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MDPI Books is an open access platform for high quality monographs (short and full-length), edited books, Festschriften, proceedings, doctoral theses, and reprinted special issues. MDPI, a company formed in Basel, Switzerland, in 1996, offers scholars a typically Swiss publishing experience, which includes fast but precise editorial and publication procedures, as well as thorough peer-review for all published work. The MDPI Books project encompasses all the benefits of open access: high availability and visibility, as well as wide and fast dissemination.

URL: http://books.mdpi.com/about

Peer review info

MDPI organizes rigorous peer-review for all published items. The Editorial Office applies the same peer review procedure for books as it does for the journals. This includes:
1) Initial Check: All submitted manuscripts are received by the Editorial Office. The in-house Managing Editor will perform a preliminary check of the manuscript to assess if: it suits the scope of MDPI Books, whether it is properly prepared, and whether the manuscript follows the ethical policies of the company. In case of doubt, the Managing Editor may consult with an Advisory Board member or an Editorial Board Member of one of our HSS journals (http://www.mdpi.com/subject/arts-humanity).
2) Expert Peer-Review: Once a manuscript passes the initial check, it will be assigned to several independent experts for peer-review. Experts may include Advisory Board members, but we also actively seek other experts, which are identified during literature searches. Potential referees suggested by the authors are also carefully considered. As a general rule, referees should not have published with one or more of the co-authors during the past five years and should not currently work or collaborate with one of the institutes of the co-authors of the manuscript under consideration. At least two expert opinions will be collected for each manuscript (for edited books: each contribution is reviewed individually).
3) Revisions and Editorial Decision: Based on the comments from the outside referees, the Editorial Office will usually ask the authors for minor or major revisions. If the comments are either very positive or very negative, the Editorial Office may directly ask the academic editor (usually the Book Series Editor, Book Editor or an Advisory Board Member) for a decision. Otherwise, the manuscript will be sent back to the authors for minor or major revisions. In case of minor revisions, the Editorial Office will ask the academic editor for a final decision on the revised version of the manuscript. In case of major revisions, the manuscript will usually be sent back to one or more of the outside referees before sending the paper to the academic editor for a decision. We allow a maximum of two rounds of major revisions.

MDPI takes the responsibility to enforce a rigorous peer-review, together with strict ethical policies and standards, to ensure bringing high quality works to the field of scholarly publication. Unfortunately, cases of plagiarism, data falsification, inappropriate authorship credit, and the like, do arise. MDPI takes such publishing ethics issues very seriously and our editors are trained to proceed in such cases with a zero tolerance policy. To verify the originality of content submitted, we use CrossCheck (powered by iThenticate) to check submissions against previous publications.

URL: http://books.mdpi.com/about

License info

MDPI Books are mainly distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution License which means that authors will retain copyright of their work. Details of the copyright agreement will be defined for every individual submission.

URL: http://books.mdpi.com/about


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100 Years of Chronogeometrodynamics: the Status of the Einstein's Theory of Gravitation in Its Centennial Year

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ISBN: 9783038424826/9783038424833 Year: Pages: VIII, 462 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General)
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In 1692, Newton wrote: "That gravity should be innate, inherent and essential to matter so that one body may act upon another at a distance through a vacuum, without the mediation of anything else by and through which their action or force may be conveyed from one to another, is to me so great an absurdity that I believe no man who has in philosophical matters any competent faculty of thinking can ever fall into it. Gravity must be caused by an agent acting constantly according to certain laws, but whether this agent be material or immaterial is a question I have left to the consideration of my readers". One of them who, just over 200 years later, picked up the baton of Newton was Albert Einstein. His General Theory of Relativity, which had its centenary in 2015, opened up new windows on our comprehension of Nature, disclosed new, previously unpredictable, phenomena occurring when relative velocities dramatically change in intense gravitational fields reaching values close to the speed of light and, for the first time after millennia of speculations, put Cosmology on the firm grounds of empirically testable science. This Special Issue was dedicated to this grand achievement of the human thought.

