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Alltagsleben nach 1945 : Die Nachkriegszeit am Beispiel der Stadt Göttingen

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ISBN: 9783940344816 Year: Pages: 298 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: History
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Göttingen nach Kriegsende 1945 – Wie gestaltete sich der Nachkriegsalltag aus Sicht der Bevölkerung und der alten und neuen Behörden? Welche Formen und Auswirkungen hatten die neuen politischen Verhältnisse, die Flüchtlinge, die Mangelwirtschaft, die Wohnungsnot, die Umgestaltung des Bildungssektors und welche Neuordnungen des öffentlichen und kulturellen Lebens stießen auf Akzeptanz oder Ablehnung? Diesen und anderen Fragen geht der vorliegende Sammelband nach. Er beruht auf Beiträgen eines Seminars im Fach Geschichte der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, die von den Herausgeberinnen redigiert und durch ein Vorwort ergänzt wurden. In verschiedenen Archiven stießen die Studierenden auf zahlreiche bislang unveröffentlichte Quellen und analysierten diese mit Hilfe aktueller Forschungsansätze zur Alltagsgeschichte.

Along Navajo Trails: Recollections of a Trader, 1898-1948

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ISBN: 9780874216066 Year:
Publisher: Utah State University, University Libraries
Subject: History
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Will Evans's writings should find a special niche in the small but significant body of literature from and about traders to the Navajos. Evans was the proprietor of the Shiprock Trading Company. Probably more than most of his fellow traders, he had a strong interest in Navajo culture. The effort he made to record and share what he learned certainly was unusual. He published in the Farmington and New Mexico newspapers and other periodicals, compiling many of his pieces into a book manuscript. His subjects were Navajos he knew and traded with, their stories of historic events such as the Long Walk, and descriptions of their culture as he, an outsider without academic training, understood it. Evans's writings were colored by his fondness for, uncommon access to, and friendships with Navajos, and by who he was: a trader, folk artist, and Mormon. He accurately portrayed the operations of a trading post and knew both the material and artistic value of Navajo crafts. His art was mainly inspired by Navajo sandpainting. He appropriated and, no doubt, sometimes misappropriated that sacred art to paint surfaces and objects of all kinds. As a Mormon, he had particular views of who the Navajos were and what they believed and was representative of a large class of often-overlooked traders. Much of the Navajo trade in the Four Corners region and farther west was operated by Mormons. They had a significant historical role as intermediaries, or brokers, between Native and European American peoples in this part of the West. Well connected at the center of that world, Evans was a good spokesperson.Will Evans did not publish his book in his lifetime, but his granddaughter Susan Evans Woods reached that goal with the assistance of historian Robert McPherson, who has authored numerous books on Navajo and Four Corners history. Their edition is illustrated with an equally significant, rare selection of photos from the collections of Evans and his colleagues.

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Amazônia: expansão do capitalismo

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ISBN: 9788599662731 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7476/9788599662731 Language: PT
Publisher: SciELO Books - Centro Edelstein
Subject: History
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[Neste trabalho] Tenta-se mostrar as formas particulares que o desenvolvimento capitalista assume no devassamento da Amazônia. Analisa-se como o Estado intervém para assegurar as condições para a ocupação e expansão econômica por meio das empresas e como se dá a exploração do trabalho na área [...]

