Ressourceneffizienz mit der ESSENZ-Methode: Integrierte Methode zur ganzheitlichen Bewertung

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783662492635 9783662492642 Year: Pages: 161 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-49264-2 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:44:07
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Eine belastbare Methode zu entwickeln, um den Ressourceneinsatz zu bewerten, ist das Ziel dieses Buches. Notwendig ist dies, da das starke Wirtschaftswachstum der letzten Jahrzehnte zu einer intensiven Beanspruchung natürlicher Ressourcen geführt hat. Mit ihrer steigenden Nutzung gehen auch zusätzliche Belastungen der Umwelt sowie Restriktionen der Verfügbarkeit von Ressourcen einher. Aus diesen Gründen ist ein effizienter Einsatz von Ressourcen als wichtiger Beitrag zu einer nachhaltigen Entwicklung erforderlich. Die ESSENZ-Methode (Integrierte Methode zur ganzheitlichen Berechnung/Messung von Ressourceneffizienz) wurde in einer Kooperation der Technischen Universität Berlin mit den Industriepartnern Daimler AG, Deutsches Kupferinstitut Berufsverband e. V., Evonik Industries AG, Siemens AG, ThyssenKrupp Steel Europe AG und Wissenschaftlicher Gerätebau Dr. Ing. Herbert Knauer GmbH entwickelt. Sie unterstützt die umfassende Messung und Bewertung von Ressourceneffizienz innerhalb der vier Dimensionen „Verfügbarkeit“, „Gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz“, „Umweltauswirkungen“ und „Nutzen“. Um diese vier Dimensionen wissenschaftlich abzubilden, werden 21 anwendbare Indikatoren entwickelt und vorgestellt. Die ESSENZ-Methode kann sowohl für die Analyse und Optimierung eines einzelnen Produktes als auch für den Vergleich mehrerer Produktalternativen verwendet werden. Ihre Anwendbarkeit ist für Metalle, und fossile Rohstoffe bereits erprobt.

Bottom-Up Fabrication of Atomically Precise Graphene Nanoribbons (Book chapter)

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Advanced in Atom and Single Molecule Machines ISBN: 9783319758107 9783319758107 Year: Pages: 40 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-75810-7_6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 635919
Subject: Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-18 11:01:02
License: Springer

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Graphene nanoribbons (GNRs) make up an extremely interesting class of materials. On the one hand GNRs share many of the superlative properties of graphene, while on the other hand they display an exceptional degree of tunability of their optoelectronic properties. The presence or absence of correlated low-dimensional magnetism, or of a widely tunable band gap, is determined by the boundary conditions imposed by the width, crystallographic symmetry and edge structure of the nanoribbons. In combination with additional controllable parameters like the presence of heteroatoms, tailored strain, or the formation of heterostructures, the possibilities to shape the electronic properties of GNRs according to our needs are fantastic. However, to really benefit from that tunability and harness the opportunities offered by GNRs, atomic precision is strictly required in their synthesis. This can be achieved through an on-surface synthesis approach, in which one lets appropriately designed precursor molecules to react in a selective way that ends up forming GNRs. In this chapter we review the structure-property relations inherent to GNRs, the synthesis approach and the ways in which the varied properties of the resulting ribbons have been probed, finalizing with selected examples of demonstrated GNR applications.

Bridging Educational Leadership, Curriculum Theory and Didaktik: Non-affirmative Theory of Education

Authors: ---
Book Series: Educational Governance Research ISSN: 2365-9548 / 2365-9556 ISBN: 9783319586489 9783319586502 Year: Pages: 474 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58650-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 11:13:09
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This volume argues for the need of a common ground that bridges leadership studies, curriculum theory, and Didaktik. It proposes a non-affirmative education theory and its core concepts along with discursive institutionalism as an analytical tool to bridge these fields. It concludes with implications of its coherent theoretical framing for future empirical research. Recent neoliberal policies and transnational governance practices point toward new tensions in nation state education. These challenges affect governance, leadership and curriculum, involving changes in aims and values that demand coherence. Yet, the traditionally disparate fields of educational leadership, curriculum theory and Didaktik have developed separately, both in terms of approaches to theory and theorizing in USA, Europe and Asia, and in the ways in which these theoretical traditions have informed empirical studies over time. An additional aspect is that modern education theory was developed in relation to nation state education, which, in the meantime, has become more complicated due to issues of ‘globopolitanism’. This volume examines the current state of affairs and addresses the issues involved. In doing so, it opens up a space for a renewed and thoughtful dialogue to rethink and re-theorize these traditions with non-affirmative education theory moving beyond social reproduction and social transformation perspectives.

Brief Interventions for Psychosis

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783319305196 Year: DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30521-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Wellcome Trust - 098272
Subject: Psychiatry --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:07:58
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This book offers a clinical guide that brings together a broad range of brief interventions and their applications in treating psychosis. It describes two core approaches that can narrow the current, substantial gap between the need for psychotherapeutic interventions for all individuals suffering from psychosis, and the limited mental health resources available. The first approach involves utilizing the standard therapeutic modalities in the context of routine clinical interactions after adapting them into brief and effective formats. To that end, the book brings in experts on various psychotherapeutic modalities, who discuss how their particular modality could be adapted to more effectively fit into the existing system of care delivery. The second approach, addressed in detail, is to extend the availability of these brief interventions by utilizing the circle of providers as well as the social circle of the clients so that these interventions can be provided in a coordinated and complementary manner by psychiatrists, psychologists, clinical social workers, case managers, peer support specialists and other providers on the one hand, and by family members, friends, social and religious institutions on the other.