14th CIRIAF National Congress – Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development

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ISBN: 9783038420972 9783038420989 Year: Pages: X, 164 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
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3D Printing of Metals

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ISBN: 9783038425915/9783038425922 Year: Pages: VIII, 156 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Three-dimensional printing is a futuristic technology capable of transforming the ways in which we make components and devices. It is almost certain that this technique will find its niche in the manufacturing sector in the very near future. In view of the growing importance of 3D printing, this book addresses key issues related to emerging science and technology in this area. Detailed and informative articles are presented in relation to a wide variety of materials, including those based on critical engineering metals such as aluminum, magnesium, titanium and composites. Advances in various techniques, such as electron beam melting and selective laser melting are discussed. Of key importance in the area of materials science is the end properties of the materials following processing. Accordingly, the articles presented critically discuss the effects of microstructural features such as porosity, forming defects and the heat treatment induced effects on the mechanical properties. Applications covered in these articles are targeted at the aerospace, automobile, defense and aerospace sectors. Overall, the information presented in this book is of significant importance for academic and industrial-based researchers who wish to inform themselves regarding this upcoming highly promising manufacturing technique.

Acoustic and Elastic Waves: Recent Trends in Science and Engineering

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ISBN: 9783038422976 9783038422969 Year: Pages: XVI, 448 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-297-6 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Acoustics --- Physics (General) --- Mathematics
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The present Special Issue intends to explore new directions in the field of acoustics and ultrasonics. The interest includes, but is not limited to, the use of acoustic technology for condition monitoring of materials and structures. Topics of interest (among others): • Acoustic emission in materials and structures (without material limitation) • Innovative cases of ultrasonic inspection • Wave dispersion and waveguides • Monitoring of innovative materials • Seismic waves • Vibrations, damping and noise control • Combination of mechanical wave techniques with other types for structural health monitoring purposes. Experimental and numerical studies are welcome.

Additive Manufacturing Technologies and Applications

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ISBN: 9783038425489/9783038425496 Year: Pages: VI, 182 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
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The present Special Issue proposes articles in the area of Additive Manufacturing with particular attention to the different employed technologies and the several possible applications. The main investigated technologies are the Selective Laser Sintering (SLS) and the Fused Deposition Modelling (FDM). These methodologies, combined with the Computer Aided Design (CAD), provide important advantages. Numerical, analytical and experimental knowledge and models are proposed to exploit the potential advantages given by 3D printing for the production of modern systems and structures in aerospace, mechanical, civil and biomedical engineering fields. The 11 selected papers propose different additive manufacturing methodologies and related applications and studies.

Adolescent Pregnancy: Past, Present and Future Trends and Issues

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ISBN: 9783038422945 9783038422952 Year: Pages: X, 172 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences
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This collection provides a forum for leading scholars to examine theoretical insights and empirical findings associated with the recent decline in adolescent pregnancy and childbearing internationally, with special attention given to the United States. This recent shift in the incidence of adolescent fertility is notable in its consistency and magnitude; at the same time, however, continuing historic disparities require focused attention on the contemporary meaning of early childbearing in the U.S. as well as across the globe. The widely interdisciplinary contributions focus on demographic trends in adolescent fertility; successful intervention approaches and major “lessons learned” regarding primary pregnancy prevention; identification of key theoretical issues associated with these trends, with particular focus on the existence and meaning of disparities and their implications for youth development and wellbeing.

Advances and Applications of Nano-antimicrobial Treatments

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ISBN: 9783038423805 9783038423812 Year: Pages: 150 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
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Nowadays, great concerns are associated with the resistance demonstrated by many microorganisms towards the conventional antibiotic therapies. The failure of traditional antimicrobials, and the increasing healthcare costs, have encouraged scientific research and the development of novel antimicrobial agents. Particularly, there is a great deal of interest in nanotechnologies and in antibacterial products obtained through the incorporation of antibacterial agents or the deposition of antibacterial coatings for prevention of biofilm-associated infections. The main focus of the forthcoming Special Issue is, therefore, to present the most recent efforts in scientific research in the development of advanced antimicrobial materials, with special attention to nature-inspired antimicrobial agents and antimicrobials nanomaterials and nanocoatings. For this purpose, we intend to collect original research articles and reviews on the synthesis and characterization of antimicrobial agents, as well as on the development of antimicrobial products for different applications.