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Centro Edelstein

An American Constitutional History Course for Non-American Students

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Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 2255-5137 ISBN: 9788490312773 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: 340 Language: eng
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: History
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Certain attributes of American life hold a special attraction to people all over the world, regardless of their social or political beliefs. Often those familiar features are simple banalities of that 'American way,' while more profound and remarkable traits of that complex nation seem to have gone almost unnoticed outside its borders, although their prevalent influence is evident. Current technology, business ways, commerce, culture, etc., are all deeply marked by that country 'ways.' Unquestionably, the American constitutional system is one of these hidden traits that, regardless of the circumstances, is present all over our –so called– Western world. Nevertheless, it is, for most and to most, unknown. Responses to the previous works by this author –Orígenes del constitucionalismo americano and Nosotros, el Pueblo de los Estados Unidos– hinted of a possible interest by law students at the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid for an elective course on American constitutionalism. Thus, that was the reason behind El constitucionalismo americano, as a textbook for that course. Drafted around seven themes, they cover from the beginning of the seventeenth century and the fundamental laws that English settlers brought with them at their early landings on the American continent, to the constitutional Amendments and U.S. Supreme Court decisions of the second half of the twentieth century. Thus, the history of the United States has been divided into seven periods: the British colonial period; the American Revolution; the Federalist effort; the early Amendments and Supreme Court decisions; the Civil War and Reconstruction era; the Progressive era and the New Deal; and the Civil Rights period. For each period, some of the main relevant constitutional events get analyzed. Each theme includes a historical and legal presentation of the period, followed by the primary sources directly related to the events described. Assuming the targeted students may not be very familiar with the overall history of the United States, brief biographical notes are added for the most prominent personalities mentioned in the narrative. As a textbook, each theme includes a number of questions for the students to develop. (Incidentally, the course made it to OpenCourseWare, where its English version got a somewhat good response, receiving one of the organization's awards for 2013.). This work was part of the author's PhD effort. = Determinados aspectos de la sociedad norteamericana muestran tener una atracción especial para todo el mundo, al margen de creencias políticas y sociales. A menudo esas características tan familiares son las más frívolas del 'American way', mientras que rasgos más profundos e importantes de esa compleja nación parecen pasar desapercibidos más allá de sus fronteras, aunque su influencia sea manifiesta. La tecnología, negocios, comercio, cultura, etc., actuales están todos profundamente marcados por los 'ways' –maneras– de ese país. Sin duda alguna el sistema constitucional norteamericano es uno de esos 'rasgos ocultos' que, al margen de circunstancias locales y pequeños detalles, es omnipresente en lo que llamamos 'el mundo occidental'. Las respuestas a anteriores trabajos del autor –Orígenes del constitucionalismo americano and Nosotros, el Pueblo de los Estados Unidos–hicieron entrever un posible interés por parte de los estudiantes de Derecho de la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid hacia una asignatura optativa sobre el constitucionalismo norteamericano. De ahí surgió, como manual para ese curso, El constitucionalismo americano. Redactado en siete temas, cubre desde los inicios del siglo XVII y las normas fundamentales que los colonos ingleses llevaron a sus primeros asentamientos, hasta las Enmiendas y decisiones del Tribunal Supremo norteamericano sobre derechos civiles en la segunda mitad del siglo XX. De esta forma, la historia de los Estados Unidos se ha dividido en siete periodos: el periodo colonial británico, la revolución americana, el proceso federalista, las primeras Enmiendas y decisiones del Tribunal Supremo de los Estados Unidos, la guerra civil y la Reconstrucción, la era progresista y el New Deal, y el periodo de los derechos civiles. En cada periodo se estudian algunos de los eventos constitucionales más relevantes y de carácter universal. Cada tema incluye una presentación histórica y jurídica del periodo, seguida de las fuentes primarias relacionadas directamente con los eventos descritos. Suponiendo que los estudiantes a quienes va dirigido el manual podrían no estar muy familiarizados con la historia general de los Estados Unidos, se han añadido unas breves notas biográficas sobre los personajes mencionados en la narrativa. Al ser un manual de trabajo, se han incluido algunas cuestiones sobre los temas tratados para que los estudiantes pueden desarrollar los conocimientos aprendidos. (A título anecdótico, la versión on-line del manual en inglés recibió en 2013 uno de los premios de OpenCourseWare.) Este trabajo ha sido parte de los estudios doctorales del autor.

