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21st Century Cooperation : Regional Public Goods, Global Governance, and Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9781138722590 9781315185927 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628290 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Political Science
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This edited volume explains the importance of regional public goods (RPGs) for sustainable development and shows why they are particularly important in the context of 21st-century international relations. By presenting a new and original data set and by presenting original essays by renowned scholars, this book lays the foundation for what will become an increasingly important focus for both economic development and international relations as well as for their intersection.This book contains four parts. The first introduces the core issues and concepts that are explored throughout the book as well as a new and original data set on regional public goods (RPGs). The second part further develops specific concepts important for understanding 21st-century RPGs: regional leadership, alliances, networks, and outcomes. The third part examines how cooperation takes place worldwide for a range of important RPGs. The fourth part discusses how public goods are produced in specific regions, stressing that each region has a distinct context and that these contexts overlap in a decentered “multiplex” manner.

Anthropologies of Cancer in Transnational Worlds

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Anthropology ISBN: 9781138776937 Year: Pages: 270
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084128
Subject: Biology --- Medicine (General)
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Cancer is a transnational condition involving the unprecedented flow of health information, technologies, and people across national borders. Such movement raises questions about the nature of therapeutic citizenship, how and where structurally vulnerable populations obtain care, and the political geography of blame associated with this disease. This volume brings together cutting-edge anthropological research carried out across North and South America, Europe, Africa and Asia, representing low-, middle- and high-resource countries with a diversity of national health care systems. Contributors ethnographically map the varied nature of cancer experiences and articulate the multiplicity of meanings that survivorship, risk, charity and care entail. They explore institutional frameworks shaping local responses to cancer and underlying political forces and structural variables that frame individual experiences. Of particular concern is the need to interrogate underlying assumptions of research designs that may lead to the naturalizing of hidden agendas or intentions. Running throughout the chapters, moreover, are considerations of moral and ethical issues related to cancer treatment and research. Thematic emphases include the importance of local biologies in the framing of cancer diagnosis and treatment protocols, uncertainty and ambiguity in definitions of biosociality, shifting definitions of patienthood, and the sociality of care and support.

Barents Sea oil and gas 2025 : Three scenarios (Book chapter)

Book title: International Arctic Petroleum Cooperation: Barents Sea Scenarios

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ISBN: 9781138783263 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627870 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
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What are some of the possible futures for Barents Sea oil and gas? This chapterdraws upon the key trends and issues covered by the book’s thematic chaptersand presents three scenarios on the prospects for Norwegian–Russiancooperation in the Barents Sea. Ultimately human interaction will play a largepart in how the Barents Sea is developed, and we have therefore given the scenariosmetaphorical titles related to interaction between people.

Competition and Cooperation in Economics and Business : Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities, Depok, Indonesia, November 7-9, 2016 : Topics in Economics and Business

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ISBN: 9781138626669 9781315225227 Year: Pages: 580 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Economics
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Asia and the Pacific have become the growth engine of the world economy with the contribution of two-third of the global growth. The book discusses current issues in economics, business, and accounting in which economic agents, as individuals, entrepreneurs and professionals, as well as countries in the Asia and Pacific regions compete and collaborate with each other and with the rest of the globe. Areas covered in the book include economic development and sustainability, labor market competition, Islamic economic and business, marketing, finance, accounting standard compliances, and taxation. It will help shed light on what business and economic scholars in regions have done in terms of research and knowledge development, as well as the new frontiers of research that have been explored and opening up.

