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Language Science Press publishes high quality, peer-reviewed open-access books in the field of linguistics. All publications are free for both authors and readers. The books are published under a CC-BY license by default.

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Book manuscripts are peer-reviewed by at least two reviewers who are selected by the respective series editors. For edited volumes this review may be skipped provided the contributions in the volume have been peer-reviewed and the review process is documented.
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Browse results: Found 57

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Absolute Komplexität in der Nominalflexion : Althochdeutsch, Mittelhochdeutsch, Alemannisch und deutsche Standardsprache

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Book Series: Morphological Investigations ISSN: 2567742X ISBN: 9783961100224 9783961100231 Year: Pages: 509 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1067783 Language: German
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
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This book provides a quantifiable measure and analysis of absolute complexity in the nominal inflection of 17 Alemannic dialects, of standard German as well as of Middle and Old High German. The data is based on grammatical descriptions. What can be interpreted as being more or less complex in a language system is deduced from LFG (Lexical-Functional Grammar) and from an inferential-realisational morphological framework. The tool to measure inflectional complexity is also developed from these frameworks. Variation in the inflectional complexity is analysed based on the following factors: diachrony, isolation, language contact, standardisation, and dialect groups.

Adjective attribution

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783944675657 9783944675664 9783944675497 9781530889341 Year: Pages: 307 + xiv DOI: 10.17169/langsci.b19.294 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
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"This book is the first typological study of adjective attribution marking. Its focus lies on Northern Eurasia, although it covers many more languages and presents an ontology of morphosyntactic categories relevant to noun phrase structure in general. Beside treating synchronic data, the study contributes to historical linguistics by reconstructing the origin of new types specifically in the language contact area between the Indo-European and Uralic families."

Advances in the study of Siouan languages and linguistics

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISSN: 23635568 ISBN: 9783946234371 9783946234388 Year: Pages: 501 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611691 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
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" The Siouan family comprises some twenty languages, historically spoken across a broad swath of the central North American plains and woodlands, as well as in parts of the southeastern United States.In spite of its geographical extent and diversity, and the size and importance of several Siouan-speaking tribes, this family has received relatively little attention in the linguistic literature and many of the individual Siouan languages are severely understudied. This volume aims to make work on Siouan languages more broadly available and to encourage deeper investigation of the myriad typological, theoretical, descriptive, and pedagogical issues they raise.The 17 chapters in this volume present a broad range of current Siouan research, focusing on various Siouan languages, from a variety of linguistic perspectives: historical-genetic, philological, applied, descriptive, formal/generative, and comparative/typological. The editors' preface summarizes characteristic features of the Siouan family, including head-final and ""verb-centered"" syntax, a complex system of verbal affixes including applicatives and subject-possessives, head-internal relative clauses, gendered speech markers, stop-systems including ejectives, and a preference for certain prosodic and phonotactic patterns.The volume is dedicated to the memory of Professor Robert L. Rankin, a towering figure in Siouan linguistics throughout his long career, who passed away in February of 2014."

The Alor-Pantar languages: History and typology

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ISSN: 23635568 ISBN: 9783944675480 Year: Pages: 477 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_533875 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics --- Mathematics
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The Alor-Pantar family constitutes the westernmost outlier group of Papuan(Non-Austronesian) languages. Its twenty or so languages are spoken onthe islands of Alor and Pantar, located just north of Timor, in eastern In-donesia. Together with the Papuan languages of Timor, they make up theTimor-Alor-Pantar family. The languages average 5,000 speakers and areunder pressure from the local Malay variety as well as the national lan-guage, Indonesian.This volume studies the internal and external linguistic history of thisinteresting group, and showcases some of its unique typological features,such as the preference to index the transitive patient-like argument onthe verb but not the agent-like one; the extreme variety in morphologi-cal alignment patterns; the use of plural number words; the existence ofquinary numeral systems; the elaborate spatial deictic systems involvingan elevation component; and the great variation exhibited in their kinshipsystems.Unlike many other Papuan languages, Alor-Pantar languages do not ex-hibit clause-chaining, do not have switch reference systems, never suffixsubject indexes to verbs, do not mark gender, but do encode clusivity intheir pronominal systems. Indeed, apart from a broadly similar head-finalsyntactic profile, there is little else that the Alor-Pantar languages sharewith Papuan languages spoken in other regions. While all of them showsome traces of contact with Austronesian languages, in general, borrow-ing from Austronesian has not been intense, and contact with Malay andIndonesian is a relatively recent phenomenon in most of the Alor-Pantarregion.

The Alor-Pantar languages: History and typology. Second edition.