American Visions of the Netherlands East Indies/Indonesia : US Foreign Policy and Indonesian Nationalism, 1920-1949

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Book Series: American Studies ISBN: 9789053564790 Year: Pages: 382
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Political Science --- History
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The authors of this book challenge the view that was current among many people in the Netherlands during the period 1945-1949 that the American government and its foreign policymakers unequivocally backed the Indonesian Republic's struggle for independence. The same myth of America's political endorsement of Indonesians' quest for independence continues to reverberate in the United States itself. In fact, ex-President Clinton repeated the story as recently as 1995 when he wrote to ex-President Suharto that in the post-World War II era, President Truman and the U.S. Congress had actively supported Indonesia 'as the nation was being born'. On the basis of research in American, Indonesian, Dutch, and Australian diplomatic records and in the archives of the United Nations, Gouda and Brocades Zaalberg describe and analyze American visions of the Dutch East Indies/Indonesia from the 1920s to December 1949, when the Kingdom of the Netherlands relinquished its sovereignty over the archipelago in southeast Asia to the United States fo Indonesia. Their historical analysis suggests that the American diplomatic establishment was not as ignorant of conditions in the Indonesian archipelago as many Dutch people assumed, both before and after World War II. They also chronicle the unfolding of America's steady but tactic backing of its faithful Dutch ally in northern Europe until early 1949, when U.S. assessments of the regions in the world where the Cold War might ignite into a 'Hot War' began to incorporate the anti-colonial, nationalist struggles in Indonesia and Vietnam.

De auteurs van 'American Visions of the Netherlands East Indies/Indonesia bestrijden de idee dat de Amerikaanse regering en haar buitenlandse beleidsmakers onvoorwaardelijk steun verleenden aan de onafhankelijkheidsstrijd van de Indonesische Republiek, zoals vele Nederlandse geloofden gedurende de periode 1945-1949. Ook in de Verenigde Staten zelf leeft de mythe over Amerika's politieke steun aan de vrijheidheidsstrijd in Indonesie voort. Nog in 1995 zelfs, herhaalde ex-president Clinton het verhaal toen hij ex-president Soeharto schreef dat president Truman en het Amerikaans Congres in de periode na WO II actief hun steun hadden betuigd aan Indonesië als 'een natie die geboren werd'. Op basis van onderzoek in Amerikaanse, Indonesische, Nederlandse en Australische diplomatieke archieven, als ook in de archieven van de Verenigde Naties, beschrijven en analyseren Gouda en Brocades Zaalberg de Amerikaanse visies op Nederlands Indië/Indonesië vanaf de twintiger jaren van de vorige eeuw tot december 1949 toen het Koninkrijk der Nederlanden haar gezag over de archipel in zuidoost Azië overdroeg aan de Verenigde Republiek van Indonesië. De historische analyse die hier gepresenteerd wordt, suggereert dat het Amerikaanse corps diplomatique niet zo onbekend was met de situatie op de Indonesische eilanden als vele Nederlanders zowel voor als na de Tweede Wereldoorlog veronderstelden. De auteurs boekstaven eveneens de ontwikkeling van Amerika's doorlopende maar stille steun aan de trouwe Hollandse bondgenoot in noord-Europa tot aan het begin van 1949 toen de Amerikaanse aandacht voor die gebieden in de wereld waar de Koude Oorlog zou kunnen uitmonden in een 'Hete Oorlog' zich verder uitbreidde naar de de anti-koloniale, nationalistische strijd in Indonesië en Vietnam.

The Anguish of Snails: Native American Folklore in the West

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ISBN: 9780874214758 Year:
Publisher: Utah State University, University Libraries
Subject: History
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After a career of working and living with Native Americans and studying their traditions, Barre Toelken has written this sweeping study of Native American folklore in the West. Within a framework of performance theory, cultural worldview, and collaborative research, he examines Native American visual arts, dance, oral tradition (story and song), humor, and patterns of thinking and discovery to demonstrate what can be gleaned from Indian traditions by Natives and non-Natives alike. In the process he considers popular distortions of Indian beliefs, demystifies many traditions by showing how they can be comprehended within their cultural contexts, considers why some aspects of Native American life are not meant to be understood by or shared with outsiders, and emphasizes how much can be learned through sensitivity to and awareness of cultural values.