Building the Foundation: Whole Numbers in the Primary Grades: The 23rd ICMI Study

Authors: ---
Book Series: New ICMI Study Series ISSN: 1387-6872 ISBN: 9783319635545 9783319635552 Year: Pages: 536 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63555-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: International Commission on Mathematical Instruction (ICMI); International Mathematical Union (IMU)
Subject: Education --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 15:48:51
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This twenty-third ICMI Study addresses for the first time mathematics teaching and learning in the primary school (and pre-school) setting, while also taking international perspectives, socio-cultural diversity and institutional constraints into account. One of the main challenges of designing the first ICMI primary school study of this kind is the complex nature of mathematics at the early level. Accordingly, a focus area that is central to the discussion was chosen, together with a number of related questions. The broad area of Whole Number Arithmetic (WNA), including operations and relations and arithmetic word problems, forms the core content of all primary mathematics curricula. The study of this core content area is often regarded as foundational for later mathematics learning. However, the principles and main goals of instruction on the foundational concepts and skills in WNA are far from universally agreed upon, and practice varies substantially from country to country. As such, this study presents a meta-level analysis and synthesis of what is currently known about WNA, providing a useful base from which to gauge gaps and shortcomings, as well as an opportunity to learn from the practices of different countries and contexts.

Protocols for Pre-Field Screening of Mutants for Salt Tolerance in Rice, Wheat and Barley

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783319265889 9783319265902 Year: Pages: 37 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-26590-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:41:26
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This book offers effective, low-cost and user-friendly protocols for the pre-field selection of salt-tolerant mutants in cereal crops. It presents simple methods for measuring soil salinity, including soil sampling and the analysis of water-soluble salts, and describes a detailed, but simple, screening test for salt tolerance in rice, wheat and barley seedlings, which uses hydroponics. The protocols are devised for use by plant breeders and can be easily accommodated into breeding practice.

Keywords

Agriculture --- Plant

Science and Technology Governance and Ethics: A Global Perspective from Europe, India and China

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319146928 9783319146935 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 173 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-14693-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Chemical Engineering --- Business and Management --- Philosophy --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-24 16:44:14
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This book analyzes the possibilities for effective global governance of science in Europe, India and China. Authors from the three regions join forces to explore how ethical concerns over new technologies can be incorporated into global science and technology policies. The first chapter introduces the topic, offering a global perspective on embedding ethics in science and technology policy. Chapter Two compares the institutionalization of ethical debates in science, technology and innovation policy in three important regions: Europe, India and China. The third chapter explores public perceptions of science and technology in these same three regions. Chapter Four discusses public engagement in the governance of science and technology, and Chapter Five reviews science and technology governance and European values. The sixth chapter describes and analyzes values demonstrated in the constitution of the People’s Republic of China. Chapter Seven describes emerging evidence from India on the uses of science and technology for socio-economic development, and the quest for inclusive growth. In Chapter Eight, the authors propose a comparative framework for studying global ethics in science and technology. The following three chapters offer case studies and analysis of three emerging industries in India, China and Europe: new food technologies, nanotechnology and synthetic biology. Chapter 12 gathers all these threads for a comprehensive discussion on incorporating ethics into science and technology policy. The analysis is undertaken against the backdrop of different value systems and varying levels of public perception of risks and benefits. The book introduces a common analytical framework for the comparative discussion of ethics at the international level. The authors offer policy recommendations for effective collaboration among the three regions, to promote responsible governance in science and technology and a common analytical perspective in ethics.

Chapter 8 Categorising What We Study and What We Analyse, and the Exercise of Interpretation (Book chapter)

Authors:
ISBN: 9783319768618 9783319768618 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76861-8_8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 283601
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 11:01:01
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A lot of qualitative researchers have a healthy wariness about straightforward categorisation and modelling endeavours undertaken by quantitative researchers. Too often, variables and measurements are too rigid in quantitative analysis to take stock of all the complexity and context-dependency of human behaviour, attitudes and identities. In the worst-case scenario for migration studies, this leads to oversimplification, essentialisation and culturalism. In line with King et al. (1994), I would, however, in this chapter, like to plead for qualitative researchers to take into account that, in terms of challenges of validity and reliability, we have a lot to learn from each other. Acknowledging that qualitative research has its distinctive advantages (Brady and Collier 2004), I will argue that choices in categorisation, case selection and research design are of crucial importance, perhaps even more in qualitative studies than in quantitative studies, even if in both methodological traditions we are confronted with similar challenges. Being transparent and reflecting on the consequences of our choices of categorisation, analysis and interpretation is of crucial importance. It is too easy to think that qualitative research would, by definition, be better equipped in doing justice to the phenomena we wish to study in the field of migration, especially if our research focusses on migrants.

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