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Anti-fragile ICT Systems

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Book Series: Simula SpringerBriefs on Computing ISBN: 9783319300689 9783319300702 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 151 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-30070-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Simula Research Laboratory
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Computer Science --- Media and communication --- Transportation --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-25 16:55:27
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This book introduces a novel approach to the design and operation of large ICT systems. It views the technical solutions and their stakeholders as complex adaptive systems and argues that traditional risk analyses cannot predict all future incidents with major impacts. To avoid unacceptable events, it is necessary to establish and operate anti-fragile ICT systems that limit the impact of all incidents, and which learn from small-impact incidents how to function increasingly well in changing environments. The book applies four design principles and one operational principle to achieve anti-fragility for different classes of incidents. It discusses how systems can achieve high availability, prevent malware epidemics, and detect anomalies. Analyses of Netflix’s media streaming solution, Norwegian telecom infrastructures, e-government platforms, and Numenta’s anomaly detection software show that cloud computing is essential to achieving anti-fragility for classes of events with negative impacts.

Access to Online Resources: A Guide for the Modern Librarian

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ISBN: 9783319739892 9783319739908 Year: Pages: 42 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73990-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Information theory --- Library and Information Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-04 15:05:40
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The book offers a concise guide for librarians, helping them understand the challenges, processes and technologies involved in managing access to online resources. After an introduction the book presents cases of general authentication and authorisation. It helps readers understand web based authentication and provides the fundamentals of IP address recognition in an easy to understand manner. A special chapter is dedicated to Security Assertion Markup Language (SAML), followed by an overview of the key concepts of OpenID Connect. The book concludes with basic troubleshooting guidelines and recommendations for further assistance. Librarians will benefit from this quick and easy read, which demystifies the technologies used, features real-life scenarios, and explains how to competently employ authentication and access management.

Advances in Discrete Differential Geometry

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ISBN: 9783662504468 9783662504475 Year: Pages: 439 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-50447-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:41:25
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This is one of the first books on a newly emerging field of discrete differential geometry and an excellent way to access this exciting area. It surveys the fascinating connections between discrete models in differential geometry and complex analysis, integrable systems and applications in computer graphics. The authors take a closer look at discrete models in differential geometry and dynamical systems. Their curves are polygonal, surfaces are made from triangles and quadrilaterals, and time is discrete. Nevertheless, the difference between the corresponding smooth curves, surfaces and classical dynamical systems with continuous time can hardly be seen. This is the paradigm of structure-preserving discretizations. Current advances in this field are stimulated to a large extent by its relevance for computer graphics and mathematical physics. This book is written by specialists working together on a common research project. It is about differential geometry and dynamical systems, smooth and discrete theories, and on pure mathematics and its practical applications. The interaction of these facets is demonstrated by concrete examples, including discrete conformal mappings, discrete complex analysis, discrete curvatures and special surfaces, discrete integrable systems, conformal texture mappings in computer graphics, and free-form architecture. This richly illustrated book will convince readers that this new branch of mathematics is both beautiful and useful. It will appeal to graduate students and researchers in differential geometry, complex analysis, mathematical physics, numerical methods, discrete geometry, as well as computer graphics and geometry processing.

Advances in Production Technology

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Production Engineering ISSN: 21940525 ISBN: 9783319123035 9783319123042 Year: Pages: 211 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-12304-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2015-07-20 14:56:00
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This edited volume contains the selected papers presented at the scientific board meeting of the German Cluster of Excellence on “Integrative Production Technology for High-Wage Countries”, held in November 2014. The topical structure of the book is clustered in six sessions: Integrative Production Technology, Individualised Production, Virtual Production Systems, Integrated Technologies, Self-Optimising Production Systems and Human Factors in Production Technology. The Aachen perspective on a holistic theory of production is complemented by conference papers from external leading researchers in the fields of production, materials science and bordering disciplines. The target audience primarily comprises research experts and practitioners in the field but the book may also be beneficial for graduate students.

Perspectives on European Earthquake Engineering and Seismology: Volume 1

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Book Series: Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering, Vol. 34 ISSN: 15736059 ISBN: 9783319071176 9783319071183 Year: Volume: 34 Pages: 650 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-07118-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-06 15:59:36
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This book collects 5 keynote and 15 topic lectures presented at the 2nd European Conference on Earthquake Engineering and Seismology (2ECEES), held in Istanbul, Turkey, from August 24 to 29, 2014. The conference was organized by the Turkish Earthquake Foundation - Earthquake Engineering Committee and Prime Ministry, Disaster and Emergency Management Presidency under the auspices of the European Association for Earthquake Engineering (EAEE) and European Seismological Commission (ESC). The book’s twenty state-of-the-art papers were written by the most prominent researchers in Europe and address a comprehensive collection of topics on earthquake engineering, as well as interdisciplinary subjects such as engineering seismology and seismic risk assessment and management. Further topics include engineering seismology, geotechnical earthquake engineering, seismic performance of buildings, earthquake-resistant engineering structures, new techniques and technologies and managing risk in seismic regions. The book also presents the Third Ambraseys Distinguished Award Lecture given by Prof. Robin Spence in honor of Prof. Nicholas N. Ambraseys. The aim of this work is to present the state-of-the art and latest practices in the fields of earthquake engineering and seismology, with Europe’s most respected researchers addressing recent and ongoing developments while also proposing innovative avenues for future research and development. Given its cutting-edge content and broad spectrum of topics, the book offers a unique reference guide for researchers in these fields.