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Anonimo Mexicano

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ISBN: 9780874216230 Year:
Publisher: Utah State University, University Libraries
Subject: History
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Transcribed from the original Nahuatl manuscript (written circa 1600) and translated into English for the first time, this epic chronicle tells the preconquest history of the Tlaxcalteca, who migrated into central Mexico from the northern frontier of the Toltec empire at its fall. By the time of Cort

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Anthropology and the Bushman

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ISBN: 9781847883308 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: Berg Publishers
Subject: History --- Ethnology
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'The Bushman' is a perennial but changing image. The transformation of that image is important. It symbolizes the perception of Bushman or San society, of the ideas and values of ethnographers who have worked with Bushman peoples, and those of other anthropologists who use this work. Anthropology and the Bushman covers early travellers and settlers, classic nineteenth and twentieth-century ethnographers, North American and Japanese ecological traditions, the approaches of African ethnographers, and recent work on advocacy and social development. It reveals the impact of Bushman studies on anthropology and on the public. The book highlights how Bushman or San ethnography has contributed to anthropological controversy, for example in the debates on the degree of incorporation of San society within the wider political economy, and on the validity of the case for 'indigenous rights' as a special kind of human rights. Examining the changing image of the Bushman, Barnard provides a new contribution to an established anthropology debate.'The Bushman' is a perennial but changing image. It symbolizes the <br/><br/>perception of Bushman or San society, of the ideas and values of <br/><br/>ethnographers who have worked with Bushman peoples, and those of other <br/><br/>anthropologists who use this work. This book reveals the impact of <br/><br/>Bushman studies on anthropology and on the public.Alan Barnard is Professor of the Anthropology of Southern Africa at the University of Edinburgh.

Antike Grabbauten in Noricum

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ISBN: 9783900305338 Year: Pages: 436 Seiten Language: de
Publisher: Österreichisches Archäologisches Institut
Subject: History
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Most of the stone blocks left from roman time in the province of Noricum were initially part of funerary monuments. The aim of this book is to reconstruct the architectural form of these monumental tombs, to develope a typological classification and to draw conclusions concerning the history and the arts of the province.The shape of the blocks and the technical details to observe on the surfaces at the same time as the structure and the representations of the reliefs give us informations about the function of these blocks in an architectural context. By comparison to the well preserved monuments of Sempeter - whose reconstruction is critically reviewed - and to funerary monuments of Italy and other roman provinces, it is possible to propose a reconstruction of numerous monuments in Noricum. A classification of excavated funeral sites including workpieces of stone provides further information.Thus a survey of the different types of funerary monuments existing in roman Noricum is given and most of the recorded stone blocks may be typologically classified.A total of 227 workpieces or groups of workpieces are collected in catalogue L classified as parts of the monument types 'ae&cu1a', 'canopy', 'altar', 'pile', 'masonry construction', 'tumulus' or 'enclosure'. For some of them a theoretical reconstruction is proposed and they are mostly represented by drawings or photographs. The 414 pieces in catalogue 11 may not be determined typologically, but nevertheless allow a discussion of their initial architectural function. Catalogue III includes the evidence of 44 excavated monuments.The analysis of the presented material shows the chronological and regional evolution of the different types of funerary monuments. The evidence given by the inscriptions, the portraits and the reliefs allows to examine the correlation which is possibly existing between the type of monument chosen and the social position of its owner. Finally the geographical spreading and the variabel frequency of the different types in Noricum is shown and discussed.In appendix I some relevant measurements and proportions of architectural elements are listed- Appendix H gives a survey of the monuments with are typologically classified and whose owners are known at least partly.