Advances and New Perspectives in Marine Biotechnology

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ISBN: 9783038421061 9783038421092 Year: Volume: Volume 1 - Marine Animals & Pl Pages: 428 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
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As the Century of Biology begins to bear fruit, through the translation of predictive biological understanding into applications that enhance the human condition and maintain biodiversity, the almost infinite potential of marine biological resources will be unlocked. Although Marine Biotechnology already has delivered products for medicine, food, bioenergy, nanomaterials, and bioremediation, less than 5% of our vast oceanic environment has been explored. Marine Biotechnology is a scientifically and economically expanding enterprise that is poised to harness the enormous but uncharted functional diversity of marine life, with its novel and rich array of biodesigns and biosynthetic capabilities. From this pursuit comes new genes, chemicals, materials, and inspirations for the benefit of industry, nutrition, and medicine, and which enable the sustainable use and management of the world’s oceans. This Special Issue in Marine Drugs highlights the cutting-edge developments in Marine Biotechnology with a collection of papers written by authors who are leading experts in the field, including selected papers from the 10th International Marine Biotechnology Conference (IMBC-2013), the premier meeting in marine biotechnology, which is held under the auspices of the International Marine Biotechnology Association.

Advances and New Perspectives in Marine Biotechnology

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ISBN: 9783038421078 9783038421108 Year: Volume: Volume 2 - Marine Microbes & M Pages: 654 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
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As the Century of Biology begins to bear fruit, through the translation of predictive biological understanding into applications that enhance the human condition and maintain biodiversity, the almost infinite potential of marine biological resources will be unlocked. Although Marine Biotechnology already has delivered products for medicine, food, bioenergy, nanomaterials, and bioremediation, less than 5% of our vast oceanic environment has been explored. Marine Biotechnology is a scientifically and economically expanding enterprise that is poised to harness the enormous but uncharted functional diversity of marine life, with its novel and rich array of biodesigns and biosynthetic capabilities. From this pursuit comes new genes, chemicals, materials, and inspirations for the benefit of industry, nutrition, and medicine, and which enable the sustainable use and management of the world’s oceans. This Special Issue in Marine Drugs highlights the cutting-edge developments in Marine Biotechnology with a collection of papers written by authors who are leading experts in the field, including selected papers from the 10th International Marine Biotechnology Conference (IMBC-2013), the premier meeting in marine biotechnology, which is held under the auspices of the International Marine Biotechnology Association.

Advances in Catalyst Deactivation

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ISBN: 9783038421870 9783038421887 Year: Pages: X, 300 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI AG - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
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Catalyst deactivation, the loss over time of catalytic activity and/or selectivity, is a problem of great and continuing concern in the practice of industrial catalytic processes. Costs to industry for catalyst replacement and process shutdown total tens of billions of dollars per year. While catalyst deactivation is inevitable for most processes, some of its immediate, drastic consequences may be avoided, postponed, or even reversed. Accordingly, there is considerable motivation to better understand catalyst decay and regeneration. Indeed, the science of catalyst deactivation and regeneration has been developing rapidly as evidenced by the considerable literature addressing this topic, including 21,000 journal articles, presentations, reports, reviews, and books; and more than 29,000 patents for the period of 1980 to 2012. This developing science provides the foundation for continuing, substantial improvements in the efficiency and economics of catalytic processes through development of catalyst deactivation models, more stable catalysts, and regeneration processes. This special issue focuses on recent advances in catalyst deactivation and regeneration, including advances in (1) scientific understanding of mechanisms; (2) development of improved methods and tools for investigation; and (3) more robust models of deactivation and regeneration.

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