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Chapter Five Chlamydia (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 97881580469616 Year: Pages: 31 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 605972
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:21:13
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Since the late 1990s chlamydia has been the most commonly reported sexually transmitted infection (STI) in Europe and the United States. The infection is caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis), and its common name follows a pattern established in the late nineteenth century, where an infection is named after its causal pathogen.

Chapter One (The Wrong Kind of ) Gonorrhea in Antiquity (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781580469616 Year: Pages: 25 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 605972
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:21:14
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Studying the relationship between disease and fertility in antiquity is challenging. The first difficulty is establishing the presence, and then prevalence, of any particular condition before an assessment can be made of its demographic impact. In the case of what are now called sexually transmitted infections (STIs), the empirical obstacles to identifying such infections in the classical world are exacerbated by the moralizing that attends discussions of sexual practice and that has so strongly characterized the ways sexual behavior and pathology have been, and continue to be, conceptually conjoined. Julius Rosenbaum’s influential and exhaustive nineteenth-century exploration of the ancient history of syphilis (broadly construed), for example, is based on the assumption that venereal diseases are caused by the “abuse” of the genital organs for nonprocreative purposes. Their history is, therefore, the history of human “lasciviousness and debauchery,” and there was so much of that in classical Greece and Rome that syphilis and all kinds of genital afflictions necessarily followed.

Chapter Three Defining Difference (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580465946 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:12
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Ovariotomy provides a useful way of unpacking not just the process of surgical innovation but also the usefulness of innovation as an analytical category in the history of medicine. How might we pin down the meaning of “innovation”—let alone “alternative innovation”—in surgery when these innovations themselves are unstable, changing entities that are difficult to define? Through the example of ovariotomy I show that alternative innovation need not necessarily imply competition between diverse innovations, but that such a framework might also be used to consider how different versions of the “same” operation arise.

Chapter Twelve Revealing the Hidden Affliction (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781580469616 Year: Pages: 47 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 605972
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:21:13
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By the turn of the twentieth century the British nation’s declining birthrate was increasingly the subject of anxious public and scientific debate, as the Registrar General’s annual reports continued to confirm a downward national trend, which had in fact commenced from the late 1870s.

Evaluating the Role of Hans Selye in the Modern History of Stress (Book chapter)

Book title: Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

Introduction (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781580469616 Year: Pages: 40 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 605972
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-09 11:21:14
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This volume is a necessarily multidisciplinary collection dedicated to the extremely difficult task of uncovering and exploring what can be reconstructed of the dimensions and the scale of the historical impact of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) on human infertility. As a subject for inquiry, this comes close to Winston Churchill’s celebrated phrase, “a riddle, wrapped in a mystery, inside an enigma.”

The Invention of the “Stressed Animal” and the Development of a Science of Animal Welfare, 1947–86 (Book chapter)

Book title: Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Abstract

Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

Stress, Shock, and Adaptation in the Twentieth Century

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Rochester Studies in Medical History ISBN: 9781580464765 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_478052 Language: English
Publisher: University of Rochester Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 082834 (chapter 1) and 084988 (chapter 9)
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:11
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Abstract

Stress is one of the most widely utilized medical concepts in modern society. Originally used to describe physiological responses to trauma, it is now applied in a variety of other fields and contexts, such as in the construction and expression of personal identity, social relations, building and engineering, and the various complexities of the competitive capitalist economy. In addition, scientists and medical experts use the concept to explore the relationship between an ever increasing number of environmental stressors and the evolution of an expanding range of mental and chronic organic diseases, such as hypertension, gastric ulcers, arthritis, allergies, and cancer. This edited volume brings together leading scholars to explore the emergence and development of the stress concept and its definitions as they have changed over time. It examines how stress and closely related concepts have been used to connect disciplines such as architecture, ecology, physiology, psychiatry, psychology, public health, urban planning, and a range of social sciences; its application in different settings such as the battlefield, workplace, clinic, hospital, and home; and the advancement of techniques of stress management in a number of different national, sociocultural, and scientific locations.

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