Die meisten der aus der Provinz Noricum stammenden römerzeitlichen Werkstücke aus Stein waren ursprünglich Teile von Grabbauten. Im vorliegenden Manuskript wird der Versuch unternommen, die architektonische Form dieser Grabbauten zu rekonstruieren, eine Typologie zu erarbeiten und daraus historische sowie kunsthistorische Schussfolgerungen zu ziehen.Aus der Form der Werkstücke, den technischen Bearbeitungsspuren sowie der Struktur und dem Inhalt der plastischen Darstellungen und Reliefs können Informationen für die Verwendung dieser Bauteile im architektonischen Zusammenhang gewonnen werden. Anhand eines Vergleichs mit den ganz erhaltenen norischen Grabbauten aus Sempeter deren Rekonstruktion einer ausführlichen kritischen Beurteilung unterzogen wird - und mit Grabbauten Italiens sowie anderer römischer Provinzen ist es in vielen Fallen möglich, einen Rekonstruktionsvorschlag zu erstellen. Zusätzliche Anhaltspunkte werden aus einer Zusammenstellung aller Grabungsbefunde gewonnen, bei denen bearbeitetes Steinmaterial vorkommt.Auf diesem Weg wird erstmalig ein Überblick über die in der Provinz Noricum vorhandenen Grabbautypen gewonnen. Die erstellte Typologie erlaubt auch eine Einordnung der meisten nicht rekonstruierbaren Einzelteile.Insgesamt werden 227 Werkstücke oder Werkstückgruppen im Katalogteil I den Grabbautypen 'Aedicula', 'Baldachin', 'Altar', Weiler', 'Gemauerter Grabbau', 'Tumulus' oder 'Umfassung' zugewiesen, teilweise rekonstruiert und Großteils in zeichnerischen und fotografischen Abbildungen präsentiert. Die 414 Teile des Katalogteils II sind nicht eindeutig einem bestimmten Grabbautyp zuweisbar, doch kann in vielen Fallen ihre Position am Grabbau bestimmt werden. Katalogteil. III umfasst 44 Grabungsbefunde.Die Auswertung des im Katalogteil vorgelegten Materials geht auf die Einordnung der einzelnen Grabbautypen im architektur- und kunstgeschichtlichen Zusammenhang ein. Die chronologische Entwicklung und die spezifische norische Ausprägung der einzelnen Typen wird besprochen. Anhand der Inschriften und der Reliefdarstellungen wird der etwaige Zusammenhang von Grabbautypus und gesellschaftlicher Stellung der Grabinhaber untersucht. Mit Hilfe von Verbreitungskarten wird schließlich die unterschiedliche Häufigkeit bestimmter Typen in den einzelnen Regionen der Provinz herausgearbeitet und hinterfragt.Im tabellarischen Anhang I sind aussagekräftige Maße und Proportionen bestimmter Architekturglieder aufgelistet. Anhang II fährt diejenigen Grabbauten oder Grabbauteile an, deren Typus bestimmt werden kann und deren Inhaber zumindest ansatzweise bekannt sind.Ein umfangreicher Abbildungsapparat verfolgt den Zweck, die vorgeschlagenen Rekonstruktionen und Einordnungen nachvollziehbar zu machen, indem auch die Stoß- und Ladeflächen samt ihrer technischen Details dokumentiert sind. Die rekonstruierten Grabbauten werden anschaulich dargestellt, jedoch ohne die Grenzen zwischen Originalbestand und Rekonstruktion zu verwischen.

Antropologia e nutrição: um diálogo possível

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ISBN: 9788575413876 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7476/9788575413876 Language: PT
Publisher: SciELO Books - Ed. FIOCRUZ
Subject: History
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O livro traz reflexões unindo questões sociais, da saúde e da nutrição. Na primeira parte, apresenta uma ampla revisão bibliográfica sobre a área da antropologia e da nutrição. Na segunda parte, abordam-se os paradoxos e repercussões das transformações sociais e da internacionalização da economia na cultura alimentar. A terceira parte dedica-se à alimentação tal como ela se configura hoje nos diferentes espaços, privados e públicos, dos contextos urbanos e diante das transformações sociais ocorridas no país nos últimos 35 anos.

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