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783944675947 9783946234678 9783946234913 Year: Pages: 461 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.437098 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
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"The Alor-Pantar family constitutes the westernmost outlier group of Papuan (Non-Austronesian) languages. Its twenty or so languages are spoken on the islands of Alor and Pantar, located just north of Timor, in eastern Indonesia. Together with the Papuan languages of Timor, they make up the Timor-Alor-Pantar family. The languages average 5,000 speakers and areunder pressure from the local Malay variety as well as the national language, Indonesian.This volume studies the internal and external linguistic history of this interesting group, and showcases some of its unique typological features, such as the preference to index the transitive patient-like argument on the verb but not the agent-like one; the extreme variety in morphological alignment patterns; the use of plural number words; the existence of quinary numeral systems; the elaborate spatial deictic systems involving an elevation component; and the great variation exhibited in their kinship systems.Unlike many other Papuan languages, Alor-Pantar languages do not exhibit clause-chaining, do not have switch reference systems, never suffix subject indexes to verbs, do not mark gender, but do encode clusivity in their pronominal systems. Indeed, apart from a broadly similar head-final syntactic profile, there is little else that the Alor-Pantar languages share with Papuan languages spoken in other regions. While all of them show some traces of contact with Austronesian languages, in general, borrowing from Austronesian has not been intense, and contact with Malay and Indonesian is a relatively recent phenomenon in most of the Alor-Pantar region."

Annotation, exploitation and evaluation of parallel corpora : TC3 I

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Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISSN: 23648899 ISBN: 9783961100248 9783961100255 Year: Pages: 522 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1089335 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
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Exchange between the translation studies and the computational linguistics communities has traditionally not been very intense. Among other things, this is reflected by the different views on parallel corpora. While computational linguistics does not always strictly pay attention to the translation direction (e.g. when translation rules are extracted from (sub)corpora which actually only consist of translations), translation studies are amongst other things concerned with exactly comparing source and target texts (e.g. to draw conclusions on interference and standardization effects). However, there has recently been more exchange between the two fields – especially when it comes to the annotation of parallel corpora. This special issue brings together the different research perspectives. Its contributions show – from both perspectives – how the communities have come to interact in recent years.

A aquisição de língua materna e não materna : Questões gerais e dados do Português

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Book Series: Textbooks in Language Sciences ISSN: 23646209 ISBN: 9783961100163 9781976340147 Year: Pages: 498 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.889261 Language: Portugese
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
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The present volume is an introduction to the study of Language Acquisition, especially centered on Portuguese. Even though the different chapters always take Portuguese as a point of departure, a comparative perspective is assumed and Portuguese data is compared to data from other languages, when relevant. This book aims at filling a gap in the literature: an introductory textbook to be used by students of Language Acquisition in Portuguese-speaking countries. The book is composed by chapters authored by several Portuguese and Brazilian researchers and it presents in textbook format a relevant part of the research results obtained during the last decades. The book starts with a general historical presentation of the field. The following chapters explore the acquisition of phonology and syntax and consider the problem of typical and atypical development, as well as linguistic assessment. Bilingualism and L2 acquisition are the topics of two independent chapters. Two final chapters discuss the development of linguistic awareness, in relation to the acquisition of writing.

Crossroads between contrastive linguistics, translation studies and machine translation : TC3 II

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Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISSN: 23648899 ISBN: 9783946234265 9783946234982 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1019701 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
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Contrastive Linguistics (CL), Translation Studies (TS) and Machine Translation (MT) have common grounds: They all work at the crossroad where two or more languages meet. Despite their inherent relatedness, methodological exchange between the three disciplines is rare. This special issue touches upon areas where the three fields converge. It results directly from a workshop at the 2011 German Association for Language Technology and Computational Linguistics (GSCL) conference in Hamburg where researchers from the three fields presented and discussed their interdisciplinary work. While the studies contained in this volume draw from a wide variety of objectives and methods, and various areas of overlaps between CL, TS and MT are addressed, the volume is by no means exhaustive with regard to this topic. Further cross-fertilisation is not only desirable, but almost mandatory in order to tackle future tasks and endeavours, and this volume is committed to bringing these three fields even closer together.

Dependencies in language: On the causal ontology of linguistic systems

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783946234883 9783946234746 9783946234661 Year: Pages: 215 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.573773 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
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Dependency is a fundamental concept in the analysis of linguistic systems. The many if-then statements offered in typology and grammar-writing imply a causally real notion of dependency that is central to the claim being made—usually with reference to widely varying timescales and types of processes. But despite the importance of the concept of dependency in our work, its nature is seldom defined or made explicit. This book brings together experts on language, representing descriptive linguistics, language typology, functional/cognitive linguistics, cognitive science, research on gesture and other semiotic systems, developmental psychology, psycholinguistics, and linguistic anthropology to address the following question: What kinds of dependencies exist among language-related systems, and how do we define and explain them in natural, causal terms?

A dictionary and grammatical outline of Chakali

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Book Series: African Language Grammars and Dictionaries ISBN: 9783944675916 9783944675923 9783946234937 Year: Pages: 491 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.344813 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
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This book is the first comprehensive monograph dedicated to Chakali, a Southwestern Grusi language spoken by less than 3500 people in northwest Ghana. The dictionary offers a consistent description of word meaning and provides the basis for future research in the linguistic area. It is also designed to provide an inventory of correspondence with English usage in a reversal index. The concepts used in the dictionary are explained in a grammar outline, which is of interest to specialists in Gur and Grusi linguistics, as well as any language researchers working in this part of the world.

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