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Asia --- Pacific --- Economics --- Business

Covenant, compassion and marketisation in healthcare : The mastery of Mammon and the service of grace (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138735736 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General)
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‘No one can serve two masters . . . You cannot serve God and Mammon.’ Jesus’famous words, cited to different purposes by Miran Epstein and Adrian Walsh inthis volume, provide a starting point for this chapter’s constructive argument andcritical conversation with the chapters in this middle part. Epstein deploys Jesus’words to deny the possibility of any constructive reconciliation between capitalismand healthcare, contrasting Jesus’ saying with the infamous words of Christian conquistadoresand with what he claims is the inherently corrupting, master-slave ethicof the Deuteronomic covenant. By contrast, Walsh cites Jesus to explain Judeo-Christian cultural suspicions about money’s place in healthcare before delineatingthe potentially, though not necessarily, corrosive effects of marketisation

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Health care --- Social care

Democracy Promotion as Foreign Policy

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ISBN: 9781138669727 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100745
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Democracy Promotion as Foreign Policy looks at democracy promotion as a form of foreign policy. It asks why democracy was seen to be the answer to the 7/7 bombings and why it should be promoted not in Britain, but in Pakistan. The logic and the modes of thinking that drove this response are examined through analysis of the narratives of time, history, development, civilisation and the ineluctable spread of democracy.

Development Assistance for Peacebuilding

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Book Series: International Peacekeeping ISBN: 9781138080461 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_632450 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Political Science
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Development assistance to fragile states and conflict-affected areas can be a core component of peacebuilding, providing support for the restoration of government functions, delivery of basic services, the rule of law, and economic revitalization. What has worked, why it has worked, and what is scalable and transferable are key questions for both development practice and research into how peace is built and the interactive role of domestic and international processes therein. Despite a wealth of research into these questions, significant gaps remain. This volume speaks to these gaps through new analysis of a selected set of well-regarded aid interventions. Drawing on diverse scholarly and policy expertise, eight case study chapters span multiple domains and regions to analyse Afghanistan’s National Solidarity Programme, the Yemen Social Fund for Development, public financial management reform in Sierra Leone, Finn Church Aid’s assistance in Somalia, Liberia’s gender-sensitive police reform, the judicial facilitators programme in Nicaragua, UNICEF’s education projects in Somalia, and World Bank health projects in Timor-Leste. Analysis illustrates the significance of three broad factors in understanding why some aid interventions work better than others: the area of intervention and related degree of engagement with state institutions, local contextual factors such as windows of opportunity and the degree of local support, and programme design and management.

Diversity in Unity : Perspectives from Psychology and Behavioral Sciences

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ISBN: 9781138626652 9781315225302 Year: Pages: 662 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Psychology
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Psychology; Behavioral science; Perspectives

Encoding truths? Diagnosis-Related Groups and the fragility of the marketisation discourse (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138735736 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General)
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This chapter will take as an example a particular change in healthcare financing at the meso-level: Diagnosis-Related Groups. DRGs marked a shift in the way hospitals were oriented and were the means to operationalise the market-logic in healthcare. The DRG system is a case classification system: each hospital case is related to a ‘pre-standardised product’ of treatment. Depending on how a patient’s case is encoded, the hospital is reimbursed for the services provided. In this way, hospital care can be matched with pre-calculated resources. Case volumes can be predetermined according to the profit needs of a hospital and an economy’s ‘healthcare sector’ as a whole. Developed in the early 1980s by Robert B. Fetter and John D. Thompson, a management and a public health scholar at Yale, DRGs were first introduced in New Jersey, and have become the key accounting system throughout Western and increasingly LMI countries’ healthcare systems. (Mathauer and Wittenbecher 2013) Here I will particularly draw on examples from Germany, Switzerland and Scandinavia, but also to the NHS in England

Keywords

healhtcare --- financing --- meso-level

Examining the illusion of accountability (Book chapter)

Book title: The illusion of accountability in the European Union

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780415480994 9780415502771 9780203874714 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: European Research Council (ERC) - 200971
Subject: Political Science
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Do EU citizens have real opportunities to hold decision-makers accountable, or does the current institutional set-up in the Union merely create an illusion of accountability? That is the central question of this volume. There are widespread and growing concerns that the political system of the EU does not, in fact, afford citizens appropriate mechanisms of accountability. The aim of the current study is to ascertain whether such concerns are warranted.

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