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21st Century Cooperation : Regional Public Goods, Global Governance, and Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9781138722590 9781315185927 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Political Science
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This edited volume explains the importance of regional public goods (RPGs) for sustainable development and shows why they are particularly important in the context of 21st-century international relations. By presenting a new and original data set and by presenting original essays by renowned scholars, this book lays the foundation for what will become an increasingly important focus for both economic development and international relations as well as for their intersection.This book contains four parts. The first introduces the core issues and concepts that are explored throughout the book as well as a new and original data set on regional public goods (RPGs). The second part further develops specific concepts important for understanding 21st-century RPGs: regional leadership, alliances, networks, and outcomes. The third part examines how cooperation takes place worldwide for a range of important RPGs. The fourth part discusses how public goods are produced in specific regions, stressing that each region has a distinct context and that these contexts overlap in a decentered “multiplex” manner.

Anthropologies of Cancer in Transnational Worlds

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Book Series: Routledge Studies in Anthropology ISBN: 9781138776937 Year: Pages: 270
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Wellcome Trust - 084128
Subject: Biology --- Medicine (General)
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Cancer is a transnational condition involving the unprecedented flow of health information, technologies, and people across national borders. Such movement raises questions about the nature of therapeutic citizenship, how and where structurally vulnerable populations obtain care, and the political geography of blame associated with this disease. This volume brings together cutting-edge anthropological research carried out across North and South America, Europe, Africa and Asia, representing low-, middle- and high-resource countries with a diversity of national health care systems. Contributors ethnographically map the varied nature of cancer experiences and articulate the multiplicity of meanings that survivorship, risk, charity and care entail. They explore institutional frameworks shaping local responses to cancer and underlying political forces and structural variables that frame individual experiences. Of particular concern is the need to interrogate underlying assumptions of research designs that may lead to the naturalizing of hidden agendas or intentions. Running throughout the chapters, moreover, are considerations of moral and ethical issues related to cancer treatment and research. Thematic emphases include the importance of local biologies in the framing of cancer diagnosis and treatment protocols, uncertainty and ambiguity in definitions of biosociality, shifting definitions of patienthood, and the sociality of care and support.

Barents Sea oil and gas 2025 : Three scenarios (Book chapter)

Book title: International Arctic Petroleum Cooperation: Barents Sea Scenarios

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ISBN: 9781138783263 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627870 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
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What are some of the possible futures for Barents Sea oil and gas? This chapterdraws upon the key trends and issues covered by the book’s thematic chaptersand presents three scenarios on the prospects for Norwegian–Russiancooperation in the Barents Sea. Ultimately human interaction will play a largepart in how the Barents Sea is developed, and we have therefore given the scenariosmetaphorical titles related to interaction between people.

Competition and Cooperation in Economics and Business : Proceedings of the Asia-Pacific Research in Social Sciences and Humanities, Depok, Indonesia, November 7-9, 2016 : Topics in Economics and Business

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ISBN: 9781138626669 9781315225227 Year: Pages: 580 Language: Engels
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Economics
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Asia and the Pacific have become the growth engine of the world economy with the contribution of two-third of the global growth. The book discusses current issues in economics, business, and accounting in which economic agents, as individuals, entrepreneurs and professionals, as well as countries in the Asia and Pacific regions compete and collaborate with each other and with the rest of the globe. Areas covered in the book include economic development and sustainability, labor market competition, Islamic economic and business, marketing, finance, accounting standard compliances, and taxation. It will help shed light on what business and economic scholars in regions have done in terms of research and knowledge development, as well as the new frontiers of research that have been explored and opening up.

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Asia --- Pacific --- Economics --- Business

Democracy Promotion as Foreign Policy

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ISBN: 9781138669727 Year: Pages: 232 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100745
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Democracy Promotion as Foreign Policy looks at democracy promotion as a form of foreign policy. It asks why democracy was seen to be the answer to the 7/7 bombings and why it should be promoted not in Britain, but in Pakistan. The logic and the modes of thinking that drove this response are examined through analysis of the narratives of time, history, development, civilisation and the ineluctable spread of democracy.