Cyber-Physical Systems of Systems: Foundations – A Conceptual Model and Some Derivations: The AMADEOS Legacy

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Programming and Software Engineering ISSN: 0302-9743 ISBN: 9783319475899 9783319475905 Year: Volume: 10099 Pages: 257 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-47590-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Computer Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 15:25:05
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Technical Systems-of-Systems (SoS) – in the form of networked, independent constituent computing systems temporarily collaborating to achieve a well-defined objective – form the backbone of most of today’s infrastructure. The energy grid, most transportation systems, the global banking industry, the water-supply system, the military equipment, many embedded systems, and a great number more, strongly depend on systems-of-systems. The correct operation and continuous availability of these underlying systems-of-systems are fundamental for the functioning of our modern society. The 8 papers presented in this book document the main insights on Cyber-Physical System of Systems (CPSoSs) that were gained during the work in the FP7-610535 European Research Project AMADEOS (acronym for Architecture for Multi-criticality Agile Dependable Evolutionary Open System-of-Systems). It is the objective of this book to present, in a single consistent body, the foundational concepts and their relationships. These form a conceptual basis for the description and understanding of SoSs and go deeper in what we consider the characterizing and distinguishing elements of SoSs: time, emergence, evolution and dynamicity.

Advancing Culture of Living with Landslides: Volume 1 ISDR-ICL Sendai Partnerships 2015-2025

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: WLF: Workshop on World Landslide Forum ISBN: 9783319594699 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 586 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59469-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-19 15:58:39
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This volume contains peer-reviewed papers from the Fourth World Landslide Forum organized by the International Consortium on Landslides (ICL), the Global Promotion Committee of the International Programme on Landslides (IPL), University of Ljubljana (UL) and Geological Survey of Slovenia in Ljubljana, Slovenia from May 29 to June 2, 2017. The complete collection of papers from the Forum is published in five full-color volumes.

Advancing Human Assessment: The Methodological, Psychological and Policy Contributions of ETS

Authors: ---
Book Series: Methodology of Educational Measurement and Assessment ISSN: 2367-170X ISBN: 9783319586878 9783319586892 Year: Pages: 711 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-58689-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 10:09:46
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​This book describes the extensive contributions made toward the advancement of human assessment by scientists from one of the world’s leading research institutions, Educational Testing Service. The book’s four major sections detail research and development in measurement and statistics, education policy analysis and evaluation, scientific psychology, and validity. Many of the developments presented have become de-facto standards in educational and psychological measurement, including in item response theory (IRT), linking and equating, differential item functioning (DIF), and educational surveys like the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), the Programme of international Student Assessment (PISA), the Progress of International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS) and the Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). In addition to its comprehensive coverage of contributions to the theory and methodology of educational and psychological measurement and statistics, the book gives significant attention to ETS work in cognitive, personality, developmental, and social psychology, and to education policy analysis and program evaluation. The chapter authors are long-standing experts who provide broad coverage and thoughtful insights that build upon decades of experience in research and best practices for measurement, evaluation, scientific psychology, and education policy analysis. Opening with a chapter on the genesis of ETS and closing with a synthesis of the enormously diverse set of contributions made over its 70-year history, the book is a useful resource for all interested in the improvement of human assessment.

Agenda-Setting zwischen Parlament und Medien: Normative Herleitung und empirische Untersuchung am Beispiel der Schweiz

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ISBN: 9783658158972 9783658158989 Year: Pages: 253 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-15898-9 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Political Science --- Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-13 12:48:41
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Marko Kovic untersucht, wie sich das Parlament und die Medien in der Schweiz im Laufe von Parlamentssessionen gegenseitig beeinflussen. Er zeigt auf, dass sich Parlamentarierinnen und Parlamentarier in ihren Präferenzordnungen und damit in ihrem parlamentarischen Handeln nicht nur nach den Logiken des Politischen, sondern auch nach Medienlogiken richten. Journalistinnen und Journalisten gestalten die Parlamentsberichterstattung zudem in erster Linie im Sinne von Medienlogiken und weniger nach Politiklogiken. Diese Präferenzkonstellation hat zur Folge, dass ein Teil der parlamentarischen Arbeit "medialisiert" wird: Parlamentarierinnen und Parlamentarier richten ihre parlamentarische Arbeit bisweilen explizit an den Bedürfnissen der Medien aus und nicht an den Bedürfnissen der Bürgerinnen und Bürger.

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 17th International Conference, XP 2016, Edinburgh, UK, May 24-27, 2016, Proceedings

Authors: ---
Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISSN: 1865-1348 ISBN: 9783319335148 9783319335155 Year: Volume: 251 Pages: 334 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-33515-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Business and Management --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-13 11:56:43
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This book contains the refereed proceedings of the 17th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2016, held in Edinburgh, UK, in May 2016. While agile development has already become mainstream in industry, this field is still constantly evolving and continues to spur an enormous interest both in industry and academia. To this end, the XP conference attracts a large number of software practitioners and researchers, providing a rare opportunity for interaction between the two communities. The 14 full papers accepted for XP 2016 were selected from 42 submissions. Additionally, 11 experience reports (from 25 submissions) 5 empirical studies (out of 12 submitted) and 5 doctoral papers (from 6 papers submitted) were selected, and in each case the authors were shepherded by an experienced researcher. Generally, all of the submitted papers went through a rigorous peer-review process.

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