Development Assistance for Peacebuilding

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Book Series: International Peacekeeping ISBN: 9781138080461 Year: Pages: 178 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Political Science
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Development assistance to fragile states and conflict-affected areas can be a core component of peacebuilding, providing support for the restoration of government functions, delivery of basic services, the rule of law, and economic revitalization. What has worked, why it has worked, and what is scalable and transferable are key questions for both development practice and research into how peace is built and the interactive role of domestic and international processes therein. Despite a wealth of research into these questions, significant gaps remain. This volume speaks to these gaps through new analysis of a selected set of well-regarded aid interventions. Drawing on diverse scholarly and policy expertise, eight case study chapters span multiple domains and regions to analyse Afghanistan’s National Solidarity Programme, the Yemen Social Fund for Development, public financial management reform in Sierra Leone, Finn Church Aid’s assistance in Somalia, Liberia’s gender-sensitive police reform, the judicial facilitators programme in Nicaragua, UNICEF’s education projects in Somalia, and World Bank health projects in Timor-Leste. Analysis illustrates the significance of three broad factors in understanding why some aid interventions work better than others: the area of intervention and related degree of engagement with state institutions, local contextual factors such as windows of opportunity and the degree of local support, and programme design and management.

Examining the illusion of accountability (Book chapter)

Book title: The illusion of accountability in the European Union

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ISBN: 9780415480994 9780415502771 9780203874714 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: European Research Council (ERC) - 200971
Subject: Political Science
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Do EU citizens have real opportunities to hold decision-makers accountable, or does the current institutional set-up in the Union merely create an illusion of accountability? That is the central question of this volume. There are widespread and growing concerns that the political system of the EU does not, in fact, afford citizens appropriate mechanisms of accountability. The aim of the current study is to ascertain whether such concerns are warranted.

Globalization and Capitalist Geopolitics

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ISBN: 9780415745055 Year: Pages: 274 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100750
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In a period of increasing geopolitical insecurity and economic instability this title provides an authoritative yet accessible commentary on debates on capitalism and globalization in the wake of the financial crisis.

Globalization and Labour in the Twenty-First Century

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ISBN: 9780415528535 9781315624044 Year: Pages: 261 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
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Globalisation has adversely affected working-class organisation and mobilisation; but international labour movement demobilisation is not necessarily an irreversible trend. Globalisation has prompted workers and their organisations to find new ways to mobilise. This book examines international labour movement opposition to globalisation. It chronicles and critically scrutinizes the emergence of distinctively new forms of labour movement organisation and mobilisation that constitute creative initiatives on the part of labour, which present capitalism with fresh challenges. The author identifies eight characteristics of globalisation that have proven problematic to workers and their organisations and describes and analyses how they have responded to these challenges since 1990 and especially in the past decade. In particular, it focuses attention on new types of labour movement organisation and mobilisation that are not simply defensive reactions but are offensive and innovative responses that compel corporations to behave more responsively and responsibly towards employees and society at large. This book will be of interest to students and scholars of globalisation, political economy, labour politics, economics, Marxism and sociology of work.

Human Rights in Business : Removal of Barriers to Access to Justice in the European Union

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ISBN: 9781138284180 9781315269467 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: European Commission Directorate General for Justice
Subject: Law
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The capacity to abuse, or in general affect the enjoyment of human, labour andenvironmental rights has risen with the increased social and economic powerthat multinational companies wield in the global economy. At the same time,it appears that it is difficult to regulate the activities of multinational companiesin such a way that they conform to international human, labour and environmentalrights standards. This has partially to do with the organization of companiesinto groups of separate legal persons, incorporated in different states, aswell as with the complexity of the corporate supply chain. Absent a businessand human rights treaty, a more coherent legal and policy approach is required.Faced with the challenge of how to effectively access the right to remedy inthe European Union for human rights abuses committed by EU companies innon-EU states, a diverse research consortium of academic and legal institutionswas formed. The consortium, coordinated by the Globernance Institute forDemocratic Governance, became the recipient of a 2013 Civil Justice ActionGrant from the European Commission Directorate General for Justice. A mandatewas thus issued for research, training and dissemination so as to bringvisibility to the challenge posed and moreover, to provide some solutions forthe removal of barriers to judicial and non-judicial remedy for victims of business relatedhuman rights abuses in non-EU states. The project commenced inSeptember 2014 and over the course of two years the consortium conductedresearch along four specific lines in parallel with various training sessions acrossEU Member States.The research conducted focused primarily on judicial remedies, both jurisdictionalbarriers and applicable law barriers; non-judicial remedies, both to company based grievance. The results of this research endeavour make up the content ofthis report whose aim is to provide a scholarly foundation for policy proposalsby identifying specific challenges relevant to access to justice in the EuropeanUnion and to provide recommendations on how to remove legal and practicalbarriers so as to provide access to remedy for victims of business-related humanrights abuses in non-EU states.

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